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Books > Academic & Education > Professional & Technical > Psychology

Human Factors Psychology, Volume 47 (Hardcover): Peter A. Hancock Human Factors Psychology, Volume 47 (Hardcover)
Peter A. Hancock
R1,423 Discovery Miles 14 230 Special order

This book is a collection of contemporary applications of psychological insights into practical human factors issues. The topics are arranged largely according to an information processing/energetic approach to human behavior. Consideration is also given to human-computer interaction and organizational design.

International Review of Research in Mental Retardation, Volume 36 (Hardcover): Laraine Masters Glidden International Review of Research in Mental Retardation, Volume 36 (Hardcover)
Laraine Masters Glidden
R3,769 Discovery Miles 37 690 Special order

International Review of Research in Mental Retardation is an ongoing scholarly look at research into the causes, effects, classification systems, syndromes, etc. of mental retardation. Contributors come from wide-ranging perspectives, including genetics, psychology, education, and other health and behavioral sciences.
Volume 36 of the series offers chapters on newborn screening for intellectual disability; responsive parenting; Trisomy 21; Alzheimer's disease in adults with Down Syndrome; foolish action in adults with intellectual disabilities; animal models of self-injurious behavior; theoretical and methodological issues in sibling research; understanding individual differences in adaptation in parents of children with intellectual disabilitie; and "What Do You Think If . . ." using vignettes to study attitudes toward adult sibling caregiving and competence of parents of children with disabilities.
The wide range of topics covered in these chapters make Volume 36 of the International Review of Research in Mental Retardation a particularly valuable resource for academic researchers in developmental and cognitive psychology, as well as those in neuropsychology.
*Provides the most recent scholarly research in the study of mental retardation
*A vast range of perspectives is offered, and many topics are covered
*An excellent resource for academic researchers

Advances in Child Development and Behavior, Volume 32 (Hardcover, 35 Ed): Robert V. Kail Advances in Child Development and Behavior, Volume 32 (Hardcover, 35 Ed)
Robert V. Kail
R2,033 Discovery Miles 20 330 Special order

Advances in Child Development and Behavior is intended to ease the task faced by researchers, instructors, and students who are confronted by the vast amount of research and theoretical discussion in child development and behavior. The serial provides scholarly technical articles with critical reviews, recent advances in research, and fresh theoretical viewpoints. Volume 32 discusses cultural contributions in development, infants' representation of objects and events, the impacts of affluence, mechanisms of early categorization and induction, attentional inertia, the early development of pictoral competence, and classroom competence.

Vision in Vehicles VI (Hardcover): A.G. Gale, I. D. Brown, S.P. Taylor, C.M. Haslegrave Vision in Vehicles VI (Hardcover)
A.G. Gale, I. D. Brown, S.P. Taylor, C.M. Haslegrave
R3,524 Discovery Miles 35 240 Special order

The original concept for the Vision in Vehicle series of international conferences was born from discussions within the Applied Vision Association which led eventually to the first conference being held in 1985. Ten years of progress later and this volume presents the selected and edited proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Vision in Vehicles (VIV6) which was held at the University of Derby, 13-16 September 1995. The meeting was organised in association with the Applied Vision Association and the Ergonomics Society.
The conference is unique in the eclectic mix of disciplines which are attracted to the meetings and this enables research inssues to be considered in very broad contexts.

Advances in Child Development and Behavior, Volume 30 (Hardcover, 35 Ed): Robert V. Kail Advances in Child Development and Behavior, Volume 30 (Hardcover, 35 Ed)
Robert V. Kail
R2,028 Discovery Miles 20 280 Special order

Advances in Child Development and Behavior is intended to ease the task faced by researchers, instructors, and students who are confronted by the vast amount of research and theoretical discussion in child development and behavior. The serial provides scholarly technical articles with critical reviews, recent advances in research, and fresh theoretical viewpoints. Volume 30 discusses early recall memory, balance and motor learning, sexual selection, emotion-related regulation, maternal sensitivity and attachment, and influences of friends.

Tasting and Smelling (Hardcover, 2nd Revised edition): Gary K. Beauchamp, Linda Bartoshuk Tasting and Smelling (Hardcover, 2nd Revised edition)
Gary K. Beauchamp, Linda Bartoshuk
R2,434 R2,273 Discovery Miles 22 730 Save R161 (7%) Special order

Tasting and Smelling presents a comprehensive overview to research on these two important modes of perception. The book offers a review of research findings on the biophysics, neurophysiology, and psychophysicsof both senses, as well as discussing the emotional component associated with taste and smell, and clinical disorders affecting each of these two senses. Tasting and Smelling answers how odors and flavors are perceived, why we have favorites, and what happens when our senses go awry. This book is of interest to the researcher in perception, cognition, or neurophysiology.

The Psychology of Risk Taking Behavior, Volume 107 (Hardcover): R.M. Trimpop The Psychology of Risk Taking Behavior, Volume 107 (Hardcover)
R.M. Trimpop
R1,355 Discovery Miles 13 550 Special order

This book aims to help the reader to understand what motivates people to engage in risk taking behavior, such as participating in traffic, sports, financial investments, or courtship. The consequences of risk taking may be positive, or result in accidents and injuries, especially in traffic. The wealth of studies and theories (about 1000 references) is used to offer a cohesive, holistic view of risk motivation. The risk motivation theory is a dynamic state-trait model incorporating physiological, emotional and cognitive components of risk perception, processing and planning. If a deficit exists between desired and perceived risk, risk compensation behavior results. A feedback loop provides new information for the next perception-motivation-behavior process. Assumptions were tested and support was found with 120 subjects in a longitudinal study. The concepts and findings are discussed in relation to psychological theories and their meaning for our daily lives.

Advances in Child Development and Behavior, Volume 28 (Hardcover): Hayne W. Reese, Robert V. Kail Advances in Child Development and Behavior, Volume 28 (Hardcover)
Hayne W. Reese, Robert V. Kail
R2,020 Discovery Miles 20 200 Special order

Advances in Child Development and Behavior is intended to ease the task faced by researchers, instructors, and students who are confronted by the vast amount of research and theoretical discussion in child development and behavior. The serial provides scholarly technical articles with critical reviews, recent advances in research, and fresh theoretical viewpoints. Volume 28 discusses variability in reasoning, dual processes in memory, reasoning, and cognitive neuroscience, language and cognition, and adolescent depression.

The Psychology of Serial Killer Investigations - The Grisly Business Unit (Hardcover, 4th ed.): Robert D. Keppel, William J... The Psychology of Serial Killer Investigations - The Grisly Business Unit (Hardcover, 4th ed.)
Robert D. Keppel, William J Birnes
R1,060 R1,006 Discovery Miles 10 060 Save R54 (5%) Special order

Serial killers like Seattle's Ted Bundy, Maryland's Beltway Sniper, Atlanta's Wayne Williams, or England's Peter Sutcliffe usually outsmart the task forces on their trail for long periods of time. Keppel and Birnes take readers inside the operations of serial killer task forces to learn why. What is the underlying psychology of a serial killer and why this defeats task force investigations?
This is the first book of its kind that combines state-of-the-art psychological assessment experience with the expertise of a homicide investigator who has tracked some of this country's most notorious serial killers. The author also brings to the book hands-on best practices gleaned from the experience of other task forces.
Readers, both professionals and students, will benefit from the comprehensive and critical case reviews, the analysis of what went wrong, what went right, and the after-action recommendations of evaluators in the US, UK, and Canada.
The book covers:
* The nature of the psychology of a serial killer
* How crime assessment profiling reveals that psychology
* Why psychological profiles fail
* How serial killer task forces defeat themselves
* How the media can, and usually does, undermine the task force operation
* The big secret of all serial killer investigations: police already have the killer's name
* The best practices for catching a serial killer
* Comprehensive case reviews of some of the US's and UK's most baffling serial killer cases
* A list of best practices for serial killer task force investigators
* Recommendations for how to manage comprehensive files and computer records
* Practical advice on how to manage the media: what to say and not to say
* Insight into what a serial killer might be thinking and doing to stay away from police
* Recommendations for setting up and administering long-term investigations
* Practical tips on how to maintain a task force's psychological edge and avoid defeatism

Advances in Child Development and Behavior, Volume 35 (Hardcover, 35th edition): Robert V. Kail Advances in Child Development and Behavior, Volume 35 (Hardcover, 35th edition)
Robert V. Kail
R1,930 Discovery Miles 19 300 Special order

Volume 35 of the Advances in Child Development and Behavior series is divided into nine components that highlight some of the most recent research in developmental and educational psychology.
A wide array of topics are discussed in detail, including Cognitive Mechanisms, Episodic and Autobiographical Memory, Emotional Security Theory, Working memory and much more. Each component provides in depth discussions of various developmental psychology specializations. This volume serves as an invaluable resource for psychology researchers and advanced psychology students.

Behavior and Environment, Volume 96 - Psychological and Geographical Approaches (Hardcover): Tommy Garling, Reginald G. Golledge Behavior and Environment, Volume 96 - Psychological and Geographical Approaches (Hardcover)
Tommy Garling, Reginald G. Golledge
R2,506 Discovery Miles 25 060 Special order

Active researchers in the areas of geography and psychology have contributed to this book. Both fields are capable of increasing our scientific knowledge of how human behavior is interfaced with the molar physical environment. Such knowledge is essential for the solution of many of today's most urgent environmental problems. Failure to constrain use of scarce resources, pollution due to human activities, creation of technological hazards and deteriorating urban quality due to vandalism and crime are all well known examples. The influence of psychology in geographical research has long been appreciated but it is only recently that psychologists have recognized they have something to learn from geography. In identifying the importance of two-way interdisciplinary communication, a psychologist and a geographer have been invited to each write a chapter in this book on a designated topic so that close comparisons can be drawn as to how the two disciplines approach the same difficulties. Since the disciplines are to some extent complementary, it is hoped that this close collaboration will have synergistic effects on the attempts of both to find solutions to environmental problems through an increased understanding of the many behavior-environment interfaces.

Media and the American Child (Hardcover, Revised ed.): George Comstock, Erica Scharrer Media and the American Child (Hardcover, Revised ed.)
George Comstock, Erica Scharrer
R1,305 R1,231 Discovery Miles 12 310 Save R74 (6%) Special order

This new work summarizes the research on all forms of media on children, looking at how much time they spend with media everyday, television programming and its impact on children, how advertising has changed to appeal directly to children and the effects on children and the consumer behavior of parents, the relationship between media use and scholastic achievement, the influence of violence in media on anti-social behavior, and the role of media in influencing attitudes on body image, sex and work roles, fashion, & lifestyle.
The average American child, aged 2-17, watches 25 hours of TV per week, plays 1 hr per day of video or computer games, and spends an additional 36 min per day on the internet. 19% of children watch more than 35 hrs per week of TV. This in the face of research that shows TV watching beyond 10 hours per week decreases scholastic performance.
In 1991, George Comstock published Television and the American Child, which immediately became THE standard reference for the research community of the effects of television on children. Since then, interest in the topic has mushroomed, as the availability and access of media to children has become more widespread and occurs earlier in their lifetimes. No longer restricted to television, media impacts children through the internet, computer and video games, as well as television and the movies. There are videos designed for infants, claiming to improve cognitive development, television programs aimed for younger and younger children-even pre-literates, computer programs aimed for toddlers, and increasingly graphic, interactive violent computer games.
*Presents the most recent research on the media use of young people
*Investigates the content of children's media and addresses areas of great concern including violence, sexual behavior, and commercialization
*Discusses policy making in the area of children and the media
*Focuses on experiences unique to children and adolescents

The Psychology of Stalking - Clinical and Forensic Perspectives (Paperback): J.Reid Meloy The Psychology of Stalking - Clinical and Forensic Perspectives (Paperback)
J.Reid Meloy
R839 Discovery Miles 8 390 Special order

The Psychology of Stalking is the first scholarly book on stalking ever published. Virtually every serious writer and researcher in this area of criminal psychopathology has contributed a chapter. These chapters explore stalking from social, psychiatric, psychological and behavioral perspectives. New thinking and data are presented on threats, pursuit characteristics, psychiatric diagnoses, offender-victim typologies, cyberstalking, false victimization syndrome, erotomania, stalking and domestic violence, the stalking of public figures, and many other aspects of stalking, as well as legal issues. This landmark text is of interest to both professionals and other thoughtful individuals who recognize the serious nature of this ominous social behavior.
Key Features
* First scholarly book on stalking ever published
* Contributions from virtually all major researchers in field
* Discussion of what to do when being stalked
* Uses examples from recent publicized cases

Vision and Motor Control, Volume 85 (Hardcover): L. Proteau, D. Elliott Vision and Motor Control, Volume 85 (Hardcover)
L. Proteau, D. Elliott
R1,840 Discovery Miles 18 400 Special order

Since the classic studies of Woodworth (1899), the role of
vision in the control of movement has been an important
research topic in experimental psychology. While many early
studies were concerned with the relative importance of vision
and kinesthesis and/or the time it takes to use visual
information, recent theoretical and technical developments
have stimulated scientists to ask questions about how
different sources of visual information contribute to motor
control in different contexts.

In this volume, articles are
presented that provide a broad coverage of the current
research and theory on vision and human motor learning and
control. Many of the contributors are colleagues that have met
over the years at the meetings and conferences concerned with
human movement. They represent a wide range of affiliation and
background including kinesiology, physical education,
neurophysiology, cognitive psychology and neuropsychology.
Thus the topic of vision and motor control is addressed from a
number of different perspectives. In general, each author sets
an empirical and theoretical framework for their topic, and
then discusses current work from their own laboratory, and how
it fits into the larger context. A synthesis chapter at the end of the volume identifies commonalities in the work and suggests directions for future experimentation.

Cognitive Contributions to the Perception of Spatial and Temporal Events, Volume 129 (Hardcover): G. Aschersleben, Talis... Cognitive Contributions to the Perception of Spatial and Temporal Events, Volume 129 (Hardcover)
G. Aschersleben, Talis Bachmann, Jochen Musseler
R3,268 Discovery Miles 32 680 Special order

The book is concerned with the cognitive contributions to perception, that is, with the influence of attention, intention, or motor processes on performances in spatial and temporal tasks. The chapters deal with fundamental perceptual processes resulting from the simple localization of an object in space or from the temporal determination of an event within a series of events.
Chapters are based on presentations given at the "Symposium on the Cognitive Contributions to the Perception of Spatial and Temporal Events" (September 7 9, 1998, Ohlstadt, Germany). Following each chapter are commentary pieces from other researchers in the field. At the meeting, contributors were encouraged to discuss their theoretical positions along with presenting empirical results and the book's commentary sections help to preserve the spirit and controversies of the symposium.
The general topic of the book is split into three parts. Two sections are devoted to the perception of unimodal spatial and temporal events; and are accompanied by a third part on spatio-temporal processes in the domain of intermodal integration.

The themes of the book are highly topical. There is a growing interest in studies both with healthy persons and with patients that focus on localization errors and dissociations in localizations resulting from different tasks. These errors lead to new concepts of how visual space is represented. Such deviations are not only observed in the spatial domain but in the temporal domain as well. Typical examples are errors in duration judgments or synchronization errors in tapping tasks. In addition, several studies indicate the influence of attention on both the timing and on the localization of dynamic events. Another intriguing question originates from well-known interactions between intermodal events, namely, whether these events are based on a single representation or whether different representations interact.
"

Cognitive Ergonomics - Contributions from Experimental Psychology (Hardcover): G.C.Van Der Veer, Sebastiano Bagnara, G. A. M.... Cognitive Ergonomics - Contributions from Experimental Psychology (Hardcover)
G.C.Van Der Veer, Sebastiano Bagnara, G. A. M. Kempen
R1,005 Discovery Miles 10 050 Special order

This collection of papers illustrates how concepts, theories and techniques from experimental psychology can be applied in the domain of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI). An experimental psychological basis for cognitive ergonomics is presented, built on a foundation of theoretical and experimental research. In addition, various issues in cognitive ergonomics are closely examined, including performance in specific interactive tasks - such as computer programming and program debugging. Other subject areas covered include database interrogation, text editing and graphics design.

Pain and Touch (Hardcover, 2nd edition): Lawrence Kruger Pain and Touch (Hardcover, 2nd edition)
Lawrence Kruger; Series edited by Morton P. Friedman, Edward C. Carterette
R2,775 R2,589 Discovery Miles 25 890 Save R186 (7%) Special order

Advances in the area of tactile perception and pain have lead to the development of this text on basic research and clinical practice. Equal parts psychology and neuroscience, it covers peripheral cutaneous tactile information processing, sensory mapping, tactile exploratory behaviour, neurophysiology of nociception and nociceptors in pain research, clinical scaling methods for psychophysics of pain, and pain control, pathology, and therapeutics. Detailed chapters discuss how the brain processes both pain and touch, the nerve pathways by which these sensations travel, how sensations of pain can be clinically measured, and means of controlling pathological pain.

Advances in Child Development and Behavior, Volume 25 (Hardcover): Hayne W. Reese Advances in Child Development and Behavior, Volume 25 (Hardcover)
Hayne W. Reese
R1,190 Discovery Miles 11 900 Special order

Advances in Child Development and Behavior is intended to ease the task faced by researchers, instructors, and students who are confronted by the vast amount of research and theoretical discussion in child development and behavior. The serial provides scholarly technical articles with critical reviews, recent advances in research, and fresh theoretical viewpoints. Volume 25 offers perspectives on children's activity memory, spatial representation, social reasoning, and metacognitive development.

Eye Guidance in Reading and Scene Perception (Hardcover, 2nd edition): G. Underwood Eye Guidance in Reading and Scene Perception (Hardcover, 2nd edition)
G. Underwood
R3,661 Discovery Miles 36 610 Special order

The distinguished contributors to this volume have been set the problem of describing how we know where to move our eyes. There is a great deal of current interest in the use of eye movement recordings to investigate various mental processes. The common theme is that variations in eye movements indicate variations in the processing of what is being perceived, whether in reading, driving or scene perception. However, a number of problems of interpretation are now emerging, and this edited volume sets out to address these problems. The book investigates controversies concerning the variations in eye movements associated with reading ability, concerning the extent to which text is used by the guidance mechanism while reading, concerning the relationship between eye movements and the control of other body movements, the relationship between what is inspected and what is perceived, and concerning the role of visual control attention in the acquisition of complex perceptual-motor skills, in addition to the nature of the guidance mechanism itself.
The origins of the volume are in discussions held at a meeting of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology (ESCOP) that was held in Wurzburg in September 1996. The discussions concerned the landing effect in reading, an effect, that if substantiated, would provide evidence of the use of parafoveal information in eye guidance, and these discussions were explored in more detail at a small meeting in Chamonix, in February 1997. Many of the contributors to this volume were present at the meeting, but the arguments were not resolved in Chamonix either. Other leaders in the field were invited to contribute to the discussion, and this volume is the product. The argument remains unresolved, but the problem is certainly clearer.

Empirical Methods for Evaluating Educational Interventions (Hardcover, New): Gary D. Phye, Daniel H. Robinson, Joel Levin Empirical Methods for Evaluating Educational Interventions (Hardcover, New)
Gary D. Phye, Daniel H. Robinson, Joel Levin
R1,783 R1,673 Discovery Miles 16 730 Save R110 (6%) Special order

New US government requirements state that federally funded grants and school programs must prove that they are based on scientifically proved improvements in teaching and learning. All new grants must show they are based on scientifically sound research to be funded, and budgets to schools must likewise show that they are based on scientifically sound research. However, the movement in education over the past several years has been toward qualitative rather than quantitative measures. The new legislation comes at a time when researchers are ill trained to measure results or even to frame questions in an empirical way, and when school administrators and teachers are no longer remember or were never trained to prove statistically that their programs are effective.
Experimental Methods for Evaluating Educational Interventions is a tutorial on what it means to frame a question in an empirical manner, how one needs to test that a method works, what statistics one uses to measure effectiveness, and how to document these findings in a way so as to be compliant with new empirically based requirements. The book is simplistic enough to be accessible to those teaching and administrative educational professionals long out of schooling, but comprehensive and sophisticated enough to be of use to researchers who know experimental design and statistics but don't know how to use what they know to write acceptable grant proposals or to get governmental funding for their programs.
* Provides an overview to interpreting empirical data in education
* Reviews data analysis techniques: use and interpretation
* Discusses research on learning, instruction, and curriculum
* Explores importance of showing progress as well as cause and effect
* Identifies obstacles to applying research into practice
*Examines policy development for states, nations, and countries

Vision in Vehicles V (Hardcover): I. D. Brown, S.P. Taylor, C.M. Haslegrave Vision in Vehicles V (Hardcover)
I. D. Brown, S.P. Taylor, C.M. Haslegrave; Edited by A.G. Gale
R3,145 Discovery Miles 31 450 Special order

This book is based on the proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Vision in Vehicles. The aim of the conference series is to enable international researchers from different disciplines to meet and exchange ideas on the current state-of-the-art of all aspects related to vehicles and vehicle controllers. This is perceived as encompassing the internal and external design of a vehicle, the environment in which vehicles move, as well as the visual, perceptual and cognitive limitations of the vehicle controller. All types of vehicles (including underground mining vehicles, helicopters, trains and motorcycles) are considered, though the majority of papers deal with automobiles and their drivers.

The conference keynote address Automated Highways: A Vision of the Future, which was presented by John Bloomfield, set the tone for the meeting. The proceedings, as contained in this volume, begin in a similar vein with chapters considering Simulation Studies of Driver Performance, followed by a section on Visual Processing and Collision Avoidance. Cognitive issues are addressed in several chapters detailing recent work on Cognitive Aspects of Visual Information Processing.

The growing use of information technology is covered in two subsequent sections concerning firstly, the Visual Requirements of In-Vehicle Guidance Systems and secondly, Driver Support Systems. Environmental factors are discussed in a separate section, as is driver's own visual impairment. The final section concerns Arousal and Performance and discusses alcohol effects on driving ability.

Vision in Vehicles V, with contributions by experts from a diverse range of disciplines, including optometrists, psychologists, physiologists, human factors specialists and engineers, will undoubtedly stimulate the progression of research in this area.

The Grasping Hand, Volume 104 (Hardcover): Christine L. Mackenzie, Thea Iberall The Grasping Hand, Volume 104 (Hardcover)
Christine L. Mackenzie, Thea Iberall
R1,358 Discovery Miles 13 580 Special order

The simple task of grasping objects has been studied for centuries by scientists, therapists and engineers who have tried to understand and duplicate the versatility of the human hand. Using an interdisciplinary approach and new framework for looking at prehension, the authors uncover the subleties of the amazing interaction between the hand and the brain. They draw from such diverse fields as experimental psychology, kinesiology, robotics, neural networks, artificial intelligence, neuropsychology and rehabilitation. A triangle strategy is presented, starting from conceptual models that suggest both experimental and computational models. Chapters describe the multiple postures established by the hand, phases in the dynamic process of reaching for, grasping and manipulating various objects, and the constraints acting on such activity.

Appendices provide the complete anatomy of the upper limb, the basics of computational modelling, and the fundamentals of prosthetic and dextrous robot hands. The ultimate goal of this book is to develop a common vocabularly for multidisciplinary researchers who strive to understand a system as complex as the hand under the control of the human brain.

The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Volume 52 (Hardcover): Brian H. Ross The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Volume 52 (Hardcover)
Brian H. Ross
R2,359 Discovery Miles 23 590 Special order

Volume 47 of The Psychology of Learning and Motivation offers a discussion of the different factors that influence one's development as a mature and capable person. This is the latest release in this well-received and highly credible series of publications.
Broad topics including linguistics, the art of design, categorization of the social world, conversation, and classification are explored to provide the reader with an understanding of these steps one must take during his or her personal and social development. This title is a valuable resource for both psychology researchers and their students.
*Each of the seven chapters offers an in depth discussion of important influences on learning and motivation
*Diverse topics are discussed at length
*A great resource for academics, researchers, and advanced students

Foundational Issues in Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science, Volume 109 - Impasse and Solution (Paperback): M.H.... Foundational Issues in Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science, Volume 109 - Impasse and Solution (Paperback)
M.H. Bickhard, L. Terveen
R2,131 Discovery Miles 21 310 Special order

The book focuses on a conceptual flaw in contemporary artificial intelligence and cognitive science. Many people have discovered diverse manifestations and facets of this flaw, but the central conceptual impasse is at best only partially perceived. Its consequences, nevertheless, visit themselves as
distortions and failures of multiple research projects - and make impossible the ultimate aspirations of the fields.

The impasse concerns a presupposition concerning the nature of representation - that all representation has the nature of encodings: encodingism. Encodings certainly exist, but
encoding"ism" is at root logically incoherent; any "programmatic" research predicted on it is doomed too distortion and ultimate failure.

The impasse and its consequences - and steps away from that impasse - are explored in a large number of projects and approaches. These include SOAR, CYC, PDP, situated cognition, subsumption architecture robotics, and the frame problems - a general survey of the current research in AI and Cognitive Science emerges.

Interactivism, an alternative model of representation, is proposed and examined.

International Review of Research in Mental Retardation, Volume 31 - Mental Retardation, Personality, and Motivational Systems... International Review of Research in Mental Retardation, Volume 31 - Mental Retardation, Personality, and Motivational Systems (Hardcover, 31st edition)
Laraine Masters Glidden; Volume editing by Harvey N. Switzky
R3,765 Discovery Miles 37 650 Special order

Volume 31 of the International Review of Research in Mental Retardation is a thematic exploration of personality and motivation in persons with mental retardation. Looking at a broad spectrum of intellectual disabilities, Mental Retardation, Personality, and Motivational Systems explores motivation as a moderator for performance and individualized effort. Coverage includes discussions of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in both mentally retarded and non-retarded children, self-determination, interpersonal decision making in adolescents and adults with mental retardation, interpersonal relationships, and the connection between etiological-specific differences and motivation to form "behavioral phenotypes." A final chapter presents a transactional perspective on human ability, relying on constructs of intelligence, cognitive processes, and motivation, with implications for developmental interventions in the lives of persons with mental retardation.
*Explores personality and motivation in persons with mental retardation
*Discusses intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in both mentally retarded and non-retarded children
*A useful reference for researchers and scholars in developmental and cognitive psychology, as well as neuropsychology

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