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Featuring current research, high-quality scholarship, and an appealing design, UNDERSTANDING ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR, International Edition, provides an inviting and stimulating look into abnormal psychology. The first abnormal psychology book to present a thoroughly integrated multicultural perspective-based on the authors' view that cross-cultural comparisons can greatly enhance the understanding of disorders-the text provides extensive coverage and integration of multicultural models, explanations, and concepts. To help you make sense of the many different combinations of life experiences and constitutional factors that influence behavioral disorders, the authors use an integrative model. This multipath model provides you with an organizational framework for understanding the biological, psychological, social, and sociocultural causes of mental disorders; the complexity of their interacting components; and the need to view disorders from a holistic framework. The book also helps you gain an understanding of abnormal behavior as scientific and clinical endeavors, while providing insight into the tools that mental health professionals use to study and treat disorders.
Psychiatric disorders are important causes of disability and in developing countries healthcare workers at the primary level are increasingly required to deal with a wide range of psychological problems and psychiatric disorders. Primary Care Psychiatry aims to equip these workers with the basic information they need to identify and manage most of these problems, and offers guidelines on when and how to refer to more specialised levels of care. Now in its second edition, this well-respected text has been updated to include the latest diagnostic criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5 (TM)). The text follows a problem-based approach, is intended to be practical and accessible, and avoids academic jargon as much as possible. Ample use is made of case vignettes, personal accounts, tables, algorithms and summaries. It enables the reader to quickly grasp the core features of the problem and the priorities of management. The emphasis is on what is relevant to primary healthcare psychiatry in the southern African context, addressing the particular challenges faced by a developing and transforming society with limited financial resources.
First published in 2000, the Textbook of Psychiatry for Southern Africa 2e is a textbook for medical and allied health care students in Southern Africa. As a trusted resource for medical students in their clinical years, the Textbook of Psychiatry 2e is a key reference for doctors during their internship, community service, and in practice. Undergraduate students in allied professions, including Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy, Logopaedics, Psychology, Nursing, and Pharmacy will find it invaluable, as will postgraduate students studying the Diploma in Mental Health and Master's Degrees in Clinical Psychology, Public Health, Family Medicine, and Internal Medicine. Representing the work of thirty-six expert contributors from thirteen institutions, the book covers community-based primary health care and offers a South African, multicultural perspective on psychiatric disorders. It adopts a biopsychosocial, developmental and multisectoral approach, within a primary health care context, to build a holistic understanding of psychiatric care in a developing country. In addition, the book includes comprehensive coverage of special topics, including women's disorders, cultural psychiatry, HIV/Aids and psychiatric services; while case studies illustrate the complexity of disorders.
'Poignant and lyrical...Slater's experience makes her a convincing travel guide into the history, creation and future of psychotropics.' - The New York Times Book Review A groundbreaking and revelatory story of the psychotropic drugs that have shaped our minds and our reality. As our approach to mental illness has oscillated from biological to psychoanalytical and back again, so have our treatments. With the rise of psychopharmacology, an ever-increasing number of people throughout the globe are taking a psychotropic drug, yet nearly seventy years after doctors first began prescribing them, we still don't really know exactly how or why they work - or don't work - on what ails our brains. In The Drugs that Changed Our Minds, Lauren Slater offers an explosive account not just of the science but of the people - inventors, detractors and consumers - behind our narcotics, from the earliest, Thorazine and Lithium, up through Prozac, Ecstasy, 'magic mushrooms', the most cutting-edge memory drugs and neural implants. In so doing, she narrates the history of psychiatry itself and illuminates the signature its colourful little capsules have left on millions of brains worldwide, and how these wonder drugs may heal us or hurt us. Praise for the book: 'A powerful new book' - The Daily Mail 'The messy history and brave future of psychotropic drugs' - O Magazine 'Vivid and thought-provoking' - Harper's Magazine 'Ambitious...Slater's depictions of madness are terrifying and fascinating' - USA Today 'Vigorous research and intimate reflection...highly compelling' - Kirkus
Schizophrenics in the United States currently fare worse than patients in the world's poorest countries. In "Mad in America," medical journalist Robert Whitaker argues that modern treatments for the severely mentally ill are just old medicine in new bottles, and that we as a society are deeply deluded about their efficacy. The widespread use of lobotomies in the 1920s and 1930s gave way in the 1950s to electroshock and a wave of new drugs. In what is perhaps Whitaker's most damning revelation, "Mad in America" examines how drug companies in the 1980s and 1990s skewed their studies to prove that new antipsychotic drugs were more effective than the old, while keeping patients in the dark about dangerous side effects.
A haunting, deeply compassionate book--now revised with a new introduction--"Mad in America" raises important questions about our obligations to the mad, the meaning of "insanity," and what we value most about the human mind.
First principles chapter clearly explains the key concepts and processes that underpin psychiatric disorders. Clinical essentials chapter provides an overview of the symptoms and signs of psychiatric disorders, relevant history and examination techniques, investigations and management options. Disease-based chapters give concise descriptions of all major disorders, e.g. anxiety, substance misuse and learning disabilities, each chapter introduced by engaging clinical cases that feature unique graphic narratives. Emergencies chapter covers the principles of immediate care in situations, such as violent patients and suicidal behaviour. Integrated care chapter discusses strategies for the management of chronic conditions across primary and other care settings. Self-Assessment - 80 multiple choice questions clinical SBAs.
Psychopathology lies at the centre of effective psychiatric practice and mental health care, and Fish's Clinical Psychopathology has shaped the training and clinical practice of psychiatrists for over fifty years. The fourth edition of this modern classic presents the clinical descriptions and psychopathological insights of Fish's to a new generation of students and practitioners. It includes recent revisions of diagnostic classification systems, as well as new chapters that consider the controversies of classifying psychiatric disorder and the fundamental role and uses of psychopathology. Clear and readable, it provides concise descriptions of the signs and symptoms of mental illness and astute accounts of the varied manifestations of disordered psychological function, and is designed for use in clinical practice. An essential text for students of medicine, trainees in psychiatry and practising psychiatrists, it will also be useful to psychiatric nurses, mental health social workers and clinical psychologists.
Manage Your Mind is a book for building resilience, overcoming emotional difficulties and enabling self-development. It is for any of us who wish to understand ourselves better, to be more effective in day-to-day life, or to overcome current problems; or who want to support others in these tasks. The authors have, between them, almost 100 years of experience of helping people through difficult times. This experience, together with the results from scientific research, leads to Manage Your Mind distilling effective techniques and ideas so that readers can select those that suit their preferences and needs. The book explains and illustrates how to respond skilfully to life's challenges. The first part of the book helps us gain a better understanding of ourselves and provides tools for clarifying what we most value in life. It highlights the benefits of the practice of acceptance and kindness, and shows how to build self-esteem and self-confidence. The second part of the book presents practical tools and methods for making our way in the world that are relevant to everyone. This includes the importance of perspective and how we can best use our thinking skills. It also covers everyday topics such as the value of useful habits, time management, looking after our physical health, and increasing happiness, well-being and creativity. The final section focuses on how to develop and maintain good relationships. The third part of the book provides evidence-based approaches to overcoming specific emotional difficulties, such as worry, panic, low mood, anger, addictions, and coping with trauma, loss and chronic ill health. With well over 200,000 copies sold, Manage Your Mind remains the definitive self-help guide for anyone seeking to lead a more fulfilling and productive life.
This spin-off from Stephen M. Stahl's new, completely revised, and fully updated sixth edition of the Prescriber's Guide covers the most important drugs in use today for treating patients suffering from psychotic illness. Now established as the indispensable formulary in psychopharmacology, easy to navigate and easy to use, the Prescriber's Guide combines evidence-based information with clinically informed guidance to support clinicians in making the most effective prescribing decisions for the good of their patients. Incorporating information on the newest indications, new formulations, new recommendations and new safety data, this edition continues to provide the essential practical support required by anyone prescribing in the field of mental health.
Published by Sinauer Associates, an imprint of Oxford University Press. The first edition of Psychopharmacology: Drugs, the Brain, and Behavior, published in 2004, was unique in its breadth of coverage ranging from historical accounts of drug use to clinical and preclinical behavioral studies to the latest research on drug effects in transgenic mouse models. Student engagement with the material is fostered by opening each chapter with a relevant vignette and by providing breakout boxes presenting novel and, in some cases, controversial topics for special discussion. Box themes include History of Psychopharmacology, Pharmacology in Action, Clinical Applications, and The Cutting Edge. The book is lavishly illustrated with full-color photographs and line art depicting important concepts and experimental data. Psychopharmacology: Drugs, the Brain, and Behavior, Second Edition is appropriate for undergraduate or beginning level graduate courses in psychopharmacology or drugs and behavior that emphasize relationships between the behavioral effects of psychoactive drugs and their mechanisms of action.
Real-world and clinical trial data support that clozapine is the only effective antipsychotic for treatment resistant schizophrenia and other severe mental illnesses. Clozapine also reduces rates of suicidality, psychiatric hospitalization and all-cause mortality. However, clozapine is underutilized for two reasons: misunderstandings of its efficacy benefits and misapprehension of, limited knowledge or misinformation about the management of treatment related risks and adverse effects. In response to worldwide efforts to promote clozapine use, this user-friendly Handbook provides clinicians with evidence-based approaches for patient management, as well as logical approaches to the management of clinical situations and adverse effects. It outlines clearly the rationale for specific management decisions and prioritises the options based on this logic. This Handbook is designed for use by clinicians worldwide and is essential reading for all mental health care professionals.
From its first depictions in ancient medical literature to contemporary depictions in brain imaging, mania has been largely associated with its Greek roots, ""to rage."" Prior to the nineteenth century, ""mania"" was used interchangeably with ""madness."" Although its meanings shifted over time, the word remained layered with the type of madness first-century writers described: rage, fury, frenzy. Even now, the mental illness we know as bipolar disorder describes conditions of extreme irritability, inflated grandiosity, and excessive impulsivity. Spanning several centuries, Manic Minds traces the multiple ways in which the word ""mania"" has been used by popular, medical, and academic writers. It reveals why the rhetorical history of the word is key to appreciating descriptions and meanings of the ""manic"" episode."" Lisa M. Hermsen examines the way medical professionals analyzed the manic condition during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and offers the first in-depth analysis of contemporary manic autobiographies: bipolar figures who have written from within the illness itself.
" Neugeboren] is the first writer to capture what it's like for the millions of families who must cope with a problem for which, most of the time, there is no solution. It's that portrait of a loving relationship that gives Imagining Robert its great power."--Book of the Month Club News "Novelist Neugeboren has written a detailed, exquisitely painful, and always thoughtful account of his younger brother's long struggle with mental illness. It] may bring understanding to those who can barely imagine such horrors and comfort to those who have and felt it alone."--Publishers Weekly "An uncommon tale of brotherly love, and a passionate defense of the notion that dignity belongs as much to the mad as the rest of us."--Kirkus Reviews Jay Neugeboren and his brother, Robert, grew up in Brooklyn in the years following World War II. Both brothers--smart, talented, and popular--seemed well on the way to successful lives when, for reasons that remain ultimately mysterious, Robert had a mental breakdown at age nineteen. For the past forty years Jay has been not only his brother's friend and confidant, but his advocate, as Robert continues to suffer from the ravages of the illness that has kept him institutionalized for most of his adult life. Imagining Robert tells the story of these two brothers and how their love for one another has enabled both to survive and to thrive in miraculous, surprising ways. It reveals how even the grimmest of lives can be sustained by the power of love. Jay Neugeboren is the author of thirteen books, including two collections of award-winning stories, two prize-winning novels, and two nonfiction titles. His most recent book is Transforming Madness: New Lives for People Living with Mental Illness, winner of a "Ken" 2000 Book Award from the New York City/Metro Chapter of the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill.
"Psychiatry and Philosophy of Science" explores conceptual issues in psychiatry from the perspective of analytic philosophy of science. Through an examination of those features of psychiatry that distinguish it from other sciences - for example, its contested subject matter, its particular modes of explanation, its multiple different theoretical frameworks, and its research links with big business - Rachel Cooper explores some of the many conceptual, metaphysical and epistemological issues that arise in psychiatry. She shows how these pose interesting challenges for the philosopher of science while also showing how ideas from the philosophy of science can help to solve conceptual problems within psychiatry. Cooper's discussion ranges over such topics as the nature of mental illnesses, the treatment decisions and diagnostic categories of psychiatry, the case-history as a form of explanation, how psychiatry might be value-laden, the claim that psychiatry is a multi-paradigm science, the distortion of psychiatric research by pharmaceutical industries, as well as engaging with the fundamental question whether the mind is reducible to something at the physical level. "Psychiatry and Philosophy of Science" demonstrates that cross-disciplinary contact between philosophy of science and psychiatry can be immensely productive for both subjects and it will be required reading for mental health professionals and philosophers alike.
The second edition of this award-winning textbook has been thoroughly revised and updated throughout. Building on the success of the first edition, the book continues to address the History and Practice of Forensic Psychiatry, Legal Regulation of the Practice of Psychiatry, Psychiatry in relation to Civil Law, Criminal Law, and Family Law. Important sections such as Special Issues in Forensic Psychiatry, Law and the Legal System, and Landmark Cases in Mental Health Law are included. Designed to meet the needs of practitioners of forensic psychiatry, for residents in forensic psychiatry, and those preparing for the specialty examination in Forensic Psychiatry of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, this volume will also answer the many questions faced by mental health professionals, mental health administrators, correctional health professionals and correctional health administrators, attorneys, judges, probation and parole officers and administrators all of whom, at one time or another, require a substantive presentation of the entire field of forensic psychiatry in the USA.
As an excellent source of learning for prescribers specializing in psychiatry, primary care physicians, nurse practitioners, psychologists, and pharmacists, this new edition features approximately 150 questions, divided into ten core areas of psychiatry, helping you to identify areas in which you need further study. The majority of questions are new or updated in their explanations and referencing. Each question is followed by an explanation of the answer and a list of references. After completing the questions you will be better able to: diagnose patients presenting with psychiatric symptoms using accepted diagnostic standards and practices; implement evidence-based psychiatric treatment strategies aligned with the patient's recovery goals; integrate recent advances in diagnostic and treatment strategies into clinical practice according to best practice guidelines. This collection has been approved by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology as part of a lifelong learning and self-assessment program and as a component of maintenance of certification.
Rutter's Child and Adolescent Psychiatry is the leading textbook in its field. Both interdisciplinary and international, it provides a coherent appraisal of the current state of the field to help researchers, trainees and practicing clinicians in their daily work. Integrating science and clinical practice, it is a comprehensive reference for all aspects of child and adolescent psychiatry. New to this full color edition are expanded coverage on classification, including the newly revised Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), and new chapters on systems neuroscience, relationship-based treatments, resilience, global psychiatry, and infant mental health. From an international team of expert editors and contributors, this sixth edition is essential reading for all professionals working and learning in the fields of child and adolescent mental health and developmental psychopathology as well as for clinicians working in primary care and pediatric settings. Michael Rutter has contributed a number of new chapters and a Foreword for this edition: "I greatly welcome this new edition as providing both a continuity with the past and a substantial new look." --Professor Sir Michael Rutter, extract from Foreword. Reviews of previous editions: "This book is by far the best textbook of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry written to date." --Dr Judith Rapoport, NIH "The editors and the authors are to be congratulated for providing us with such a high standard for a textbook on modern child psychiatry. I strongly recommend this book to every child psychiatrist who wants a reliable, up-to-date, comprehensive, informative and very useful textbook. To my mind this is the best book of its kind available today." --Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
The first comprehensive and authoritative book covering the basis for the joint prevention of stroke and the management, delay, or prevention of some dementias. Engaging with the concept of cerebrovascular disease as asymptomatic, with overwhelming evidence that major dementias involve a vascular component, ranging from 60 per cent in frontotemporal dementia to 80 per cent in Alzheimer disease - doubling the chances of silent brain pathology manifesting as dementia. Beginning with a review of the basics, describing typical patients and presentations and providing clear guidelines in diagnoses, management, and prevention, this vital guide is invaluable for physicians dealing with cognitive impairments, including family physicians, psychiatrists, internists, geriatricians and neurologists, worldwide. This book provides a new, coherent and promising approach, filling the gap between what is known and what is applied, offering a great opportunity for appropriate interventions and treatments that make a difference. Improving outcomes, beginning now.
Developed by experts in trauma psychiatry and psychology and grounded in adolescent developmental theory, this is a modular, assessment-driven treatment that addresses the needs of adolescents facing trauma, bereavement, and accompanying developmental disruption. Created by the developers of the University of California, Los Angeles PTSD Reaction Index (c) and the Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder Checklist, the book links clinicians with cutting-edge research in traumatic stress and bereavement, as well as ongoing training opportunities. This innovative guide offers teen-friendly coping skills, handouts, and specialized therapeutic exercises to reduce distress and promote adaptive developmental progression. Sessions can be flexibly tailored for group or individual treatment modalities; school-based, community mental health, or private practice settings; and different timeframes and specific client needs. Drawing on multidimensional grief theory, it offers a valuable toolkit for psychologists, psychiatrists, counsellors, and others who work with bereaved and traumatized adolescents. Engaging multicultural illustrations and extensive field-testing give this user-friendly manual international appeal.
Symptoms and signs in neurology and psychiatry typically present in the clinical context of other underlying conditions. When evaluating a patient, a physician may choose to review a diverse list of potential underlying diagnoses with the aid of the editor team's existing text: Neurological Differential Diagnosis: A Case-Based Approach. However, if the patient has a known pre-existing condition, the physician will need to consider a reverse approach - considering what complications of that condition may be associated with current symptoms. This book provides quick-reference, comprehensive, concise summaries of neurologic, psychiatric and medical diagnoses with a focus on neurologic and psychiatric implications of systemic disorders. A separate pharmacology section provides a consolidated review of potential neurologic and psychiatric adverse effects of medications. This book is an invaluable resource for a broad medical audience, from the medical student to the experienced consultant.
Stahl's Illustrated Sleep and Wake Disorders is a concise and highly illustrated guide to the environmental, neurobiological and genetic factors that influence sleep and wakefulness, with evidence-based guidance for the accurate diagnosis and optimal treatment of various sleep/wake disorders. All of the titles in the Stahl's Illustrated series are designed to be fun. Concepts are illustrated by full-color images that will be familiar to all readers of Stahl's Essential Psychopharmacology and The Prescriber's Guide. The visual learner will find that these books make psychopharmacology concepts easy to master, while the non-visual learner will enjoy a shortened text version of complex psychopharmacology concepts. Within each book, each chapter builds on previous chapters, synthesizing information from basic biology and diagnostics to building treatment plans and dealing with complications and comorbidities.
This great book offers an up-to-date overview of how gender and sexuality affect mental health. It will help women to self-identify and self-manage the symptoms of mental ill health. The book covers a wide range of specific mental health disorders - many of which are more common in women - and includes real-life case studies, the latest treatments and where to find further help and support. It's written in an easy-to-read format to give an invaluable guide for women.
With the range of psychotropic drugs expanding and the usages of existing medications diversifying, we are pleased to present this very latest edition of what has become the indispensable formulary in psychopharmacology. This new edition features seven new compounds as well as information about several new formulations of existing drugs. In addition, many important new indications are covered for existing drugs, as are updates to the profiles of the entire content and collection, including an expansion of the sections on long-acting injectable formulations of antipsychotics. With its easy-to-use, template-driven navigation system, The Prescriber's Guide combines evidence-based data with clinically informed advice to support everyone who is prescribing in the field of mental health.
This spin-off from Stephen M. Stahl's new, completely revised, and fully updated sixth edition of the Prescriber's Guide covers the most important drugs in use today for treating depression. Now established as the indispensable formulary in psychopharmacology, easy to navigate and easy to use, the Prescriber's Guide combines evidence-based information with clinically informed guidance to support clinicians in making the most effective prescribing decisions for the good of their patients. Incorporating information on the newest indications, new formulations, new recommendations and new safety data, this edition continues to provide the essential practical support required by anyone prescribing in the field of mental health.
'A new approach to mental disorder. Randolph Nesse's insightful book suggests that conditions such as anxiety and depression have a clear evolutionary purpose ... This intriguing book turns some age-old questions about the human condition upside down' Tim Adams, Observer One of the world's most respected psychiatrists provides a much-needed new evolutionary framework for making sense of mental illness With his classic book Why We Get Sick, Randolph Nesse established the field of evolutionary medicine. Now he returns with a book that transforms our understanding of mental disorders by exploring a fundamentally new question. Instead of asking why certain people suffer from mental illness, Nesse asks why natural selection has left us with fragile minds at all. Drawing on revealing stories from his own clinical practice and insights from evolutionary biology, Nesse shows how negative emotions are useful in certain situations, yet can become excessive. Anxiety protects us from harm in the face of danger, but false alarms are inevitable. Low mood prevents us from wasting effort in pursuit of unreachable goals, but it often escalates into pathological depression. Other mental disorders, such as addiction and anorexia, result from the mismatch between modern environments and our ancient human past. Taken together, these insights and many more help to explain the pervasiveness of human suffering, and show us new paths for relieving it. Good Reasons for Bad Feelings will fascinate anyone who wonders how our minds can be so powerful, yet so fragile, and how love and goodness came to exist in organisms shaped to maximize Darwinian fitness.
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