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Books > Academic & Education > Professional & Technical > Psychology

Freud Evaluated - The Completed Arc (Hardcover): Malcolm Macmillan Freud Evaluated - The Completed Arc (Hardcover)
Malcolm Macmillan
R2,339 Discovery Miles 23 390 Within 7 - 11 working days

This volume is an historically based critical evaluation of Freud's personality theory. In it the observations Freud made are described and the theoretical ideas he put forward for explaining them are set out. The adequacy of Freud's explanations are judged against the logical and scientific standards of Freud's own time. The historical perspective will give the reader a sound basis on which to make a judgement about psycho-analysis as a method of investigation and a theory of personality as well as a sense of what Freud was about from Freud's own standpoint. Freud's endeavour is sited in the psychological and psychiatric context of the time, a period not previously given the critical attention it warrants. All of Freud's important assumptions and characteristic modes of thought are to be found in this formative period. The placement also brings out more clearly the basis of a number of the unresolved problems of contemporary psycho-analytic theory, such as the place of affect and the instinctual drives, the role of the ego, and the basis of treatment.

Aging and Cognition, Volume 71 - Knowledge Organization and Utilization (Hardcover): Thomas M. Hess Aging and Cognition, Volume 71 - Knowledge Organization and Utilization (Hardcover)
Thomas M. Hess
R4,142 Discovery Miles 41 420 Within 7 - 11 working days

During the past two decades, there has been a dramatic increase in interest in the study of ageing-related changes in cognitive abilities. In this volume researchers from a variety of theoretical perspectives discuss adult age differences in a wide range of cognitive skills. Of special interest is the extent to which ageing effects on performance are related to variations in the representation, organization and utilization of knowledge, broadly defined. Recent research and theory in the field of ageing has emphasized the need to examine such processes more closely in order to provide a more complete understanding of ageing effects on cognitive behaviour.

Cognitive Biases, Volume 68 (Hardcover): Jean-Paul Caverni, J.-M. Fabre, M. Gonzalez Cognitive Biases, Volume 68 (Hardcover)
Jean-Paul Caverni, J.-M. Fabre, M. Gonzalez
R2,201 Discovery Miles 22 010 Within 7 - 11 working days

Many studies in cognitive psychology have provided evidence of systematic deviations in cognitive task performance relative to that dictated by optimality, rationality, or coherency. The texts in this volume present an account of research into the cognitive biases observed on various tasks: reasoning, categorization, evaluation, and probabilistic and confidence judgments. The authors have attempted to discern the contribution of the study of bias to our understanding of the cognitive processes involved in each case, rather than proposing an inventory of the different types of biases. A special section has been devoted to studies on the correction of biases and cognitive aids.

Left-handedness - Behavioural Implications and Anomalies (Hardcover): Stanley Cohen Left-handedness - Behavioural Implications and Anomalies (Hardcover)
Stanley Cohen
R2,329 Discovery Miles 23 290 Within 7 - 11 working days

Left-handedness has been shown to be a possible marker for various psychological and physical abnormalities. This book presents evidence by a number of researchers who evaluate whether there are indeed differences between left- and right-handers which extend into the broader psychological and physiological realms. Several chapters show that left-handedness is found in unexpectedly high proportions in populations that suffer from various immune deficiency diseases, in alcoholics, dyslexics, mental retardates, psychopaths and other clinical groups. The book indicates why left-handedness should be a marker for such conditions. The genetic and environmental pressures on handedness are explored. A model for pathological left-handedness is presented, along with some interesting data which suggests that left-handedness may be associated with reduced life-span. Finally, several chapters discuss the implications of handedness patterns in non-clinical populations.

Developmental Psychology - Cognitive, Perceptuo-motor and Neuropsychological Perspectives (Hardcover): C-.A. Hauert Developmental Psychology - Cognitive, Perceptuo-motor and Neuropsychological Perspectives (Hardcover)
C-.A. Hauert
R2,317 Discovery Miles 23 170 Within 7 - 11 working days

Since the end of the sixties, Piagetian general theory with its inherent power of unification has gradually given way to a multitude of more specific models which is in evidence today. In this volume the authors concentrate on three perspectives namely cognitive, perceptuo-motor and neuropsychological development and attempt to coordinate these traditionally separated views. Good illustrations of these theoretical connections can be found in different chapters although the persistent isolation of these three domains still remains. However the authors believe efforts in developmental psychology must continue in the direction of domain interaction, for theoretical concepts as well as methodological tools.

The Adolescent as Decision-Maker - Applications to Development and Education (Hardcover): Allen J. Edwards The Adolescent as Decision-Maker - Applications to Development and Education (Hardcover)
Allen J. Edwards
R4,539 Discovery Miles 45 390 Within 7 - 11 working days

This book reviews current theories and research on adolescent development and their implications for education. It is organized around the theme of the adolescent as decision-maker, and covers areas of normal development that are crucial for the transition to independence. The issues raised by the thoughtful reviews will stimulate discussion and debate and will provide new perspectives on adolescence.

Volitional Action, Volume 62 (Hardcover): Wayne A. Hershberger Volitional Action, Volume 62 (Hardcover)
Wayne A. Hershberger
R2,201 Discovery Miles 22 010 Within 7 - 11 working days

Individuals from diverse disciplines, including neurology, physiology, psychology, mathematics, and engineering have contributed to this volume. Their scientific investigations of volitional action are part of the resurgence of interest in the psychology and physiology of volition which has taken place in recent years. The book comprises a significant sample of their observations, both rational and empirical, which have new practical implications for our understanding of human conduct. The book was designed to serve a threefold purpose: a) to consolidate the gains of the various scholars, relatively isolated in their respective disciplines, b) to foster and help focus future research on conation and self-control and c) to provide practitioners in applied psychology with a broad-based tutorial.

New Developments in Psychological Choice Modeling, Volume 60 (Hardcover): Geert De Soete, H Feger, Karl C Klauer New Developments in Psychological Choice Modeling, Volume 60 (Hardcover)
Geert De Soete, H Feger, Karl C Klauer
R2,302 Discovery Miles 23 020 Within 7 - 11 working days

A selection of 15 papers on choice modeling are presented in this volume. These papers result from research in the social and behavioral sciences and in economics. The models, some deterministic, some probabilistic, represent recent developments in the tradition of Thurstone's Law of Comparative Judgement, Coombs' unfolding theory and multidimensional scaling. The theoretical contributions and several applications to voting behaviour, consumer research and preference rankings show the important progress made in psychological choice modeling during the last few years.

The Second Handbook on Parent Education - Contemporary Perspectives (Hardcover): Marvin J. Fine The Second Handbook on Parent Education - Contemporary Perspectives (Hardcover)
Marvin J. Fine
R4,023 Discovery Miles 40 230 Within 7 - 11 working days

This book should enhance the reader's understanding of the contemporary scene in parenting education, including effective programming, important issues, and future trends.

Cognition and Action in Skilled Behaviour (Hardcover): Ann M. Colley, John R. Beech Cognition and Action in Skilled Behaviour (Hardcover)
Ann M. Colley, John R. Beech
R2,313 Discovery Miles 23 130 Within 7 - 11 working days

This book contains a number of chapters on the control and execution of skilled movements, as well as more general chapters on theoretical issues in skilled performance. The contributors have summarised their most recent research, and general themes and issues are presented in discussion chapters at the end of each section, thus providing a good general summary of the kind of research and theoretical frameworks developing in this area. The first section is concerned with the theoretical issues of programming and co-ordination. Issues raised in the second section are basic to much of the research reviewed in the volume. This section summarises the various theoretical positions in the recent debates on the role of cognitive processes in motor control and the usefulness of the ``psychomotor'' approach, and contains chapters based on individual papers which present relevant empirical findings. The third section deals with the learning and performance of skilled movements, containing papers with practical implications for everyday skills. The final section contains chapters on cognitive processes in skilled performance.

Vision in Vehicles, II - Vision in Vehicles II 2nd International Conference : Selected Papers (Hardcover): M.H. Freeman, Peter... Vision in Vehicles, II - Vision in Vehicles II 2nd International Conference : Selected Papers (Hardcover)
M.H. Freeman, Peter Smith, A.G. Gale, S.P. Taylor, C.M. Haslegrave
R5,668 Discovery Miles 56 680 Within 7 - 11 working days

An integrated approach to the problems of vision and vehicle control is presented in this volume.
Current work on all aspects of vision and its relationship to vehicle design is reported on, including the internal and external design of vehicles, visual displays, and the perceptual and cognitive capabilities of the controller of the vehicle. Environmental influences, the effects of alcohol, and visual standards are among the topics discussed. All types of vehicles (including ships and combat aircraft) are considered, though the majority of papers deal with automobiles and their drivers.

Cognition and Instruction (Paperback, New edition): Ronna F. Dillon, Robert J. Sternberg Cognition and Instruction (Paperback, New edition)
Ronna F. Dillon, Robert J. Sternberg
R1,544 Discovery Miles 15 440 Within 7 - 11 working days

Cognition and Instruction focuses on the relationship of knowledge acquisition processes with instruction, including reading, writing, mathematics, curriculum design and reform, and reasoning. The selection first takes a look at the issues in cognitive psychology and instruction, reading, and writing. Discussions focus on the processes of knowledge acquisition, cognitive prescriptions for teaching, cognitive components of reading, instruction in reading, distinctive nature of higher order mental activity in written composition, and knowledge-transforming procedures within the general context of higher order skills. The publication also offers information on second language and mathematics. The text ponders on science, social studies, and art. Topics include psychological research related to curriculum design, science curriculum reform, curriculum and instructional components of social studies and social sciences, evidence for individual styles in young children, educational considerations, and concept of style. The text then examines music and reasoning. The selection is a valuable source of data for readers and cognitive psychologists pursuing research on the relationship of cognition and instruction.

Personality in Search of Individuality - In Search of Individuality (Hardcover): Nathan Brody Personality in Search of Individuality - In Search of Individuality (Hardcover)
Nathan Brody
R1,550 Discovery Miles 15 500 Within 7 - 11 working days

In this, his fourth book published by Academic Press, the author pursues current theories in the expansive field of personality research. Presenting a unique perspective on recent developments in the field, the emphasis is on empirical research. Topics discussed include stability and change in traits, the behavior genetics of traits, a review and defense of trait theory, and a comprehensive review of research on the unconscious.

Complex Movement Behaviour, Volume 50 - 'The' Motor-Action Controversy (Hardcover): Onno G Meijer, Klaus Roth Complex Movement Behaviour, Volume 50 - 'The' Motor-Action Controversy (Hardcover)
Onno G Meijer, Klaus Roth
R2,213 Discovery Miles 22 130 Within 7 - 11 working days

The major focus of this book is on the differences between ecological approaches to action (`action theories'), and theories on motor control and learning couched in terms of information processing (`motor theories'). Proponents of both approaches express their views in Part 1 and the differences between the approaches are further analysed. Part 2 presents empirical studies, while in Part 3, methodological, philosophical and scientific implications are discussed and the possibility of a solution is considered.

The Development of Scientific Thinking Skills, Volume V (Hardcover): Harry Beilin The Development of Scientific Thinking Skills, Volume V (Hardcover)
Harry Beilin; Volume editing by Deanna Kuhn, Eric Amsel, Michael O'Loughlin
R2,015 Discovery Miles 20 150 Within 7 - 11 working days

How is existing knowledge reconciled with new information in the mind of a young child, as compared to that of a more sophisticated thinker?
Development of Scientific Thinking Skills explores a new framework for the conceptualization of changes in the strategies of inductive reasoning from middle childhood to adulthood.
Key Features
* Cognitive development
* Thinking skills
* Scientific thinking
* Evidence evaluation
* Theory Revision

Blind Alleys in Social Psychology - A Search for Ways Out (Hardcover): Antti Eskola, A. Kihlstrom, D. Kivinen, K. Weckroth,... Blind Alleys in Social Psychology - A Search for Ways Out (Hardcover)
Antti Eskola, A. Kihlstrom, D. Kivinen, K. Weckroth, O.-H. Ylijoki
R2,303 Discovery Miles 23 030 Within 7 - 11 working days

Real advances are not made in blind alleys (or culs-de-sac). In Social Psychology, as in every branch of science, the paths which appear to offer progress do not always result in theoretical elegance. Certain basic problems persistently defy final solution. This volume surveys the foundations and methods of Social Psychology with the aim of identifying ways out of the research maze. It examines the history and traditions of the field, looks at methodology and conceptual schemes, and discusses the actual research methods used.

Psychobiology and Early Development (Hardcover): Hellgard Rauh, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen Psychobiology and Early Development (Hardcover)
Hellgard Rauh, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen
R2,300 Discovery Miles 23 000 Within 7 - 11 working days

This volume is the outcome of an international symposium held in Berlin, FRG, which brought together researchers in the field of infant development. The contributors are from Europe and North America, and have as their primary professional interest either pediatrics, biology or psychology. These fields, in spite of common involvement and large overlap, still have to overcome communication problems and differences in scientific approaches. The emphasis of this book is on the efforts of the participants towards reaching a mutual understanding. In spite of disciplinary diversity, the papers in this book complement each other, and set the scene for future multidisciplinary research and exchange in the field of infant development.

Neurophysiological and Neurospsychological Aspects of Spatial Neglect (Hardcover): Marc Jeannerod Neurophysiological and Neurospsychological Aspects of Spatial Neglect (Hardcover)
Marc Jeannerod
R2,306 Discovery Miles 23 060 Within 7 - 11 working days

Spatial Neglect is one of the few areas in Neuropsychology where clinicians, psychologists and animal experimenters have succeeded in adopting a common language. The result of interaction between these three approaches has been some important new advances, which are presented in this volume. Apart from its clinical significance in neuropsychology, Spatial Neglect raises important questions in the field of behavioral neurosciences. In this volume, three aspects are examined: a) normal subjects, where new findings on spatial behavior are described. b) brain-lesioned subjects, where the classical studies on neglect are reconsidered in the light of new findings. c) animals, where new experimental situations allow a deeper understanding of the neural substrate.

Statistical Methods for Meta-Analysis (Hardcover): Larry V. Hedges, Ingram Olkin Statistical Methods for Meta-Analysis (Hardcover)
Larry V. Hedges, Ingram Olkin
R1,550 Discovery Miles 15 500 Within 7 - 11 working days

The main purpose of this book is to address the statistical issues for integrating independent studies. There exist a number of papers and books that discuss the mechanics of collecting, coding, and preparing data for a meta-analysis, and we do not deal with these.
Because this book concerns methodology, the content necessarily is statistical, and at times mathematical. In order to make the material accessible to a wider audience, we have not provided proofs in the text. Where proofs are given, they are placed as commentary at the end of a chapter. These can be omitted at the discretion of the reader.
Throughout the book we describe computational procedures whenever required. Many computations can be completed on a hand calculator, whereas some require the use of a standard statistical package such as SAS, SPSS, or BMD. Readers with experience using a statistical package or who conduct analyses such as multiple regression or analysis of variance should be able to carry out the analyses described with the aid of a statistical package.

The Counselor as Gatekeeper - Social Interaction in Inverviews (Hardcover): Frederick Erickson, Jeffrey Schultz The Counselor as Gatekeeper - Social Interaction in Inverviews (Hardcover)
Frederick Erickson, Jeffrey Schultz
R1,549 Discovery Miles 15 490 Within 7 - 11 working days
Varieties of Early Experience: Implications for the Development of Declarative Memory in Infancy, Volume 38 (Hardcover):... Varieties of Early Experience: Implications for the Development of Declarative Memory in Infancy, Volume 38 (Hardcover)
Patricia J. Bauer
R1,538 Discovery Miles 15 380 Within 7 - 12 working days

Volume 38 of the "Advances in Child Development and Behavior" series is concerned with the development of memory in the first years of life. It covers an introduction to normative development of memory during this period andan introduction of a means of assessing memory in preverbal infants--namely, elicited imitation.Three chapters each concern a special population in which we have reason to believe the development of memory will be affected due to compromised hippocampal development as a result of maternal gestational diabetes, preterm birth, early deprivation resulting from institutional (orphanage) care, and abuse and/or neglect by the caregiver.
*Goes in depth to addressthe varieties of Early Experience: Influences on Declarative Memory Development
*A necessary resource for both psychology researchers and students"

Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, Volume 43 (Hardcover, 43rd edition): Mark P. Zanna, James M. Olson Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, Volume 43 (Hardcover, 43rd edition)
Mark P. Zanna, James M. Olson
R2,313 Discovery Miles 23 130 Within 8 - 13 working days

"Advances in Experimental Social Psychology "continues to be one of the most sought after and most often cited series in this field. Containing contributions of major empirical and theoretical interest, this series represents the best and the brightest in new research, theory, and practice in social psychology.
This serial is part of the Social Sciences package on ScienceDirect. Visit info.sciencedirect.com for more information.
"Advances in Experimental Social Psychology" is available online on ScienceDirect full-text online of volume 32 onward.
Elsevier book series on ScienceDirect gives multiple users throughout an institution simultaneous online access to an important complement to primary research. Digital delivery ensures users reliable, 24-hour access to the latest peer-reviewed content. The Elsevier book series are compiled and written by the most highly regarded authors in their fields and are selected from across the globe using Elsevier s extensive researcher network.
For more information about the Elsevier Book Series on ScienceDirect Program, please visit: info.sciencedirect.com/bookseries/
One of the most sought after and most often cited series in this field. Contains contributions of major empirical and theoretical interest. This series represents the best and the brightest in new research, theory, and practice in social psychology."

The Psychology of Risk Taking Behavior, Volume 107 (Hardcover): R.M. Trimpop The Psychology of Risk Taking Behavior, Volume 107 (Hardcover)
R.M. Trimpop
R1,428 Discovery Miles 14 280 Special order

This book aims to help the reader to understand what motivates people to engage in risk taking behavior, such as participating in traffic, sports, financial investments, or courtship. The consequences of risk taking may be positive, or result in accidents and injuries, especially in traffic. The wealth of studies and theories (about 1000 references) is used to offer a cohesive, holistic view of risk motivation. The risk motivation theory is a dynamic state-trait model incorporating physiological, emotional and cognitive components of risk perception, processing and planning. If a deficit exists between desired and perceived risk, risk compensation behavior results. A feedback loop provides new information for the next perception-motivation-behavior process. Assumptions were tested and support was found with 120 subjects in a longitudinal study. The concepts and findings are discussed in relation to psychological theories and their meaning for our daily lives.

Early Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 1 - A Critical Analysis (Hardcover): Johnny L. Matson, Noha F. Minshawi Early Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 1 - A Critical Analysis (Hardcover)
Johnny L. Matson, Noha F. Minshawi
R1,817 Discovery Miles 18 170 Special order

This book is the first in a series aimed at addressing the rapidly expanding field of assessment and treatment of children with mental health issues and/or development disabilities. Autism: Early Childhood Interventions is aimed at the researcher of practitioner who works with those young children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. In addition to covering major research developments in differential diagnosis and early intervention, the author's provide a critical review and analysis of core concept that define this area.

The first chapter of the book reviews the development of definitions of autism along with early methods for diagnosing this area of developmental disabilities. Chapter two covers some of the most discussed theories of etiology along with a review of prevalence and the author's opinions on why the number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder has increased markedly in recent years. A chapter on the most commonly used assessment methods and a critique of the psychometric properties of each is followed by three chapters on treatment. We have broken the treatment chapters down based on type of intervention. The first treatment chapter covers specific target behaviors or small sets of behaviors. A second chapter covers training for the packaged comprehensive treatment models with particular emphasis on the TEACCH, UCLA-YAP and the University of California Santa Barbara Autism Research and Training Program. Each of these programs gives a unique perspective on treatment for these young children. The final treatment chapter covers the recent developments in pharmacotherapy for autism spectrum disorder, with a critical analysis and review of the data.

We hope the overview presented proves to be of interest to researchers and practitioners in the field. We present one perspective on this exciting and innovative area of research and treatment. Hopefully, it will serve as one useful source to those who wish to provide the most up to date evidence based intervention to these young developmentally challenged children.
*The first of a new series that is intended to expand knowledge of the assessment and treatment of children with developmental disabilities and/or mental health issues
*Provides definitions, addresses diagnosis, intervention, and treatments
*Of particular importance to researchers and practitioners who work with children who have been diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Personality Judgment - A Realistic Approach to Person Perception (Hardcover): David C. Funder Personality Judgment - A Realistic Approach to Person Perception (Hardcover)
David C. Funder
R2,056 Discovery Miles 20 560 Special order

Accuracy in judging personality is important in clinical assessment, applied settings, and everyday life. Personality judgments are important in assessing job candidates, choosing friends, and determining who we can trust and rely on in our personal lives. Thus, the accuracy of those judgments is important to both individuals and organizations.
In examining personality judgment, this book takes a sweeping look at the field's history, assumptions, and current research findings. The book explores the construct of traits within the person-situation debate, defends the human judge in the face of the fundamental attribution error, and discusses research on four categories of moderators in judgment: the good judge, the judgeable target, the trait being judged, and the information on which the judgment is based.
Spanning two decades of accuracy research, this book makes clear not only how personality judgment has come to its current standing but also where it may move in the future.
* * Covers 20 years worth of historical, current and future trends in personality judgment.
* * Includes discussions of debatable issues related to accuracy and error. The author is well known for his recently developed theoy of the process by which one person may render an accurate judgment of the personality traits of another.

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