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New trends in mental healthcare practice and a rapid increase in
the aged population are causing an explosion in the fields of
clinical gerontology and geropsychology today. This
comprehensivesecond editionhandbook offers clinicians and graduate
students clear guidelines and reliable tools for assessing general
mental health, cognitive functioning, functional age, psychosocial
health, comorbidity, behavior deficits, and more. Psychopathology,
behavioral disorders, changes in cognition, and changes in everyday
functioning are addressed in full, and a wide range of conditions
and disorders common to this patient population are covered. Each
chapter provides an empirical review of assessment instruments,
assessment scales in their totality, a review of how these
instruments are used with and adapted for different cultural
groups, illustration of assessments through case studies, and
information on how to utilize ongoing assessment in treatment
and/or treatment planning. This combination of elements will make
the volume the definitive assessment source for clinicians working
with elderly patients.
Advances in the area of tactile perception and pain have lead to the development of this text on basic research and clinical practice. Equal parts psychology and neuroscience, it covers peripheral cutaneous tactile information processing, sensory mapping, tactile exploratory behaviour, neurophysiology of nociception and nociceptors in pain research, clinical scaling methods for psychophysics of pain, and pain control, pathology, and therapeutics. Detailed chapters discuss how the brain processes both pain and touch, the nerve pathways by which these sensations travel, how sensations of pain can be clinically measured, and means of controlling pathological pain.
There is a growing body of scientific knowledge regarding
development during the middle years which has so far been relegated
to discipline-specific texts and journals (e.g., clinical
psychology and endocrinology).
Advances in the Study of Behavior, Volume 30 continues to serve
scientists across a wide spectrum of disciplines. Focusing on new
theories and research developments with respect to behavioral
ecology, evolutionary biology, and comparative psychology, these
volumes foster cooperation and communications in these dense
The addictions treatment field is currently undergoing a period of
increased scrutiny, upheaval and change. The growing emphasis on
treatment accountability and cost effectiveness is leading to major
changes in standards of care. Inconsistent practices based solely
on clinical intuition rather than hard scientific evidence of
treatment efficacy are rapidly becoming unacceptable.
Traditionally, books on parent education have focused on techniques
from a certain tradition, either behavioral or humanistic, that
could be applied to any problem of parenting or child behavior
change. These books have used a "cook-book" approach that is
frequently oblivious to environmental conditions that influence
behavior or take into account the individual differences of the
children or families involved. This book highlights the complexity
of our society and times by exploring the problems faced by diverse
types of parents, children, and parenting situations. Moreover, the
sensitive issues of parenting in unique populations are handled in
a caring, straight-forward way with an emphasis on research-based
parent education programs along with tips and strategies for
Each chapter in this book is written by, and devoted to the original work of a leading researcher in his or her own field. The book presents an integrative approach to the psychological study of time in an attempt to bring to light similarities between bodies of research which have been developed independently within different theoretical frameworks - from Piaget's structuralist-organismic model, to information processing approaches. The chapters are organized in a life-span perspective, with different chapters focusing on different age-levels. It includes analyses of time perception in infancy, temporal systems in the developing language, time conception, time measurement and time reading in middle childhood and adolescence, as well as various models of time perception in the adult, both normal and abnormal. A rich concept such as time sheds light on a wide variety of major topics in psychology; the book will be of value to cognitive, developmental and educational psychologists, as well as to psycholinguists.
International Review of Research in Mental Retardation is an ongoing scholarly look at research into the causes, effects, classification systems, syndromes, etc. of mental retardation. Contributors come from wide-ranging perspectives, including genetics, psychology, education, and other health and behavioral sciences.
Anomia is the inability to access spoken names for objects, most
often associated with the elderly or those with brain damage to the
left hemisphere. Anomia offers the state-of-the-art review of
disorders of naming, written by acknowledged experts from around
the world, approached from both clinical and theoretical
viewpoints. Goodglass, known around the world for his research in
aphasia and speech pathology, edits this first book devoted
exclusively to naming and its disorders. Wingfield is known for his
classic studies of lexical processing in aphasic and normal
speakers. The book includes comprehensive literature reviews, a
summary of relevant research data, as well as astudy of recent
advances in cognitive analysis and anatomic findings. Anomia is an
immensely useful work for all those involved in the study of
language, particularly those in cognitive neuroscience, neurology,
speech pathology, and linguistics.
The Psychology of Learning and Motivation publishes empirical and theoretical contributions in cognitive and experimental psychology, ranging from classical and instrumental conditioning to complex learning and problem solving. Each chapter provides a thoughtful integration of a body of work. Volume 40 includes in its coverage chapters on memory, categorization, implicit and explicit learning, and the effects of rewards and punishments on learning.
This is the Second Edition of Nathan Brody's popular book
Intelligence, originally published in 1976. It presents a
comprehensive review of contemporary research in this field,
including coverage of such controversial topics as the genetic and
environmental influences on IQ and individual and group differences
in intelligence. The book also discusses both the psychometric and
cognitive approaches to intelligence as well as new theories in the
Most students in training to become teachers, psychologists, physicians, and social workers as well as many practicing professionals in these disciplines do not get the opportunity to fully understand and appreciate the circumstances of children, parents, and teachers who have had to cope and adapt to childhood disorder. Most professionals in the field of childhood disorders are well trained in assessment and treatment methods and are aware of the clinical, theoretical, and empirical foundations of the work they do. In their training, they get some experience in diagnosing the educational, psychological, social, and medical problems of children through their supervised clinical internships. In their training and in their professional practice they get to interview, discuss, consult and collaborate with children and their families regarding developmental issues and treatment plans, however, they rarely get an opportunity to fully realize and understand what it is like to have a disorder and what it is like to be a mother, or father, or teacher of children with disorders.
This book provides an opportunity for students in training and
professionals in the field to gain some awareness of the life
journeys of some exceptional children, their families and their
The Seventh International Conference series on Vision in Vehicles
was held in Marseilles in September 1997. This event was run in
conjunction with the Applied Vision Association, the Ergonomics
Society and with the participation of INRETS (Institut National de
Recherche sur les Transports et leur Securite).
As indicated by its title A History of Great Ideas in Abnormal Psychology, this book is not just concerned with the chronology of events or with biographical details of great psychiatrists and psychopathologists. It has as its main interest, a study of the ideas underlying theories about mental illness and mental health in the Western world. These are studied according to their historical development from ancient times to the twentieth century. The book discusses the history of ideas about the nature of mental illness, its causation, its treatment and also social attitudes towards mental illness. The conceptions of mental illness are discussed in the context of philosophical ideas about the human mind and the medical theories prevailing in different periods of history. Certain perennial controversies are presented such as those between the psychological and organic approaches to the treatment of mental illness, and those between the focus on disease entities (nosology) versus the focus on individual personalities. The beliefs of primitive societies are discussed, and the development of early scientific ideas about mental illness in Greek and Roman times. The study continues through the medieval age to the Renaissance. More emphasis is then placed on the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century, the enlightenment of the eighteenth, and the emergence of modern psychological and psychiatric ideas concerning psychopathology in the twentieth century.
This new work summarizes the research on all forms of media on
children, looking at how much time they spend with media everyday,
television programming and its impact on children, how advertising
has changed to appeal directly to children and the effects on
children and the consumer behavior of parents, the relationship
between media use and scholastic achievement, the influence of
violence in media on anti-social behavior, and the role of media in
influencing attitudes on body image, sex and work roles, fashion,
This is a resource for professionals involved in determining the
driving capacity of individuals with neurological involvement and
or trauma. While much work has been completed in this new and
growing field, this is the first attempt to bring together clinical
work on assessing driving capacity for different clinical
populations and conditions. Specific topics include, traumatic
brain injury, stroke, dementia, normal aging, medications,
retraining, interventions, medical conditions, legal issues,
practical issues, assessment instruments, simulators, research and
epidemiology. Each chapter will address clinically relevant issues
specific to the clinical population. This comprehensive compilation
of driving assessment of cognitively compromised populations is the
first of its kind and Dr. Schultheis is regarded as a leader in the
Discussed in this book is the association between speech and movements, especially those of the preferred hand. Both are skilled motor activities that appear to depend upon a similar neural organization that is available in the left hemisphere of the brain. The nature of this association of the cerebral control of speech and skilled manual performance is discussed in four sections: 1. Motor control and speech examines speech as a motor activity; 2. Language and gesture examines the correspondence between spoken language and manual gesture; 3. Motor performance and aphasia examines the motor impairments associated with aphasias; 4. Interactions of speech and manual performance examines the interactions that occur between concurrent verbal and manual activities.
This serial was established under the editorship of Dr. Norman R. Ellis in 1966. As a result of his editorial effort and the contributions of many authors, the serial is now recognized as the area's best source of reviews of behavioral research on mental retardation. From its inception, active research scientists and graduate students in mental retardation have looked to this serial as a major source of critical reviews of research and theory in the area.
A large number of volumes have been produced summarizing the work on generation and control of rhythmic movements, in particular locomotion. Unfortunately most of them focus on locomotor studies done on animals. This edited volume redresses that imbalance by focusing completely on human locomotor behaviour. The very nature of the problem has both necessitated and attracted researchers from a wide variety of disciplines ranging from psychology, neurophysiology, kinesiology, engineering, medicine to computer science. The different and unique perspectives they bring to this problem provide a comprehensive picture of the current state of knowledge on the generation and regulation of human locomotor behaviour.
A common unifying theme of this volume is studying the adaptability of human gait to obtain insights into the control of locomotion. The intentional focus on "adaptability" is meant to draw attention to the importance of understanding the generation and regulation of "skilled locomotor behaviour" rather than just the generation of basic locomotor patterns which has been the major focus of animal studies. The synthesis chapter at the end of the volume examines how the questions posed, the technology, and the experimental and theoretical paradigms have evolved over the years, and what the future has in store for this important research domain.
Scott Shannon is an MD, president elect of the American Holistic
Medical Association, and considered a national expert on holistic
psychiatry. In this book he brings together a comprehensive
overview of CAM treatments, with information on their effectiveness
and safety for specific patient populations and for use in treating
specific disorders. Modalities covered include Acupuncture,
Nutritional Medicine, Herbal Medicine, Meditation, Biofeedback,
Aromatherapy and others. Coverage also includes chapters on the
best CAM modalities for treatment of Anxiety and PTSD, Depression,
ADD, and Addictions.
The Handbook of Self-Regulation represents state-of-the-art
coverage of the latest theory, research, and developments in
applications of self-regulation research. Chapters are of interest
to psychologists interested in the development and operation of
self-regulation as well as applications to health, organizational,
clinical, and educational psychology.
The aim of Advances in the Study of Behavior is to serve scientists engaged in the study of animal behavior, including psychologists, neuroscientists, biologists, ethologists, pharmacologists, endocrinologists, ecologists, and geneticists. Articles in the series present critical reviews of significant research programs with theoretical syntheses, reformulation of persistent problems, and/or highlighting new and exciting research concepts. Volume 35 is an eclectic volume that includes the mechanisms and evolution of arthropod and anuran communal sexual displays, a functional analysis of feeding, the sexual behavior and breeding system of tufted capuchin monkeys, acoustic communication in noise, ethics and behavioral biology, prenatal sensory ecology and experience, conflict and cooperation in chimpanzees, and the tradeoffs in the adaptive use of social and asocial learning.
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the emotional,
behavioral and cognitive characteristics of adolescents who have
attempted suicide. Each chapter opens with a case study vignette
from the author's extensive clinical files followed by a summary of
the empirical literature. Assessment and treatment practices close
each chapter. While suicide is the third largest killer of
adolescents, most suicide attempts do not result in death.
Therefore the treatment of the suicide attempter following the
attempt becomes a significant part of the clinician's work with
these adolescents. Moreover, the precursors and behavioral markers
for a suicide attempt become important signals for the school
counselor, youth worker, or therapist. This book also include
assessment measures to use when evaluating an adolescent who has
What factors affect creativity and the generation of creative images? What factors affect the ability to reinterpret those images? Research described in this book indicates that expectations constrain both of these attributes of creativity. Characteristics of the imagined pattern, such as cohesiveness or its psychological goodness, also affect image generation and reinterpretation. Other evidence indicates that images can be combined mentally to yield new, manipulable composites. Cognitive models encompass the research and extend it to fields as diverse as architecture, music, and problem solving.
Author of AP's bestselling "Therapist's Guide to Clinical
Intervention" now turns her attention to substance abuse
intervention. The book will follow a similar format to her previous
book, presenting information in easy to read outline form, with
relevant forms, patient questionnaires, checklists, business
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