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Books > Earth & environment > The environment > Nuclear issues

Radiation and Environmental Safety in North-West Russia - Use of Impact Assessments and Risk Estimation (Hardcover, 2006 ed.):... Radiation and Environmental Safety in North-West Russia - Use of Impact Assessments and Risk Estimation (Hardcover, 2006 ed.)
Per Strand, Malgorzata K. Sneve, Andrey V. Pechkurov
R6,685 Discovery Miles 66 850 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The workshop attracted wide participation from relevant Russian and western organizations. International expertise from several related fields went together to produce a thorough understanding of the present status and how to develop the use of overall risk assessments and environmental impact assessments to ensure a sound use of resources when carrying out the tremendous work that must be carried out to clean up the cold war legacy. Important conclusions and recommendations have been produced and set out in the main report, providing a good basis for further development.

Such development should note that safety and environmental performance can be addressed at three levels:

  1. Compliance-focused;
  2. Beyond compliance, towards best practice; and
  3. Continuous improvement.

The aim is to progress from a) to b) and eventually reach c). The levels refer both to operatorsa (TM) performance and regulatorsa (TM) and other stakeholdersa (TM) expectations.

Fundamentally, compliance cannot be achieved without the application of environmental impact assessment and risk assessment a" to judge whether protection objectives have been met. Major progress has been made towards developing common methodologies, although there are still improvements to be made, including a common understanding of objectives and interpretation of results. In addition, improved assessment capabilities are required to help distinguish multiply characterised options within a process of options assessment. In turn, this has to rely on broader holistic understanding of the issues as well as wide stakeholder involvement.

From the viewpoint of the proponents ofany new development, the preparation of an environmental statement in parallel with project design provides a useful framework within which environmental considerations and design development can interact. Environmental analysis may indicate ways in which the project can be modified to avoid possible adverse effects, for example through considering more environmentally friendly alternatives. Taking these steps is likely to make the formal regulatory and planning approval stages run more smoothly.

Radiation and Environmental Safety in North-West Russia - Use of Impact Assessments and Risk Estimation (Paperback, 2006 ed.):... Radiation and Environmental Safety in North-West Russia - Use of Impact Assessments and Risk Estimation (Paperback, 2006 ed.)
Per Strand, Malgorzata K. Sneve, Andrey V. Pechkurov
R2,555 Discovery Miles 25 550 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The workshop attracted wide participation from relevant Russian and western organizations. International expertise from several related fields went together to produce a thorough understanding of the present status and how to develop the use of overall risk assessments and environmental impact assessments to ensure a sound use of resources when carrying out the tremendous work that must be carried out to clean up the cold war legacy. Important conclusions and recommendations have been produced and set out in the main report, providing a good basis for further development.

Such development should note that safety and environmental performance can be addressed at three levels:

  1. Compliance-focused;
  2. Beyond compliance, towards best practice; and
  3. Continuous improvement.

The aim is to progress from a) to b) and eventually reach c). The levels refer both to operatorsa (TM) performance and regulatorsa (TM) and other stakeholdersa (TM) expectations.

Fundamentally, compliance cannot be achieved without the application of environmental impact assessment and risk assessment a" to judge whether protection objectives have been met. Major progress has been made towards developing common methodologies, although there are still improvements to be made, including a common understanding of objectives and interpretation of results. In addition, improved assessment capabilities are required to help distinguish multiply characterised options within a process of options assessment. In turn, this has to rely on broader holistic understanding of the issues as well as wide stakeholder involvement.

From the viewpoint of the proponents ofany new development, the preparation of an environmental statement in parallel with project design provides a useful framework within which environmental considerations and design development can interact. Environmental analysis may indicate ways in which the project can be modified to avoid possible adverse effects, for example through considering more environmentally friendly alternatives. Taking these steps is likely to make the formal regulatory and planning approval stages run more smoothly.

Scientific and Technical Issues in the Management of Spent Fuel of Decommissioned Nuclear Submarines (Paperback, 2006 ed.):... Scientific and Technical Issues in the Management of Spent Fuel of Decommissioned Nuclear Submarines (Paperback, 2006 ed.)
Ashot Sarkisov, Alain Tournyol Du Clos
R3,396 Discovery Miles 33 960 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The Book represents a collection of papers prepared for and presented by specialists of seven concerned countries in the fourth Advanced Research Workshop (ARW), Moscow, September 22-24, 2004, sponsored and organized within the framework of the NATO-Russia partnership.Similar to the three previous publications, which collected the materials of the NATO-Russia ARWs held in Moscow in 1995, 1997 and 2002, the fourth book of the same series also addresses a very important challenge of the present - complex decommissioning of the taken-out-of-service nuclear-powered vessels and environmental rehabilitation of the centers of basing and everyday running of different-type nuclear vessels. The fourth book especially focuses on the scientific and technical problems of management of naval spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste.

Uranium in the Environment - Mining Impact and Consequences (Hardcover, 2006 ed.): Broder J. Merkel, Andrea Hasche-Berger Uranium in the Environment - Mining Impact and Consequences (Hardcover, 2006 ed.)
Broder J. Merkel, Andrea Hasche-Berger
R9,498 R7,836 Discovery Miles 78 360 Save R1,662 (17%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Uranium is an element to be found ubiquitous in rock, soil, and water. Uranium concentrations in natural ground water can be more than several hundreds ug/l without impact from mining, nuclear industry, and fertilizers. Considering the WHO recommendation for drinking water of 15 ug/l (has been as low as 2 ug/l before) due to the chemical toxicity of uranium the element uranium has become an important issue in environmental research. Besides natural enrichment of uranium in aquifers uranium mining and milling activities, further uranium processing to nuclear fuel, emissions form burning coal and oil, and the application of uranium containing phosphate fertilizers may enrich the natural uranium concentrations in soil and water by far. In October 1995 the first international conference on Uranium Mining and Hydrogeology (UMH I) was held in Freiberg being organized by the Department of Geology at the Technical University Bergakademie Freiberg by the support of the Saxon State Ministry of Geology and Environment. Due to the large scientific interest in the topic of uranium a second conference (UMH II) took place in Freiberg in September 1998. Furthermore, in September 2002 scientists working on the topic of uranium mining and hydrogeology attended the third conference (UMH III) which was jointly held together with the International Mine Water - sociation (IMWA) Symposium 2002. The reviewed papers and posters of the 2002 conference have been published by Springer entitled Uranium in the aquatic en- ronment (edited by Merkel, Planer-Friedrich and Wolkersdorfer)."

Chernobyl - Catastrophe and Consequences (Hardcover, 2005 ed.): Jim Smith, Nicholas A. Beresford Chernobyl - Catastrophe and Consequences (Hardcover, 2005 ed.)
Jim Smith, Nicholas A. Beresford
R4,996 R4,160 Discovery Miles 41 600 Save R836 (17%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

As the debate about the environmental cost of nuclear power and the issue of nuclear safety continues, a comprehensive assessment of the Chernobyl accident, its long-term environmental consequences and solutions to the problems found, is timely. Although many books have been published which discuss the accident itself and the immediate emergency response in great detail, none have dealt primarily with the environmental issues involved. The authors provide a detailed review of the long-term environmental consequences, in a wide range of ecosystems, many of which are only now becoming apparent. They also highlight responses and counter-measures to combat the environmental consequences and discuss health, social, psychological and economic impacts on the human population as well as the long-term effects on biota.

Effects of Space Weather on Technology Infrastructure - Proceedings of the NATO ARW on Effects of Space Weather on Technology... Effects of Space Weather on Technology Infrastructure - Proceedings of the NATO ARW on Effects of Space Weather on Technology Infrastructure, Rhodes, Greece, from 25 to 29 March 2003. (Paperback, 2004 ed.)
Ioannis A. Daglis
R3,951 Discovery Miles 39 510 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The 17 chapters of this book grew out of the tutorial lectures given by leading world-class experts at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop "Effects of Space Weather on Technology Infrastructure" - ESPRIT, which was held in Rhodes on March 25-29, 2004. All manuscripts were refereed and subsequently meticulously edited by the editor to ensure the highest quality for this monograph. I owe particular thanks to the lecturers of the ESPRIT Advanced Research Workshop for producing these excellent tutorial reviews, which convey the essential knowledge and the latest advances in our field. Due to the breadth, extensive literature citations and quality of the reviews we expect this publication to serve extremely well as a reference book. Multimedia material referring to individual chapters of the book is accessible on the accompanying CD. The aim of ESPRIT was to assess existing knowledge and identify future actions regarding monitoring, forecasting and mitigation of space weather induced malfunction and damage of vital technological systems operating in space and on the ground.

Development of Instructors for Nuclear Power Plant Personnel Training (Paperback): Iaea Development of Instructors for Nuclear Power Plant Personnel Training (Paperback)
Iaea
R388 Discovery Miles 3 880 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The quality of nuclear power plant (NPP) personnel trainning is strongly dependent upon the availability of competent instructors. In 1996 the IAEA published a technical report Nuclear Power Plant Personnel Trainning and its Evaluation, A Guidebook, Technical Reports Series No.380, that provided guidance with respect to development, implementation and evaluation of training programmes, including major requirements for the NPP instructors; competenced. Later, the IAEA Technical Working Group on Training and Qualification of Nuclear Power Plant Personnel recommended that an additional publication be prepared to provide further details concerning the development of instructors for NPP personnel training. This publication has been developed and published to provide practical guidance on various aspects of instructor selection, development and deployment, by quoting actual examples from various countries and operating organizations.

Radiation Safety - Management and Programs (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017): Haydee Domenech Radiation Safety - Management and Programs (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017)
Haydee Domenech
R4,139 R3,515 Discovery Miles 35 150 Save R624 (15%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This book discusses important fundamentals of radiation safety with specific details on dose units, calculations, measuring, and biological effects of ionizing radiation. The author covers different exposure situations and their requirements, and relevant legislation and regulations governing radiation safety. The book also examines radioactive waste management, the transport of radioactive materials, emergency planning and preparedness and various examples of radiation protection programs for industrial, medical, and academic applications.

Man-Made and Natural Radioactivity in Environmental Pollution and Radiochronology (Hardcover, 2004 ed.): Richard Tykva, Dieter... Man-Made and Natural Radioactivity in Environmental Pollution and Radiochronology (Hardcover, 2004 ed.)
Richard Tykva, Dieter Berg
R5,229 Discovery Miles 52 290 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The goal of this book is to examine the complex state of radioactivity in the environment, and to understand the interplay of its two principal sources: man-made and natural. The text examines human contributions to release of radionuclides, with an eye to future reductions, and assesses natural occurrences in an evaluation of baseline radioactivity.

Environmental Protection Against Radioactive Pollution - Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Environmental... Environmental Protection Against Radioactive Pollution - Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Environmental Protection Against Radioactive Pollution Almati, Kazakhstan 16-19 September 2002 (Hardcover, 2003 ed.)
N Birsen, Kairat K. Kadyrzhanov
R4,589 Discovery Miles 45 890 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

NATO Advanced Research Workshop "Environmental Protection Against Radioactive Pollution" was held in Almaty on September 16-19, 2002. Experts from Azerbaijan, Denmark, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Norway, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Ukraine, USA, Uzbekistan and the IAEA have participated and made presentations. The Workshop was organized parallel to the "2nd Eurasia Conference on Nuclear Science and its Application" held in Almaty on September 16-19, 2002 that was organized by Institute of Nuclear Physics of Kazakhstan with Turkish Atomic Energy Authority and National Academy of Science of Azerbaijan, National Academy of Science of Kyrgyzstan, Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan. So, the number of participants for the Workshop was rather high. The NATO Advanced Research Workshop generated important interactions and provided a mechanism for scientists of different nations and of varied disciplines to discuss challenges that confront many countries around the world. The reports presented at the Workshop were published in this NATO Science Series. The main directions of the presented reports were as follows; General estimation of the radioactive contamination of the territories and radiation hazardous objects, including former military test sites, areas influenced due to Chernobly and Mayak accidents, and territories of oil fields; Techniques and procedures of radioecological monitoring; Techniques of determination of radionuclide concentrations and its species in the environment.

Environmental Protection Against Radioactive Pollution - Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Environmental... Environmental Protection Against Radioactive Pollution - Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Environmental Protection Against Radioactive Pollution Almati, Kazakhstan 16-19 September 2002 (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2003)
N Birsen, Kairat K. Kadyrzhanov
R2,746 Discovery Miles 27 460 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

NATO Advanced Research Workshop "Environmental Protection Against Radioactive Pollution" was held in Almaty on September 16-19, 2002. Experts from Azerbaijan, Denmark, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Norway, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Ukraine, USA, Uzbekistan and the IAEA have participated and made presentations. The Workshop was organized parallel to the "2nd Eurasia Conference on Nuclear Science and its Application" held in Almaty on September 16-19, 2002 that was organized by Institute of Nuclear Physics of Kazakhstan with Turkish Atomic Energy Authority and National Academy of Science of Azerbaijan, National Academy of Science of Kyrgyzstan, Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan. So, the number of participants for the Workshop was rather high. The NATO Advanced Research Workshop generated important interactions and provided a mechanism for scientists of different nations and of varied disciplines to discuss challenges that confront many countries around the world. The reports presented at the Workshop were published in this NATO Science Series. The main directions of the presented reports were as follows; General estimation of the radioactive contamination of the territories and radiation hazardous objects, including former military test sites, areas influenced due to Chernobly and Mayak accidents, and territories of oil fields; Techniques and procedures of radioecological monitoring; Techniques of determination of radionuclide concentrations and its species in the environment.

The Warning - Accident at Three Mile Island: A Nuclear Omen for the Age of Terror (Paperback): Mike Gray, Ira Rosen The Warning - Accident at Three Mile Island: A Nuclear Omen for the Age of Terror (Paperback)
Mike Gray, Ira Rosen
R418 R358 Discovery Miles 3 580 Save R60 (14%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days

"Essential—and fascinating—reading for anyone interested in the dilemmas posed by nuclear power."—Mike Wallace, 60 Minutes

By 6:00 a.m. on the morning of March 28, 1979, the reactor core at Three Mile Island was thirty minutes away from a meltdown, an apocalypse that would render a huge swath of eastern Pennsylvania permanently uninhabitable. The control room crew was at a loss. The memo that would have warned them was never sent.

This factual, riveting thriller is based on exclusive interviews with key operating personnel. Mike Gray, author of The China Syndrome, and Ira Rosen, producer for CBS's 60 Minutes, have updated this jackhammer narrative of mechanical failure and human error with an analysis of the current threats to our nuclear power plants. With a new introduction and epilogue for this reissue edition.

"This book is as explosive as the explosion it warns us about. It is as suspenseful as a good novel."—Studs Terkel

"A ripping thriller, made more compelling by the fact that it is true."—Jack Anderson, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist

Role of GIS in Lifting the Cloud Off Chernobyl (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2002): Jaromir Kolejka Role of GIS in Lifting the Cloud Off Chernobyl (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2002)
Jaromir Kolejka
R1,493 Discovery Miles 14 930 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The 15th anniversary of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant disaster offered a timely opportunity for an expert assessment of the current situation and suggestions for approaches to managing the information associated with the site and surrounding contaminated territories.
The great quantity of data coming from the contaminated region was and is very difficult to use without he aid of modern information technologies, especially Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS). Application of these technologies, and related expertise, became crucial to the region's economic recovery and sustainability planning. Given the real possibility of a similar accident at nuclear facilities elsewhere around the world, the development of recovery strategies based on experience gained at Chernobyl, using modern scientific methods and technologies, will be invaluable in the future. The presentations and discussion reported in the book have led to some key conclusions. Image maps derived from satellite imagery are the most economical, up to date and readily available basis for Chernobyl-related applications, as well as for other future applications. The study of soil-plant transfer of radionuclides afforded comparatively much more reliable data. GIS in association with adequate knowledge is a valuable tool in decision making and modelling of contaminated areas and objects.

Role of GIS in Lifting the Cloud Off Chernobyl (Hardcover, 2002 ed.): Jaromir Kolejka Role of GIS in Lifting the Cloud Off Chernobyl (Hardcover, 2002 ed.)
Jaromir Kolejka
R3,779 Discovery Miles 37 790 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The 15th anniversary of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant disaster offered a timely opportunity for an expert assessment of the current situation and suggestions for approaches to managing the information associated with the site and surrounding contaminated territories.
The great quantity of data coming from the contaminated region was and is very difficult to use without he aid of modern information technologies, especially Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS). Application of these technologies, and related expertise, became crucial to the region's economic recovery and sustainability planning. Given the real possibility of a similar accident at nuclear facilities elsewhere around the world, the development of recovery strategies based on experience gained at Chernobyl, using modern scientific methods and technologies, will be invaluable in the future. The presentations and discussion reported in the book have led to some key conclusions. Image maps derived from satellite imagery are the most economical, up to date and readily available basis for Chernobyl-related applications, as well as for other future applications. The study of soil-plant transfer of radionuclides afforded comparatively much more reliable data. GIS in association with adequate knowledge is a valuable tool in decision making and modelling of contaminated areas and objects.

Monitoring the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Source Processes and Explosion Yield Estimation (Paperback, 2001 ed.):... Monitoring the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Source Processes and Explosion Yield Estimation (Paperback, 2001 ed.)
Goran Ekstrom, Marvin Denny, John R Murphy
R2,560 Discovery Miles 25 600 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This volume presents summaries of recent research results on the related subjects of source processes and explosion yield estimation, which are important elements of any treaty verification system. The term Source Processes, in the context of nuclear test monitoring, refers to a wide range of research topics. In a narrow definition, it describes the complex physical phenomena that are directly associated with a nuclear explosion, and the catastrophic deformation and transformation of the material surrounding the explosion. In a broader sense, it includes a host of topics related to the inference of explosion phenomena from seismic and other signals. A further widening of the definition includes the study and characterization of source processes of events other than nuclear, such as earthquakes and, in particular, mining explosions. This latter research is especially important relative to the question of identifying and discriminating nuclear explosions from other seismic events. Explosion Yield Estimation deals with the corresponding inverse problem of inferring explosion source characteristics through analyses of the various types of seismic signals produced by the explosion. This is a complex technical task which has been the focus of some of the most contentious treaty monitoring debates. The current compilation of eight articles on Source Processes and six articles on Explosion Yield Estimation gives a good representation of state-of-the-art research currently being conducted in the broad area of seismic source characterization in the context of nuclear test monitoring.

Monitoring the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban-Treaty: Hydroacoustics (Paperback, 2001 ed.): Catherine DeGroot-Hedlin, John... Monitoring the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban-Treaty: Hydroacoustics (Paperback, 2001 ed.)
Catherine DeGroot-Hedlin, John Orcutt
R1,813 Discovery Miles 18 130 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

In September 1996, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), prohibiting nuclear explosions worldwide, in all environments. The treaty calls for a global verification system, including a network of 321 monitoring stations distributed around the globe, a data communications network, an international data centre (IDC), and on-site inspections, to verify compliance. A global hydroacoustic monitoring system is being planned and implemented for verification of the CTBT. Much of the research conducted over the past several decades on acoustic surveillance of the oceans, formerly driven by the need to detect and track submarines, is now being applied to the development of effective monitoring methods to verify compliance with the CTBT. The aim of this volume on Hydroacoustic Monitoring of the CTBT is to summarize the research being conducted in this field and to provide basic references for future research. Much of the new research emphasizes major advances in understanding the coupling of ocean acoustic waves with elastic waves in the solid Earth. Topics covered include source excitation, detection and classification of events generating hydroacoustic signals, discrimination between underwater explosions and naturally occurring events, as well as topics in coupling of acoustic to seismic wavefields.

Monitoring the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Source Location (Paperback, 2001 ed.): Frode Ringdal, Brian L. N. Kennett Monitoring the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Source Location (Paperback, 2001 ed.)
Frode Ringdal, Brian L. N. Kennett
R3,035 Discovery Miles 30 350 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

In September 1996, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), prohibiting nuclear explosions worldwide, in all environments. The treaty calls for a global verification system, including a network of 321 monitoring stations distributed around the globe, a data communications network, an international data centre (IDC), and on-site inspections, to verify compliance. This volume contains research papers focusing on seismic ecent location in the CTBT context. The on-site inspection protocol of the treaty specifies a search area not to exceed 1000 square km. Much of the current research effort is therefore directed towards refining the accuracy of event location by including allowances for three-dimensional structure within the Earth. The aim is that the true location of each event will lie within the specified source zone regarding postulated location. The papers in this volume cover many aspects of seismic event location, including the development of algorithms suitable for use with three-dimensional models, allowances for regional structure, use of calibration events and source-specific station corrections. They provide a broad overview of the current international effort to improve seismic event location accuracy, and the editors hope that it will stimulate increased interest and further advances in this important field.

Nuclear Physical Methods in Radioecological Investigations of Nuclear Test Sites (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original... Nuclear Physical Methods in Radioecological Investigations of Nuclear Test Sites (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2000)
Siegfried S Hecker, Caroline F.V. Mason, Kairat K. Kadyrzhanov, Serge B. Kislitsin
R2,358 Discovery Miles 23 580 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

It is only with the ending of the Cold War that the issue of environmental hazards at many former nuclear testing sites around the world has attracted international scientific interest. This book discusses the environmental, ecological, and health problems associated with nuclear testing. Topics treated include dose assessment, risk, speciation and transport of radionuclides, measurement and separation of radionuclides, and remedial options. The nuclear test sites examined include the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site (Kazakhstan), the Nevada test Site (USA), the Pacific atolls, and the Maralinga Test Site (Australia). The volume also discusses the additional release sites of Chelyabinsk (Russia), Chernobyl (Ukraine), Palomares (Spain), Los Alamos (USA), and others. A valuable compendium of radiological problems for a wide spectrum of readers, from non-specialist to expert.

Nuclear Physical Methods in Radioecological Investigations of Nuclear Test Sites (Hardcover, 2000 ed.): Siegfried S Hecker,... Nuclear Physical Methods in Radioecological Investigations of Nuclear Test Sites (Hardcover, 2000 ed.)
Siegfried S Hecker, Caroline F.V. Mason, Kairat K. Kadyrzhanov, Serge B. Kislitsin
R4,214 Discovery Miles 42 140 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

It is only with the ending of the Cold War that the issue of environmental hazards at many former nuclear testing sites around the world has attracted international scientific interest. This book discusses the environmental, ecological, and health problems associated with nuclear testing. Topics treated include dose assessment, risk, speciation and transport of radionuclides, measurement and separation of radionuclides, and remedial options. The nuclear test sites examined include the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site (Kazakhstan), the Nevada test Site (USA), the Pacific atolls, and the Maralinga Test Site (Australia). The volume also discusses the additional release sites of Chelyabinsk (Russia), Chernobyl (Ukraine), Palomares (Spain), Los Alamos (USA), and others. A valuable compendium of radiological problems for a wide spectrum of readers, from non-specialist to expert.

Ending War - The Force of Reason (Paperback): M. Bruce Ending War - The Force of Reason (Paperback)
M. Bruce; Tom Milne
R1,218 Discovery Miles 12 180 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

World-renowned political thinkers and scientists write on nuclear weapons and war in the twenty-first century. The contributors include Mikhail Gorbachev, who first declared 'A nuclear war cannot be won and must not be fought', Robert McNamara, US Defense Secretary at the time of the Cuban Missile Crisis and Vietnam War; and Nobel Peace Laureate Joseph Rotblat, the only scientist to resign from the Manhattan Project, where the world's first nuclear weapons were produced.

Ocular Radiation Risk Assessment in Populations Exposed to Environmental Radiation Contamination (Hardcover, 1998 ed.): A.K.... Ocular Radiation Risk Assessment in Populations Exposed to Environmental Radiation Contamination (Hardcover, 1998 ed.)
A.K. Junk, Y. Kundiev, P. Vitte, B.V Worgul
R4,226 Discovery Miles 42 260 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The global medical and scientific communities need to standardize methodologies and agree on minimum criteria to permit inter-study comparisons. This book develops such standards, presenting a series of recommendations that represent the first codification of the manner in which studies should be executed.

An Introduction to Radiation Protection (Paperback, 4th Ed. 1996): A. Martin, S.A. Harbison An Introduction to Radiation Protection (Paperback, 4th Ed. 1996)
A. Martin, S.A. Harbison
R2,178 Discovery Miles 21 780 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This is a comprehensive account of the nature of the hazards presented by ionizing radiation and the methods of protection. It takes the reader through the general background of the subject, the underlying principles applied to the control of radiation hazards (including chapters on human physiology, the biological effects of radiation and radiation detection and measurement), before moving to specialized topics such as medical applications and waste disposal.;This edition has been revised and updated to reflect the significant changes that have occurred in this area in recent years. The most recent ICRP recommendations are included, the section on legislation has been expanded to emphasize the European and International requirements in addition to those of the UK, while the chapter on radiological emergencies has been rewritten to highlight international developments arising from the Chernobyl disaster.

Nuclear Mentalities? - Strategies and Beliefs in Britain, France and the FRG (Hardcover): B. Heuser Nuclear Mentalities? - Strategies and Beliefs in Britain, France and the FRG (Hardcover)
B. Heuser
R3,154 Discovery Miles 31 540 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Concepts associated with nuclear strategy often go beyond any objective logic of deterrence. Nuclear weapons have special roles in different national belief-systems, myths surround them, they have catalyzed tensions already existing in societies, and become symbols of power or of past sins. This book explores the conscious and unconscious beliefs in Britain, France and the Federal Republic of Germany (all voiced in debates about nuclear strategy), about society, the state and power structures, each country's place in the world, the international system, and allies and enemies.

Atmospheric Nuclear Tests - Environmental and Human Consequences (Hardcover, 1998 ed.): Charles S. Shapiro Atmospheric Nuclear Tests - Environmental and Human Consequences (Hardcover, 1998 ed.)
Charles S. Shapiro
R5,878 Discovery Miles 58 780 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Radionuclides produced by past nuclear weapon test explosions comprise the largest source of anthropogenic radioactivity released into the earth's atmosphere to date. This volume presents data and models about the fate of the released radionuclides and their possible effects on human health. It is divided into the following three parts: - Source Term Studies;- Dose Reconstruction;- Ecological and Health Effects,and comprises both Western and formerly secret Soviet research studies, illuminates past and current research.

Nuclear Tests - Long-Term Consequences in the Semipalatinsk/Altai Region (Hardcover, 1998 ed.): Charles S. Shapiro, Valerie I.... Nuclear Tests - Long-Term Consequences in the Semipalatinsk/Altai Region (Hardcover, 1998 ed.)
Charles S. Shapiro, Valerie I. Kiselev, Eugene V. Zaitsev
R4,627 Discovery Miles 46 270 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This volume focuses on the human exposures and medical effects studies in the SemipaiatinskJ Altai region of Siberia that were a consequence of the radioactive fallout from nuclear test explosions that took place at the Semipalatinsk Test Site of the former Soviet Union. It contains a detailed account of a NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) devoted to the subject, and a selection of the papers presented. The title of the ARW was "Long-term Consequences of Nuclear Tests for the Environment and Population Health (SemipaiatinskJAltai Case Studies)." The estimated exposures to large numbers of people in the Altai lie in an important dose rate and dose domain. Hence the research reported herein provides new and unique information on the effects of radiation on humans. Also emphasized at the ARW were studies involving fallout from the Pacific Island tests of the U. S. A . . There have been over 2300 nuclear weapon test explosions to date. More than 500 took place in the atmosphere and outer space; the remainder were underground. The atmospheric tests comprise the largest source of anthropogenic radioactivity released into the earth's atmosphere to date. The vast majority, in number and yield, were carried out by the former Soviet Union (FSU) and the United States. Each superpower maintained two primary test sites, one continental primarily for small yield tests, and the other more remote for larger yield tests. For the U. S. A.

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