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Presto! No More Pests!" proclaimed a 1955 article introducing two new pesticides, "miracle-workers for the housewife and back-yard farmer." Easy to use, effective, and safe: who couldn't love synthetic pesticides? Apparently most Americans did-and apparently still do. Why-in the face of dire warnings, rising expense, and declining effectiveness-do we cling to our chemicals? Michelle Mart wondered. Her book, a cultural history of pesticide use in postwar America, offers an answer. America's embrace of synthetic pesticides began when they burst on the scene during World War II and has held steady into the 21st century-for example, more than 90% of soybeans grown in the US in 2008 are Roundup Ready GMOs, dependent upon generous use of the herbicide glyphosate to control weeds. Mart investigates the attraction of pesticides, with their up-to-theminute promise of modernity, sophisticated technology, and increased productivity-in short, their appeal to human dreams of controlling nature. She also considers how they reinforced Cold War assumptions of Western economic and material superiority. Though the publication of Rachel Carson's Silent Spring and the rise of environmentalism might have marked a turning point in Americans' faith in pesticides, statistics tell a different story. Pesticides, a Love Story recounts the campaign against DDT that famously ensued; but the book also shows where our notions of Silent Spring's revolutionary impact falter-where, in spite of a ban on DDT, farm use of pesticides in the United States more than doubled in the thirty years after the book was published. As a cultural survey of popular and political attitudes toward pesticides, Pesticides, a Love Story tries to make sense of this seeming paradox. At heart, it is an exploration of the story we tell ourselves about the costs and benefits of pesticides-and how corporations, government officials, ordinary citizens, and the press shape that story to reflect our ideals, interests, and emotions.
In the race to feed the world's seven billion people, we are at a
standstill. Over the past century, we have developed increasingly
potent and sophisticated pesticides, yet in 2014, the average
percentage of U.S. crops lost to agricultural pests was no less
than in 1944. To use a metaphor the field of evolutionary biology
borrowed from "Alice in Wonderland," farmers must run ever faster
to stay in the same place--i.e., produce the same yields.
First published in 1948 as the second edition of a 1931 original, this book deals with the main types of insects found on British farms, the damage they can cause and the various weeds that can harbour them. The text is richly illustrated with photographs and drawings of the insects, their eggs and the symptoms of their attack on common farm plants. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in the history of entomology.
If you are wondering why house flies, fruit flies, cockroaches, mice, ants, and other pests often show up in your kitchen, or if you want to know how to avoid bed bug infestation, then you should read this book. "Beat bed bugs and other pests: learn how to rid your house of the pesky critters" provides information to the public on the most common pests in homes and recommends simple solutions for their control. With over 100 colour photos, this handbook will enable you to identify almost any insect in your house or in your business. Written primarily for homeowners and business operators, it is a valuable source of information on ways to prevent and control household pests.
Among the many challenges facing the contemporary smallholder who keeps livestock and grows his own food, is how to deal with the various pests that are capable of decimating crops, degrading pasture, stealing produce, contaminating animal feed and killing valuable livestock. This book provides the smallholder with the knowledge and the information about the skills to meet this challenge in an effective and humane way.
Seeds provide an efficient means in disseminating plant virus and viroid diseases. The success of modern agriculture depends on pathogen free seed with high yielding character and in turn disease management. There is a serious scientific concern about the transmission of plant viruses sexually through seed and asexually through plant propagules. The present book provides the latest information along with the total list of seed transmitted virus and viroid diseases at global level including, the yield losses, diagnostic techniques, mechanism of seed transmission, epidemiology and virus disease management aspects. Additional information is also provided on the transmission of plant virus and virus-like diseases through vegetative propagules. It is also well known that seed transmitted viruses are introduced into new countries and continents during large-scale traffic movements through infected germplasm and plant propogules. The latest diagnostic molecular techniques in different virus-host combinations along with disease management measures have been included. The book shall be a good reference source and also a text book to the research scientists, teachers, students of plant pathology, agriculture, horticulture, life sciences, green house managers, professional entrepreneurs, persons involved in quarantines and seed companies. This book has several important features of seed transmitted virus diseases and is a good informative source and thus deserves a place in almost all university libraries, seed companies and research organizations.
The management of tropical forest ecosystems is essential to the health of the planet. This book addresses forest insect pest problems across the world's tropics, addressing the pests' ecology, impact and possible approaches for their control. Fully updated, this second edition also includes discussions of new areas of interest including climate change, invasive species, forest health and plant clinics. This work is an indispensible resource for students, researchers and practitioners of forestry, ecology, pest management and entomology in tropical and subtropical countries.
Provides a state-of-the-science overview of arthropods affecting grape production around the world. Vineyard pest management is a dynamic and evolving field, and the contributed chapters provide insights into arthropods that limit this important crop and its products. Written by international experts from the major grape-growing regions, it provides a global overview of arthropods affecting vines and the novel strategies being used to prevent economic losses, including invasive pests affecting viticulture. The book contains reviews of the theoretical basis of integrated pest management, multiple chapters on biological control, current status of chemical control, as well as in-depth and well-illustrated reviews of the major arthropod pests affecting grape production and how they are being managed worldwide. This text will serve as a primary resource for applied entomologists, students, growers, and consultants with interests at the intersection of viticulture and applied entomology.
"Insect Pest Control" surveys extensive literature related to the use of plant resources for controlling insect pests. Different activities of plants like antifeedant, larvicidal/insecticidal, ovicidal, repellent, growth regulation, chemosterilant, pbytohormones, etc., have been compiled under agriculture pests, store grain pests, mosquitoes and beneficial insects. While scientists have identified many plants and their products with insect control properties, farmers are looking for plant-derived substance to control insect pests and people from industries are looking for safe and natural alternatives to be promoted amongst the farmers. This book fulfills these needs of students, researchers and teachers and supports environment-friendly agriculture.
Why call an exterminator? Save thousands of dollars every year. Protect your family and property, and keep yourself safe from disease. This guide will teach you the art of responsible pest elimination. Have you stared at shelves of pesticides wondering which to buy, which are safe, which treatment will eliminate your pest, and how to apply it? If so, this book is for you. You only lack the trade secrets and the knowledge, such as safe application methods, how to prevent an attack in the first place, when killing is not necessary, and how all of this affects our environment. Before you buy your next can of bug spray, before you get bitten again, before you buy or sell a house, or before you go outdoors, read this book and learn how to: Kill all types of household and yard pests; Select the appropriate pesticides and use them safely; Kill responsibly; Kill without chemicals; Affordably protect your home or apartment from pests; Minimize environmental impact; Decide when to use residual or non-residual pesticides; Select the appropriate equipment; Prevent insect bites; Inspect a property before buying; Design a pest-proof house; Kill noxious weeds; Prevent your pets from getting ticks; Avoid deadly house explosions during flea treatments; Find vitamins that help prevent insect-borne diseases; Kill bedbugs or prevent infestations; Kill fire ants with only water; Kill head lice safely; Prevent deer and rabbits from eating your garden; Kill termites for only a few dollars instead of thousands. YOU are smarter than a bug The book's first half explains pesticides in layman's terms, advises which to purchase, and how to use them safely. The second half explains how to control insects, fungus and animals with or without pesticides. After reading, any layperson becomes an expert pest controller saving thousands of dollars and providing a pest free environment to live in.
Biocontrol is among the most promising methods for a safe, environmentally benign and sustainable crop protection. Microbial pesticides offer a great potential, and it is anticipated that they will become a substantial part of the use of all crop protection products. Their development and commercialization, however, has been difficult and with many failures. For the first time, a rational and structured roadmap has been designed for the development and commercialization of microbial pest control products, based on entomopathogenic bacteria, fungi, viruses and nematodes, for the control of arthropod pests. The emphasis lies on strain screening, product development, up to successful commercialization, from a bio-industry's viewpoint. The building blocks of the entire process are identified. The selection criteria for a microbial pest control agent are defined as well as critical parameters for the development of the product. Implementation of the product into an integrated pest management programme is pivotal for a substantial market uptake. Three phases are distinguished for successful adoption in the market: an appropriate application strategy, an optimal implementation strategy, and an effective adoption strategy. Key success and failure factors are identified. Registration is a major hurdle for biopesticides. Salient registration issues are treated and useful information presented. The road to a successful microbial pest control product is designed. Diagrams illustrate the stepwise approach of the entire process. A future perspective on the biopesticide market is presented with limiting and promotional factors and trends. The significant drivers for success are food safety concern, new research and technology, changes in the regulatory climate, and the occurrence of new invasive pests. This systematic roadmap with a strong focus on economics and market introduction will assist academic researchers and industrial developers of bi
Pest and Disease Management for Organic Farmers, Growers and Smallholders is a comprehensive book covering all aspects of the subject in temperate areas. Incorporating the most up-do-date thinking on organic pest and disease management, it is an essential reference work for all those wishing to develop a good understanding of the subject.
This book is a complete guide to termite control. The author put everything he knows about termites and how to get rid of them into simple, understandable language so you can easily learn all there is to know about termite control. Inside the book, you will learn things like...
Termite Overview: The intriguing foundation to your termite control knowledge.
Termite Colonies: Learn about how these pests live and operate.
Termite Colony Organization: You have to know what kind of termite you're looking at and which ones you must kill.
How Termites Work: If you want to properly protect your house, you need to understand exactly how termites work.
Termite Lifecycles: Simple points to understanding termites and their lifecycles.
Types of Termites: Great tips that will help you solve your termite problem quickly and efficiently.
Detecting Termites: Learn the 5 signs that will accurately tell you if your home has been compromised or not.
Natural Termite Control Overview: See how to get rid of termites in a healthy and effective way.
Natural Control Keys: 3 simple ways to naturally control your termite problem.
Other Forms of Control: Learn what the other termite control methods are that will keep your home termite-proof.
Best Termite Baits: A great guide on how to kill termites with bait.
Tenting Your Home: A simple guide to the most powerful way to get termites out of your house.
Prevention: 19 important tips on keeping your home termite-free.
How to Choose an Exterminator: 9 simple tips to make sure you hire the best termite exterminator.
... and much more
If you have termite problems or want to learn more about termite control, but didn't know where to start, then I encourage you to learn from the author's experience and get started on the right footing. This book contains everything you need to know to help you keep your house safe from termites
Coffee Wilt Disease has cost African coffee farmers an estimated US$1 billion to date, resulting from reduced yields and the extra costs incurred in trying to manage the disease. This devastating fungal disease has destroyed millions of coffee trees in affected countries across Africa and will be a contributory factor in any attempt at revitalization of the African coffee sector in the future. This book is one of the outputs of the Regional Coffee Wilt Programme and is a compilation of the current knowledge of various aspects of CWD, including information about the pathogen, its spread and importantly its management.
The present book entitled "Pests of Stored Grains and Their Management" incorporates recent information on insect and other pests of stored grains and grain products covering global scenario. Each covers wider aspects of related work like needs and requirement of storage by the farmers, traders, govt. and other agencies; present status and future needs of storage entomology; types and extent of losses of food grains at post harvest handling; different types of storage techniques and prevalent rural and improved storage structures and receptacles; storage pests insects, mites, rodents, birds, microorganisms etc.; fumigants and their use; safety measures against poisoning; insecticide resistance management, management of stored grain pests etc. This book will serve as a valuable source of information on this subject and would be of great importance for the students, teachers and researchers and those interested in protecting the stored products from pests at domestic and/or commercial level."
This book provides the traditional as well as modern analytical techniques used for sample preparation of different matrices for extraction, clean-up, detection and estimation of pesticide residues in soil, water and food commodities. It touches some aspects of most extraction cum clean-up techniques known as Quenchers methods. Brief history of pesticide development, modern pesticides and metabolic pathway of selected xenobiotics from different group of pesticides, imparts information on basic nature of pesticides. The book discusses latest analytical techniques like TLC, GLC, HPLC, HPTLC, super critical extraction and chromatography in simple but vivid manner. The sampling extraction, clean-up and solid phase extraction technique for residue analysis has been explained in the detail. Recently developed multi-residue methods have been outlined in a separate . Help from a number of standard reference books and research papers have given it a modern touch. Additionally a containing glossary of pesticide residue terms can be extremely helpful for a beginner in this fields. The book will provide students with sufficient background for the pesticides, their metabolism and above all various techniques for the estimation of residues of the toxic xenobiotics in all components of the environment. In short the book offers an excellent readable material for a knowledge seeker, may be a student or a research worker. It is that the book will prove highly valuable to all those who are engaged in the area of pesticides."
As the human impact upon the environment becomes more apparent and severe, the need to develop agricultural techniques that cause minimal damage to the environment has increased. This is particularly the case in the area of pest management, where integrated pest management (IPM) strategies have become a fundamental component of plant protection. Focusing on insect pests of tree fruits and combining behavioural research with crop protection applications, this book emphasizes the importance of environmentally sustainable approaches in an agroecosystem. Both experimental and applied topics are discussed, including the conceptual framework of IPM, functional and behavioural ecology of a pest, host detection mechanisms and monitoring tool development, as well as pest management case studies. Representing a comprehensive discussion of tree-fruit pest management, from the evolution, ecology and behaviour of insect pests to the implementation of applied biorational programmes, this will be essential reading for researchers as well as commercial growers and extension agents.
The outbreaks of myxomatosis among rabbits in Australia in 1950 and in Europe in 1952 provided scientists with opportunities of observing the course of the interaction of a very lethal virus disease with a large population of highly susceptible mammals, i.e. with a model system to study the evolution of an infectious disease, and the effects of an infectious disease on the evolution of a mammal. This scientific account of the spread of the disease in Australia and Europe, of its effects upon rabbit numbers, and of the genetic changes that occurred in parasite and host, is of great interest to ecologists, virologists, parasitologists, mammalian zoologists, geneticists, agriculturists, and public health workers, as well as to those directly concerned with rabbit raising or control.
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