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Detailing interrelated topics, this work addresses issues and concerns related to plant and crop stress. This edition includes information on pH stress, temperature stress, water-deficit conditions, carotenoids and stress, light stress, pollution stress, agrichemical stress, oxidative damage to proteins, UV-B induced stress and abiotic stress tolerance.
Providing clear examples of the use of state-of-the-art computer programs for analyses of bioassay data, Bioassays with Arthropods, Second Edition explains the statistical basis and analysis for each kind of quantal response bioassay. The first edition was a must-have reference for designing, conducting, and interpreting bioassays: this completely revised and updated second edition is positioned to be the same.
New in the Second Edition:
- Includes new chapters on Natural Variation, Quarantine Statistics, Statistical Analysis of Data from Bioassays with Microbial Insecticides, and Pesticide Resistance
- Emphasizes estimation of natural variation in response as the necessary precursor for claims of pesticide resistance, varietal differences, and differences in microbial potency
- Expands the coverage of binary Quantal Response: Dose Number, Dose Selection, and Sample Size
- Discusses varietal testing of horticultural exports
- Introduces two Windows-based computer programs (PoloPlus and PoloEncore) for the analyses of binary and multiple response analyses, respectively
Building on the foundation set by the much-cited first edition, the authors clearly delineate applications and ideas that are exceptionally challenging for those not already familiar with their use. They lead you through the methods with such ease and organization, that you suddenly find yourself readily able to apply concepts that you never thought you would understand.
To order the Polo computer software described in Bioassays with Arthropods, Second Edition, use the order form found at www.leorasoftware.com or contact theLeOra Software Company at .
This book aims to address the importance of natural enemies and functional diversity for biological control in Neotropical agroecosystems. Several aspects related to the conservation of natural enemies, such as vegetation design and climate change, are discussed in Part 1 and the bioecology of several insects groups used in biological control in Latin America is presented in Part 2. Part 3 is devoted to mass production of natural enemies while Part 4 describes how these insects have been used to control of pests in major crops, forests, pasture, weeds and plant diseases. Lastly, Part 5 reports Latin-American experiences of integration of biological in pest management programs.
In nature, the roots of most plants are infected by symbiotic fungi to form mycorrhiza which play a central role in the capture of nutrients from the soil. Most of our knowledge of the biology of the mycorrhizal symbiosis has been derived from studies carried out under controlled conditions in the laboratory or glasshouse. There is an increasing awareness of the need to extend these studies to the more natural situations in which the symbiosis evolved and in which it normally functions. This volume brings together a series of papers which place major emphasis upon mycorrhizal function in nature. They consist of edited and revised contributions to the Third European Symposium on Mycorrhizas, held at the University of Sheffield, 19-23 August 1991.
*Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. This book is the result of collaboration between EPPO and CAB INTERNATIONAL, sponsored by the Commission of the European Union, to prepare data sheets on pests of plants of quarantine significance for Europe and the Mediterranean region. Coverage extends to insects, mites, fungi, bacteria, viruses, nematodes and parasitic plants. It includes organisms that are found outside Europe and the Mediterranean that present a risk to this region, as well as those that are present but have restricted distribution and are subject to phytosanitary controls. The format of the FAO model data sheet is followed, using standard headings: identity, hosts, geographical distribution, biology, detection and identification, means of movement and dispersal, pest significance (including economic impact, control and phytosanitary risk), phytosanitary measures, and bibliography. The first edition of this book was published in December 1992, and consisted of 188 data sheets, some covering groups of similar organisms. During the intervening four years, pests have been added to the EU and EPPO lists and changes have occurred in host range, geographical distribution, taxonomy and pest status of many of the organisms described. All data sheets have therefore been revised, some data sheets covering groups of similar organisms have been split up and 56 new sheets added, resulting in a total of 300 data sheets. The second edition will continue therefore to represent a definitive reference source, not only for those with specific interests in plant quarantine, but also for all concerned with pest management.
With contributions from more than 200 esteemed international authorities and containing approximately 200 entries, the Encyclopedia of Pest Management, Volume II is a key reference for professionals in academia, industry, and government, as well as students at all levels. Containing completely new entries, this volume is designed to be regularly consulted for immediate and precise information. Contributions address a wide spectrum of scientific and human topics, concepts, methodologies, strategies, solutions, questions, and dilemmas. It provides numerous references, giving you access to additional, more detailed information. Coverage includes: Principles of integrated pest management (IPM) Pests and their management in crops and livestock Insect pests Weed pests Plant pathogens Vertebrate pests Crop, livestock, and stored-food losses Biological, cultural, and mechanical pest control Pest control through breeding and bio- and gene-technology Pesticides: types and uses Pesticide and biocide application technology Pesticide laws and regulations Semiochemicals Water and soil pollution from pesticide use Ecological backlash Environmental impacts of pesticides and biocides Human health impacts and the costs of pesticide use Pest management and sustainable agriculture Social, ethical, and economic aspects, issues and debates Biochemical, ecological, behavioral, environmental, climatic interactions The encyclopedia focuses on the ecology and management of pest species that damage or destroy food, livestock, and forest products. All articles have been peer reviewed to assure their accuracy and objectivity. The articles assess the benefits and risks of various pest-management technologies. The use of pesticides as well as nonchemical controls are included, with every effort made to use quantitative data. Contact us to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages. US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367 / (email) email@example.com International: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062 / (email) firstname.lastname@example.org
This text unpicks the complex web of international relations, negotiations and agreements which governs pesticide use. It analyzes whether current regimes are effective, and whether anti-pesticide pressure groups are using the right mechanisms fighting against the prevalence of these chemicals.
Procedeedings of 2001: A Pest Odyssey, a joint conference of English Heritage, the Science Museum and the National Preservation Office (1-3 October 2001).Pests are a major cause of deterioration of collections world-wide. Beetles, moths and termites damage a wide range of materials in objects and buildings. The reactive approach of the past is no longer acceptable and many of the treatments formerly used are now illegal or undesirable. Damage to collections and buildings can be avoided by using Integrated Pest Management (IPM). This includes an understanding of the environment to make it less amenable to pests, monitoring and trapping to identify the pests and their whereabouts, and targeted control strategies using acceptable methods. Integrated Pest Management for Collections puts on record the key IPM principles presented at the landmark international conference 2001: A Pest Odyssey. Practical, theoretical and management aspects of IPM are covered, as well as case studies demonstrating successful techniques and the benefits of IPM. This book is therefore an essential reference for conservators, archivists, conservation consultants, curators and collections managers across the many different conservation disciplines - and a valuable guide in defining and applying a successful and cost-effective preventative conservation strategy, based on the most current thinking in integrated pest management. Contents o Museums, Libraries and Archives. The pests: Their Presence and the Future o Insect Pests in Historic Buildings: Misunderstood, Misdiagnosed and Mistreated o New Pests for Old: The Changing Status of Museum Insect Pests in the UK o Understanding and Controlling Anobiid Beetles with Special Reference to the Deathwatch Beetle Xestobium Rufovillosum o The Development of an Integrated Pest Management Policy for the National Museums of Scotland o Marauding Geckos - A Look at Subtropical Pest Management o No Uninvited Guests: Successful Pest Management in Historic Houses o Training for Museum Staff is a Prerequisite for Successful Insect Pest Management o Trapping Used in a Large Store to Target Cleaning and Treatment o Grey Biscuits, Flying Carpets and Cigarettes: An Integrated Pest Management Programme in the Herbarium at Kew o A Topical Solution to Tropical Museum Pest Control o Insect Control: A Total Approach for Small and Remote Museums in the Tropics o Practical Methods of Low Oxygen Atmosphere and Carbon Dioxide Treatments for Eradication of Pests in Japan o Nitrogen Treatment: An Insect Case Study o Carbon Dioxide Fumigation: Practical Case Study of a Long-Running Successful Pest Management Programme o Application of Carbon Dioxide for Pest Control of Buildings and Large Objects o Feral Pigeons: A Forgotten Pest? o Principals of Heat Disinfestation o Battle of the Beasts: Treatment of a Pest Infestation of the Mounted Mammal Collection at Liverpool Museum o Collection in Peril: Insect Pest Eradication in Ethnology Storage at the Royal Ontario Museum in Canada
Pest and disease management continues to challenge the agricultural community. The rise in new pest and crop problems juxtaposed with public concern over pesticide use and more stringent environmental regulations creates the need for today's agricultural producers to stay current with new technologies for producing quality crops profitably. Biological and Biotechnological Control of Insect Pests presents an overview of alternative measures to traditional pest management practices, utilizing biological control and biotechnology.
Insect pest control continues to be a challenge for agricultural producers and researchers. Insect resistance to commonly used pesticides and the removal of toxic pesticides from the market have taken their toll on the ability of agricultural producers to produce high quality, pest-free crops within economical means. In addition to this, they must not endanger their workers or the environment.
The field of insect nutritional ecology has been defined by how insects deal with nutritional and non-nutritional compounds, and how these compounds influence their biology in evolutionary time. In contrast, Insect Bioecology and Nutrition for Integrated Pest Management presents these entomological concepts within the framework of integrated pest management (IPM). It specifically addresses bioecology and insect nutrition in modern agriculture. Written for graduate students and professionals in entomology, this book covers neotropical information in three sections:
Much of the research on which these chapters were written was done in Brazil and based on its neotropical fauna. The complexity and diversity of the neotropics provides enough data that readers from all zoogeographical regions can readily translate the information in this book to their specific conditions. The book s value as an entry point for further research is enhanced by the inclusion of approximately 4,000 references.
This book represents a new, completely updated, version of a book edited by two of the current editors, published with Springer in 1999. It covers pest and disease management of greenhouse crops, providing readers the basic strategies and tactics of integrated control together with its implementation in practice, with case studies with selected crops. The diversity of editors and authors provides readers a complete picture of the world situation of IPM in greenhouse crops.
Public concern is being increasingly directed to pesticides and their residues in ground and surface waters. Water - one of the necessities of life - has to be kept clean for man and the environment. Part I and II of this book describe in an authoritative way all aspects of modern analysis of pesticides in water by the consequent use of hyphenated techniques like GC-AED or HPLC-MS.
* Exposes the massive hidden health and environmental costs of rampant pesticide use* Presents an array of cheaper, safer alternatives to pesticides used by millions of farmers around the world* Written by leading international agricultural and biological scientists supported by The Global Integrated Pest Management Facility of the FAOSince the 1960s the world's population has more than doubled and agricultural production per person has increased by a third, largely because of widespread pesticide use. Yet this growth in production has masked enormous hidden costs -- massive ecological damage and high incidences of farmer poisoning and chronic health effects. Yet in recent years millions of farmers in communities around the world have been identifying harmful pesticides and developing cheaper and safer alternatives. "The Pesticide Detox" explores the potential for the phasing-out of hazardous pesticides and the phasing-in of cost-effective alternatives already available on the market. This book makes clear that it is time to start the pesticide detox and to move towards a more sustainable agriculture.
Drawing on examples from Latin America, Africa and South-East Asia, this book describes crop protection strategies that rely on farmers' knowledge and participation, local resources and alternative low-input methods, as a sensitive approach to develop and implement pest management schemes adjusted to farmers' needs and their socio-economic and agroecological conditions.
Overexploitation of natural resources and excessive chemicalization of agriculture have led to poor sustainability of farm production. Indiscriminate use of agricultural chemicals has resulted in problems of pest resurgence and development of resistance on the one hand and has posed serious problems of environmental contamination through residues in food chain on the other hand. The importance of achieving food production through the use of ecofriendly sustainable pest management techniques is being realized more and more in the recent past. Eminent scientists from different research institutions have looked into this aspect seriously and have come up with many enlightening suggestions compiled together in this book.
Reducing crop losses, minimizing pesticide use, avoiding pesticide residues, increasing farmer's income and enhancing environmental health are the hallmarks of sustainable agriculture. How can this be achieved through the use of green pesticides? Green pesticides refer to all types of nature-oriented and beneficial pest control materials that contribute to reduce the pest population and increase food production. They are safe and ecofriendly. They are more compatible with the environment components than synthetic pesticides. Eminent scientists have highlighted the importance of green pesticides and discuss their research findings in this volume.
Focuses on the use of porphyrins and porphyrinogenic compounds as herbicides, insecticides, and pharmaceuticals. Discusses the synthesis, chemical structure, structure-activity relationships, and mode of action of porphyric herbicides. Examines the mammalian toxicology of porphyrins and porphyrinogenic compounds used in insecticides and therapeutic agents. Also describes the use of porphyrins and porphyrinogenic compounds as pharmaceuticals for the treatment of cancer and metabolic disorders.
Spray Drift Management focuses on managing the risks associated with pesticide spray application, in particular, spray drift onto non-target areas. Designed to assist chemical users and primary industry sectors to develop spray drift management strategies, this is essential reading for landowners, spray contractors and operators, growers, government agencies and consultants. Spray Drift Management is designed to assist chemical users develop spray drift management strategies that address the specific nature of the pest problem and the climatic and geographic characteristics of the region involved. The comprehensive nature of the supporting information makes it a useful tool for developing education and training programs and is a useful reference for policy makers. The Australian Commonwealth and State/Territory governments created several new Ministerial Councils from the amalgamation and redirection of the work of several existing Councils. These changes saw the winding up of ARMCANZ (and SCARM) and the establishment of a new Council, the Primary Industries Ministerial Council, its primary source of advice will flow from a committee of senior officials, the Primary Industries Standing Committee (PISC).
"Presto! No More Pests!" proclaimed a 1955 article introducing two new pesticides, ""miracle-workers for the housewife and back-yard farmer."" Easy to use, effective, and safe: who wouldn't love synthetic pesticides? Apparently most Americans did-and apparently still do. Why-in the face of dire warnings, rising expense, and declining effectiveness-do we cling to our chemicals? Michelle Mart wondered. Her book, a cultural history of pesticide use in postwar America, offers an answer. America's embrace of synthetic pesticides began when they burst on the scene during World War II and has held steady into the 21st century-for example, more than 90% of soybeans grown in the US in 2008 are Roundup Ready GMOs, dependent upon generous use of the herbicide glyphosate to control weeds. Mart investigates the attraction of pesticides, with their up-to-the-minute promise of modernity, sophisticated technology, and increased productivity-in short, their appeal to human dreams of controlling nature. She also considers how they reinforced Cold War assumptions of Western economic and material superiority. Though the publication of Rachel Carson's Silent Spring and the rise of environmentalism might have marked a turning point in Americans' faith in pesticides, statistics tell a different story. Pesticides, a Love Story recounts the campaign against DDT that famously ensued; but the book also shows where our notions of Silent Spring's revolutionary impact falter-where, in spite of a ban on DDT, farm use of pesticides in the United States more than doubled in the thirty years after the book was published. As a cultural survey of popular and political attitudes toward pesticides, Pesticides, a Love Story tries to make sense of this seeming paradox. At heart, it is an exploration of the story we tell ourselves about the costs and benefits of pesticides-and how corporations, government officials, ordinary citizens, and the press shape that story to reflect our ideals, interests, and emotions.
The various approaches to pest control are reviewed with emphasis on their history, advantages, disadvantages and future potential. The book discusses how far chemical control has created problems and how far these may be solved by further chemical control or by alternative methods. The reasons why insects are pest problems are discussed so that the ecological merits and demerits of the various control methods can be assessed. Stress is laid on both the biotic and economic environments in which pest control has to operate. - Presents a balanced case concerning the advantages and disadvantages of the chemical control of pests in historical context. - A wide variety of examples are cited and an up-to-date guide to original sources is presented. - Thoroughly revised and updated edition of a highly successful concise textbook.
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