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This twenty-seventh volume of Research in Organizational Behavior
carries forward the tradition of high-level scholarship on a broad
array of organizational topics. Like many previous volumes, this
collection is truly interdisciplinary, with chapters ranging from
personality and decision making in organizations, to interpersonal
dynamics such as helping and group process, to organizational-level
analyses of legitimization and change. Each of the essays is
well-reasoned, thoughtful, and provocative-- proving, once again,
that the field of organizational behavior is flourishing in both
its depth and scope.
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology continues to be one of
the most sought after and most often cited series in this field.
Containing contributions of major empirical and theoretical
interest, this series represents the best and the brightest in new
research, theory, and practice in social psychology.
For more information about the Elsevier Book Series on
ScienceDirect Program, please visit:
This serial was established under the editorship of Dr. Norman R. Willis in 1966. As a result of his editorial effort and the contributions of many authors, the serial is now recognized as the area's best source of reviews of behavioral research on mental retardation. From its inception, active research scientists and graduate students in mental retardation have looked to this serial as a major source of critical reviews of research and theory in the area. These volumes are required reading for any professional seeking a deeper insight into the behavioral consequences of intellectual and developmental handicaps.
The intent of this book is to describe those perceptual and cognitive components which contribute to skilled motor performance in a wide variety of disciplines, including sports, microsurgery, video games, and speech. Also considered are issues in the measurement of motor skill, the development of motor skill across the life span, and the importance of individual differences in the development of motor skill. Many chapters contain studies employing the expertise approach used so successfully to study cognitive skills in psychology. Using this approach, expert performers are compared to novices on domain relevant laboratory tasks in order to determine whether specific cognitive or perceptual processes are related to performance differences.
This volume will be of value to kinesiologists, sport psychologists, physical educators, and cognitive psychologists who are interested in a new perspective on the nature of motor skills. The majority of the chapters include reviews of the literature necessary to understand the case being made. Thus, the book may be understood by any reader with a basic course in psychology or motor behavior.
The objective of the series has always been to provide a forum in which leading contributors to an area can write about significant bodies of research in which they are involved. The operating procedure has been to invite contributions from interesting, active investigators, and then allow them essentially free rein to present their perspectives on important research problems. The result of such invitations over the past two decades has been collections of papers which consist of thoughtful integrations providing an overview of a particular scientific problem. The series has a tradition of high quality papers and is widely read bv researchers in cognitive and experimental psychology.;This volume in the series includes topics such as: models of data- driven category learning and processing; data-driven and theory-driven processing and processing models, and concepts, category boundaries and conceptual combination.
This text offers practicing clinicians strategies, interventions, suggestions, guidance and ideas to work with adults struggling with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and is intended as a reference to which clinicians will turn time and time again as issues or problems present themselves. The text will also provide a comprehensive review of the scientific literature and expand the development of an ongoing model to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
The media, scientific researchers, and the "Diagnostic and
Statistical Manual" all refer to "autism" as if it were a single
disorder or a single disorder over a spectrum. However, autism is
unlike any single disorder in a variety of ways. No single brain
deficit is found to cause it, no single drug is found to affect it,
and no single cause or cure has been found despite tremendous
research efforts to find same. "Rethinking Autism" reviews the
scientific research on causes, symptomology, course, and treatment
done to date and draws the potentially shocking conclusion that
"autism" does not exist as a single disorder. The conglomeration of
symptoms exists, but like fever, those symptoms aren t a disease in
themselves, but rather a result of some other cause(s). Only by
ceasing to think of autism as a single disorder can we ever advance
research to more accurately parse why these symptoms occur and what
the different and varied causes may be.
The interdisciplinary field of cognitive science brings together elements of cognitive psychology, mathematics, perception, and linguistics. Focusing on the main areas of exploration in this field today, Cognitive Science presents comprehensive overviews of research findings and discusses new cross-over areas of interest. Contributors represent the most senior and well-established names in the field. This volume serves as a high-level introduction, with sufficient breadth to be a graduate-level text, and enough depth to be a valued reference source to researchers.
Advances in Child Development and Behavior is intended to ease the task faced by researchers, instructors, and students who are confronted by the vast amount of research and theoretical discussion in child development and behavior. The serial provides scholarly technical articles with critical reviews, recent advances in research, and fresh theoretical viewpoints. Volume 27 discusses language acquisition, object recognition, temperament, attachment, infant problem solving, and Piaget's theory.
This special issue is among the first volumes to examine the
topic of early development in children with neurogenetic disorders
associated with intellectual disability. It includes discussions of
theoretical issues regarding the emergence of behavioural profiles
during early development, as well as comprehensive accounts of
early development in specific disorders such as Down syndrome,
fragile X syndrome, Williams syndrome, and sex chromosome
disorders. In addition, several contributions examine the latest
clinical applications of this work for diagnosis, treatment, and
The main selling points of this volume are:
the comprehensive nature of the reviews of early development in neurogenetic disorders provided by top researchers in the field of developmental disabilities research.
innovation in the application of new approaches to this population, such dynamic systems theory and the developmental trajectory approach to studying these populations place this volume on the cutting edge of theoretical work in this area
this volume also addresses the implications of emerging behavioural phenotypes in neurogenetic disorders from many angles-the biological issues related to diagnosis, psychiatric issues related to comorbid conditions such as autism and autism spectrum disorder, and educational issues related to targeted intervention
Mental Chronometry (MC) comprises a variety of techniques for
measuring the speed with which the brain processes
In understanding human behavior, psychologists have long been
interested in what motivates specific actions. Debates have pitted
extrinsic motivators (e.g. rewards/punishment) against intrinsic
motivation in attempting to determine what best motivates
individuals. This book provides a summary view of what research has
determined about both extrinsic and intrinsic motivation, and
clarifies what questions remain unanswered. Divided into three
sections, section I revisits the debate about the effects of
extrinsic incentives or constraints on intrinsic motivation and
creativity, and identifies theoretical advances in motivational
research. Section II focuses on the hidden costs and benefits of
different types of achievement goals on motivation and performance.
Section III discusses theory and research findings on how extrinsic
and intrinsic motivators may work in everyday life and over time.
This book is of interest to researchers in psychology, education,
and business, as well as to a wider audience interested in
promoting optimal motivation and performance.
A large number of volumes have been produced summarizing the work on generation and control of rhythmic movements, in particular locomotion. Unfortunately most of them focus on locomotor studies done on animals. This edited volume redresses that imbalance by focusing completely on human locomotor behaviour. The very nature of the problem has both necessitated and attracted researchers from a wide variety of disciplines ranging from psychology, neurophysiology, kinesiology, engineering, medicine to computer science. The different and unique perspectives they bring to this problem provide a comprehensive picture of the current state of knowledge on the generation and regulation of human locomotor behaviour.
A common unifying theme of this volume is studying the adaptability of human gait to obtain insights into the control of locomotion. The intentional focus on "adaptability" is meant to draw attention to the importance of understanding the generation and regulation of "skilled locomotor behaviour" rather than just the generation of basic locomotor patterns which has been the major focus of animal studies. The synthesis chapter at the end of the volume examines how the questions posed, the technology, and the experimental and theoretical paradigms have evolved over the years, and what the future has in store for this important research domain.
Despite the well-established consensus on the need for an
interdisciplinary research paradigm to understand the unfolding of
human lives within their social context, existing empirical
research rarely embraces this belief. This volume aims at examining
the feasibility and hurdles of interdisciplinarity specific to
given research fields by bringing together leading North-American
and European researchers in sociology, psychology, social
psychology and social demography, all highly concerned with
fostering an interdisciplinary perspective for the study of the
human life course. The contributions are organized along four major
axes, three of them substantive (agency and structure, transitions,
and biographical re-constructions) and one methodological
(methodological innovations), leaving ample leeway for the
contributions to address the specific gains and difficulties of
empirical interdisciplinary research within their particular
domain. The editors introduce the volume by discussing general
features, theoretical linkages, and transversal substantive themes
of interdisciplinarity in life course research. Likewise, the
volume is ended by the editors' conclusions based on the
contributions; they single out major challenges and difficulties
for the interdisciplinary study of the life course, together with
some promising research meant to address such difficulties and
improve current knowledge about the life course.
The volume speaks to both experienced scholars and graduate students of the life course. Advanced scholars will benefit from the latest in life course research domains and from a comprehensive overview of life course methodologies. Graduate students of the life course willfind in the book an original introduction to many empirical aspects of life course research and to the application of innovative methods to various research settings, as well as rich bibliographical references from the research literature in English, German and French.
The papers included in this volume highlight research and practice in child and adolescent mental health from around the world. As systems of care are different across countries and cultures, it is imperative that knowledge is shared and lessons learned. The biennial Elsevier conference on Child and Adolescent Mental Health is designed to provide a forum for mental health and educational experts from various disciplines and countries.
The Third Edition builds upon the previous edition to provide a comprehensive, coherent, and up-to-date introduction to the area of thought processes in normal human adults. The major topics covered are: thinking directed at solving well-defined problems, and less directed forms of thinking, such as daydreaming, and creative thinking. These topics are predominantly discussed from an information processing approach, which is currently dominant in cognitive psychology. Also included in this text are historical background, progress achieved within the information processing approach to thinking, and promising directions for future research.
Neurotoxicity and Developmental Disabilities is a comprehensive
review of the relationship between neurotoxicity and mental
retardation. Though individual chapters each focus on a specific
toxin, the chapters jointly emphasize that many variables influence
the developmental outcomes following exposure to neurotoxicants,
including timing of exposure, pattern of exposure, dose,
susceptibility, and environmental conditions.
This volume celebrates the first quarter century of publishing
Research in Organizational Behavior. From its inception, Research
in Organizational Behavior has striven to provide important
theoretical integrations of major literatures in the organizational
sciences, as well as timely examination and provocative analyses of
pressing organizational issues and problems.
Advances in Child Development and Behavior is intended to ease the task faced by researchers, instructors, and students who are confronted by the vast amount of research and theoretical discussion in child development and behavior. The serial provides scholarly technical articles with critical reviews, recent advances in research, and fresh theoretical viewpoints. Volume 31 discusses chidren's understanding of photographs as spatial and expressive representations, school relationships and their influence on behavior, literacy and the role of letter names, emotion, morality, and self, working memory in infancy, differentiated sense of the past and the future, cognitive flexibility and language abilities, understanding children with medical and physical disorders, bio-ecological environment and development, and early literacy.
Empathy has long been regarded as central to the art of medicine
and especially to the practice of psychotherapy. The ability of a
therapist to appreciate the patient's state of mind and frame of
reference is the foundation of a therapeutic alliance and key to
the process of healing. However, these subjective aspects of
practice are rendered suspect by today's emphasis on objectivity:
formal diagnosis, with biological treatments, and standardized
methodologies that appear to be aimed more at disease than at the
person who suffers from it. Pressured by the practice climate and
by the advances of science, practitioners have become treatment
specialists and the empathic healer has become an endangered
New trends in mental healthcare practice and a rapid increase in
the aged population are causing an explosion in the fields of
clinical gerontology and geropsychology today. This
comprehensivesecond editionhandbook offers clinicians and graduate
students clear guidelines and reliable tools for assessing general
mental health, cognitive functioning, functional age, psychosocial
health, comorbidity, behavior deficits, and more. Psychopathology,
behavioral disorders, changes in cognition, and changes in everyday
functioning are addressed in full, and a wide range of conditions
and disorders common to this patient population are covered. Each
chapter provides an empirical review of assessment instruments,
assessment scales in their totality, a review of how these
instruments are used with and adapted for different cultural
groups, illustration of assessments through case studies, and
information on how to utilize ongoing assessment in treatment
and/or treatment planning. This combination of elements will make
the volume the definitive assessment source for clinicians working
with elderly patients.
The Handbook of Psychoeducational Assessment is a practical guide
for educational and psychological professionals using
norm-referenced tests in the ability, achievement, and behavioral
assessment of children. Written by key individuals involved in the
construction and evolution of the most widely used tests, this book
provides critical information on the nature and scope of commonly
used tests, their reliability and validity, administration, scoring
and interpretation, and on how the tests may differ and complement
each other in their utility with specific populations.
This book is about using the Internet as a teaching tool. It starts
with the psychology of the learner and looks at how best to fit
technology to the student, rather than the other way around. The
authors include leading authorities in many areas of psychology,
and the book takes a broad look at learners as people. Thus, it
includes a wide range of materials from how the eye "reads" moving
graphs on a Web page to how people who have never met face-to-face
can interact on the Internet and create "communities" of learners.
The book considers many Internet technologies, but focuses on the
World Wide Web and new "hybrid" technologies that integrate the Web
with other communications technologies. This book is essential to
researchers is psychology and education who are interested in
learning. It is also used in college and graduate courses in
departments of psychology and educational psychology. Teachers and
trainers at any level who are using technology in their teaching
(or thinking about it) find this book very useful.
The Psychology of Learning and Motivation publishes empirical and theoretical contributions in cognitive and experimental psychology, ranging from classical and instrumental conditioning to complex learning and problem solving. Each chapter provides a thoughtful integration of a body of work.
The Psychology of Stalking is the first scholarly book on stalking
ever published. Virtually every serious writer and researcher in
this area of criminal psychopathology has contributed a chapter.
These chapters explore stalking from social, psychiatric,
psychological and behavioral perspectives. New thinking and data
are presented on threats, pursuit characteristics, psychiatric
diagnoses, offender-victim typologies, cyberstalking, false
victimization syndrome, erotomania, stalking and domestic violence,
the stalking of public figures, and many other aspects of stalking,
as well as legal issues. This landmark text is of interest to both
professionals and other thoughtful individuals who recognize the
serious nature of this ominous social behavior.
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