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Advances in Child Development and Behavior is intended to ease the task faced by researchers, instructors, and students who are confronted by the vast amount of research and theoretical discussion in child development and behavior. The serial provides scholarly technical articles with critical reviews, recent advances in research, and fresh theoretical viewpoints.
While the main source of knowledge of human cognition has come from studies of information processing in a single culture, primarily within the U.S. or within certain countries in Europe, much research has also been conducted in other parts of the world. Can the study of cognition across cultures lead us to interesting conclusions about human cognition in general? Surely any general theory of language processing, for example, must be able to explain phenomena observed across cultures and not just within a single one. This book is an attempt to look at this issue of universals in thinking and understanding by providing a compendium of cross cultural investigations in the four major areas of cognitive psychology: (1) memory and knowledge representation, (2) language processing, (3) perception, and (4) reasoning and problem solving. The differences found across cultures are also fascinating and extremely informative. A final chapter provides a summary of the major findings reported in each of these areas.
The chapters included in this work were written for those interested in cross-cultural psychology and also those with an interest in cultural anthropology. The authors are well-known in the areas of cross-cultural psychology, cognitive psychology, linguistics, and anthropology. However, the reader need not be an expert in any one of these fields to understand the conclusions and implications of the work reported here.
Adolescent and child sexuality is studied by developmental
psychologists from a research perspective and is of interest to
forensic psychologists dealing with abuse and custody issues as
well as rape cases. In many cases, it is of interest whether the
child in question was sexually active to understand the extent to
which an underage minor might have voluntarily participated in
sexual activity as opposed to having been coerced. Previously,
researchers interested in the applications of their research needed
to look to separate books, and forensic specialists needed to look
to development books to find the information they may have needed.
This handbook provides both audiences with the related information
Applies the information on development and behavior to forensic issues
Provides treatment information on sexual disorders in children
Provides information on children and adolescents in one volume
The WISC-III is the most frequently used IQ assessment technique in
the United States. This book discusses the clinical use of the
WISC-III with respect to specific clinical populations, and covers
research findings on the validity and reliability of the test. It
also includes standardization data from the Psychological
Corporation. Many of the contributors participated in the
development of the WISC-III and are in a unique position to discuss
the clinical uses of this measure.
With Psycholinguistics in its fifth decade of existence, the second
edition of the Handbook of Psycholinguistics represents a
comprehensive survey of psycholinguistic theory, research and
methodology, with special emphasis on the very best empirical
research conducted in the past decade. Thirty leading experts have
been brought together to present the reader with both broad and
detailed current issues in Language Production, Comprehension and
The handbook is an indispensible single-source guide for
professional researchers, graduate students, advanced
undergraduates, university and college teachers, and other
professionals in the fields of psycholinguistics, language
comprehension, reading, neuropsychology of language, linguistics,
language development, and computational modeling of language. It
will also be a general reference for those in neighboring fields
such as cognitive and developmental psychology and education.
The "Psychology of Learning and Motivation" series publishes
empirical and theoretical contributions in cognitive and
experimental psychology, ranging from classical and instrumental
conditioning to complex learning and problem solving.
Cognitive Ecology identifies the richness of input to our sensory evaluations, from our cultural heritage and philosophies of aesthetics to perceptual cognition and judgment. Integrating the arts, humanities, and sciences, Cognitive Ecology investigates the relationship of perception and cognition to wider issues of how science is conducted, and how the questions we ask about perception influence the answers we find. Part One discusses how issues of the human mind are inseparable from the culture from which the investigations arise, how mind and environment co-define experience and actions, and how culture otherwise influences cognitive function. Part Two outlines how philosophical themes of aesthetics have guided psychological research, and discuss the physical and aesthetic perception of music, film, and art. Part Three presents an overview of how the senses interact for sensory evaluation.
Depression is one of the most common mental health disorders,
affecting 14% of all people at some point in their lifetime. Women
are twice as likely to become depressed as men, but beyond gender
there are a variety of risk factors that influence the prevalence
and likelihood of experiencing depression. Risk Factors in
Depression consolidates research findings on risk factors into one
source, for ease of reference for both researchers and clinicians
Until recently, most psychological research was conducted using
subject samples in close proximity to the investigators--namely
university undergraduates. In recent years, however, it has become
possible to test people from all over the world by placing
experiments on the internet. The number of people using the
internet for this purpose is likely to become the main venue for
subject pools in coming years. As such, learning about experiments
on the internet will be of vital interest to all research
Language and communication problems have long figured prominently
in the definition of mental retardation. Volume 27 of the
International Review of Research in Mental Retardation focuses
exclusively on these language and communication issues. The pace of
research on language learning and use in mental retardation has
increased in recent years and taken new direction. This
revitalization has been fueled by three factors: 1) advances in
genetic technologies allowing investigation of the behavioral
phenotypes of well-defined syndromes, 2) an increased emphasis on
maximizing abilities of individuals with mental retardation to live
and succeed in a broader range of contexts and settings, and 3)
theoretical debates concerning the mechanisms of language
development and the nature of the human mind.
The Handbook of Cultural Health Psychology discusses the influence
of cultural beliefs, norms and values on illness, health and health
care. The major health problems that are confronting the global
village are discussed from a cultural perspective. These include
heart disease, cancer, HIV/AIDS, pain, and suicide. The cultural
beliefs and practices of several cultural groups and the unique
health issues confronting them are also presented. The cultural
groups discussed include Latinos, Aboriginal peoples, people of
African heritage, and South Asians. The handbook contributes to
increased personal awareness of the role of culture in health and
illness behavior, and to the delivery of culturally relevant health
Scott Shannon is an MD, president elect of the American Holistic
Medical Association, and considered a national expert on holistic
psychiatry. In this book he brings together a comprehensive
overview of CAM treatments, with information on their effectiveness
and safety for specific patient populations and for use in treating
specific disorders. Modalities covered include Acupuncture,
Nutritional Medicine, Herbal Medicine, Meditation, Biofeedback,
Aromatherapy and others. Coverage also includes chapters on the
best CAM modalities for treatment of Anxiety and PTSD, Depression,
ADD, and Addictions.
International Review of Research in Mental Retardation is an ongoing scholarly look at research into the causes, effects, classification systems, syndromes, etc. of mental retardation. Contributors come from wide-ranging perspectives, including genetics, psychology, education, and other health and behavioral sciences.
Cognition and Instruction focuses on the relationship of knowledge acquisition processes with instruction, including reading, writing, mathematics, curriculum design and reform, and reasoning. The selection first takes a look at the issues in cognitive psychology and instruction, reading, and writing. Discussions focus on the processes of knowledge acquisition, cognitive prescriptions for teaching, cognitive components of reading, instruction in reading, distinctive nature of higher order mental activity in written composition, and knowledge-transforming procedures within the general context of higher order skills. The publication also offers information on second language and mathematics. The text ponders on science, social studies, and art. Topics include psychological research related to curriculum design, science curriculum reform, curriculum and instructional components of social studies and social sciences, evidence for individual styles in young children, educational considerations, and concept of style. The text then examines music and reasoning. The selection is a valuable source of data for readers and cognitive psychologists pursuing research on the relationship of cognition and instruction.
This volume presents a collection of chapters exploring the
interface of cognitive and affective processes in stereotyping.
Stereotypes and prejudice have long been topics of interest in
social psychology, but early literature and research in this area
focused on affect alone, while later studies focused primarily on
cognitive factors associated with information processing
strategies. This volume integrates the roles of both affect and
cognition with regard to the formation, representation, and
modification of stereotypes and the implications of these processes
for the escalation or amelioration of intergroup tensions.
The idea for this book grew out of the conference "Motivational
Psychology of Ontogenesis" held at the Max Planck Institute for
Human Development in Berlin, Germany, in May 1998. This conference
focused on the interface of development and motivation and
therefore brought together scholars from three major areas in
psychology - developmental, motivational and lifespan.
Advances in the Study of Behavior continues to serve scientists across a wide spectrum of disciplines. Focusing on new theories and research developments with respect to behavioral ecology, evolutionary biology, and comparative psychology, these volumes serve to foster cooperation and communication in these diverse fields.
This text reference provides state-of-the-art information on
juvenile firesetters and reviews the current research on youthful
firesetters and arsonists. The work illustrates methods of fire
scene investigation and assessment relating to child-parent and
family factors. This information is then used to prescribe
interventions with the individual along with community-wide
programs. The work also provides current information on fire safety
education and curricula, with explicit training materials. Finally,
the book addresses the need for residential treatment centers and
training schools on methods for handling firesetting youth and
maintaining a fire safe environment.
Volume 36 of the Advances in Child Development and Behavior series
includes ten chapters that highlight some of the most recent
research in developmental and educational psychology.
During the past two decades, there has been a dramatic
This volume presents a variety of perspectives from within and outside moral psychology. Recently there has been an explosion of research in moral psychology, but it is one of the subfields most in need of bridge-building, both within and across areas. Interests in moral phenomena have spawned several separate lines of research that appear to address similar concerns from a variety of perspectives. The contributions to this volume examine key theoretical and empirical issues these perspectives share that connect these issues with the broader base of theory and research in social and cognitive psychology.
The first two chapters discuss the role of mental representation in moral judgment and reasoning. Sloman, Fernbach, and Ewing argue that causal models are the canonical representational medium underlying moral reasoning, and Mikhail offers an account that makes use of linguistic structures and implicates legal concepts. Bilz and Nadler follow with a discussion of the ways in which laws, which are typically construed in terms of affecting behavior, exert an influence on moral attitudes, cognition, and emotions.
Baron and Ritov follow with a discussion of how people's moral cognition is often driven by law-like rules that forbid actions and suggest that value-driven judgment is relatively less concerned by the consequences of those actions than some normative standards would prescribe. Iliev et al. argue that moral cognition makes use of both rules and consequences, and review a number of laboratory studies that suggest that values influence what captures our attention, and that attention is a powerful determinant of judgment and preference. Ginges follows with a discussion of how these value-related processes influence cognition and behavior outside the laboratory, in high-stakes, real-world conflicts.
Two subsequent chapters discuss further building blocks of moral cognition. Lapsley and Narvaez discuss the development of moral characters in children, and Reyna and Casillas offer a memory-based account of moral reasoning, backed up by developmental evidence. Their theoretical framework is also very relevant to the phenomena discussed in the Sloman et al., Baron and Ritov, and Iliev et al. chapters.
The final three chapters are centrally focused on the interplay of hot andcold cognition. They examine the relationship between recent empirical findings in moral psychology and accounts that rely on concepts and distinctions borrowed from normative ethics and decision theory. Connolly and Hardman focus on bridge-building between contemporary discussions in the judgment and decision making and moral judgment literatures, offering several useful methodological and theoretical critiques. Ditto, Pizarro, and Tannenbaum argue that some forms of moral judgment that appear objective and absolute on the surface are, at bottom, more about motivated reasoning in service of some desired conclusion. Finally, Bauman and Skitka argue that moral relevance is in the eye of the perceiver and emphasize an empirical approach to identifying whether people perceive a given judgment as moral or non-moral. They describe a number of behavioral implications of people's reported perception that a judgment or choice is a moral one, and in doing so, they suggest that the way in which researchers carve out the moral domain "a priori" might be dubious."
In this, his fourth book published by Academic Press, the author pursues current theories in the expansive field of personality research. Presenting a unique perspective on recent developments in the field, the emphasis is on empirical research. Topics discussed include stability and change in traits, the behavior genetics of traits, a review and defense of trait theory, and a comprehensive review of research on the unconscious.
This book should enhance the reader's understanding of the contemporary scene in parenting education, including effective programming, important issues, and future trends.
Accuracy in judging personality is important in clinical
assessment, applied settings, and everyday life. Personality
judgments are important in assessing job candidates, choosing
friends, and determining who we can trust and rely on in our
personal lives. Thus, the accuracy of those judgments is important
to both individuals and organizations.
Advances in the Study of Behavior remains one of the most-turned-to
sources for penetrating insight on the latest findings in behavior
research. This serial has kept pace with the vigorous
multidisciplinary growth of the field and covers all major aspects,
from ecology to endocrinology, in both human and animal subjects.
Critical reviews, presentations of major research programs, and
communication of significant new concepts provide readers with an
up-to-date overview of the latest developments in this field.
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