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Books > Social sciences > Politics & government > Political activism > Political subversion

Escape Betwixt Two Suns - A True Tale of the Underground Railroad in Illinois (Paperback): Escape Betwixt Two Suns - A True Tale of the Underground Railroad in Illinois (Paperback)
R549 R510 Discovery Miles 5 100 Save R39 (7%) Ships in 12 - 17 working days

Although the northern Illinois chapters of the story of Susan "Sukey" Richardson's escape from slavery on the Underground Railroad are documented, the part played by southern Illinois in that historic episode has remained obscure. Carol Pirtle changes that with her investigation into the 1843 suit Andrew Borders lodged against William Hayes, charging his neighbor with helping slaves from the Borders estate escape to Galesburg. In conjunction with her probe into the past, Pirtle also discovered the Hayes correspondence.
Pirtle documents Hayes's involvement in the Illinois Underground Railroad through approximately two hundred letters received by Hayes from the early 1820s until his death in 1849. Many of these letters specifically corroborate his participation in the escape of slaves from the Borders estate. One such letter came from T. A. Jones in 1843: "You Dear Sir are to me an unknown friend, yet I believe you are a friend to the poor down trodden Slave. This is as good an introduction as I want from any man. My brother, our cause is a holy one." Letters written by Galesburg residents show that several prominent citizens of that community also assisted in the affair, proving that Knox College administrators and trustees were active in the Underground Railroad.
Pirtle also includes excerpts from the trial transcript from the 1844 civil case against Hayes, which was tried in Pinckneyville, Illinois. She researched newspaper accounts of the event, most notably those in the "Western Citizen" and the" Sparta Herald. "Records of the Covenanter Presbyterian church of which Hayes was a member provide partial explanations of Hayes's motives.
Telling the story ofHayes and his involvement with Susan Richardson and the Underground Railroad, Pirtle provides insight into the work of abolitionists in Illinois. "Escape Betwixt Two Suns," in fact, is one of the few books to substantiate the legends of the Underground Railroad. She tells the story of a quiet man who made a difference, of a man deserving the accolades of a hero.

Dark Actors - The Life and Death of David Kelly (Hardcover): Robert Lewis Dark Actors - The Life and Death of David Kelly (Hardcover)
Robert Lewis 1
R450 R360 Discovery Miles 3 600 Save R90 (20%) Out of stock

One July afternoon in 2003, in a quiet part of Oxfordshire, a scientist went out for a walk and never came back. Dr David Kelly had been all over the news in the preceding days; as an investigator on the team which went into Iraq to check whether they had weapons of mass destruction, he had been accused of anonymously briefing a BBC reporter that the government's case for the Iraq War had been deliberately falsified. When the news came through that his body had been found in woods near his country home, for the briefest of moments, a stunned Britain held its breath and wondered if this was what it had come to. Our intelligence services were already collaborating in the torture of British citizens for reasons of national security. Had they committed murder too? Tony Blair himself was for once without answer. At a press conference in Japan a reporter stood up and asked him if he had blood on his hands. The Prime Minister stood there blinking behind his mask until he walked, shocked, from the podium. But Britain kept calm and carried on. Normal service was resumed, and the world began spinning again. David Kelly, we were told, had committed suicide for personal reasons that had nothing to do with Downing Street or the Iraq War. But not all could believe that. For those that couldn't, they too lost a part of themselves that afternoon. Conspiracy theorists, eccentrics, obsessives, lunatics, paranoids, fantasists, zealots: they had been awarded all these sobriquets and more. Yet it was easy enough to see, lurking behind the cracks and gaps in the government's account, the hulk of a great and deliberate dishonesty. Simply to read about what transpired in Longworth, Oxfordshire on 17thJuly 2003 made it impossible to believe otherwise.

The Traitors - A True Story of Blood, Betrayal and Deceit (Hardcover): Josh Ireland The Traitors - A True Story of Blood, Betrayal and Deceit (Hardcover)
Josh Ireland 1
R395 R316 Discovery Miles 3 160 Save R79 (20%) Out of stock

'An epic tale of love, dishonour, bravery, cowardice, betrayal and high-treason. Beautifully written. A stunning debut' Damien Lewis Playboy. Fascist. Strongman. Thief. Traitors. September 1939. For years now Britain has been rudderless, divided and grievously unequal. Successive governments have floundered as they struggled to cope with economic misery at home and machinations abroad. Many of the country's citizens are seduced by fascism; others are simply left alienated by leaders who seem unwilling or unable to take the decisive action that is so desperately needed. When war breaks out the imperiled nation achieves the unity and purpose that has eluded it for more than a decade. It is a time of heroism and sacrifice in which many thousands of soldiers and civilians give their lives. But some Britons choose a different path, renegades who will fight for the Third Reich until its gruesome collapse in 1945. The Traitors tells the stories of four such men: the chaotic, tragic John Amery; the idealistic but hate-filled William Joyce; the cynical, murderous conman Harold Cole; and Eric Pleasants, an iron-willed pacifist and bodybuilder who wants no part in this war. Drawing on declassified MI5 files, as well as diaries, letters and memoirs, The Traitors is a book about disordered lives in turbulent times; idealism twisted out of shape; of torn consciences and abandoned loyalties; of murder, deceit, temptation and loss. It shows how a man might come to desert his country's cause, and the tragic consequences that treachery brings in its wake.

Dark Actors - The Life and Death of David Kelly (Paperback): Robert Lewis Dark Actors - The Life and Death of David Kelly (Paperback)
Robert Lewis 1
R220 R176 Discovery Miles 1 760 Save R44 (20%) Out of stock

One July afternoon in 2003, in a quiet part of Oxfordshire, a scientist went out for a walk and never came back. Dr David Kelly had been all over the news in the preceding days; as an investigator on the team which went into Iraq to check whether they had weapons of mass destruction, he had been accused of anonymously briefing a BBC reporter that the government's case for the Iraq War had been deliberately falsified. When the news came through that his body had been found in woods near his country home, for the briefest of moments, a stunned Britain held its breath and wondered if this was what it had come to. Our intelligence services were already collaborating in the torture of British citizens for reasons of national security. Had they committed murder too? Tony Blair himself was for once without answer. At a press conference in Japan a reporter stood up and asked him if he had blood on his hands. The Prime Minister stood there blinking behind his mask until he walked, shocked, from the podium. But Britain kept calm and carried on. Normal service was resumed, and the world began spinning again. David Kelly, we were told, had committed suicide for personal reasons that had nothing to do with Downing Street or the Iraq War. But not all could believe that. For those that couldn't, they too lost a part of themselves that afternoon. Conspiracy theorists, eccentrics, obsessives, lunatics, paranoids, fantasists, zealots: they had been awarded all these sobriquets and more. Yet it was easy enough to see, lurking behind the cracks and gaps in the government's account, the hulk of a great and deliberate dishonesty. Simply to read about what transpired in Longworth, Oxfordshire on the 17thJuly 2003 made it impossible to believe otherwise.

The Traitors - A True Story of Blood, Betrayal and Deceit (Paperback): Josh Ireland The Traitors - A True Story of Blood, Betrayal and Deceit (Paperback)
Josh Ireland
R315 R252 Discovery Miles 2 520 Save R63 (20%) Out of stock

'An epic tale of love, dishonour, bravery, cowardice, betrayal and high-treason. Beautifully written. A stunning debut' Damien Lewis Playboy. Fascist. Strongman. Thief. Traitors. September 1939. For years now Britain has been rudderless, divided and grievously unequal. Successive governments have floundered as they struggled to cope with economic misery at home and machinations abroad. Many of the country's citizens are seduced by fascism; others are simply left alienated by leaders who seem unwilling or unable to take the decisive action that is so desperately needed. When war breaks out the imperiled nation achieves the unity and purpose that has eluded it for more than a decade. It is a time of heroism and sacrifice in which many thousands of soldiers and civilians give their lives. But some Britons choose a different path, renegades who will fight for the Third Reich until its gruesome collapse in 1945. The Traitors tells the stories of four such men: the chaotic, tragic John Amery; the idealistic but hate-filled William Joyce; the cynical, murderous conman Harold Cole; and Eric Pleasants, an iron-willed pacifist and bodybuilder who wants no part in this war. Drawing on declassified MI5 files, as well as diaries, letters and memoirs, The Traitors is a book about disordered lives in turbulent times; idealism twisted out of shape; of torn consciences and abandoned loyalties; of murder, deceit, temptation and loss. It shows how a man might come to desert his country's cause, and the tragic consequences that treachery brings in its wake.

Fighting Corruption in East Asia - Solutions from the Private Sector (Paperback, New): Jean-Francois Arvis, Ronald E. Berenbeim Fighting Corruption in East Asia - Solutions from the Private Sector (Paperback, New)
Jean-Francois Arvis, Ronald E. Berenbeim
R550 Discovery Miles 5 500 Out of stock

Recent corporate scandals highlight the importance of both public sector initiatives and sound internal company policies in the fight against fraud and corruption. Policymakers, international organizations, and advocacy groups all agree these supply-side anti-corruption efforts are a critical component of the anti-corruption tool kit. This book, based on research conducted by the World Bank and the Conference Board, describes the efforts of Western and Asian companies to develop good standards of business conduct in their East Asian operations. Case studies from a wide range of corporate settings offer concrete examples of best practices in program creation, implementation, and effectiveness. The book also provides examples of dissemination of those practices that underscore the importance of business partnerships with the public sector and civil society organizations. An essential guidebook for companies, policymakers, academics, and nongovernmental organizations, this book will be of interest to anyone seeking improved business conduct standards in developing countries.

Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment in Pakistan (Hardcover): Rashida Patel Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment in Pakistan (Hardcover)
Rashida Patel
R782 Discovery Miles 7 820 Out of stock

This book is for those who are concerned with the deteriorating situation of women in Pakistan and wish to obtain an overview of the legal and practical changes which have been introduced to improve their condition. A critical analysis of the continuous and increasing misinterpretations of the principles of Islam through legal acceptance is presented. Several references to laws which have been recently changed and have an effect on women's lives have been added, including alterations to the Criminal Procedure Code 1898 and Pakistan Penal Code 1860, such as the introduction of the death penalty for gang-rape.

The Life Cycles of the Council on Environmental Quality and the Environmental Protection Agency - 1970 - 2035 (Paperback):... The Life Cycles of the Council on Environmental Quality and the Environmental Protection Agency - 1970 - 2035 (Paperback)
James K Conant, Peter J. Balint
R686 Discovery Miles 6 860 Out of stock

During the middle and late 1960s, public concern about the environment grew rapidly, as did Congressional interest in addressing environmental problems. Then, in 1970, a dramatic series of bipartisan actions were taken to expand the national government's efforts to control the volume and types of substances that pollute the air, water, and land. In that year, President Richard Nixon signed into law the National Environmental Policy Act, which established for the first time a national policy on the environment and created the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ). Additionally, President Nixon created, with Congressional support, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and he signed into law the Clean Air Act of 1970, which had overwhelming bipartisan support in Congress. The strong bipartisan consensus on the need to protect environmental and human health began to erode, however, during the middle and late 1970s as other domestic and foreign policy problems rose to the top of the public and legislative agendas. Ronald Reagan's election to the Presidency in 1980 marked a dramatic shift in both environmental policymaking and administration. Over the thirty years that followed Reagan's election, environmental politics and administration became increasingly polarized. In this book, James K. Conant and Peter J. Balint examine the trajectory of environmental policy and administration in the United States by looking at the development of the CEQ and EPA. They look at changes in budgetary and staffing resources over time as well as the role of quality of leadership as key indicators of capacity and vitality. As well, they make correlations between the agencies' fortunes and various social, political, and economic variables. Conant and Balint cautiously predict that both agencies are likely to survive over the next twenty years, but that they will both experience continuing volatility as their life histories unfold.

IRA Internments and the Irish Government - Subversives and the State, 1939-1962 (Hardcover, New): John Maguire IRA Internments and the Irish Government - Subversives and the State, 1939-1962 (Hardcover, New)
John Maguire
R1,489 Discovery Miles 14 890 Out of stock

This book examines a neglected period in the history of the IRA and looks at the acceptability and success of internment as an expedient in the Irish government's ongoing struggle with republican subversive organisations during both the Second World War and the border campaign. The book looks at the reasons for the subsequent drift away from the use of this measure, despite its previous successes in containing the IRA threat to the Irish State. It draws extensively on previously unavailable primary source material in various archives in both Ireland and Britain. The oral testimony of many surviving contemporaries is supplemented by an in-depth examination of the files of the Irish government, thereby presenting a detailed political assessment of the events under consideration.In addition, the voluminous records relating to the Lawless Case held in the Attorney General's Office have been particularly valuable in documenting, for the first time, the unprecedented domestic legal proceedings in this landmark action. The book considers the overall impact of the Lawless Case in influencing the future direction of Irish counter-insurgency policy and the subsequent drift away from the use of internment as an acceptable expedient in the State's ongoing struggle with subversives.

IRA Internments and the Irish Government - Subversives and the State, 1939-1962 (Paperback, New): John Maguire IRA Internments and the Irish Government - Subversives and the State, 1939-1962 (Paperback, New)
John Maguire
R700 Discovery Miles 7 000 Out of stock

This book examines a neglected period in the history of the IRA and looks at the acceptability and success of internment as an expedient in the Irish government's ongoing struggle with republican subversive organisations during both the Second World War and the border campaign. The book looks at the reasons for the subsequent drift away from the use of this measure, despite its previous successes in containing the IRA threat to the Irish State. It draws extensively on previously unavailable primary source material in various archives in both Ireland and Britain. The oral testimony of many surviving contemporaries is supplemented by an in-depth examination of the files of the Irish government, thereby presenting a detailed political assessment of the events under consideration.In addition, the voluminous records relating to the Lawless Case held in the Attorney General's Office have been particularly valuable in documenting, for the first time, the unprecedented domestic legal proceedings in this landmark action. The book considers the overall impact of the Lawless Case in influencing the future direction of Irish counter-insurgency policy and the subsequent drift away from the use of internment as an acceptable expedient in the State's ongoing struggle with subversives.

In America - Tales from Trump Country (Paperback): Caitriona Perry In America - Tales from Trump Country (Paperback)
Caitriona Perry
R423 R396 Discovery Miles 3 960 Save R27 (6%) Out of stock

While much of the US media and the professional political classes whip themselves into a frenzy as to how President Trump got into office and how he is behaving there, the views that really matter - as always - are those of the voters. In her first book, RTE's former Washington Correspondent Caitriona Perry goes beyond the news reports and delves into the American heartland where she witnessed the rise of Donald Trump at first hand. Speaking to the people who voted for President Trump, she brings to the table the voices of the American people who, too-long ignored and on the edges of an increasingly divided society, rallied their votes and shook the world. In speaking to the workers of the industrial heartland, the women of America, the voices of the immigrant communities, In America answers the question everyone is asking in the wake of one of the most shocking election results in modern times - how did this happen? A new afterword reflects on Donald Trump's presidency to date and revisits the people spoken to in 2016, giving a valuable insight into what we can expect from election 2020. Top 10 book on the Donald Trump presidency. The Independent, UK Nominated for the BGEIBAS Non-Fiction Book of the Year Award 'An illuminating travelogue which helps to shed some light on the multifarious reasons why ordinary voters backed the reality TV star.' The Independent (UK). 'A revealing and insightful piece of reportage by a journalist who refuses to become part of the story.' The Sunday Business Post 'In America is a worthwhile and eminently readable book ... the version of Trump's America that Perry presents brings many essential and revealing factors into sharp focus.' The Irish Times 'A tour-de-force analysis of the current state of play in American politics.' Larry Donnelly, political commentator and lecturer in the School of Law at NUIG 'Spellbindingly good. Journeying across America, Caitriona Perry masterfully takes us into the hearts and minds of those who voted for Donald Trump. A triumph of a book.' Prof. Gary Murphy, Head of the School of Law and Government, DCU

American Blacklist - The Attorney General's List of Subversive Organizations (Hardcover): Robert J. Goldstein American Blacklist - The Attorney General's List of Subversive Organizations (Hardcover)
Robert J. Goldstein
R690 R631 Discovery Miles 6 310 Save R59 (9%) Out of stock

Resonating with disturbing implications for the present, American Blacklist is the only full-length study of the so-called Attorney General's List of Subversive Organizations (AGLOSO) and its critical role in the post-World War II Red Scare.

Although earlier versions of AGLOSO date back as far as 1903 and were wielded by the federal government during both the post-World War I Red Scare and World War II, they were not widely publicized. But beginning in December 1947, as part of the Truman administration's loyalty program, the federal government engaged in a massive effort to publicize the AGLOSO lists. In the process, it threatened, damaged, or destroyed nearly 300 organizations, all of which were listed without any notice, evidence, or hearings.

Drawing heavily on previously classified FBI, Justice Department, and other documents, Robert Goldstein demonstrates how the listed organizations and their members (including a large number of federal employees) came under suspicion, were investigated, and suffered numerous public and private penalties. These included the loss of federal tax-exempt status, the denial of passports, deportations and immigration exclusions, ejection from federally subsidized housing, and private employment bans. AGLOSO, which was dominated by J. Edgar Hoover's FBI, also placed a huge damper on political dissent throughout the nation.

After 1954, AGLOSO and the Red Scare both came under increasing attack as serious violations of American civil liberties. Indeed, AGLOSO's declining significance after 1954 reflected a more general decline in the postwar Red Scare campaign itself. Both gradually diminished in impact and importance, but they left a long-lasting legacy.

As Goldstein reveals, AGLOSO's final demise in 1974 resulted from congressional opposition to President Richard Nixon's attempt to revive it via a 1971 executive order, which was severely attacked as an abuse of executive authority and an attack on civil liberties. The subsequent controversy preceded by only three months the Watergate investigation and the collapse of the Nixon presidency, events that continue to leave their unsettling mark on an equally troubled present.


Roadblock Politics - The Origins of Violence in Central Africa (Hardcover): Peer Schouten Roadblock Politics - The Origins of Violence in Central Africa (Hardcover)
Peer Schouten
R1,541 Discovery Miles 15 410 Out of stock

There are so many roadblocks in Central Africa that it is hard to find a road that does not have one. Based on research in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Central African Republic (CAR), Peer Schouten maps more than a thousand of these roadblocks to show how communities, rebels and state security forces forge resistance and power out of control over these narrow points of passage. Schouten reveals the connections between these roadblocks in Central Africa and global supply chains, tracking the flow of multinational corporations and UN agencies alike through them, to show how they encapsulate a form of power, which thrives under conditions of supply chain capitalism. In doing so, he develops a new lens through which to understand what drives state formation and conflict in the region, offering a radical alternative to explanations that foreground control over minerals, territory or population as key drivers of Central Africa's violent history.

PakistanThe Garrison State: Origins, Evolution, Consequences (1947-2011) (Paperback): Ishtiaq Ahmed PakistanThe Garrison State: Origins, Evolution, Consequences (1947-2011) (Paperback)
Ishtiaq Ahmed
R388 Discovery Miles 3 880 Out of stock

This study seeks to solve the following puzzle: In 1947, the Pakistan military was poorly trained and poorly armed. It also inherited highly vulnerable territory vis-a-vis the much bigger India, aggravated because of serious disputes with Afghanistan. Over the years, the military, or rather the Pakistan Army, continued to grow in power and influence, and progressively became the most powerful institution. Moreover, it became an institution with de facto veto powers at its disposal to overrule other actors within society including elected governments. Simultaneously, it began to acquire foreign patrons and donors willing to arm it as part of the Cold War competition (the United States), regional balance-of-power concerns (China), and ideological contestants for leadership over the Muslim world (Saudi Arabia, to contain Iranian influence). A perennial concern with defining the Islamic identity of Pakistan, exacerbated by the Afghan jihad, resulted in the convergence of internal and external factors to produce the fortress of Islam self-description that became current in the early twenty-first century. Over time, Pakistan succumbed to extremism and terrorism within, and was accused of being involved in similar activities within the South Asian region and beyond. Such developments have been ruinous to Pakistans economic and democratic development. This study explains how and why it happened.

The Unquiet Frontier - Rising Rivals, Vulnerable Allies, and the Crisis of American Power (Paperback, Revised edition): Jakub J... The Unquiet Frontier - Rising Rivals, Vulnerable Allies, and the Crisis of American Power (Paperback, Revised edition)
Jakub J Grygiel, A. Wess Mitchell; Preface by Jakub J Grygiel, A. Wess Mitchell
R436 Discovery Miles 4 360 Out of stock

From the Baltic to the South China Sea, newly assertive authoritarian states sense an opportunity to resurrect old empires or build new ones at America's expense. Hoping that U.S. decline is real, nations such as Russia, Iran, and China are testing Washington's resolve by targeting vulnerable allies at the frontiers of American power. The Unquiet Frontier explains why the United States needs a new grand strategy that uses strong frontier alliance networks to raise the costs of military aggression in the new century. Jakub Grygiel and Wess Mitchell describe the aggressive methods rival nations are using to test U.S. power in strategically critical regions throughout the world. They show how rising and revisionist powers are putting pressure on our frontier allies--countries like Poland, Israel, and Taiwan--to gauge our leaders' commitment to upholding the U.S.-led global order. To cope with these dangerous dynamics, nervous U.S. allies are diversifying their national-security "menu cards" by beefing up their militaries or even aligning with their aggressors. Grygiel and Mitchell reveal how numerous would-be great powers use an arsenal of asymmetric techniques to probe and sift American strength across several regions simultaneously, and how rivals and allies alike are learning from America's management of increasingly interlinked global crises to hone effective strategies of their own. The Unquiet Frontier demonstrates why the United States must strengthen the international order that has provided greater benefits to the world than any in history.

Real Enemies - Conspiracy Theories and American Democracy, World War I to 9/11 (Hardcover): Kathryn S Olmsted Real Enemies - Conspiracy Theories and American Democracy, World War I to 9/11 (Hardcover)
Kathryn S Olmsted
R905 Discovery Miles 9 050 Out of stock

Many Americans believe that their own government is guilty of shocking crimes. Government agents shot the president. They faked the moon landing. They stood by and allowed the murders of 2,400 servicemen in Hawaii-or 3,000 civilians in New York. In their zeal to cover up their crimes, they killed witnesses, faked evidence, and stole into secure offices to snatch incriminating documents from the files. Although the paranoid style has been a feature of the American scene since the birth of the Republic, in Real Enemies, Kathryn Olmsted shows that it is only in the twentieth century that strange and unlikely conspiracy theories have become central to American politics. While Americans had worried about bankers, Jews, and Catholics for decades, Olmsted sees World War I as a critical turning point for conspiracy theories. As the federal government expanded, Americans grew more fearful of the government itself-the military, the intelligence community, and even the President. Perhaps more important, Olmsted examines why so many Americans believe that their government conspires against them, why more people believe these theories over time, and how real conspiracies by government officials-such as the infamous Northwoods plan-have fueled our paranoia about the government. She analyzes Pearl Harbor, Cold War and anticommunist plots, the JFK assassination, Watergate, and 9/11. Along the way, she introduces readers to a lively cast of characters, from the Nobel prize-winning scientist who became a leading conspiracist to a housewife who believed she could unlock the secrets of the JFK assassination. Polls show that thirty-six percent of Americans think that George W. Bush knew in advance of the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Real Enemies, an engaging work on a timely, important topic, sheds light on such theories, revealing how the rampant fear of conspiracy at once invigorates and undermines American democracy.

Real Enemies - Conspiracy Theories and American Democracy, World War I to 9/11 (Paperback): Kathryn S Olmsted Real Enemies - Conspiracy Theories and American Democracy, World War I to 9/11 (Paperback)
Kathryn S Olmsted
R585 R476 Discovery Miles 4 760 Save R109 (19%) Out of stock

Many Americans believe that their own government is guilty of shocking crimes. Government agents shot the president. They faked the moon landing. They stood by and allowed the murders of 2,400 servicemen in Hawaii. Although paranoia has been a feature of the American scene since the birth of the Republic, in Real Enemies Kathryn Olmsted shows that it was only in the twentieth century that strange and unlikely conspiracy theories became central to American politics. In particular, she posits World War I as a critical turning point and shows that as the federal bureaucracy expanded, Americans grew more fearful of the government itself-the military, the intelligence community, and even the President. Analyzing the wide-spread suspicions surrounding such events as Pearl Harbor, the JFK assassination, Watergate, and 9/11, Olmsted sheds light on why so many Americans believe that their government conspires against them, why more people believe these theories over time, and how real conspiracies-such as the infamous Northwoods plan-have fueled our paranoia about the governments we ourselves elect.

The Life Cycles of the Council on Environmental Quality and the Environmental Protection Agency - 1970 - 2035 (Hardcover):... The Life Cycles of the Council on Environmental Quality and the Environmental Protection Agency - 1970 - 2035 (Hardcover)
James K Conant, Peter J. Balint
R2,667 Discovery Miles 26 670 Out of stock

During the middle and late 1960s, public concern about the environment grew rapidly, as did Congressional interest in addressing environmental problems. Then, in 1970, a dramatic series of bipartisan actions were taken to expand the national government's efforts to control the volume and types of substances that pollute the air, water, and land. In that year, President Richard Nixon signed into law the National Environmental Policy Act, which established for the first time a national policy on the environment and created the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ). Additionally, President Nixon created, with Congressional support, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and he signed into law the Clean Air Act of 1970, which had overwhelming bipartisan support in Congress. The strong bipartisan consensus on the need to protect environmental and human health began to erode, however, during the middle and late 1970s as other domestic and foreign policy problems rose to the top of the public and legislative agendas. Ronald Reagan's election to the Presidency in 1980 marked a dramatic shift in both environmental policymaking and administration. Over the thirty years that followed Reagan's election, environmental politics and administration became increasingly polarized. In this book, James K. Conant and Peter J. Balint examine the trajectory of environmental policy and administration in the United States by looking at the development of the CEQ and EPA. They look at changes in budgetary and staffing resources over time as well as the role of quality of leadership as key indicators of capacity and vitality. As well, they make correlations between the agencies' fortunes and various social, political, and economic variables. Conant and Balint cautiously predict that both agencies are likely to survive over the next twenty years, but that they will both experience continuing volatility as their life histories unfold.

Totalistic Organizations - from Mafia to Global Terror (Hardcover): Alexander Korchak Totalistic Organizations - from Mafia to Global Terror (Hardcover)
Alexander Korchak
R629 R586 Discovery Miles 5 860 Save R43 (7%) Out of stock

Alexander Korchak compares the organizational and functional structure of four types of totalistic organizations that pose the greatest danger to democratic society: mafias, terrorist groups, religious cults and mature autonomous bureaucracies. He shows how mafias penetrate the other three types of totalistic organizations and how such organizations converge in modern democratic societies. One example of such convergence is the use by criminal cults of a religious ideology (Aum Shinrikyo); another is the link between totalitarian organizations and totalitarian regimes.

Roadblock Politics - The Origins of Violence in Central Africa (Paperback): Peer Schouten Roadblock Politics - The Origins of Violence in Central Africa (Paperback)
Peer Schouten
R606 Discovery Miles 6 060 Out of stock

There are so many roadblocks in Central Africa that it is hard to find a road that does not have one. Based on research in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Central African Republic (CAR), Peer Schouten maps more than a thousand of these roadblocks to show how communities, rebels and state security forces forge resistance and power out of control over these narrow points of passage. Schouten reveals the connections between these roadblocks in Central Africa and global supply chains, tracking the flow of multinational corporations and UN agencies alike through them, to show how they encapsulate a form of power, which thrives under conditions of supply chain capitalism. In doing so, he develops a new lens through which to understand what drives state formation and conflict in the region, offering a radical alternative to explanations that foreground control over minerals, territory or population as key drivers of Central Africa's violent history.

The Political Web - Media, Participation and Alternative Democracy (Paperback, New): Peter Dahlgren The Political Web - Media, Participation and Alternative Democracy (Paperback, New)
Peter Dahlgren
R1,023 Discovery Miles 10 230 Out of stock

As democracy encounters increasing difficulties, many citizens are turning to the domain of alternative politics and, in doing so, making considerable use of the Web and other new communication technologies. Clearly this is having significant impact, and new modes of political participation and even political cultures are emerging. In this volume, Peter Dahlgren analyses various factors that shape such Web-facilitated participation, including features of the Web itself as well as broader societal realities.

Changing India - A Muslim Woman Speaks (Hardcover): Iqbalunnisa Hussain Changing India - A Muslim Woman Speaks (Hardcover)
Iqbalunnisa Hussain
R672 Discovery Miles 6 720 Out of stock

Iqbalunnisa Hussain was born in Bangalore in 1897. She was married at the age of 15 to Syed Ahmed Hussain, an official in the Mysore government who encouraged her to acquire an education. She joined a school in Mysore and later the Maharanias College from where she obtained her BA degree and a gold medal by correspondence in 1930. In 1933, she travelled to the UK for her Masteras in Education at Leeds University, thus becoming one of the few middle class Muslim Women from India to obtain a degree from the UK. She represented India at the Twelfth International Womenas Congress at Istanbul in September 1935 and was a keen member of the All-India Womenas Conferences. In Bangalore she founded a school where she encouraged Muslim girls to acquire an education while also providing training in rug making, carpet weaving, embroidery, cutting and sewing. Her students participated in the Girl Guides, were good debaters, and keen performers in dramas and plays. She is the author of several books including Changing India: A Muslim Woman Speaks, Purdah and Polygamy: Life in an Indian Muslim Household.

Contesting Authoritarianism - Labor Challenges to the State in Egypt (Paperback): Dina Bishara Contesting Authoritarianism - Labor Challenges to the State in Egypt (Paperback)
Dina Bishara
R601 Discovery Miles 6 010 Out of stock

Successive authoritarian regimes have maintained tight control over organized labor in Egypt since the 1950s. And yet in 2009, a group of civil servants decided to exit the state-controlled Egyptian Trade Union Federation (ETUF), thereby setting a precedent for other groups and threatening the ETUF's monopoly. Dina Bishara examines this relationship between labour organizations and the state to shed light on how political change occurs within an authoritarian government, and to show how ordinary Egyptians perceive the government's rule. In particular, Bishara highlights the agency of dissident unionists in challenging the state even when trade union leaders remain loyal. She reveals that militant sectors are more vulnerable to greater scrutiny and repression and that financial benefits tied to membership in state-backed unions can provide significant disincentives against the exit option. Moving beyond conventional accounts of top-down control, this book explores when and how institutions designed for political control become contested from below.

The Anti-Enlightenment Tradition (Hardcover): Zeev Sternhell The Anti-Enlightenment Tradition (Hardcover)
Zeev Sternhell; Translated by David Maisel
R1,887 Discovery Miles 18 870 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

In this masterful work of historical scholarship, Zeev Sternhell, an internationally renowned Israeli political scientist and historian, presents a controversial new view of the fall of democracy and the rise of radical nationalism in the twentieth century. Sternhell locates their origins in the eighteenth century with the advent of the Anti-Enlightenment, far earlier than most historians. The thinkers belonging to the Anti-Enlightenment (a movement originally identified by Friederich Nietzsche) represent a perspective that is antirational and that rejects the principles of natural law and the rights of man. Sternhell asserts that the Anti-Enlightenment was a development separate from the Enlightenment and sees the two traditions as evolving parallel to one another over time. He contends that J. G. Herder and Edmund Burke are among the real founders of the Anti-Enlightenment and shows how that school undermined the very foundations of modern liberalism, finally contributing to the development of fascism that culminated in the European catastrophes of the twentieth century.

In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer - The Security Clearance Hearing (Hardcover, Annotated edition): Richard Polenberg In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer - The Security Clearance Hearing (Hardcover, Annotated edition)
Richard Polenberg
R1,755 Discovery Miles 17 550 Out of stock

At the end of World War II, J. Robert Oppenheimer was one of America's preeminent physicists. For his work as director of the Manhattan Project, he was awarded the Medal for Merit, the highest honor the U.S. government can bestow on a civilian. Yet, in 1953, Oppenheimer was denied security clearance amidst allegations that he was "more probably than not" an "agent of the Soviet Union." Determined to clear his name, he insisted on a hearing before the Atomic Energy Commission's Personnel Security Board.In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer contains an edited and annotated transcript of the 1954 hearing, as well as the various reports resulting from it. Drawing on recently declassified FBI files, Richard Polenberg's introductory and concluding essays situate the hearing in the Cold War period, and his thoughtful analysis helps explain why the hearing was held, why it turned out as it did, and what that result meant, both for Oppenheimer and for the United States.Among the forty witnesses who testified were many who had played vitally important roles in the making of U.S. nuclear policy: Enrico Fermi, Hans Bethe, Edward Teller, Vannevar Bush, George F. Kennan, and Oppenheimer himself. The hearing provides valuable insights into the development of the atomic bomb and the postwar debate among scientists over the hydrogen bomb, the conflict between the foreign policy and military establishments over national defense, and the controversy over the proper standards to apply in assessing an individual's loyalty. It reveals as well the fears and anxieties that plagued America during the Cold War era.

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