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"Drysdale's book is by far the most comprehensive - everyone in the
office has a copy...now including me. It holds just about
everything you need to know about fire science."
After 25 years as a bestseller, Dougal Drysdale's classic introduction has been brought up-to-date and expanded to incorporate the latest research and experimental data. Homework problems are included, with solutions, and others are available on the accompanying website at www.wiley.com/go/drysdale. Essential reading for all involved in the field from undergraduate and postgraduate students to practising fire safety engineers and fire prevention officers, "An Introduction to Fire Dynamics" is unique in that it addresses the fundamentals of fire science and fire dynamics, thus providing the scientific background necessary for the development of fire safety engineering as a professional discipline.
"An Introduction to Fire Dynamics"Includes experimental data relevant to the understanding of fire behaviour of materials;Features numerical problems with answers illustrating the quantitative applications of the concepts presented;Extensively course-tested at Worcester Polytechnic Institute and the University of Edinburgh, and widely adopted throughout the world;Will appeal to all those working in fire safety engineering and related disciplines.
Drawing on the wealth of photochemical research, this volume combines reviews on the latest advances in the field with specific topical highlights. With critical review chapters devoted to solar energy conversion, cryogenic matrices and polymers and highlights covering for example continuous flow photochemistry and photoactive cyclodextrin-based nanosystems, this volume captures the literature in an authoritative digest of the latest developments in this established field. Relevant to a wide range of academic and commercial disciplines and covering chemistry, physics, biology and technology, this series is essential reading for postgraduates, academics and industrialists working in the field of photochemistry.
This textbook covers chemical thermodynamics in materials science from basic to advanced level, especially for iron and steel making processes. To improve a process by applying knowledge of thermodynamics or to assess the calculation results of thermodynamic software, an accurate and systematic understanding of thermodynamics is required. For that purpose, books from which one can learn thermodynamics from the basic to the advanced level are needed, but such books are rarely published. This book bridges the gap between the basics, which are treated in general thermodynamic books, and their application, which are only partially dealt with in most specialized books on a specific field. This textbook can be used to teach the basics of chemical thermodynamics and its applications to beginners. The basic part of the book is written to help learners acquire robust applied skills in an easy-to-understand manner, with in-depth explanations and schematic diagrams included. The same book can be used by advanced learners as well. Those higher-level readers such as post-graduate students and researchers may refer to the basic part of the book to get down to the basic concepts of chemical thermodynamics or to confirm the basic concepts. Abundant pages are also devoted to applications designed to present more advanced applied skills grounded in a deep understanding of the basics. The book contains some 50 examples and their solutions so that readers can learn through self-study.
The new edition of this best-selling textbook addresses the difficulties that can arise with the mathematics that underpins the study of symmetry, and acknowledges that group theory can be a complex concept for students to grasp. Molecular Symmetry and Group Theory is based around a series of programmes that help students learn at their own pace and enable them to understand the subject fully. Readers are taken through a series of carefully constructed exercises, designed to simplify the mathematics and give them a full understanding of how this relates to the chemistry. The second edition has been revised and expanded and includes a new chapter on the projection operator method. This is used to calculate the form of the normal modes of vibration of a molecule and the normalised wave functions of hybrid orbitals or molecular orbitals.
Recognizing the critical need for bringing a handy referece work that deals with the most popular reagents in synthesis to the laboratory of practising organic chemists, the Editor selected the best reagents from two sources. The first is in the Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis (EROS) which was published in 1995. In the intervening time, new entries have been written by many experts in the field for incorporation in the ever-expanding electronic version of the same work (e-EROS).
Chiral Reagents for Asymmetric Synthesis assembles into a single volume many of the optically active reagents and catalysts in use at the present time, with the overall intention to compile in manageable format as much indispensable information as possible. The selection reflects the sharp increase in demand for enantionmerically pure reagents and products that has taken place over the past twenty-five years. This development has been driven by synthetic organic chemists working in natural products synthesis and by medicinal chemists working on the development of enantionmerically pure drugs. These two comunities will find this volume of particular benefit.
All the information compiled in this volume is also available in electronic format on Wiley InterScience. The electronic Encyclopedia for Organic Synthesis (e-EROS) includes all the reagents described in this volume plus many more reagents of other types and for other uses. e-EROS allows for text and structure search and has many new and updated entries added every year.
The ideal addition to the companion volume on fundamentals,
methodologies, and applications, this second volume combines
fundamental information with an overview of the role of ceramic
membranes, electrodes and interfaces in this important,
interdisciplinary and rapidly developing field.
Long awaited, this textbook fills the gap for convincing concepts to describe amorphous solids. Adopting a unique approach, the author develops a framework that lays the foundations for a theory of amorphousness. He unravels the scientific mysteries surrounding the topic, replacing rather vague notions of amorphous materials as disordered crystalline solids with the well-founded concept of ideal amorphous solids. A classification of amorphous materials into inorganic glasses, organic glasses, glassy metallic alloys, and thin films sets the scene for the development of the model of ideal amorphous solids, based on topology- and statistics-governed rules of three-dimensional sphere packing, which leads to structures with no short, mid or long-range order. This general model is then concretized to the description of specific compounds in the four fundamental classes of amorphous solids, as well as amorphous polyethylene and poly(methyl)methacrylate, emphasizing its versatility and descriptive power. Finally, he includes example applications to indicate the abundance of amorphous materials in modern-day technology, thus illustrating the importance of a better understanding of their structure and properties. Equally ideal as supplementary reading in courses on crystallography, mineralogy, solid state physics, and materials science where amorphous materials have played only a minor role until now.
This book provides details of the calculation of the interaction between two neutral polarizable atoms or molecules using molecular quantum electrodynamics (QED). To better understand the origin of this force, it briefly outlines molecular QED theory, the well-known van der Waals dispersion potential first evaluated by Casimir and Polder, who accounted for retardation effects. It presents different calculation schemes for the evaluation of the dispersion potential and also discusses energy shifts involving electric quadrupole and octupole moments, along with discriminatory dispersion potentials. Further, it explores in detail non-additive dispersion interaction energies between three-bodies, as well as the effects of higher multipole moment correction terms, and provides results for specific geometries such as collinear and equilateral triangles. Lastly, it computes near and far-zone asymptotic limits for both pair and many-body potentials, with the former shown to agree with less rigorous semi-classical calculations.
The most comprehensive source on the subject, this Second Edition is completely revised and expanded to reveal the most recent advances, technologies, and trends in hair and hair care science-tracking the development of hair care products, the emergence of new regulatory practices, and the latest methods in product safety and efficacy assessment.
Silicones have unique properties including thermal oxidative stability, low temperature flow, high compressibility, low surface tension, hydrophobicity and electric properties. These special properties have encouraged the exploration of alternative synthetic routes of well defined controlled microstructures of silicone copolymers, the subject of this Springer Brief. The authors explore the synthesis and characterization of notable block copolymers. Recent advances in controlled radical polymerization techniques leading to the facile synthesis of well-defined silicon based thermo reversible block copolymers are described along with atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), a technique utilized to develop well-defined functional thermo reversible block copolymers. The brief also focuses on Polyrotaxanes and their great potential as stimulus-responsive materials which produce poly (dimethyl siloxane) (PDMS) based thermo reversible block copolymers.
The dynamic field of extraterrestrial chemistry brings together ideas of chemistr, astrophysics, and biology to the study of molecules between stars, around stars, and on plantes. This book serves as an introduction to chemial processes under 'unearthly' and hence usually extreme conditions (temperature, pressure, high or low density, bombardment by cosmic rays), and their impact on the early development of our solar system, as well as providing a deeper understanding of processes in earthly regions where conditions approach those of extraterrestrial areas. A unique and extraordinary perspective written with chemists in mind. An excellent practical book for inorganic, and physical chemists, spectroscopists, astronomers, and libraries. From the contents: * Introduction and technical notes * Origin and development of the universe * Stars * The interstellar medium * The solar system * Exoplanets * The origin of life
This book describes the dynamics of low molecular weight and polymeric molecules when they are constrained under conditions of geometrical confinement. It covers geometrical confinement in different dimensionalities:
(i) in nanometer thin layers or self supporting films ("1-dimensional" confinement)
(ii) in pores or tubes with nanometric diameters ("2-dimensional" confinement)
(iii) as micelles embedded in matrices ("3-dimensional") or as nanodroplets.The dynamics under such conditions have been a much discussed and central topic in the focus of intense worldwide research activities within the last two decades. The present book discusses how the resulting molecular mobility is influenced by the subtle counterbalance between surface effects (typically slowing down molecular dynamics through attractive guest/host interactions) and confinement effects (typically increasing the mobility). It also explains how these influences can be modified and tuned, e.g. through appropriate surface coatings, film thicknesses or pore diameters. ""Dynamics in Confinement"" sums up the present state-of-the-art and introduces to the analytical methods of choice for the study of dynamics in nanometer-scale confinement.
Intended as a textbook for courses involving preparative solid-state chemistry, this book offers clear and detailed descriptions on how to prepare a selection of inorganic materials that exhibit important optical, magnetic and electrical properties, on a laboratory scale. The text covers a wide range of preparative methods and can be read as separate, independent chapters or as a unified coherent body of work. Discussions of various chemical systems reveal how the properties of a material can often be influenced by modifications to the preparative procedure, and vice versa. References to mineralogy are made throughout the book since knowledge of naturally occurring inorganic substances is helpful in devising many of the syntheses and in characterizing the product materials.
A set of questions at the end of each chapter helps to connect theory with practice, and an accompanying solutions manual is available to instructors. This book is also of appeal to postgraduate students, post-doctoral researchers and those working in industry requiring knowledge of solid-state synthesis.
In recent years, semiconductor-based heterogeneous photocatalysis has received great attention as a promising "green" approach enabling the sustainable development of environment and energy, such as the removal of organic dye pollutants from wastewater and selective organic transformations under ambient conditions. Chapter one of this book summarises recent advances on the characterisation and photocatalytic properties of well-defined ceria (CeO2) nanocrystals, including one-dimensional nanorods and three-dimensional nanocubes that are hydrothermally synthesised. Chapter two summarises recent advances on the characterisation and photocatalytic properties of well-defined perovskite potassium niobate (KNbO3) with different morphologies, and with emphasis on the effect of crystal structure on photoreactivity. The final chapter summarises fundamental principles of the design of solar-light-driven semiconductor-based photocatalytic systems for water splitting and H2 evolution from water and aqueous solutions of various electron-donating sacrificial substrates, the state-of-the-art in the development of such systems, perspectives and challenges in the field of the green and sustainable photocatalytic hydrogen production.
This book is exceptional in offering a thorough but accessible introduction to calorimetry that will meet the needs of both students and researchers in the field of particle physics. It is designed to provide the sound knowledge of the basics of calorimetry and of calorimetric techniques and instrumentation that is mandatory for any physicist involved in the design and construction of large experiments or in data analysis. An important feature is the correction of a number of persistent common misconceptions. Among the topics covered are the physics and development of electromagnetic showers, electromagnetic calorimetry, the physics and development of hadron showers, hadron calorimetry, and calibration of a calorimeter. Two chapters are devoted to more promising calorimetric techniques for the next collider. Calorimetry for Collider Physics, an introduction will be of value for all who are seeking a reliable guide to calorimetry that occupies the middle ground between the brief chapter in a generic book on particle detection and the highly complex and lengthy reference book.
This book contains precisely referenced chapters, emphasizing environment-friendly polymer nanocomposites with basic fundamentals, practicality and alternatives to traditional nanocomposites through detailed reviews of different environmental friendly materials procured from different resources, their synthesis and applications using alternative green approaches. The book aims at explaining basics of eco-friendly polymer nanocomposites from different natural resources and their chemistry along with practical applications which present a future direction in the biomedical, pharmaceutical and automotive industry. The book attempts to present emerging economic and environmentally friendly polymer nanocomposites that are free from side effects studied in the traditional nanocomposites. This book is the outcome of contributions by many experts in the field from different disciplines, with various backgrounds and expertises. This book will appeal to researchers as well as students from different disciplines. The content includes industrial applications and will fill the gap between the research works in laboratory to practical applications in related industries.
This brief describes the current critical situation of global warming and shows its solution by renewable energy use. The author has long studied the development of new materials with chemical functions and is renowned as the first advocate of power-to-gas. He established the technology to convert renewable energy to synthesized natural gas, methane by electrolytic hydrogen generation using surplus electricity from renewable energy, and subsequent methanation of carbon dioxide by reaction with hydrogen.In the first part of this brief, data on global warming and energy consumption are shown and analyzed from the author's keen point of view. The second part introduces the author's research results on key materials for global carbon dioxide recycling and constructed pilot plants based on them. Finally, an evidence-based solution to maintain sustainable development by using only renewable energy is described as a future prospect.This book is useful not only for researchers and students studying chemical engineering, materials, or energy, but also for general citizens who are interested in the global environment.
Chemical modelling covers a wide range of hot topics and active areas in computational chemistry and related fields. With the increase in volume, velocity and variety of information, researchers can find it difficult to keep up to date with the literature in these areas. Containing both comprehensive and critical reviews, this book is the first stop for any materials scientist, biochemist, chemist or molecular physicist wishing to acquaint themselves with major developments in the applications and theory of chemical modelling.
This Solutions Manual accompanies the second edition of Donald McQuarrie's Quantum Chemistry. It contains each of the more than 700 problems in the text, followed by a detailed solution. Written by chemistry faculty members Helen O. Leung and Mark D. Marshall, both of Amherst College, in conjunction with Prof. McQuarrie, each solution combines the clarity the authors use in teaching the same material in their own classrooms with the rigor appropriate to learning and appreciating an introduction to quantum chemistry. Both Helen Leung and Mark Marshall are recipients of the Henry Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Award. They bring to the manual the insight gained from years of using quantum mechanics as spectroscopists with active research programs along with strong, effective pedagogy.
Demonstrates how substitution of a variety of ligands can render
albumin a versatile targeting tool for selective drug accumulation
in various cell populations of the liver
This subvolume contains selected data on heats of mixing and solution of binary gaseous, liquid, near-critical, and supercritical fluid systems of nonelectrolytes, including aqueous-organic systems, in broad ranges of temperature, pressure, and composition. All the data are extracted from the original literature published from 1957 to 2005. The names of the authors, the titles of the publications, and the exact references are given. Estimated uncertainties are reported. The printed volume presents tables for 314 representative systems. The CD-ROM displays all these data, as well as 134 additional data files, in PDF format and in fully documented computer readable standard electronic files (SELF and ELDATA)t. Moreover, the ELBT-program includes a comprehensive bibliographical database on heats of mixing and solution measurements published in the period 1853-2005 for 10867 two- to six-component systems consisting of organic or inorganic electrolytes and nonelectrolytes, ionic liquids, alloys, fused salts, polymers and other materials. The ELBT-program allows the fast search of data according to property type, chemical system (substances, mixtures, and solutions), author(s), source and year of publication. The software on the CD-ROM allows the correlation of the numerical data with several equations and the display of the original data and of the correlated data in tabular and graphical form. In order to facilitate the storage, exchange and use of the data, the ELBT-program of this volume allows importation of the information of SELF and ELDATA files, as well as of the files containing the results of correlations into Spreadsheet ML documents.
One of the goals of An Introduction to Applied Statistical Thermodynamics is to introduce readers to the fundamental ideas and engineering uses of statistical thermodynamics, and the equilibrium part of the statistical mechanics. This text emphasises on nano and bio technologies, molecular level descriptions and understandings offered by statistical mechanics. It provides an introduction to the simplest forms of Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulation (albeit only for simple spherical molecules) and user-friendly MATLAB programs for doing such simulations, and also some other calculations. The purpose of this text is to provide a readable introduction to statistical thermodynamics, show its utility and the way the results obtained lead to useful generalisations for practical application. The text also illustrates the difficulties that arise in the statistical thermodynamics of dense fluids as seen in the discussion of liquids.
This volume documents developments in the study of catalysis relating to organic synthesis and its application in industrial processes. It surveys a wide range of homo- and heterogeneous catalysis for industrial and pharmaceutical chemicals. It covers enantioselective hydrogenation, catalyzed hydrogens and oxidation, carbonylation, hydroaminomethylation, and more.
Bioelectrochemistry is a fast growing field at the interface between electrochemistry and other sciences such as biochemistry, analytical chemistry and medicinal chemistry. In the recent years, the methods and the understanding of the fundamentals have seen significant progress, which has led to rapid development in the field. Here, the expert editors have carefully selected contributions to best reflect the latest developments in this hot and rapidly growing interdisciplinary topic. The resulting excellent and timely overview of this multifaceted field covers recent methodological advances, as well as a range of new applications for analytical detection, drug screening, tumor therapy, and for energy conversion in biofuel cells. This book is a must-have for all Electrochemists, Biochemists, Analytical Chemists, and Medicinal Chemists.
Clearly structured and written with advanced undergraduate,
graduate and PhD students in mind, this English edition of a
successful German textbook not only focuses on organic reactions,
but also on bio-relevant reactions. Important aspects of the
catalytic mechanisms are discussed in detail while much additional
information is also provided, such as industrial applications of
the processes covered.
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