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J.E. Enderby At the last NATO-ASI on liquids held in Corsica, (August 1977), Professor de Gennes, in his summary of that meeting, suggested that the next ASI should concentrate on some specific aspect of the subject and mentioned explicitly ionic solutions as one possibility. The challenge was taken up by Marie-Claire Bellissent-Funel and George Neilson; I am sure that all the participants would wish to congratulate our two colleagues for putting together an outstanding programme of lectures, round tables and poster session. The theory which underlies the subject was covered by four leading authorities: J.-P. Hansen (Paris) set out the general framework in terms of the statistical mechanics of bulk and surface properties; H.L. Friedman (Stony Brook) focused attention on ionic liquids at equilibrium, and J.B. Hubbard considered non-equilibrium properties such as the electrical conductivity and ionic friction coefficients. Finally, the basic theory of polyelectrolytes treated as charged linear polymers in aqueous solution was presented by J.M. Victor (Paris)
This handbook presents the most current information on the effects of ionizing radiation on mammalian cells, with emphasis on human tissues. The dose-effect relationship is emphasized in a quantitative manner. The book contains up-to-date data on the late effects of low levels of radiation on humans. It also provides some of the late consequences of radiation therapy detected among cancer survivors.
Following in the wake of Chang's two other best-selling physical chemistry textbooks, this new title introduces laser spectroscopist Jay Thoman (Williams College) as co-author. This new text has been comprehensively reviewed regarding both level and scope. Targeted to a mainstream physical chemistry course, this text features extensively revised chapters on quantum mechanics and spectroscopy, many new chapter-ending problems, and updated references, while biological topics have been largely relegated to the previous two textbooks. Other topics added include the law of corresponding states, the Joule-Thomson effect, the meaning of entropy, multiple equilibria and coupled reactions, and chemiluminescence and bioluminescence. One way to gauge the level of this new text is that students who have used it will be well prepared for their GRE exams in the subject. Careful pedagogy and clear writing throughout combine to make this an excellent choice for your physical chemistry course. Support materials are available for this title. For more details please contact email@example.com "With expanded coverage and more depth, Chang's newest book is now an excellent fit for students on the BS Chemistry track. It will provide them with the rigorous foundations knowledge they need for advanced studies in any sub-disciplines of chemistry, including biochemistry/biophysical chemistry." -Taina Chao, State University of New York, Purchase "The most student-friendly P Chem text available." -Howard Mayne, University of New Hampshire "I expect this textbook will be high on the list for instructors seeking a thorough, integrated approach to the subject of Physical Chemistry, combined with a clear and conversational writing style." -Alan Van Orden, Colorado State University "The new Chang/Thoman text is very good. I like its approach and it is very easy to read and well organized. In my opinion, this text makes a much better approach to Physical Chemistry than the other texts currently sold." -Mark Obrovac, Dalhousie University NOT AVAILABLE IN NORTH AMERICA AND CANADA
Why do certain substances react together in the way that they do? What determines the shape of molecules? And how can we predict whether a particular reaction will happen at all? Such questions lie at the heart of chemistry - the science of understanding the composition of substances, their reactions, and properties. While often fragmented into the strands of inorganic, organic, and physical chemistry, a full understanding of chemistry can only be gained by seeing the subject as a single, unified whole. Chemical Structure and Reactivity rises to the challenge of depicting the reality of chemistry. Offering a fresh approach to undergraduate teaching, it depicts the subject as a seamless discipline, showing how organic, inorganic, and physical concepts can be blended together to achieve the common goal of understanding chemical systems. With a lively and engaging writing style augmented throughout by purpose-drawn illustrations, and custom-developed online support, Chemical Structure and Reactivity alone makes taking an integrated approach in the teaching of chemistry a realistic proposition. Online Resource Centre: For students: * Custom developed multimedia content linked to the book, enabling students to investigate the concepts and phenomena presented in the book in a fully interactive way. * Question sets to help students master concepts and gain confidence through hands-on engagement. For lecturers: * Fully worked solutions to the exercises available through the Online Resource Centre. For registered adopters of the book: * Figures from the book in electronic format.
Based on the Fourth Symposium on Particles on Surfaces held recently during the Annual Meeting of the Fine Particle Society in Las Vegas, Nevada, this useful reference presents the latest techniques for the detection, identification, analysis, characterization, and removal of particles found on a wide variety of surfaces. Covering the fundamental aspects of the discipline as well as the most recent developments and exploring a host of procedures, including light scattering, spectroscopic, x-ray fluorescence, sonication, spray impingement, liquid jets, fluorocarbon surfactant solutions, and laser cleaning, Particles on Surfaces examines adhesion induced particle deformation ... the use of atomic force microscopy in probing particle-particle adhesion ... particle contamination in the fields of microelectronics aerospace, and optical surfaces ... the role of air ionization in reducing surface contamination by particles in the cleanroom ... abrasive blasting media for a contamination-free deburring process ... particle generation and control in tubing and piping connection design ... focused acoustic waves for the investigation of particle behavior ... and much more. With over 900 literature citations, tables, photographs, drawings, and equations, Particles on Surfaces is an excellent resource for physical, surface, colloid, polymer and adhesion chemists; chemical and assembly engineers; material scientists; semiconductor, microelectronics, and head and disc manufacturers; cleanroom designers; contamination control technologists in the aerospace, automotive, optics, biomedical, and pharmaceutical industries; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.
Symposium U, "Nuclear Radiation Detection Materials," held April 26 28 at the 2011 MRS Spring Meeting in San Francisco, California was a continuation of the 2009 symposium and provided the latest research in nuclear radiation detection materials. Types of detector materials include semiconductors and scintillators, which are represented by a variety of new scintillator materials; novel semiconductors; and traditional detection materials. There is a strong need for new materials and methods for a variety of radiation detection applications in this rapidly growing field. The symposium gave an overview of the crystal growth of radiation detector materials and the characterization and technology issues and moved on to discuss several important improvements for the development of future radiation detectors.
Organometallic chemistry explores the chemistry of the often bewildering variety of compounds featuring metal-carbon bonds. A field that has underpinned the development of new synthetic methods and materials, it is also central to our understanding of catalysis. In his text, Manfred Bochmann distils the extensive knowledge of the field into a succinct overview of essential concepts. The book is enriched throughout with examples that demonstrate how our understanding of organometallic chemistry has led to new applications in research and industry - not least in relation to catalysis - and an extensive reaction schemes and structures give added clarity to the concepts being explained. Striking just the right balance between breadth and depth - and with features throughout to support the learning process - Organometallics and Catalysis is the perfect introduction for undergraduate and graduate students who need a thorough grounding on the subject or are embarking on new research areas. Online Resource Centre: The Online Resource Centre to accompany Organometallics and Catalysis: An Introduction features: For registered adopters of the text: - Figures from the book in electronic format For everyone: - Curated links to relevant video materials on YouTube
New Edition! Completely Revised and Updated
The CRC Handbook of Solubility Parameters and Other Cohesion Parameters, Second Edition, which includes 17 new sections and 40 new data tables, incorporates information from a vast amount of material published over the last ten years. The volume is based on a bibliography of 2,900 reports, including 1,200 new citations. The detailed, careful construction of the handbook develops the concept of solubility parameters from empirical, thermodynamic, and molecular points of view and demonstrates their application to liquid, gas, solid, and polymer systems.
Presented in an easy-to-read form, this book on zeolite catalysis cover all aspects of the subject. It focuses on synthesis, structure, diffusion, deactivation, and industrial applications. This book is an ideal text for courses on catalysis or as a supplementary text for those studying applied or industrial chemistry. It is also a useful resource for anyone who works with zeolites as catalysts in the laboratory, pilot plants, or commercial installations.
With all the environmental concerns and constraints today and stricter future regulations, there is a patent need to replace materials noxious to the environment by environmentally-friendly alternatives. Electrically conductive adhesives (ECAs) are one such example. ECAs offer an excellent alternative to lead-solder interconnects for microelectronic packaging applications. ECAs are used in electronics for laptop computers, camcorders, watch electronics, hard-drive suspensions and a myriad of electronic equipments. Environmentally-friendly ECAs offer many advantages vis-A -vis solder, such as simple and low-temperature processing conditions, better thermo mechanical performance and finer pitch. This book is based on the two Special Issues of the Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology (JAST vol. 22, no. 8-9 and vol. 22, no. 14) dedicated to this topic. The book contains a total of 21 papers (reflecting overviews and original research) and is divided into three parts as follows: Part 1: Introduction and Recent Developments, Part 2: Mechanical, Durability and Reliability Aspects and Part 3: Characterization and Properties.
With a modern, comprehensive approach directed towards computational mechanics, this book covers a unique combination of subjects at present unavailable in any other text. It includes vital information on ‘variational principles’ constituting the cornerstone of the finite element method. In fact this is the only method by which Nonlinear Solid Mechanics is utilized in engineering practice. The book opens with a fundamental chapter on vectors and tensors. The following chapters are based on nonlinear continuum mechanics - an inevitable prerequisite for computational mechanicians. In addition, continuum field theory (applied to a representative sample of hyperelastic materials currently used in nonlinear computations such as incompressible and compressible materials) is presented, as are transversely isotropic materials, composite materials, viscoelastic materials and hyperelastic materials with isotropic damage. Another central chapter is devoted to the thermodynamics of materials, covering both finite thermoelasticity and finite thermoviscoelasticity. Also included are:
Particle models play an important role in many applications in physics, chemistry and biology. They can be studied on the computer with the help of molecular dynamics simulations. This book presents in detail both the necessary numerical methods and techniques (linked-cell method, SPME-method, tree codes, multipole technique) and the theoretical background and foundations. It illustrates the aspects modelling, discretization, algorithms and their parallel implementation with MPI on computer systems with distributed memory. Furthermore, detailed explanations are given to the different steps of numerical simulation, and code examples are provided. With the description of the algorithms and the presentation of the results of various simulations from the areas material science, nanotechnology, biochemistry and astrophysics, the reader of this book will be able to write his own programs for molecular dynamics step by step and to run successful experiments.
This volume covers both basic and advanced aspects of organometallic chemistry of all metals and catalysis. In order to present a comprehensive view of the subject, it provides broad coverage of organometallic chemistry itself. The catalysis section includes the challenging activation and fictionalization of the main classes of hydrocarbons and the industrially crucial heterogeneous catalysis. Summaries and exercises are provides at the end of each chapter, and the answers to these exercises can be found at the back of the book. Beginners in inorganic, organic and organometallic chemistry, as well as advanced scholars and chemists from academia and industry will find much value in this title.
The renowned Oxford Chemistry Primer series, which provides focused introductions to a range of important topics in chemistry, has been refreshed and updated to suit the needs of today's students, lecturers, and postgraduate researchers. The rigorous, yet accessible, treatment of each subject area is ideal for those wanting a primer in a given topic to prepare them for more advanced study or research. Moreover, cutting-edge examples and applications throughout the texts show the relevance of the chemistry being described to current research and industry. The learning features provided, including questions at the end of every chapter and online multiple-choice questions, encourage active learning and promote understanding. Furthermore, frequent diagrams, margin notes, further reading, and glossary definitions all help to enhance a student's understanding of these essential areas of chemistry. NMR: The Toolkit describes succinctly the range of NMR techniques commonly used in modern research to probe the structures and properties of molecules in liquids. Emphasis is placed throughout on how these experiments actually work, giving a unique perspective on this powerful experimental tool. Online Resource Centre The Online Resource Centre to accompany NMR The Toolkit: How Pulse Sequences Work features: For registered adopters of the text: * Figures from the book available to download For students: * Full worked solutions to the end-of-chapter exercises
Electrochemistry is an old branch of physical chemistry. Due to the development of surface sensitive techniques, and a technological interest in fuel cells and batteries, it has recently undergone a rapid development. This textbook treats the field from a modern, atomistic point of view while integrating the older, macroscopic concepts. The increasing role of theory is reflected in the presentation of the basic ideas in a way that should appeal to experimentalists and theorists alike. Special care is taken to make the subject comprehensible to scientists from neighboring disciplines, especially from surface science. The book is suitable for an advanced course at the master or Ph.D. level, but should also be useful for practicing electrochemists, as well as to any scientists who wants to understand modern electrochemistry.
The renowned Oxford Chemistry Primers series, which provides focused introductions to a range of important topics in chemistry, has been refreshed and updated to suit the needs of today's students, lecturers, and postgraduate researchers. The rigorous, yet accessible, treatment of each subject area is ideal for those wanting a primer in a given topic to prepare them for more advanced study or research. Moreover, cutting-edge examples and applications throughout the texts show the relevance of the chemistry being described to current research and industry. This new edition of Thermodynamics of Chemical Processes is the only self-contained text to cover the thermodynamics of chemical processes at a level appropriate for undergraduates. Describing the basic principles which govern reactivity and phase equilibria in chemical systems, the text is written at the first year undergraduate level and contains a number of worked examples and problems to help students through this introductory material. It shows the application of the theory to disciplines such as biochemistry, materials science, environmental science, forensic and analytical sciences. This new edition places an emphasis on applying the principles and solving problems rather than on formal proof of theorems and detailed mathematical understanding. The ideas of enthalpy, internal energy and entropy are covered to lead into Gibbs free energy and how it can be used to correlate and predict the equilibrium position and properties of chemical reactions and multi-phase systems. Background mathematical ideas are introduced as needed, and the text includes material describing how the physicochemical principles can be applied to related areas such as materials science or biochemistry.
Now in it's 3rd Edition, Industrial Catalysis offers all relevant information on catalytic processes in industry, including many recent examples. Perfectly suited for self-study, it is the ideal companion for scientists who want to get into the field or refresh existing knowledge. The updated edition covers the full range of industrial aspects, from catalyst development and testing to process examples and catalyst recycling. The book is characterized by its practical relevance, expressed by a selection of over 40 examples of catalytic processes in industry. In addition, new chapters on catalytic processes with renewable materials and polymerization catalysis have been included. Existing chapters have been carefully revised and supported by new subchapters, for example, on metathesis reactions, refinery processes, petrochemistry and new reactor concepts. "I found the book accesible, readable and interesting - both as a refresher and as an introduction to new topics - and a convenient first reference on current industrial catalytic practise and processes." Excerpt from a book review for the second edition by P. C. H. Mitchell, Applied Organometallic Chemistry (2007)
The second edition of the Handbook of Metathesis, edited by Nobel Prize Winner Robert H. Grubbs and his team, is available as a 3 Volume set as well as individual volumes. Volume 1, edited by R. H. Grubbs together with A. G. Wenzel focusses on Catalyst Development and Mechanism. The new edition of this set is completely updated (more than 80% new content) and expanded, with a special focus on industrial applications. Written by the "Who-is-Who" of metathesis, this book gives a comprehensive and high-quality overview. It is the perfect and ultimate one-stop-reference source in this field and indispensable for chemists in academia and industry alike. View the set here - http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-3527334246.html Other available volumes: Volume 2: Applications in Organic Synthesis, Editors: R. H. Grubbs and D. J. O'Leary - http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-3527339493.html Volume 3: Polymer Synthesis, Editors: R. H. Grubbs and E. Khosravi - http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-3527339507.html
As a companion to the undergraduate textbook "Physical Chemistry from a Different Angle", this workbook offers an excellent opportunity to deepen the understanding of the concepts presented in the textbook by addressing specific problems. The workbook is divided into two parts: a first part with nearly 200 exercises and a second part providing the corresponding detailed solutions with helpful comments, enabling students to learn independently.
This thesis focuses on the development of new methods of functionalizing carboranes using o-carboryne intermediates. Functional carboranes are now finding a broad range of applications, including organic synthesis, drug design, polymers, catalysis, metal organic frameworks, electronic devices and more. However, the limited number of efficient synthetic methods for obtaining functional carborane materials has restricted their applications. The methodologies established in this thesis represent simple, yet powerful strategies to assemble previously inaccessible, useful complex molecules, which will also have a significant impact on future synthetic, cluster and materials chemistry. Moreover, it discusses the first method for the in situ generation of electrophilic boron radical using photocatalysis.
This book presents the design and development of an Internet of Things (IoT) enabled, smart sensor to detect nitrate contamination in natural water. It considers three different sensors designed, fabricated and configured for nitrate detection: a Graphite/PDMS and Si-based MEMS sensors, and aFR4-based sensor. It also introduces a selective polymer material developed by means of the ion imprinting polymerization technique that was used as a coating on the Si-based MEMS sensor. Further, the book discusses the development of a smart sensing system that can be used to remotely monitor the nitrate concentration in any water. Fully explaining all the techniques used, the book is of interest to engineers, researchers and scientists working in the field of the water-quality measurement.
This book offers a comprehensive treatment of the molecular design, characterization, and physical chemistry of soft interfaces. At the same time, the book aims to encourage the fabrication of functional materials including biomaterials. During the past few decades there has been steady growth in soft-interface science, and that growth has been especially rapid in the twenty-first century. The field is interdisciplinary because it involves chemistry, polymer science, materials science, physical chemistry, and biology. Based on the increasing interdisciplinary nature of undergraduate and graduate programs, the primary goal of this present work is to serve as a comprehensive resource for senior-level undergraduates and for graduate students, particularly in polymer chemistry, materials science, bioconjugate chemistry, bioengineering, and biomaterials. Additionally, with the growing interest in the fabrication of functional soft materials, this book provides essential fundamental information for researchers not only in academia but also in industry.
This second, completely updated edition of a classic textbook provides a concise introduction to the fundamental principles of modern electrochemistry, with an emphasis on applications in energy technology. The renowned and experienced scientist authors present the material in a didactically skilful and lucid manner.
They cover the physical-chemical fundamentals as well as such modern methods of investigation as spectroelectrochemistry and mass spectrometry, electrochemical analysis and production methods, as well as fuel cells and micro- and nanotechnology.
The result is a must-have for advanced chemistry students as well as those studying chemical engineering, materials science and physics.
The Advances in Chemical Physics series provides the chemical physics field with a forum for critical, authoritative evaluations of advances in every area of the discipline. This volume explores topics from Thermodynamic Properties of Polyelectrolyte Solutions to ion-binding of polyelectrolytes. The book features: * The only series of volumes available that presents the cutting edge of research in chemical physics * Contributions from experts in this field of research * Representative cross-section of research that questions established thinking on chemical solutions * An editorial framework that makes the book an excellent supplement to an advanced graduate class in physical chemistry or chemical physics
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