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Researchers and clinicians working with Obsessive-Compulsive
Disorders (OCD) and related disorders who need the most current
information available will find this volume of great use. This work
covers contemporary theory, research, and treatment of the various
subtypes of OCD and problems often referred to as OCD spectrum
Given the vast amount of research related to behavioral assessment,
it is difficult for clinicians to keep abreast of new developments.
In recent years, there have been advances in assessment, case
conceptualization, treatment planning, treatment strategies for
specific disorders, and considerations of new ethical and legal
issues. Keeping track of advances requires monitoring diverse
resources limited to specific disorders, many of which are
theoretical rather than practical, or that offer clinical advice
without providing the evidence base for treatment recommendations.
This handbook was created to fill this gap, summarizing critical
information for adult behavioral assessment.
The US Dept. of Education, in conjunction with the US Dept. of
Health and Human Services, recently unveiled a $50 million effort
to expand research on early childhood cognitive development. A key
issue identified requiring more information and research was the
education and professional development of educators. Along these
lines, Doug Greer has prepared a book discussing how best to teach,
how to design functional curricula, and how to support teachers in
using state-of-the-art science instruction materials.
Over the past decade, legal wagering has expanded rapidly in North
America. In 1998 alone, people lost 50 billion dollars in legal
betting and it is estimated that illegal wagering is twice that
amount. A recent government report, based on the broadest
population survey, concludes that the lifetime and pathological
gamblers in the U.S. range between 4 and 10 million persons and is
growing. If we include the families affected by problem gambling
then the potential impact is indeed prodigious. Virtually no
community in the U.S. and Canada is left untouched by entertainment
or problem gambling. Treating problem gambling has evolved from a
small group of practitioners in the 1980's working in specialty
impatient units into an international enterprise that affects the
caseload of many mental health professionals. Owing to its quiet
origins, problem gambling treatment strategies are not well known
throughout the clinical community. Consequently the average
clinician is him/herself "learning as they go." This approach does
not benefit either client or therapist. As the book's first chapter
makes clear, problem gambling differs significantly from substance
abuse, its nearest clinical relative. Not attending to these
differences leads to poor results and clinical failure. This book
is the one essential tool needed by clinicians treating or likely
to treat problem gambling. Written by a clinician with wide
experience, it is intended for the general clinician treating or
likely to treat problem gambling desiring a comprehensive, yet
The Essence of Psychotherapy traces the common thread in all
psychotherapy approaches--behavioral, cognitive, psychodynamic,
strategic, and humanistic--and defines this "essence" as a set of
fundamental principles and ultimate objectives that must be
preserved in the face of increased standardization in the field.
While today's therapist is guided by protocols and manuals,
psychotherapy, in practice, remains an art. Nicholas and Janet
Cummings have gathered case studies of master therapists to
illustrate the essential process of successful therapy and to show
that, as an art, it is both teachable and verifiable.
The field of psychological assessment has been undergoing rapid
change. The second edition of this Handbook, published in 1990,
appeared at the beginning of a decade marked by extensive advances
in assessment in essentially all of its specialized areas. There
are many new tests, new applications of established tests, and new
test systems. Major revisions have appeared of established tests,
notably the Wechsler intelligence scales. The time seemed right for
a third edition, since even over the relatively brief period of ten
years, many tests described in the second edition have been
replaced, and are no longer commonly used. Furthermore, much new
research in such areas as neuropsychology, cognitive science, and
psychopathology have made major impacts on how many tests and other
assessment procedures are used and interpreted. This third edition
represents an effort to give the reader an overview of the many new
developments in assessment, while still maintaining material on
basic psychometric concepts in order for it to continue to serve as
a comprehensive handbook for the student and professional.
Volume 21 of "Research in Organizational Behavior" continues the tradition of innovation and theoretical development with eight diverse papers. Most of these papers present theory and propositions that make linkages between different levels of analysis. The subjects addressed include: a multilevel theory of self-serving behavior; individual, organizational and institutional processes which lead to environmental destruction; the role of collective mindfulness in high reliability organizations; the effect of digital communications technologies on work and organizations; and organizational identification.
This is a comprehensive, interpretive account of aphasia written to
appeal to a broad audience. It combines historical, anatomic, and
psychological approaches toward understanding the nature of
aphasia. Included is a discussion of the brain-language
relationship, the symptoms and syndromes common to aphasia, and
alternative approaches to classification.
The "Psychology of Learning and Motivation" series publishes
empirical and theoretical contributions in cognitive and
experimental psychology, ranging from classical and instrumental
conditioning to complex learning and problem solving. Each chapter
thoughtfully integrates the writings of leading contributors, who
present and discuss significant bodies of research relevant to
their discipline. Volume 56 includes chapters on such varied topics
as emotion and memory interference, electrophysiology, mathematical
cognition, and reader participation in narrative.
"Principles of Addiction "provides a solid understanding of the definitional and diagnostic differences between use, abuse, and disorder. It describes in great detail the characteristics of these syndromes and various etiological models.
The book's three main sections examine the nature of addiction, including epidemiology, symptoms, and course; alcohol and drug use among adolescents and college students; and detailed descriptions of a wide variety of addictive behaviors and disorders, encompassing not only drugs and alcohol, but caffeine, food, gambling, exercise, sex, work, social networking, and many other areas.
This volume is especially important in providing a basic introduction to the field as well as an in-depth review of our current understanding of the nature and process of addictive behaviors.
"Principles of Addiction" is one of three volumes comprising the
2,500-page series, "Comprehensive Addictive Behaviors and
Disorders." This series provides the most complete collection of
current knowledge on addictive behaviors and disorders to date. In
short, it is the definitive reference work on addictions.
In the current economy, companies are expected to turn on a dime
in response to changing market needs to stay vibrant. What that
means is that companies are constantly reorganizing. Employees are
living in a constant state of change. This dynamic in the workplace
has affected worker satisfaction, morale, and burnout. This is the
first treatment manual to focus on treating job-related issues,
whether it's conflict in the workplace, stress, burnout,
performance, and more. Divided into two parts, Part One sets the
stage with a discussion of the economic climate and how it impacts
businesses, how business reacts to it, and how the new business
climate affects employees. Part Two lays out the most current
research on effectively treating work-related client issues.
Individual, group, and organizational interventions are included,
along with case examples, practical treatment exercises,
checklists, and outlines for treatment.
WIth the ongoing pressures for psychologists to practice
evidence-based care, and the requirement insurance carriers have
both for treatment goals, measurement of outcomes, and a focus on
brief therapy, functional analysis provides a framework for
achieving all of the above. Having proven itself in treating
behavioral problems in education, functional analysis is now being
applied more broadly to behavioral and psychologial disorders.
Component cognitive processes have played a critical role in the development of experimental aging research and theory in psychology as attested by articles published on this theme. However, in the last five to ten years, there has been a substantial increase in the number of articles attempting to isolate a single factor (or small subset of factors) responsible for age differences in information processing. This view of aging is frequently termed the complexity model of the generalized slowing model, the primary assumption being that age differences in cognition are due simply to a relatively larger performance decrement on the part of older adults (compared to younger adults) as task complexity increases. Because generalized complexity theorists have questioned the utility of using component cognitive processes as theoretical constructs, the editors feel it is time to restate why component cognitive processes are critical to any thorough understanding of age differences in cognition. Thus the present edited volume represents an attempt to demonstrate the utility of the process-specific approach to cognitive aging. Central to this effort are illustrations of how regression analyses may provide evidence for general slowing by maximizing explained variance while at the same time obscuring local sources of variance.
The book concentrates on age differences in word and language processing, because these factors relate to reading which is a critical cognitive process used in everyday life. Furthermore, age differences in word and language processing illustrate the importance of taking component cognitive processes into consideration. The breadth of coverage of the book attests to the wide range of cognitive processes involved in word and language processing.
Our lives are informed by perceptual and cognitive processes at all levels, from instrumental learning to metaphorical discourse to memorial representation. Yet, historically, these two branches of experimental psychology, perception and cognition, have developed separately using independent methods of experimentation and analysis. This volume is motivated by the assumption that a fundamental integration of the two fields is fruitful methodologically and indispensable theoretically. It explores how the notion of psychophysics aligned with cognitive processes shapes the study of perception and cognition, and illuminates a variety of contemporary research issues from a novel theoretical perspective. The papers raise conceptual and metatheoretical issues against the background of relevant empirical data.
The authors provide a virtually narrative account of the most recent developments in their respective fields of expertise in psychophysics and cognitive psychology. Hence, this volume gives the interested reader an opportunity to reflect critically upon some of the current issues defining the two domains and their conjunction. Topics discussed include the psychology and psychophysics of similarity, the psychophysics of visual memory and cognitive factors in judgment. The emerging notion of cognitive psychophysics may well warrant the attention of experts in the field.
Memories are indispensable for individuals as well as social groups. Forgetting not only means loss of functioning but also loss of identity. Memories can also be hurting and cause problems, as research on posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD) has shown. This is true for individuals as well as social groups and even societies. Memories and especially negative memories can escape the control of the individual. Many political conflicts can only be understood when taking history and memories into account.
In this volume a comprehensive scientific overview is given on
the development of "hurting memories" in individuals and societies.
Consequences are described, i.e. from mental disorders in
individuals, like PTSD or other neurotic disorders, to societal
tensions and conflicts, from South Africa to Northern Europe.
Additionally, "beneficial forgetting" is discussed, from treatments
of individuals to reconciliation between social groups. The
contrasting of "hurting memories and beneficial forgetting" can
help to understand, that memories can have positive and negative
results and that it is difficult to decide when to support memories
and when forgetting.
Bringing individual and societal memories in coincetion - the benefit is a new perspective on the interactrion between individuals and society. Pointing to possible negative consequences of memory - the benefit is a new perspective of an important but under recognized scientific and clinical problem. Presenting modes of treatment and reconciliation for individuals and social groups - an overview which can not be found elsewhere.
This edited collection is intended as a primer for core concepts and principles in research ethics and as an in-depth exploration of the contextualization of these principles in practice across key disciplines. The material is nested so that readers can engage with it at different levels and depths. It is unique in that it combines an analysis of complex ethical debates about the nature of research and its governance with the best of case-based and discipline-specific approaches.
It deals with the following topics in depth: in the natural
sciences, it explores the scientific integrity of the researcher
and the research process, human cloning as a test case for the
limits to research, and the emerging ethical issues in
nanotechnology; in the health sciences, it takes up the question of
consent, assent and proxies, research with vulnerable groups and
the ethics of clinical trials; in the social sciences, it explores
the issues that arise in qualitative research, interviews and
ethnography; and in the humanities, it examines contested
archaeologies and research in divided societies.
Overview of Research Ethics Principles Full text papers from experienced researchers across many disciplines Dialogue with ethicists
"Advances in Experimental Social Psychology" continues to be one of
the most sought after and most often cited series in this field.
Containing contributions of major empirical and theoretical
interest, this series represents the best and the brightest in new
research, theory, and practice in social psychology.
"Handbook of Organizational Creativity" is designed toexplain
creativity and innovation in organizations. This handbook contains
28 chapters dedicated to particularly complex phenomena, all
written by leading experts in the field of organizational
creativity. The format of the book follows the multi-level
structure of creativity in organizations where creativity takes
place at the individual level, the group level, and the
organizational level. Beyond just theoretical frameworks,
applications and interventions are also emphasized. This topic will
be of particular interest to managers of creative personnel, and
managers that see the potential benefit of creativity to their
*Information is presented in a manner such that students, researchers, and managers alike should have much to gain from the present handbook *Variables such as idea generation, affect, personality, expertise, teams, leadership, and planning, among many others, are discussed *Specific practical interventions are discussed that involve training, development, rewards, and organizational development *Provides a summary of the field s history, the current state of the field, as well as viable directions for future research "
Each chapter provides in-depth discussions and this volume
serves as an invaluable resource for Developmental or educational
psychology researchers, scholars, and students.
Understanding the factors that place an individual at greater risk
of developing psychopathology has important implications for both
treatment and prevention of psychological disorders. Of critical
relevance in this regard is the exploration of the potential
influence of the family. Parenting and the family environment are
considered to significantly contribute to a child's early
development and adjustment. It follows then that parental behavior
may also be of importance in the development, maintenance and or
the prevention of psychopathology. Over the past 50 years there has
been a considerable amount of research as well as controversy
surrounding the link between parenting and psychopathology. The
purpose of this book is to provide researchers and clinicians with
state-of-the art research findings, presented by experts in the
field, on the role of the family in the development and maintenance
This edited book is divided into 3 sections. The first addresses broader issues of theory and methodology and the second provides separate chapters relating to the role of the family in the development and maintenance of specific psychopathologies. A final section discusses the involvement of the family in treatment and prevention.
Individual Case Formulation presents formulation as a process that can be taught systematically to trainee therapists. The book begins by discussing assorted theories of case formulation, and critiques their ability to be applied in real world situations. The individual case formulation approach is then defined and discussed as a way to integrate the best of what different theoretical orientations have to offer in conjunction with the expertise and clinical judgment of the therapist. The book proposes a systemic/functional framework that focuses on difficulties as defined by the client and emphasizes constructive solutions to problems rather than symptom reduction. Moving from theory to application, the book then guides therapists in how to conduct assessment interviews, how to reach a provisional formulation, how to test that formulation for accuracy and reformulate if necessary, how a therapist can make explicit what their clinical reasoning was in making the case formulation, and provides case examples and transcripts so readers will better grasp the concepts in action.
Intended both for the starting or trainee therapist and the experienced clinician, "Individual Case Formulation" provides a practical guide for those looking to improve their case formulation skills.
Richard Hallam, in a significant contribution to the understanding of this topic, presents us with both a scholarly and reflective review about the nature of Individual Case Formulation (ICF) in contemporary psychotherapy, and, also with a practical guide (well illustrated with case material) about how it may be further developed.
...this thought provoking book provides a timely review of both conceptual bases of ICF and an examination of current assumptions underlying ICF in the light of modern pressures to put people s psychological problems and complexities in to over simple categories, such as medical diagnoses.
This is a book that should be a major reference text in all clinical and counselling psychology courses but, it is also a thought provoking volume to read for the established practitioner (or clinician).
-David J. de L. Horne, "Clinical Psychologist"
Reviews, critiques and compares multiple theories on formulationIdentifies benefits of utilizing the individual case approachGuides trainee therapists how to conduct assessment interviews and reach a provisional formulationPresents a conceptual framework for developing and testing a formulationHelps trainees make explicit their clinical reasoningField-tested for several decadesProvides case examples with annotated transcripts to illustrate the process of formulation"
In the last few decades, scientists have discovered that far
from being a time of neural silence, sleep is characterized by
complex patterns of electrical, neurochemical, and metabolic
activity in the brain. "Sleep and the Brain" presents some of the
more dramatic developments in our understanding of brain activity
in sleep. The book discusses what parts of the brain are active in
sleep and how, and presents research on the function of sleep in
memory, learning, and further brain development. Coverage
encompasses the network and membrane mechanisms responsible for
waking and sleeping brain activity, the roles of glial cells in the
sleeping brain, the molecular basis of sleep EEG rhythms, and
research on songbirds, rodents, and humans indicating the function
"Advances in the Study of Behavior" was initiated over 40 years ago to serve the increasing number of scientists engaged in the study of animal behavior. That number is still expanding. This thematic volume makes another important "contribution to the development of the field" by bringing together material that aggregates studies conducted on the behavior of tropical animals. "Advances in the Study of Behavior" is now available online at ScienceDirect - full-text online from volume 30 onward.
"Solution Focused Anxiety Management" provides the clinician with evidence-based techniques to help clients manage anxiety. Cognitive behavioral and strategic tools, acceptance-based ideas, and mindfulness are introduced from a solution-focused perspective and tailored to client strengths and preferences.
The book presents the conceptual foundation, methods, and attitudes of a solution-focused approach. Case examples illustrate how to transform anxiety into the "Four Cs" (courage, coping, appropriate caution and choice). Readers learn how to utilize solution focused anxiety management in single-session, brief, and intermittent therapy as well as in a class setting.
The book additionally includes all materials needed for teaching solution focused anxiety management in a four-session psychoeducational class: complete instructor notes, learner readings, and companion online materials.
Focuses on what works in anxiety management
Presents evidenced based techniques from a solution-focused perspective
Increases effectiveness by utilizing client strengths and preferences
Describes applications in single session, brief, and intermittent therapy
Supplies forms and worksheets for the therapist to use in practice
Features clinically rich case examples
Supplements text with online companion material
Suitable for use as a treatment manual, reference, or course
Evidence based or empirically supported psychotherapies are becoming more and more important in the mental health fields as the users and financers of psychotherapies want to choose those methods whose effectiveness are empirically shown. Cognitive-behavioral psychotherapies are shown to have empirical support in the treatment of a wide range of psychological/psychiatric problems. As a cognitive-behavioral mode of action, Problem Solving Therapy has been shown to be an effective psychotherapy approach in the treatment and/or rehabilitation of persons with depression, anxiety, suicide, schizophrenia, personality disorders, marital problems, cancer, diabetes-mellitus etc.
Mental health problems cause personal suffering and constitue a
burden to the national health systems. Scientific evidence show
that effective problem solving skills are an important source of
resiliency and individuals with psychological problems exhibit a
deficiency in effective problem solving skills. Problem solving
therapy approach to the treatment and/or rehabilitation of
emotional problems assumes that teaching effective problem solving
skills in a therapeutic relationship increases resiliency and
alleviates psychological problems.The book, in the first chapters,
gives information on problem solving and the role of
problem-solving in the etiology and the treatment of different
forms of mental health problems. In the later chapters, it
concentrates on psychotherapy, assessment and procedures of problem
solving therapy. At the end it provides a case study.
This book integrates theory, research & practiceand provides a comprehensive appreciation of problem solving therapy.Itcontains empirical evidence and applied focus for problem solving therapy which provides a scientific base and best practices.The bookalso highlights the problem solving difficulties of persons with specific disorders and provides a better understanding of the relevance of problem solving therapy to a broad range of emotional problems. "
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