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Books > Academic & Education > Professional & Technical > Psychology

Cognitive Ergonomics - Contributions from Experimental Psychology (Hardcover): G.C.Van Der Veer, Sebastiano Bagnara, G. A. M.... Cognitive Ergonomics - Contributions from Experimental Psychology (Hardcover)
G.C.Van Der Veer, Sebastiano Bagnara, G. A. M. Kempen
R1,058 Discovery Miles 10 580 Special order

This collection of papers illustrates how concepts, theories and techniques from experimental psychology can be applied in the domain of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI). An experimental psychological basis for cognitive ergonomics is presented, built on a foundation of theoretical and experimental research. In addition, various issues in cognitive ergonomics are closely examined, including performance in specific interactive tasks - such as computer programming and program debugging. Other subject areas covered include database interrogation, text editing and graphics design.

The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Volume 44 - Advances in Research and Theory (Hardcover, New): Brian H. Ross The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Volume 44 - Advances in Research and Theory (Hardcover, New)
Brian H. Ross
R2,629 Discovery Miles 26 290 Special order

The Psychology of Learning and Motivation publishes empirical and theoretical contributions in cognitive and experimental psychology, ranging from classical and instrumental conditioning to complex learning and problem solving. Each chapter provides a thoughtful integration of a body of work.

Advances in the Study of Behavior, Volume 32 (Hardcover): Peter J.B. Slater, Jay S. Rosenblatt, Charles T. Snowdon, Timothy J.... Advances in the Study of Behavior, Volume 32 (Hardcover)
Peter J.B. Slater, Jay S. Rosenblatt, Charles T. Snowdon, Timothy J. Roper
R2,897 Discovery Miles 28 970 Special order

The aim of Advances in the Study of Behavior remains as it has been since the series began: to serve the increasing number of scientists who are engaged in the study of animal behavior by presenting their theoretical ideas and research to their colleagues and to those in neighboring fields. We hope that the series will continue its "contribution to the development of the field," as its intended role was phrased in the Preface to the first volume in 1965. Since that time, traditional areas of animal behavior have achieved new vigor by the links they have formed with related fields and by the closer relationship that now exists between those studying animal and human subjects.

The Grasping Hand, Volume 104 (Hardcover): Christine L. Mackenzie, Thea Iberall The Grasping Hand, Volume 104 (Hardcover)
Christine L. Mackenzie, Thea Iberall
R1,430 Discovery Miles 14 300 Special order

The simple task of grasping objects has been studied for centuries by scientists, therapists and engineers who have tried to understand and duplicate the versatility of the human hand. Using an interdisciplinary approach and new framework for looking at prehension, the authors uncover the subleties of the amazing interaction between the hand and the brain. They draw from such diverse fields as experimental psychology, kinesiology, robotics, neural networks, artificial intelligence, neuropsychology and rehabilitation. A triangle strategy is presented, starting from conceptual models that suggest both experimental and computational models. Chapters describe the multiple postures established by the hand, phases in the dynamic process of reaching for, grasping and manipulating various objects, and the constraints acting on such activity.

Appendices provide the complete anatomy of the upper limb, the basics of computational modelling, and the fundamentals of prosthetic and dextrous robot hands. The ultimate goal of this book is to develop a common vocabularly for multidisciplinary researchers who strive to understand a system as complex as the hand under the control of the human brain.

Handbook of Psycholinguistics (Hardcover, 2nd edition): Matthew J. Traxler, Morton Ann Gernsbacher Handbook of Psycholinguistics (Hardcover, 2nd edition)
Matthew J. Traxler, Morton Ann Gernsbacher
R4,749 Discovery Miles 47 490 Special order

With Psycholinguistics in its fifth decade of existence, the second edition of the Handbook of Psycholinguistics represents a comprehensive survey of psycholinguistic theory, research and methodology, with special emphasis on the very best empirical research conducted in the past decade. Thirty leading experts have been brought together to present the reader with both broad and detailed current issues in Language Production, Comprehension and Development.

The handbook is an indispensible single-source guide for professional researchers, graduate students, advanced undergraduates, university and college teachers, and other professionals in the fields of psycholinguistics, language comprehension, reading, neuropsychology of language, linguistics, language development, and computational modeling of language. It will also be a general reference for those in neighboring fields such as cognitive and developmental psychology and education.
*Provides a complete account of psycholinguistic theory, research, and methodology
*30 of the field's foremost experts have contributed to this edition
*An invaluable single-source reference

The Psychology of Stalking - Clinical and Forensic Perspectives (Paperback): J.Reid Meloy The Psychology of Stalking - Clinical and Forensic Perspectives (Paperback)
J.Reid Meloy
R883 Discovery Miles 8 830 Special order

The Psychology of Stalking is the first scholarly book on stalking ever published. Virtually every serious writer and researcher in this area of criminal psychopathology has contributed a chapter. These chapters explore stalking from social, psychiatric, psychological and behavioral perspectives. New thinking and data are presented on threats, pursuit characteristics, psychiatric diagnoses, offender-victim typologies, cyberstalking, false victimization syndrome, erotomania, stalking and domestic violence, the stalking of public figures, and many other aspects of stalking, as well as legal issues. This landmark text is of interest to both professionals and other thoughtful individuals who recognize the serious nature of this ominous social behavior.
Key Features
* First scholarly book on stalking ever published
* Contributions from virtually all major researchers in field
* Discussion of what to do when being stalked
* Uses examples from recent publicized cases

Therapist's Guide to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Intervention (Paperback): Sharon L. Johnson Therapist's Guide to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Intervention (Paperback)
Sharon L. Johnson
R1,021 Discovery Miles 10 210 Special order

Sharon Johnson is the author of the best selling Therapist's Guide to Clinical Intervention now in its second edition. In this new book on PTSD, she lends her practical outline format to understanding PTSD assessment, treatment planning, and intervention. The book begins with a summary information on PTSD definition, and prevalence, assessment, and the evidence basis behind different treatment options. The book offers adjunctive skill building resources to supplement traditional therapy choices as well as forms for use in clinical practice.
This clinician's guide to diagnosing and treating PTSD is written in a concise format with much of the material in outline or bullet point format, allowing easy understanding of complex material for the busy therapist. The book includes a definition of the disorder, diagnostic criteria, the neurobiology of the disorder, tools and information for diagnosing clients, information on functional impairment, interventions, treatment planning, skill building, and additional clinician resources.
* Outlines treatment goals and objectives for DSM-IV PTSD diagnosis
* Discusses interventions and the evidence basis for each
* Offers skill building resources to supplement treatment
* Provides business and clinical forms for use with PTSD patients

Empirical Methods for Evaluating Educational Interventions (Hardcover, New): Gary D. Phye, Daniel H. Robinson, Joel Levin Empirical Methods for Evaluating Educational Interventions (Hardcover, New)
Gary D. Phye, Daniel H. Robinson, Joel Levin
R1,765 Discovery Miles 17 650 Special order

New US government requirements state that federally funded grants and school programs must prove that they are based on scientifically proved improvements in teaching and learning. All new grants must show they are based on scientifically sound research to be funded, and budgets to schools must likewise show that they are based on scientifically sound research. However, the movement in education over the past several years has been toward qualitative rather than quantitative measures. The new legislation comes at a time when researchers are ill trained to measure results or even to frame questions in an empirical way, and when school administrators and teachers are no longer remember or were never trained to prove statistically that their programs are effective.
Experimental Methods for Evaluating Educational Interventions is a tutorial on what it means to frame a question in an empirical manner, how one needs to test that a method works, what statistics one uses to measure effectiveness, and how to document these findings in a way so as to be compliant with new empirically based requirements. The book is simplistic enough to be accessible to those teaching and administrative educational professionals long out of schooling, but comprehensive and sophisticated enough to be of use to researchers who know experimental design and statistics but don't know how to use what they know to write acceptable grant proposals or to get governmental funding for their programs.
* Provides an overview to interpreting empirical data in education
* Reviews data analysis techniques: use and interpretation
* Discusses research on learning, instruction, and curriculum
* Explores importance of showing progress as well as cause and effect
* Identifies obstacles to applying research into practice
*Examines policy development for states, nations, and countries

Artificial Intelligence (Hardcover, 2nd ed.): Margaret A. Boden Artificial Intelligence (Hardcover, 2nd ed.)
Margaret A. Boden
R2,580 Discovery Miles 25 800 Special order

Artificial Intelligence is the study of how to build or program computers to enable them to do what minds can do. This volume discusses the ways in which computational ideas and computer modeling can aid our understanding of human and animal minds. Major theoretical approaches are outlined, as well as some promising recent developments. Fundamental philosophical questions are discussed along with topics such as: the differences between symbolic and connectionist AI, planning and problem solving, knowledge representation, learning, expert systems, vision, natural language, creativity, and human-computer interaction. This volume is suitable for any psychologist, philosopher, or computer scientist wanting to know the current state of the art in this area of cognitive science.
Key Features
* Up-to-date account of how computational ideas and techniques are relevant to psychology
* Includes discussions of "classical" (symbolic) AI, of connectionism (neural nets), of evolutionary programming, and of A-Life
* Discusses a wide range of psychology from low-level vision to creativity

Measurement, Judgment, and Decision Making (Hardcover, 2nd Revised edition): Michael H. Birnbaum Measurement, Judgment, and Decision Making (Hardcover, 2nd Revised edition)
Michael H. Birnbaum
R3,437 Discovery Miles 34 370 Special order

Measurement, Judgment, and Decision Making provides an excellent introduction to measurement, which is one of the most basic issues of the science of psychology and the key to science. Written by leading researchers, the book covers measurement, psychophysical scaling, multidimensional scaling, stimulus categorization, and behavioral decision making. Each chapter provides a useful handbook summary and unlocks the door for a scholar who desires entry to that field.
Any psychologist who manipulates an independent variable that affects a psychological construct or who uses a numerical dependent variable to measure a psychological construct will want to study this book.
Written by leading researchers in fields of measurement, psychophysical scaling, multidimensional scaling, stimulus categorization, and behavioral decision making
Provides basic definitions and summaries of theories
Presents summaries and citations to relevant literature
Contains new developments, current controversies, and open questions
Explains relationships among fields and historical links

International Handbook of Cognitive and Behavioural Treatments for Psychological Disorders (Hardcover): V.E. Caballo International Handbook of Cognitive and Behavioural Treatments for Psychological Disorders (Hardcover)
V.E. Caballo
R3,489 Discovery Miles 34 890 Special order

This handbook shows the wide perspective cognitive-behavioural treatment can offer to health professionals, the vast majority of whom now recognize that cognitive behavioural procedures are very useful in treating many 'mental' disorders, even if certain disciplines continue to favour other kinds of treatment. This book offers a wide range of structured programmes for the treatment of various psychological/psychiatric disorders as classified by the DSM-IV. The layout will be familiar to the majority of health professionals in the description of mental disorders and their later treatment. It is divided into seven sections, covering anxiety disorders, sexual disorders, dissociative, somatoform, impulse control disorders, emotional disorders and psychotic and organic disorders. Throughout the twenty-three chapters, this book offers the health professional a structured guide with which to start tackling a whole series of 'mental' disorders and offers pointers as to where to find more detailed information. The programmes outlined should, it is hoped, prove more effective than previous approaches with lower economic costs and time investment for the patient and therapist.

On the Psychobiology of Personality - Essays in Honor of Marvin Zuckerman (Hardcover, New): Robert M. Stelmack On the Psychobiology of Personality - Essays in Honor of Marvin Zuckerman (Hardcover, New)
Robert M. Stelmack
R2,544 Discovery Miles 25 440 Special order

Zuckerman received his Ph.D. in psychology from New York University, Graduate School of Arts and Science in 1954 with a specialization in clinical psychology. After graduation, he worked for three years as a clinical psychologist in state hospitals in Norwich, Connecticut and Indianapolis, Indiana. While in the latter position the Institute for Psychiatric Research was opened in the same medical center where he was working as a clinical psychologist. He obtained a position there with a joint appointment in the department of psychiatry. This was his first interdisciplinary experience with other researchers in psychiatry, biochemistry, psychopharmacology, and psychology.

His first research areas were personality assessment and the relation between parental attitudes and psychopathology. During this time, he developed the first real trait-state test for affects, starting with the Affect Adjective Check List for anxiety and then broadening it to a three-factor trait-state test including anxiety, depression, and hostility (Multiple Affect Adjective Check List). Later, positive affect scales were added.

Toward the end of his years at the institute, the first reports of the effects of sensory deprivation appeared and he began his own experiments in this field. These experiments, supported by grants from NIMH, occupied him for the next 10 years during his time at Brooklyn College, Adelphi University, and the research labs at Albert Einstein Medical Center in Philadelphia. This last job was his second interdisciplinary experience working in close collaboration with Harold Persky who added measures of hormonal changes to the sensory deprivation experiments. He collaborated with Persky in studies of hormonal changes during experimentally (hypnotically) induced emotions.

During his time at Einstein, he established relationships with other principal investigators in the area of sensory deprivation and they collaborated on the book Sensory Deprivation: 15 years of research edited by John Zubek (1969). His chapter on theoretical constructs contained the idea of using individual differences in optimal levels of stimulation and arousal as an explanation for some of the variations in response to sensory deprivation. The first sensation seeking scale (SSS) had been developed in the early 1960's based on these constructs.

At the time of his move to the University of Delaware in 1969, he turned his full attention to the SSS as the operational measure of the optimal level constructs. This was the time of the drug and sexual revolutions on and off campuses and research relating experience in these areas to the basic trait paid off and is continuing to this day in many laboratories. Two books have been written on this topic: Sensation Seeking: Beyond the Optimal Level of Arousal, 1979; Behavioral Expressions and Biosocial Bases of Sensation Seeking, 1994. Research on sensation seeking in America and countries around the world continues at an unabated level of journal articles, several hundred appearing since the 1994 book on the subject.

The theoretical model of sensation seeking changed as a consequence of research on the biological correlates of sensation seeking which included biochemical as well as psychophysiological variables. Genetic studies also indicated that sensation seeking was a major trait with a strong genetic/ biological basis. Zuckerman and his colleagues conducted research on the psychophysiological correlates of sensation seeking. One of these areas, augmenting/reducing of the cortical evoked potential, has provided a well replicated model of brain functioning in high and low sensation seekers, and Siegel has extended this into a model for sensation seeking in cats and rats. This animal model provides a link between sensation seeking and behavioral, genetic, physiological, and biochemical bases for the trait in other species. Investigators at other universities, Bardo at the University of Kentucky and LeMoal and Simon at the University of Bordeaux, have used the sensation seeking model to investigate the psychobiological basis of novelty seeking in rats.

Zuckerman's interest in the biological basis of the trait of sensation seeking broadened into a more general interest in the biological bases of personality, culminating in his book: "Psychobiology of Personality," 1991 and many book chapters and articles on the subject. His perspective in the area was broadened by sabbaticals spent with leaders in the field in England: Hans Eysenck, Jeffrey Gray, and Robert Plomin.

More recent research attempted to place sensation seeking within the context of new structural models for personality traits. Factor analytic studies showed that a combined factor of impulsivity and sensation seeking formed one of five, robust and replicable factors of personality. Research on this new measure of the basic trait is ongoing.

The Mind's Eye - Cognitive and Applied Aspects of Eye Movement Research (Hardcover): Ralph Radach, Jukka Hyona, Heiner... The Mind's Eye - Cognitive and Applied Aspects of Eye Movement Research (Hardcover)
Ralph Radach, Jukka Hyona, Heiner Deubel
R2,886 Discovery Miles 28 860 Special order

The book provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art overview of current research on cognitive and applied aspects of eye movements. The contents include peer-reviewed chapters based on a selection of papers presented at the 11th European Conference on Eye Movements (Turku, Finland 2001), supplemented by invited contributions. The ECEM conference series brings together researchers from various disciplines with an interest to use eye-tracking to study perceptual and higher order cognitive functions.
The contents of the book faithfully reflect the scope and diversity of interest in eye-tracking as a fruitful tool both in basic and applied research. It consists of five sections: visual information processing and saccadic eye movements; empirical studies of reading and language production; computational models of eye movements in reading; eye-tracking as a tool to study human-computer interaction; and eye movement applications in media and communication research.
Each section is concluded by a commentary chapter by one of the leading authorities in the field. These commentaries discuss and integrate the contributions in the section and provide an expert view on the most significant present and future developments in the respective areas.
The book is a reference volume including a large body of new empirical work but also principal theoretical viewpoints of leading research groups in the field.

The ABCs of Learning Disabilities (Hardcover, 2nd edition): Bernice Y.L. Wong, Lorraine Graham, Maureen Hoskyn, Jeanette Berman The ABCs of Learning Disabilities (Hardcover, 2nd edition)
Bernice Y.L. Wong, Lorraine Graham, Maureen Hoskyn, Jeanette Berman
R1,033 Discovery Miles 10 330 Special order

The ABCs of Learning Disabilities, Second Edition, discusses major research findings on learning disabilities in children, adolescents and adults in language, memory, social skills, self-regulation, reading, mathematics, and writing, with an additional chapter on assessment. This concise primer is intended for use as an undergraduate introductory text to the field. Written with an evenness of tone, breadth, and depth, the conveys an engaging style meant to encourage the beginning student to identify the big picture and to be interested in conceptual issues as well as research findings.
* Undergraduate level text
* 90% new material
* Concise introduction to field
* Covers current concepts like removing the IQ-performance discrepancy formula in diagnosing learning disabilities
* New chapter on self-regulation and learning disabilities
* Whole school approach to social skills intervention

The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Volume 49 - Advances in Research and Theory (Hardcover, 49th edition): Brian H. Ross The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Volume 49 - Advances in Research and Theory (Hardcover, 49th edition)
Brian H. Ross
R2,626 Discovery Miles 26 260 Special order

The Psychology of Learning and Motivation publishes empirical and theoretical contributions in cognitive and experimental psychology, ranging from classical and instrumental conditioning to complex learning and problem solving. Volume 49 contains chapters on short-term memory, theory and measurement of working memory capacity limits, development of perceptual grouping in infancy, co-constructing conceptual domains through family conversations and activities, the concrete substrates of abstract rule use, ambiguity, accessibility, and a division of labor for communicative success, and lexical expertise and reading skill.

Children and Adolescents: Clinical Formulation and Treatment - Comprehensive Clinical Psychology, Volume 5 (Paperback): Thomas... Children and Adolescents: Clinical Formulation and Treatment - Comprehensive Clinical Psychology, Volume 5 (Paperback)
Thomas H. Ollendick
R4,057 Discovery Miles 40 570 Special order

"Children & Adolescents: Clinical Formulation & Treatment" draws on the experience and research of leading scientists and clinicians from the United States, Australia, the United Kingdom, Israel and Canada to present state-of-the-art information on all aspects of child psychology and psychiatry. Special attention is given to the psychopathology, assessment, treatment, and prevention of childhood behavioral disorders.

The volume highlights the developmental-contextual framework used in the clinical formulation of these disorders, as well as process and outcome issues in treatment. Various theoretical perspectives are also reviewed, including applied behavior analysis, family systems therapy, play therapy, and pharmacologic therapy. In the final section, all of the major childhood disorders found in the DSM and ICD are described, with information on their prevalence, etiology, assessment, and treatment. This section also analyzes the empirical status of the various therapies used for the treatment of childhood disorders.

Section I examines the foundations for the conceptualization, assessment, and treatment of child psychopathology.
Section II reviews major theoretical approaches that have been used in the treatment of diverse child behavior disorders. Chapters use a similar format to discuss the approach including the following: theoretical underpinnings; history and current status; assessment and clinical formulation; description of the intervention procedures; proposed mechanisms of change; research findings; future directions for research and practice.
Section III addresses major child psychopathologies, their assessment, and treatment. Also using a structured format, chapters in this section include: a review of the disorder under consideration and exploration of its phenomenology, prevalence, etiology, and diagnostic features; a detailed examination of the conceptualization and clinical formulation of the disorder, its multimethod and multisource assessment; psychosocial and pharmacological treatment; future directions for research and practice.
"Children & Adolescents: Clinical Formulation & Treatment" was previously published as Volume 5 of the highly acclaimed major reference work, "Comprehensive Clinical Psychology," the single, most comprehensive source of information in the field of Clinical Psychology."

"Children are not miniature adults, rather they are growing, developing organisms who are richly embedded in diverse social contexts including the family, school, and communities in which they live. As such, they need to be viewed as distinct from adults and as important in their own right. Children have come of age. Hopefully, this volume will assist in their ongoing recognition and provide the reader with much information about assessment and treatment practices that are in their best interests."" Professor Thomas Ollendick, Preface to Volume 5, Comprehensive Clinical Psychology, 1998.

Adolescence - Development During a Global Era (Hardcover): Dena Phillips Swanson, Malik C. Edwards, Margaret Beale Spencer Adolescence - Development During a Global Era (Hardcover)
Dena Phillips Swanson, Malik C. Edwards, Margaret Beale Spencer
R2,148 Discovery Miles 21 480 Special order

This edited textbook will be appropriate for use in advanced undergraduate and graduate level courses and will serve as a comprehensive and timely introduction to the field of adolescent development, providing students with a strong foundation for understanding the biological, cognitive and psychosocial transitions occurring during adolescence. While certain normative biological and cognitive processes are relevant for all youth, development varies dramatically based on a youth's position in society. The volume will focus on contextual factors such as culture, racial identity, socioeconomic position and sociopolitical and historical events, highlighting the impact such factors have on the physiological and psychological processes and treating them as key elements in understanding development during this life stage. The authors will cover the major theoretical positions (both historical and contemporary) about adolescence as well as the relevant research and application. Additionally, modern phenomena - the ever-increasing influence of pop culture (i.e. Hip Hop), mass media and technology (i.e., the internet, gaming) and the evolution of family, education and the church - will be explored in depth. Each chapter will be written by a known expert in the field.
* More extensive analysis of cultural, political and socioeconomic factors impacting development than competing texts
* Research-to-Practice section covers evidence-based research on practice implementation
*The only advanced text with ancillary support and pedagogy--instructor website with test bank and image collection, plus summary box and study questions in each chapter

Learning and Cognition (Hardcover, New): Vibeke Grover Aukrust Learning and Cognition (Hardcover, New)
Vibeke Grover Aukrust
R1,721 Discovery Miles 17 210 Special order

Thiscollection of 58 articles from therecently-published third edition of the INTERNATIONAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF EDUCATION focus on learning, memory, attention, problem solving, concept formation, and language. Learning and cognition is the foundation of cognitive psychology and encompasses many topics including attention, memory, categorization, etc. Most books in the area either focus on one subtopic in-depth (e.g. an entire book on memory) or cover the gamut of subjects in a series of long, technical handbook-like chapters. This concise reference offers researchers and professors teaching in the area a new take on the material that is comprehensive in breadth, but lighter in depth - focusing on main findings, established facts, and minimizing the amount of space taken up by large, multi-volume references.
An introduction to a complex field via summaries of main topics in this disciplineContains contributions from the foremost international researchers in the fieldMakes content available to individual cognitive psychology researchers"

The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Volume 52 (Hardcover): Brian H. Ross The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Volume 52 (Hardcover)
Brian H. Ross
R2,489 Discovery Miles 24 890 Special order

Volume 47 of The Psychology of Learning and Motivation offers a discussion of the different factors that influence one's development as a mature and capable person. This is the latest release in this well-received and highly credible series of publications.
Broad topics including linguistics, the art of design, categorization of the social world, conversation, and classification are explored to provide the reader with an understanding of these steps one must take during his or her personal and social development. This title is a valuable resource for both psychology researchers and their students.
*Each of the seven chapters offers an in depth discussion of important influences on learning and motivation
*Diverse topics are discussed at length
*A great resource for academics, researchers, and advanced students

Intelligence, Mind, and Reasoning, Volume 106 - Structure and Development (Hardcover): Andreas Demetriou, Anastasia Efklides Intelligence, Mind, and Reasoning, Volume 106 - Structure and Development (Hardcover)
Andreas Demetriou, Anastasia Efklides
R1,406 Discovery Miles 14 060 Special order

This volume aims to contribute to the integration of three traditions that have remained separate in psychology. Specifically, the developmental, the psychometric, and the cognitive tradition. In order to achieve this aim, the text deals with these three aspects of human knowing that have been the focus of one or more of the three traditions for many years. Answers are provided to questions such as the following: What is common to intelligence, mind, and reasoning? What is specific to each of these three aspects of human knowing? How does each of them affect the functioning and development of the other?

The chapters are organized into two parts. Part I focuses on intelligence and mind and has reasoning at the background. The papers in this part present new theories and methods that systematically attempt to bridge psychometric theories of intelligence with theories of cognitive development or information processing theories. Part II focuses on mind and reasoning and has intelligence at the background. The papers in this part develop models of reasoning and attempt to show how reasoning interacts with mind and intelligence. Two discussion chapters are also included. These highlight the convergences and the divergences of the various traditions as represented in the book.

Substance Use Disorders - Assessment and Treatment (Hardcover): Charles E. Dodgen, W.Michael Shea Substance Use Disorders - Assessment and Treatment (Hardcover)
Charles E. Dodgen, W.Michael Shea
R1,326 Discovery Miles 13 260 Special order

Substance Use Disorders: Assessment and Treatment is a summary of everything a therapist should know about substance abuse in one easy-to-read comprehensive book. The book begins with a discussion of the pharmacology of specific drug classes (opioids, hallucinogens, etc.) and the epidemiology of abuse. It then presents psychological theories of substance abuse, the initiation and progression of substance abuse disorders, issues of prevention and early intervention, and screening and assessment for substance abuse (including specific tests for assessment) and discusses in detail the various treatment methodologies available. Two final chapters explore issues relevant to special populations and legal and ethical considerations, regarding issues such as confidentiality and coerced treatment.
Key Features
* A synthesis of the current research and clinical literature
* Includes strengths and weaknesses of commonly used psychometric assessment measures
* Presentation and review of a complete Psychosocial/Substance Use Assessment form
* Discussion of treatment settings and criteria for placement decisions
* Discussion of treatment alternatives and effectiveness of major pharmacological and psychotherapeutic approaches
* Discussion of factors leading to Relapse, and components of Relapse Prevention programs

Handbook of Work-Family Integration - Research, Theory, and Best Practices (Hardcover): Karen Korabik, Donna S. Lero, Denise L.... Handbook of Work-Family Integration - Research, Theory, and Best Practices (Hardcover)
Karen Korabik, Donna S. Lero, Denise L. Whitehead
R1,773 Discovery Miles 17 730 Special order

In today's industrialized societies, the majority of parents work full time while caring for and raising their children and managing household upkeep, trying to keep a precarious balance of fulfilling multiple roles as parent, worker, friend, & child. Increasingly demands of the workplace such as early or late hours, travel, commute, relocation, etc. conflict with the needs of being a parent. At the same time, it is through work that people increasingly define their identity and self-worth, and which provides the opportunity for personal growth, interaction with friends and colleagues, and which provides the income and benefits on which the family subsists. The interface between work and family is an area of increasing research, in terms of understanding stress, job burn out, self-esteem, gender roles, parenting behaviors, and how each facet affects the others.
The research in this area has been widely scattered in journals in psychology, family studies, business, sociology, health, and economics, and presented in diverse conferences (e.g., APA, SIOP, Academy of Management). It is difficult for experts in the field to keep up with everything they need to know, with the information dispersed. This Handbook will fill this gap by synthesizing theory, research, policy, and workplace practice/organizational policy issues in one place.
The book will be useful as a reference for researchers in the area, as a guide to practitioners and policy makers, and as a resource for teaching in both undergraduate and graduate courses.

Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Volume 50 - Psychology of Learning and Motivation Moral Judgement and Decision Making:... Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Volume 50 - Psychology of Learning and Motivation Moral Judgement and Decision Making: v. 50 (Hardcover, 50th edition)
Brian H. Ross; Volume editing by Christopher Bauman, Linda Skitka, Daniel Bartels, Douglas Medin
R2,626 Discovery Miles 26 260 Special order

This volume presents a variety of perspectives from within and outside moral psychology. Recently there has been an explosion of research in moral psychology, but it is one of the subfields most in need of bridge-building, both within and across areas. Interests in moral phenomena have spawned several separate lines of research that appear to address similar concerns from a variety of perspectives. The contributions to this volume examine key theoretical and empirical issues these perspectives share that connect these issues with the broader base of theory and research in social and cognitive psychology.

The first two chapters discuss the role of mental representation in moral judgment and reasoning. Sloman, Fernbach, and Ewing argue that causal models are the canonical representational medium underlying moral reasoning, and Mikhail offers an account that makes use of linguistic structures and implicates legal concepts. Bilz and Nadler follow with a discussion of the ways in which laws, which are typically construed in terms of affecting behavior, exert an influence on moral attitudes, cognition, and emotions.

Baron and Ritov follow with a discussion of how people's moral cognition is often driven by law-like rules that forbid actions and suggest that value-driven judgment is relatively less concerned by the consequences of those actions than some normative standards would prescribe. Iliev et al. argue that moral cognition makes use of both rules and consequences, and review a number of laboratory studies that suggest that values influence what captures our attention, and that attention is a powerful determinant of judgment and preference. Ginges follows with a discussion of how these value-related processes influence cognition and behavior outside the laboratory, in high-stakes, real-world conflicts.

Two subsequent chapters discuss further building blocks of moral cognition. Lapsley and Narvaez discuss the development of moral characters in children, and Reyna and Casillas offer a memory-based account of moral reasoning, backed up by developmental evidence. Their theoretical framework is also very relevant to the phenomena discussed in the Sloman et al., Baron and Ritov, and Iliev et al. chapters.

The final three chapters are centrally focused on the interplay of hot andcold cognition. They examine the relationship between recent empirical findings in moral psychology and accounts that rely on concepts and distinctions borrowed from normative ethics and decision theory. Connolly and Hardman focus on bridge-building between contemporary discussions in the judgment and decision making and moral judgment literatures, offering several useful methodological and theoretical critiques. Ditto, Pizarro, and Tannenbaum argue that some forms of moral judgment that appear objective and absolute on the surface are, at bottom, more about motivated reasoning in service of some desired conclusion. Finally, Bauman and Skitka argue that moral relevance is in the eye of the perceiver and emphasize an empirical approach to identifying whether people perceive a given judgment as moral or non-moral. They describe a number of behavioral implications of people's reported perception that a judgment or choice is a moral one, and in doing so, they suggest that the way in which researchers carve out the moral domain "a priori" might be dubious."

Biological Research on Addiction - Comprehensive Addictive Behaviors and Disorders, Volume 2 (Hardcover, New): Peter M. Miller Biological Research on Addiction - Comprehensive Addictive Behaviors and Disorders, Volume 2 (Hardcover, New)
Peter M. Miller
R3,637 Discovery Miles 36 370 Special order

"Biological Research on Addiction" examines the neurobiological mechanisms of drug use and drug addiction, describing how the brain responds to addictive substances as well as how it is affected by drugs of abuse. The book's four main sections examine behavioral and molecular biology; neuroscience; genetics; and neuroimaging and neuropharmacology as they relate to the addictive process.

This volume is especially effective in presenting current knowledge on the key neurobiological and genetic elements in an individual s susceptibility to drug dependence, as well as the processes by which some individuals proceed from casual drug use to drug dependence.

"Biological Research on Addiction" is one of three volumes comprising the 2,500-page series, "Comprehensive Addictive Behaviors and Disorders." This series provides the most complete collection of current knowledge on addictive behaviors and disorders to date. In short, it is the definitive reference work on addictions.
Each article provides glossary, full references, suggested readings, and a list of web resourcesEdited and authored by the leaders in the field around the globe - the broadest, most expert coverage availableDiscusses the genetic basis of addictionCovers basic science research from a variety of animal studies"

International Review of Research in Mental Retardation, Volume 28 - Personality and Motivational Systems in Mental Retardation... International Review of Research in Mental Retardation, Volume 28 - Personality and Motivational Systems in Mental Retardation (Hardcover, New edition)
Laraine Masters Glidden; Volume editing by Harvey N. Switzky
R3,985 Discovery Miles 39 850 Special order

Motivation is the energizing force that drives much of our attention, conscious effort, and achievement in life. Yet this important driving force may be absent, low, or problematic in persons with mental retardation. This special thematic volume in the "International Review of Research in Mental Retardation" focuses on motivation within this special population. The book explores several theoretical models of motivation, as well as discussing issues of goal orientation, self-regulated academic learning, the setting and monitoring of realistic goals, and social competence for people with mental retardation. Additional chapters discuss the measurement of subjective well-being and quality of life in this population, and strategies for empowering students with developmental difficulties as well as instructional practices and contexts that can enhance motivation, learning, and achievement.

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