Your cart is empty
This book is divided into five sections dealing with various fundamental issues in current research: attention, information processing and eye movement control; the role of phonology in reading; syntax and discourse processing and computational models and simulations. Control and measurement of eye movements form a prominent theme in the book. A full understanding of the where and when of eye movement control is a prerequisite of any complete theory of reading, since it is precisely at this point that perceptual and cognitive processes interact.
Amongst the 'hot topics' included are the relation between
parafoveal and foveal visual processing of linguistic information,
the role of phonology in fluent reading and the emergence of
statistical 'tuning' approaches to sentence parsing.
Also discussed in the book are three attempts to develop
quantitative models of reading which represent a significant
departure in theory-building and a quantum step in the maturation
of reading research.
Much of the work reported in the book was first presented at the
5th European Workshop on Language Comprehension organised in April
1998 which was held at the CNRS Luminy Campus, near Marseilles. All
contributions summarise the state-of-the-art in the relevant areas
of reading research.
Two fields of interest are combined in this volume: the history of
science and the theory, or philosophy, of science (metascience).
The result is a history of psychology with emphasis placed upon a
metascientific analysis of the work of fourteen psychologists from
This collection of 14 original articles teaches readers how to
conduct qualitative research. Instead of characterizing and
justifying certain methods, the contributors show by means of
actual research studies what assumptions, procedures, and dilemmas
they encountered. Fischer's introduction, which emphasizes the
practical nature of qualitative research and the closing chapter,
which uses a question-and-answer format to investigate, among other
subjects, what is scientific about qualitative research, are
complemented by a glossary and other features that increase the
book's utility and value.
This scholarly work is the most comprehensive existing resource on human physical appearance-how people s outer physical characteristics and their inner perceptions and attitudes about their own appearance (body image) affect their lives. The encyclopedia s 117 full-length chapters are composed and edited by the world s experts from a range of disciplines-social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. The extensive topical coverage in this valuable reference work includes: (1) Important theories, perspectives, and concepts for understanding body image and appearance; (2) Scientific measurement of body image and physical attributes (anthropometry); (3) The development and determinants of human appearance and body image over the lifespan: (4) How culture and society influences the meanings of human appearance; (5) The psychosocial effects of appearance-altering disease, damage, and visible differences; (6) Appearance self-change and self-management; (7) The prevention and treatment of body image problems, including psychosocial and medical interventions. Chapters are written in a manner that is accessible and informative to a wide audience, including the educated public, college and graduate students, and scientists and clinical practitioners. Each well-organized chapter provides a glossary of definitions of any technical terms and a Further Reading section of recommended sources for continued learning about the topic.
Available online via ScienceDirect or in a limited-release print
The Encyclopedia of Body Image and Human Appearance is a unique
reference for a growing area of scientific inquiry. It brings together in one source the research from
experts in a variety of fields examining this psychological and sociological phenomenon. The breadth of
topics covered, and the current fascination with this subject area ensure this reference will be of interest
to researchers and a lay audience alike."
This volume contains selected papers from the 10th Interdisciplinary Workshop in Informatics and Psychology which had as its theme Cognitive Aspects in Visual Languages and Interfaces. Visual languages in general, visual programming languages in particular, and graphical or visual user interfaces are increasingly regarded as important improvements for the interaction between people and artifacts. Visual and graphical user interfaces have already a history of a number of years in terms of research and development. The focus on visual languages and visual programming languages, however, is more recent. The development of graphical user interfaces was accompanied and reinforced by psychological research but visual languages are still mainly inventions of designers and not designed on the basis of principles derived also from knowledge of psychology or other behavioral sciences.
The presentations and discussions at the workshop showed increasing interest in paradigms of visual languages and their psychological foundation. Visual languages and interfaces must be seen as means to support and enhance represention, application and processing knowledge visually. The study of the cognitive aspects in visual languages and interfaces is thus an important part of Human-Computer Interaction as a discipline "concerned with the design, evaluation and implementation of interactive computer systems for human use and with the study of major phenomena surrounding them" (definition of HCI in the ACM SIGCHI Curricula for Human-Computer Interaction). This book will stimulate future research in the area of Human-Computer Interaction and Visual Languages.
Advances in the Study of Behavior continues to serve scientists across a wide spectrum of disciplines. Focusing on new theories and research developments with respect to behavioral ecology, evolutionary biology, and comparative psychology, these volumes foster cooperation and communication in these diverse fields.
"Advances in the Study of Behavior" was initiated over 40 years ago
to serve the increasing number of scientists engaged in the study
of animal behavior. That number is still expanding. This volume
makes another important "contribution to the development of the
field" by presenting theoretical ideas and research to those
studying animal behavior and to their colleagues in neighboring
International Review of Research in Mental Retardation is an
ongoing scholarly look at research into the causes, effects,
classification systems, syndromes, etc. of mental retardation.
Contributors come from wide-ranging perspectives, including
genetics, psychology, education, and other health and behavioral
sciences. Volume 37 of the series focuses mainly on topics relating
to parenting and families, including chapters on biomarkers in the
study of families of individuals with developmental disabilities,
contrasts in parenting across early school age children with
developmental delays, parental contributions to communication
development, and siblings of individuals with intellectual
* Provides the most recent scholarly research in the study of mental retardation * A vast range of perspectives is offered, and many topics are covered * An excellent resource for academic researchers
In the study of the computational structure of biological/robotic sensorimotor systems, distributed models have gained center stage in recent years, with a range of issues including self-organization, non-linear dynamics, field computing etc. This multidisciplinary research area is addressed here by a multidisciplinary team of contributors, who provide a balanced set of articulated presentations which include reviews, computational models, simulation studies, psychophysical, and neurophysiological experiments.
The book is divided into three parts, each characterized by a slightly different focus: in part I, the major theme concerns computational maps which typically model cortical areas, according to a view of the sensorimotor cortex as "geometric engine" and the site of "internal models" of external spaces. Part II also addresses problems of self-organization and field computing, but in a simpler computational architecture which, although lacking a specialized cortical machinery, can still behave in a very adaptive and surprising way by exploiting the interaction with the real world. Finally part III is focused on the motor control issues related to the physical properties of muscular actuators and the dynamic interactions with the world.
The reader will find different approaches on controversial issues, such as the role and nature of force fields, the need for internal representations, the nature of invariant commands, the vexing question about coordinate transformations, the distinction between hierachiacal and bi-directional modelling, and the influence of muscle stiffness.
The study of neurofeedback and neuromodulation offer a window
into brain physiology and function, suggesting innovative
approaches to the improvement of attention, anxiety, pain, mood and
behavior. Resources for understanding what neurofeedback and
neuromodulation are, how they are used, and to what disorders and
patients they can be applied are scarce, and this volume serves as
an ideal tool for clinical researchers and practicing clinicians in
both neuroscience and psychology to understand techniques,
analysis, and their applications to specific patient populations
and disorders. The top scholars in the field have been enlisted,
and contributions offer both the breadth needed for an introductory
scholar and the depth desired by a clinical professional.
Research is increasingly showing the effects of family, school, and
culture on the social, emotional and personality development of
children. Much of this research concentrates on grade school and
above, but the most profound effects may occur much earlier, in the
0-3 age range.This volume consists of focused articles from the
authoritative Encyclopedia of Infant and Early Childhood
Development that specifically address this topic andcollates
research in this area in a way that isn't readily available in the
existent literature, covering such areas as adoption, attachment,
birth order, effects of day care, discipline and compliance,
divorce, emotion regulation, family influences, preschool,
routines, separation anxiety, shyness, socialization, effects of
television, etc.This one volume referenceprovides an essential,
affordable reference for researchers, graduate students and
clinicians interested in social psychology and personality, as well
as those involved with cultural psychology and developmental
This volume contains selected and edited papers from the 7th European Conference on Eye Movements (ECEM 7) held in Durham, UK on August 31-September 3 1993. The volume is organized as follows: - Invited Lectures, Pursuit and Co-Ordination, Saccade and Fixation Control, Oculomotor Physiology, Clinical and Medical Aspects of Eye Movements, Eye Movements and Cognition, Eye Movements and Language and finally, Displays and Applications
The book focuses on a conceptual flaw in contemporary artificial
intelligence and cognitive science. Many people have discovered
diverse manifestations and facets of this flaw, but the central
conceptual impasse is at best only partially perceived. Its
consequences, nevertheless, visit themselves as
The impasse concerns a presupposition concerning the nature of
representation - that all representation has the nature of
encodings: encodingism. Encodings certainly exist, but
The impasse and its consequences - and steps away from that impasse - are explored in a large number of projects and approaches. These include SOAR, CYC, PDP, situated cognition, subsumption architecture robotics, and the frame problems - a general survey of the current research in AI and Cognitive Science emerges.
Interactivism, an alternative model of representation, is
proposed and examined.
International Review of Research in Mental Retardation is an ongoing scholarly look at research into the causes, effects, classification systems, syndromes, etc. of mental retardation. Contributors come from wide-ranging perspectives, including genetics, psychology, education, and other health and behavioral sciences.
Who cheats and why? How do they cheat? What are the consequences?
What are the ways of stopping it before it starts? These questions
and more are answered in this research based investigation into the
nature and circumstances of Academic Cheating. Cheating has always
been a problem in academic settings, and with advances in
technology (camera cell phones, the internet) and more pressure
than ever for students to test well and get into top rated schools,
cheating has become epidemic. At the same time, it has been argued,
the moral fiber of society as a whole has dampened to find cheating
less villainous than it was once regarded. Who cheats? Why do they
cheat? and Under what circumstances?
This guide to the WAIS-III and WMS-III tests is written to help
clinical practitioners achieve efficient and accurate
interpretations of test results. The only interpretive guide to be
based on data obtained while standardizing the tests, this
reference source provides new models for interpreting results, as
well as practical information on the diagnostic validity,
demographically corrected norms, and accuracy of the tests in
measuring intelligence and memory.
Is it possible to ban unwanted thoughts from consciousness? According to the literature on thought suppression, the answer is no. In the 1980s, Wegner and colleges demonstrated that the average person cannot prevent a trivial thought like that of a polar bear from entering consciousness approximately seven times in a five minute period. This experimental finding was followed by a substantial number of replications. This book provides an up-to-date overview of the thought suppression literature. First, similarities and differences between suppression, repression, and dissociation are discussed. Methodological issues are then considered. Finally, the clinical applications of the thought suppression literature are discussed. Although there are numerous conditions to which the phenomenon of suppression can be applied, obsession and traumatic recollection are the main applications. In addition to offering an overview of the literature, this book links the thought suppression paradigm to other research fields, such as directed forgetting and repressive coping. Furthermore, it discusses the phenomenon of thought suppression in the light of broader theories such as the cognitive theory of obsession, and the ego depletion hypothesis. Clinical implications and directions for future research are offered.
The distinguished contributors to this volume have been set the
problem of describing how we know where to move our eyes. There is
a great deal of current interest in the use of eye movement
recordings to investigate various mental processes. The common
theme is that variations in eye movements indicate variations in
the processing of what is being perceived, whether in reading,
driving or scene perception. However, a number of problems of
interpretation are now emerging, and this edited volume sets out to
address these problems. The book investigates controversies
concerning the variations in eye movements associated with reading
ability, concerning the extent to which text is used by the
guidance mechanism while reading, concerning the relationship
between eye movements and the control of other body movements, the
relationship between what is inspected and what is perceived, and
concerning the role of visual control attention in the acquisition
of complex perceptual-motor skills, in addition to the nature of
the guidance mechanism itself.
Recent government publications such as "Benchmarks for Scientific Literacy" and "Science for All Americans" have given teachers a mandate for improving science education in America. What we know about how learners construct meaning--particularly in the natural sciences--has undergone a virtual revolution in the past 25 years. Teachers, as well as researchers, are now grappling with how to better teach science, as well as how to assess whether students are learning. Assessing Science Understanding is a companion volume to Teaching Science for Understanding and explores how to assess whether learning has taken place. The book discusses a range of promising new and practical tools for assessment, including concept maps, vee diagrams, clinical interviews, problem sets, performance-based assessments, computer-based methods, visual and observational testing, portfolios, explanatory models, and national examinations.
The original concept for the Vision in Vehicle series of
international conferences was born from discussions within the
Applied Vision Association which led eventually to the first
conference being held in 1985. Ten years of progress later and this
volume presents the selected and edited proceedings of the Sixth
International Conference on Vision in Vehicles (VIV6) which was
held at the University of Derby, 13-16 September 1995. The meeting
was organised in association with the Applied Vision Association
and the Ergonomics Society.
"Interventions for Addiction" examines a wide range of responses to addictive behaviors, including psychosocial treatments, pharmacological treatments, provision of health care to addicted individuals, prevention, and public policy issues. Its focus is on the practical application of information covered in the two previous volumes of the series, "Comprehensive Addictive Behaviors and Disorders."
Readers will find information on treatments beyond commonly used methods, including Internet-based and faith-based therapies, and criminal justice interventions. The volume features extensive coverage of pharmacotherapies for each of the major drugs of abuse-including disulfiram, buprenorphine, naltrexone, and others-as well as for behavioral addictions. In considering public policy, the book examines legislative efforts, price controls, and limits on advertising, as well as World Health Organization (WHO) efforts.
"Interventions for Addiction" is one of three volumes comprising
the 2,500-page series, "Comprehensive Addictive Behaviors and
Disorders." This series provides the most complete collection of
current knowledge on addictive behaviors and disorders to date. In
short, it is the definitive reference work on addictions.
In recent years there have been an increasing number of incidents
where children have either perpetrated or been the victims of
violence in the schools. Often times the children who perpetrated
the violence had been the victims of school bullying. If bullying
once was a matter of extorting lunch money from one's peers, it has
since escalated into slander, sexual harassment, and violence. And
the victims, unable to find relief, become depressed and/or violent
Motor control is a relatively young field of research exploring
how the nervous system produces purposeful, coordinated movements
in its interaction with the body and the environment through
conscious and unsconscious thought. Many books purporting to cover
motor control have veered off course to examine biomechanics and
physiology rather than actual control, leaving a gap in the
literature. This book covers all the major perspectives in motor
control, with a balanced approach. There are chapters explicitly
dedicated to control theory, to dynamical systems, to biomechanics,
to different behaviors, and to motor learning, including case
This volume presents a variety of studies relating to the reach to grasp movement and provides a necessary and valuable contribution to the field of motor control. The professions covered in this book range from those interested in the basic sciences to those more interested in practical application. Neurophysiologists and biomechanists join with therapists and neural modelers to present an extensive overview of current developments. Evolutionary and developmental aspects are included together with descriptions of how this movement is affected by central nervous system damage. Purely theoretical aspects of the motor control of this movement are interspersed with treatment applications and robotics.
This text offers practicing clinicians strategies, interventions, suggestions, guidance and ideas to work with adults struggling with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and is intended as a reference to which clinicians will turn time and time again as issues or problems present themselves. The text will also provide a comprehensive review of the scientific literature and expand the development of an ongoing model to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
You may like...
Emotion in Education, Volume .
Gary D. Phye Hardcover
Quantitative EEG, Event-Related…
Juri D. Kropotov Hardcover
The Psychology Of Humor - An Integrative…
Rod A. Martin Hardcover
Foundations of Professional Psychology…
Timothy Melchert Hardcover
Practical Skills and Clinical Management…
Samuel Obembe Hardcover
Handbook of Exposure Therapies
David C. S. Richard, Dean Lauterbach Hardcover
The Psychology of Learning and…
Brian H. Ross Hardcover R2,000 Discovery Miles 20 000
Advances in the Study of Behavior…
John C Mitani, H. Jane Brockmann, … Hardcover R3,419 Discovery Miles 34 190
Research in Organizational Behavior…
Robert I. Sutton, Barry M. Staw Hardcover R1,846 Discovery Miles 18 460
Learning About Learning Disabilities
Bernice Y.L. Wong, Deborah L. Butler Hardcover R1,910 Discovery Miles 19 100