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Lawrence Rothenberg examines some of the most elusive aspects of interest group operations through an in-depth study of one of the largest interest groups in Washington, Common Cause. In developing what might be called a membership theory, he asks such questions as: why do members join a group? Who stays and who leaves and why? What is the nature of the relationships among the activists, the group leaders and the rank-and-file members? How do these relationships shape the lobbying policies of the group? How is the lobbying impact of a group related to the nature of its membership? In addition, Rothenberg analyses the impact the lobbying efforts of Common Cause have had through case studies of the Congressional vote on the MX missile system and of the agenda setting behind the campaign finance reform bill.
In recent years the terms "genocide" and "ethnic cleansing" have not only re-entered the common vocabulary, but seem now to be tolerated and accepted as the "inevitable" consequences of the wars and conflicts that, as much as ever before, plague the world's landscape. But as yet there is no globally accepted structure through which conflict can be tackled. How should we as individuals, as nations and as an international community respond to conflict? This introductory guide to the topic sets out a radical approach to conflict prevention, resolution and diplomacy. Designed for undergraduate students as well as practitioners and peace negotiators, it provides an overview of conflict in the post-Cold War world. It covers such topics as: identifying and assessing early warnings of conflict, and the need to take early action; information gathering and analysis; and the need for preventive diplomacy. In particular, the role of non-governmental organizations and other third-party mediators in conflict resolution is considered.
Strategic Citizen: a citizen's guide to playing and winning the game of politics, is based on in-depth first hand knowedge and experience plus rigerous research examining the political system and the political behaviors of the players of the game of politics. The concepts and practical political theory developed within the research has been extended into a practical guide for understanding the process within which politicians make decisions on who and what to support. More importantly the ""Strategic Citizen"" offers a plan and process for individuals and groups in how to influence and control public decisions and public policy. The basic premise of ""Strategic Citizen"" is that citizens are at a disadvantage when seeking political favor or political change. Politics is a contact sport with specific rule of engagement. ""Strategic Citizen"" explains the rules in a manner that the average non-political reader can understand.
In the late twentieth century animals are news. Parliamentary debates, protests against fox hunting and television programs like Animal Hospital all focus on the way in which we treat animals and on what that says about our own humanity. As vegetarianism becomes ever more popular, and animal experimentation more controversial, it is time to trace the background to contemporary debates and to situate them in a broader historical context.Hilda Kean looks at the cultural and social role of animals from 1800 to the present OCo at the way in which visual images and myths captured the popular imagination and encouraged sympathy for animals and outrage at their exploitation. From early campaigns against the beating of cattle and ill-treatment of horses to concern for dogs in war and cats in laboratories, she explores the relationship between popular images and public debate and action. She also illustrates how interest in animal rights and welfare was closely aligned with campaigns for political and social reform by feminists, radicals and socialists.A thoughtful, effective and well-written bookOCoThe ScotsmanIt could hardly be more timely, and its wonderful material is bound to provoke ... reflectionOCoThe IndependentA work of great interestOCoSunday TelegraphLively, impressively researched, and well-written ... a book that is timely and valuableOCoTimes Literary SupplementA pleasing balance of anecdote and analysisOCoTimes Higher Educational Supplement"
American suffragists of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries worked in a political climate that was indifferent or even hostile to the extension of democratic rights. This engrossing book investigates how the woman suffrage movement achieved its goal by forging a highly organized and centrally controlled interest group, the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA), one of the most effective single-issue pressure groups in the United States. Sara Hunter Graham examines the tactics and ideology of NAWSA and discusses what they tell us about pressure politics, women's rights, and American democracy.
In this study, Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr examines the origins, historical development, and political strategies of one of the oldest and most influential Islamic revival movements, the Jama'at-i Islami of Pakistan. He focuses on the inherent tension between the movement's idealized vision of the nation as a holy community based in Islamic law and its political agenda of socio-economic change for Pakistani society.;Nasr's work goes beyond the exploration of a single party to examine the diverse socio-political roots of contemporary Islamic revivalism, challenging many of the standard interpretations about political expressions of Islam.
La Via Campesina is one of the world's largest and most important transnational social movements. Formed in 1993, it brings together rural women, peasants, indigenous communities and small farmers from all over the globe who have forged links with NGOs and activists in the North, and like-minded campaigners in the South. Comprising millions of people, it is a leading force in the campaign against neoliberal globalisation. This is the first book written by a member of the movement, a writer and former cattle farmer, who explores it from the inside. Annette Aurelie Desmarais shows how peasants and small-scale farmers have found the strength to challenge multinational agribusiness corporations and international institutions whose power and influence increasingly dictate government policy. This book accompanies La Via Campesina in a struggle to keep people on the land, producing food and culture, and building viable communities.
This book is the first research work to discuss global Americanization from a historical view in China. Since the 20th century America has been in the leadership of world culture development because of its power and it keeps attempting to change subordinate cultures so as to Americanize them in the world. However, it's proved that Non-American culture grows stronger and stronger during the process of American and Non-American culture conflicts and the combinations based on the facts. Furthermore, it caters to the need of world development instead of being replaced by American culture. In historical perspective, the author traces the source of global Americanization, presents the challenges that American culture spread other cultures since the 20th century and provides the historical references and information to study China Americanizing issues. The book not only discloses the essence of hegemonism of American culture, but also deeply displays the diverse trend of world culture.
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