Your cart is empty
Advances in Child Development and Behavior is intended to ease the task faced by researchers, instructors, and students who are confronted by the vast amount of research and theoretical discussion in child development and behavior. The serial provides scholarly technical articles with critical reviews, recent advances in research, and fresh theoretical viewpoints. Volume 27 discusses language acquisition, object recognition, temperament, attachment, infant problem solving, and Piaget's theory.
Psychology of Learning and Motivation publishes empirical and theoretical contributions in cognitive and experimental psychology, ranging from classical and instrumental conditioning to complex learning and problem solving. Each chapter provides a thoughtful integration of a body of work. Volume 39 includes in its coverage chapters on category learning, relational timing, infant memory, depression and memory, goals and choice, and more.
How does a therapist go about starting a psychotherapy group? In
this practical guide the reader finds the elements, both
attitudinal and procedural, needed for starting a therapy group.
The processes of obtaining referrals, selecting clients, orienting
and educating clients, and preparing clients for psychotherapy are
covered in clear step-by-step procedures. Tables and charts are
provided for the necessary record keeping. The initial chapters
detail the important stages leading up to the first therapy
session. Eminent group therapists present special chapters on
various therapeutic approaches. The topics of terminating groups
and the role of the therapist close this pragmatic guide to therapy
The Psychoanalytic Study of Lives Over Time: Clinical and Research Perspectives on Children Who Return to Treatment in Adulthood is a landmark volume that addresses an essential clinical question: what is the nature of the process and outcome of clinical work with children? An internationally renowned group of analytic clinicians and clinician-researchers all comment on three fascinating child analytic situations where the patient returned to treatment in adulthood.
Psychologists receive several years of specialized study on the brain, behavior, and mental health, but despite the fact that over half ultimately end up in administrative or managerial roles, they receive no formalized training in the skills necessary to be successful in these roles. This book is the first of its kind to target the managerial and administrative skills necessary for the mental health professional. The book discusses practical information such as how to deal with personnel issues, how to set budgets and allocate resources, and how to document progress and maintain schedules in the domains of private practice, hospitals, government agencies, and universities. Chapter authors are well-known and successful psychologists within these settings and include Raymond Fowler, past president of the American Psychological Association.
Television: What's On, Who's Watching, and What It Means presents a
comprehensive examination of the role of television in one's life.
The emphasis is on data collected over the past two decades
pointing to an increasing and in some instances a surprising
influence of the medium. Television is not only watched but its
messages are attended to and well understood. There is no shame in
spending hours in front of the set, in fact, people over-estimate
the time they spend viewing. Television advertising no longer
persuades--it sells by creating a burst of emotional liking for the
commercial. The emphases of television news determine not only what
voters think about but also the presidential candidate they expect
to support on election day. Children and teenagers who watch a
great deal of television perform poorly on standardized achievement
tests, and among the reasons are the usurpation of time spent
learning to read and the discouragement of book reading. Television
violence frightens some children and excites others, but its
foremost effect is to increase aggressive behavior that sometimes
spills over into seriously harmful antisocial behavior.
Cocaine abuse remains a major public health problem and contributes
to many of our most disturbing social problems, including the
spread of infectious disease, crime, violence, and neonatal drug
exposure. Cocaine abuse results from a complex interplay of
behavioral, pharmacological, and neurobiological determinants.
While a complete understanding of cocaine abuse is currently beyond
us, significant progress has been made in preclinical research on
fundamental determinants of this disorder. These advances are
critically reviewed in the first section of this volume. Important
advances also have been made in characterizing the clinical
pharmacology of cocaine, and those advances have been extended to
understanding individual vulnerability to cocaine abuse,
development of effective treatments, and discussions of policy.
Those advances are critically reviewed in the third section of this
volume. Contributors to the book were selected because of their
status as internationally recognized leaders in their respective
areas of scientific expertise. Moreover, each is a proponent of the
importance of a rigorous, interdisciplinary scientific approach to
effectively addressing the problem of cocaine abuse. As such, this
volume offers a coherent, empirically-based conceptual framework
for addressing cocaine abuse that has continuity from the basic
research laboratory through the clinical and policy arenas. Each of
the specific chapters is sufficiently detailed, in-depth and
current to be valuable to informed readers with specific interests
while also offering a comprehensive overview for those who might be
less informed or have broader interests in cocaine abuse. This
blend of critical review within each chapter with an explicitly
conceptual continuity that spans all of the chapters makes this
volume a unique contribution to cocaine abuse in particular and
substance abuse in general.
For centuries, scholars have debated the causes of aggression and
the means to reduce its occurrence. Human Aggression brings
together internationally recognized experts discussing the most
current psychological research on the causes and prevention of
aggression. Scholars, policy makers, practitioners, and those
generally concerned with the growing issue of aggression find this
a much needed reference work. Topics include how aggression is
related to the usage of drugs, how temperature affects aggression,
the effect of the mass media on aggression, violence by men against
women, and the treatment of anger/aggression in clinical settings.
The book also provides a comprehensive review of theory and
methodology in the study of aggression.
General Description of the Series
The world within reach is characterised to a large extent by our
ability to sense objects through touch. Research into the sensation
of touch has a long history. However, it is only relatively
recently that significant advances have been made in understanding
how information about objects we touch is represented in both the
peripheral and central divisions of the nervous systems. This
volume draws together the increasing body of knowledge regarding
the mechanisms underlying tactile sensation and how they relate to
Thinking and Problem-Solving presents a comprehensive and
up-to-date review of literature on cognition, reasoning,
intelligence, and other formative areas specific to this field.
Written for advanced undergraduates, researchers, and academics,
this volume is a necessary reference for beginning and established
investigators in cognitive and educational psychology.
Authored by the foremost researchers in cognitive psychology, the handbook Memory is an outstanding reference tool for all cognitive psychologists and interested professionals. Memory provides an excellent synopsis of the research and literature in this field, including comprehensive chapters on basic theory. The text discusses storage and access of information in both short-term and long-term memory; how we control, monitor, and enhance memory; individual differences in mnemonic ability; and the processes of retrieval and retention, including eye-witness testimony, and training and instruction.
This book turns the tables on the way prejudice has been looked at
in the past. Almost all of the current information on prejudice
focuses on the person holding prejudiced beliefs. This book,
however, provides the first summary of research focusing on the
intended victims of prejudice. Divided into three sections, the
first part discusses how people identify prejudice, what types of
prejudice they encounter, and how people react to this prejudice in
interpersonal and intergroup settings. The second section discusses
the effect of prejudice on task performance, assessment of ones own
abilities, self-esteem, and stress. The final section examines how
people cope with prejudice, including a discussion of coping
mechanisms, reporting sexual harassment, and how identity is
related to effective coping.
This book takes as a starting point, John Dewey's article, "The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology," in which Dewey was calling for, in short, the utilisation of systems theories within psychology, theories of behaviour that capture its nature as a vastly-complex dynamic coordination of nested coordinations. This line of research was neglected as American psychology migrated towards behaviourism, where perception came to be thought of as being both a neural response to an external stimulus and a mediating neural stimulus leading to, or causing a muscular response. As such, perception becomes a question of how it is the perceiver creates neural representations of the physical world. Gestalt psychology, on the other hand, focused on perception itself, utilising the term Phenomenological Field; a term that elegantly nests perception and the organism within their respective, as well as relative, levels of organisation. With the development of servo-mechanisms during the second world war, systems theory began to take on momentum within psychology, and then in the 1970s William T Powers brought the notion of servo-control to perception in his book, "Behavior: The Control of Perception." Since then, scientists have come to see nature not as linear chain of contingent cause-effect relationships, but rather, as a non linear, unpredictable nesting of self referential, emergent coordinations, best described as Chaos theory. The implications for perception are astounding, while maintaining the double-aspect nature of perception espoused by the Gestalt psychologists. In short, system theories model perception within the context of a functioning organism, so that objects of experience come to be seen as scale-dependent, psychophysically-neutral, phenomenological transformations of energy structures, the dynamics of which are the result of evolution, and therefore, "a priori" to the individual case. This "a priori," homological unity among brain perception and world is revealed through the use of systems theories and represents the thrust of this book. All the authors are applying some sort of systems theory to the psychology of perception. However, unlike Dewey we have close to a century of technology we can bring to bear upon the issue. This book should be seen as a collection of such efforts.
It has been said more than once in psychology that one person's
effect is another person's error term. By minimising and
occasionally ignoring individual and group variability cognitive
psychology has yieled many fine achievements. However, when
investigators are working with special populations, the subjects,
and the unique nature of the sample, come into focus and become the
goal in itself. For developmental psychologists, gerontologists and
psychopathologists, research progresses with an eye on their target
populations of study. Yet every good study in any of these domains
inevitably has another dimension. Whenever a study is designed to
turn a spotlight on a special population, the light is also shed on
the mainstream from which the target deviates.
This book examines what we can learn about general and universal phenomena in cognition and its brain substrates from examining the odd, the rare, the transient, the exceptional and the abnormal.
Mental Health Outcome Evaluation bridges the gap between
traditional research and evaluation methods by presenting an
alternative to the highly technical and statistical methods
developed in the laboratory for mental health care professionals.
It focuses on outcome evaluation of mental health services for
adults, concentrating on the general principles that can be used to
assess the service effectiveness of community health centers,
clinics, and private practices. The book presents a formidable
argument for descriptive outcome studies through its evaluation of
the results and consequences of care and treatment as well as
clinician ratings. It is written in a non-technical style, making
it accessible to anyone in the mental health industry.
The WISC-III is the most frequently used IQ assessment technique in
the United States. This book discusses the clinical use of the
WISC-III with respect to specific clinical populations, and covers
research findings on the validity and reliability of the test. It
also includes standardization data from the Psychological
Corporation. Many of the contributors participated in the
development of the WISC-III and are in a unique position to discuss
the clinical uses of this measure.
The concept of guilt has long been of interest to personality and
clinical psychologists. Only recently has there been empirical
research on how guilt develops in children and how it motivates
behavior. Guilt and Children takes a fascinating look at the many
facets of guilt in children. The book discusses gender differences,
how feelings of guilt affect prosocial behavior, academic
competence, sexual behavior, medical compliance, and general mental
health. The book also includes coverage of theories of guilt and
chapters on what children feel guilty about and how they cope with
feelings of guilt. It also reviews useful assessment techniques.
This book aims to highlight the vigour, diversity and insight of the various cognitive science perspectives on personality and emotion. It aims also to emphasise the rigorous scientific basis for research to be found in the integration of experimental psychology with neuroscience, connectionism and the new evolutionary psychology. The contributors to this book provide a wide-ranging survey of leading-edge research topics. It is divided into three parts, on general frameworks for cognitive science, on perspectives from emotion research, and on perspectives from studies of personality traits.
The fourth volume of a biennial series offering reviews of research emanating from personal construct and constructivist literature. Contributions on cognitive science, education, business management and artificial intelligence complement traditional applications in clinical and social psychology.
The Psychology of Learning and Motivation publishes empirical and theoretical contributions in cognitive and experimental psychology, ranging from classical and instrumental conditioning to complex learning and problem solving. Each chapter provides a thoughtful integration of a body of work.
The book focuses on a conceptual flaw in contemporary artificial
intelligence and cognitive science. Many people have discovered
diverse manifestations and facets of this flaw, but the central
conceptual impasse is at best only partially perceived. Its
consequences, nevertheless, visit themselves as
The impasse concerns a presupposition concerning the nature of
representation - that all representation has the nature of
encodings: encodingism. Encodings certainly exist, but
The impasse and its consequences - and steps away from that impasse - are explored in a large number of projects and approaches. These include SOAR, CYC, PDP, situated cognition, subsumption architecture robotics, and the frame problems - a general survey of the current research in AI and Cognitive Science emerges.
Interactivism, an alternative model of representation, is
proposed and examined.
The Psychology of Learning and Motivation publishes empirical and
theoretical contributions in cognitive and experimental psychology,
ranging from classical and instrumental conditions to complex
learning and problem solving. This guest-edited special volume is
devoted to current research and discussion on associative versus
cognitive accounts of learning. Written by major investigators in
the field, topics include all aspects of causal learning in an open
forum in which different approaches are brought together.
This book is based on the proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Vision in Vehicles. The aim of the conference series is to enable international researchers from different disciplines to meet and exchange ideas on the current state-of-the-art of all aspects related to vehicles and vehicle controllers. This is perceived as encompassing the internal and external design of a vehicle, the environment in which vehicles move, as well as the visual, perceptual and cognitive limitations of the vehicle controller. All types of vehicles (including underground mining vehicles, helicopters, trains and motorcycles) are considered, though the majority of papers deal with automobiles and their drivers.
The conference keynote address Automated Highways: A Vision of the Future, which was presented by John Bloomfield, set the tone for the meeting. The proceedings, as contained in this volume, begin in a similar vein with chapters considering Simulation Studies of Driver Performance, followed by a section on Visual Processing and Collision Avoidance. Cognitive issues are addressed in several chapters detailing recent work on Cognitive Aspects of Visual Information Processing.
The growing use of information technology is covered in two subsequent sections concerning firstly, the Visual Requirements of In-Vehicle Guidance Systems and secondly, Driver Support Systems. Environmental factors are discussed in a separate section, as is driver's own visual impairment. The final section concerns Arousal and Performance and discusses alcohol effects on driving ability.
Vision in Vehicles V, with contributions by experts from a diverse range of disciplines, including optometrists, psychologists, physiologists, human factors specialists and engineers, will undoubtedly stimulate the progression of research in this area.
Advances in Child Development and Behavior is intended to ease the task faced by researchers, instructors, and students who are confronted by the vast amount of research and theoretical discussion in child development and behavior. The serial provides scholarly technical articles with critical reviews, recent advances in research, and fresh theoretical viewpoints.
You may like...
Evidence-Based Counseling and…
Morley D. Glicken Hardcover
Handbook of Exposure Therapies
David C. S. Richard, Dean Lauterbach Hardcover
Handbook of Self-Regulation
Monique Boekaerts, Paul R. Pintrich, … Paperback
Foundations of Professional Psychology…
Timothy Melchert Hardcover
Advances in the Study of Behavior…
H. Jane Brockmann, Charles T. Snowdon, … Hardcover R3,409 Discovery Miles 34 090
Therapist's Guide to Clinical…
Sharon L. Johnson Paperback R1,068 Discovery Miles 10 680
Introduction to Psychoneuroimmunology
Jorge H. Daruna Hardcover R1,368 Discovery Miles 13 680
The Psychology Of Humor - An Integrative…
Rod A. Martin Hardcover
Crew Resource Management
Earl L. Wiener, Barbara G. Kanki, … Paperback
Practical Skills and Clinical Management…
Samuel Obembe Hardcover