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The pre-eminent 19th century British ethicist, Henry Sidgwick once
This internationally authored volume presents major findings, concepts, and methods of behavioral neuroscience coordinated with their simulation via neural networks. A central theme is that biobehaviorally constrained simulations provide a rigorous means to explore the implications of relatively simple processes for the understanding of cognition (complex behavior). Neural networks are held to serve the same function for behavioral neuroscience as population genetics for evolutionary science. The volume is divided into six sections, each of which includes both experimental and simulation research: (1) neurodevelopment and genetic algorithms, (2) synaptic plasticity (LTP), (3) sensory/hippocampal systems, (4) motor systems, (5) plasticity in large neural systems (reinforcement learning), and (6) neural imaging and language. The volume also includes an integrated reference section and a comprehensive index.
For both experienced psychologists and graduate students, this book
moves quickly through the essentials of WISC-IV interpretation and
onto an insightful analysis of the major cognitive domains assessed
by WISC-IV. It is the intention of the editors to raise the
standard of practice from a simplistic 'test-label-place' model to
a clinical model of assessing to understand and intervene. In the
first chapter, the reader is presented with a comprehensive array
of societal and home environment factors for which there is
empirical evidence indicating their impact on the development of
children s cognitive abilities, and ultimately their scores on
intelligence tests. Subsequent chapters address issues related to
the assessment of cognitive abilities that compose 'g', with
special emphasis on the clinical correlates of working memory and
processing speed from both neuropsychological and cognitive
information processing perspectives. Each new chapter builds on
material presented in previous chapters and progresses the reader
purposefully through deeper levels of understanding of WISC-IV and
cognitive assessment in general. Two chapters explicate the
processing approach to interpretation that is the corner stone of
the WISC-IV Integrated. A further chapter addresses the
interpretation of WISC-IV findings within the context of other
instruments as part of a full psychological evaluation. The final
chapter provides an extensive case example of how to write
psychological evaluation reports from a child-centered rather than
a score-centered perspective that can have transforming impact on
parents and teachers approach to the child. Overall, these four
authors are the architects of a masterful new book on advanced
WISC-IV interpretation from a clinical perspective, Together with
the complimentary book, WISC-IV Clinical Assessment and
Intervention, Second Edition these books provide the complete
spectrum of information needed by all psychologists who use the
WISC-IV in clinical practice.
Practitioners seeking the most current advances in the field of
ADHD and LD must often bridge the gap between research and
practice. The Therapist's Guide to Learning and Attention Disorders
provides that bridge through the authors, who are both researchers
and practitioners with extensive experience in providing direct
services to children and adults with ADHD and LD.
Depression is one of the most common mental health disorders,
affecting 14% of all people at some point in their lifetime. Women
are twice as likely to become depressed as men, but beyond gender
there are a variety of risk factors that influence the prevalence
and likelihood of experiencing depression. Risk Factors in
Depression consolidates research findings on risk factors into one
source, for ease of reference for both researchers and clinicians
Advances in the Study of Behavior, Volume 29 continues to serve
scientists across a wide spectrum of disciplines. Focusing on new
theories and research developments with respect to behavioral
ecology, evolutionary biology, and comparative psychology, these
volumes foster cooperation and communications in these dense
The book is concerned with the cognitive contributions to
perception, that is, with the influence of attention, intention, or
motor processes on performances in spatial and temporal tasks. The
chapters deal with fundamental perceptual processes resulting from
the simple localization of an object in space or from the temporal
determination of an event within a series of events.
The themes of the book are highly topical. There is a growing
interest in studies both with healthy persons and with patients
that focus on localization errors and dissociations in
localizations resulting from different tasks. These errors lead to
new concepts of how visual space is represented. Such deviations
are not only observed in the spatial domain but in the temporal
domain as well. Typical examples are errors in duration judgments
or synchronization errors in tapping tasks. In addition, several
studies indicate the influence of attention on both the timing and
on the localization of dynamic events. Another intriguing question
originates from well-known interactions between intermodal events,
namely, whether these events are based on a single representation
or whether different representations interact.
The Psychology of Learning and Motivation publishes empirical and theoretical contributions in cognitive and experimental psychology, ranging from classical and instrumental conditioning to complex learning and problem solving. Each chapter provides a thoughtful integration of a body of work. Volume 41 includes in its coverage chapters on multimedia learning, brain imaging, and memory, among others.
This lauded bestseller, now available in paperback, takes an
uncompromising look at how we define psychopathology and makes the
argument that criminal behavior can and perhaps should be
considered a disorder. Presenting sociological, genetic,
neurochemical, brain-imaging, and psychophysiological evidence, it
discusses the basis for criminal behavior and suggests, contrary to
popular belief, that such behavior may be more biologically
determined than previously thought.
The Psychology of Learning and Motivation publishes empirical and theoretical contributions in cognitive and experimental psychology, ranging from classical and instrumental conditioning to complex learning and problem solving. Each chapter provides a thoughtful integration of a body of work. Volume 35 covers spatial working memory, memory for asymmetric events, distance and location processes in memory, category learning, and visual spatial attention.
This special thematic volume on Autism in the International Review of Research in Mental Retardation series provides a comprehensive overview of research on autism today. Coverage includes discussion of the genetics, diagnosis, neural and cognitive basis, and development of autism, as well as an exploration of the effects of autism on language, attachment, and emotional responsiveness. A final chapter examines the psychological impact that raising an autistic child has on the family.
"Advances in the Study of Behavior" was initiated over 40 years ago to serve the increasing number of scientists engaged in the study of animal behavior. That number is still expanding. This thematic volume, "Vocal Communication in Birds and Mammals, "makes another important "contribution to the development of the field" by presenting theoretical ideas and research to those studying animal behavior and to their colleagues in neighboring fields.
One of the largest patient populations seen by neuropsychologists
are older adults suffering from problems associated with aging.
Further, the proportion of the population aged 65 and above is
rising rapidly. This book provides a guide to neuropsychological
clinicians increasingly called upon to assess this population. The
book details in a step-by-step fashion the phases and
considerations in performing a neuropsychological assessment of an
older patient. It covers procedural details including review of
patient's medical records, clinical interview, formal testing,
interpretation of test scores, addressing referral questions, and
preparing an evaluation report.
The Handbook of Religion and Mental Health is a useful resource for
mental health professionals, religious professionals, and
counselors. The book describes how religious beliefs and practices
relate to mental health and influence mental health care. It
presents research on the association between religion and
personality, coping behavior, anxiety, depression, psychoses, and
successes in psychotherapy and includes discussions on specific
religions and their perspectives on mental health.
Written at a post-graduate level, this new volume provides a
cumulative overview of the research available on the pathogenesis
of fear and anxiety in youths. Its aim is to give the reader an
idea of the factors that are thought to be involved in the
development of abnormal fear and anxiety in children and
adolescents, and to integrate this knowledge in a comprehensive
model. This book also gives an update of the current scientific
status on the psychological and pharmacological treatment and
assessment of anxiety disorders in youths.
Advances in the Study of Behavior continues to serve scientists across a wide spectrum of disciplines. Focusing on new theories and research developments with respect to behavioral ecology, evolutionarybiology, and comparative psychology, these volumes foster cooperation and communication in these diverse fields.
This book represents the research efforts of individuals whose scientific expertise lies in reflection on what Sartre described as reflective acts. Theory in the cognitive psychology of mental imagery, endeavors not only being able to describe the contents and nature of mental imagery, but also being able to understand the underlying functional cognition. Psychologists need not solely rely on the techniques of introspection, and the last two decades have seen highly creative developments in techniques for eliciting behavioural data to be complemented by introspective reports. This level of sophistication has provided singular insights into the relationship between imagery and other consequential and universal aspects of human cognition: perception, memory, verbal processes and problem solving. The recognition that imagery, despite its ubiquitous nature, differs between individuals both in prevalence and in kind, and the dramatic rise in cognitive science has provided the additional potential for integrating our understanding of cognitive function with our understanding of neuroanatomy and of computer science.All of these relationships, developments and issues are dealt with in detail in this book, by some of the most distinguished authors in imagery research, working at present in both Europe and the U.S.A.
Until recently, most psychological research was conducted using
subject samples in close proximity to the investigators--namely
university undergraduates. In recent years, however, it has become
possible to test people from all over the world by placing
experiments on the internet. The number of people using the
internet for this purpose is likely to become the main venue for
subject pools in coming years. As such, learning about experiments
on the internet will be of vital interest to all research
This text reference provides state-of-the-art information on
juvenile firesetters and reviews the current research on youthful
firesetters and arsonists. The work illustrates methods of fire
scene investigation and assessment relating to child-parent and
family factors. This information is then used to prescribe
interventions with the individual along with community-wide
programs. The work also provides current information on fire safety
education and curricula, with explicit training materials. Finally,
the book addresses the need for residential treatment centers and
training schools on methods for handling firesetting youth and
maintaining a fire safe environment.
The contributions to this volume are concerned with perceptual learning in humans and machines. As people gain experience in the world, their perceptual abilities are often times radically transformed. Children organize their perceptual world differently from adults, and experts often have unique perceptual skills within their domain of expertise.;In a variety of ways, the contributors to this volume argue that perceptual abilities, rather than being fixed and stable, are flexible and influenced by tasks, needs and environment. This book focuses on recent research techniques for exploring the mechanisms that drive perceptual learning in humans. It creates a synthesis between empirical research and formal modelling. Collectively, the contributions reflect an interdisciplinary approach to the problem of perceptual learning, describing research from developmental psychology, adult perception, language acquisition, expert/novice differences, computational modelling and neuroscience.
Tasting and Smelling presents a comprehensive overview to research on these two important modes of perception. The book offers a review of research findings on the biophysics, neurophysiology, and psychophysicsof both senses, as well as discussing the emotional component associated with taste and smell, and clinical disorders affecting each of these two senses. Tasting and Smelling answers how odors and flavors are perceived, why we have favorites, and what happens when our senses go awry. This book is of interest to the researcher in perception, cognition, or neurophysiology.
Most of the research done in social cognition has been conducted with younger adults and may not be applicable to a much older population. Social Cognition and Aging provides a snapshot view of research that has been done with older adults or is directly applicable to this population. Focusing on issues of self identity, social interactions, and social perceptions, this book provides a broad overview of how aging affects one's own perceptions and actions as well as how others perceive and interact with the aged. Coverage includes such topics as self-control, memory, resilience, age stereotypes, moral development, and the "art" of living. With contributions from top researchers in both gerontology and psychology, this book is an important reference for academics and professionals alike in personality, cognition, social psychology, adult development, sociology, and gerontology.
International Review of Research in Mental Retardation is an
ongoing scholarly look at research into the causes, effects,
classification systems, syndromes, etc. of mental retardation.
Contributors come from wide-ranging perspectives, including
genetics, psychology, education, and other health and behavioral
Neurotoxicity and Developmental Disabilities is a comprehensive
review of the relationship between neurotoxicity and mental
retardation. Though individual chapters each focus on a specific
toxin, the chapters jointly emphasize that many variables influence
the developmental outcomes following exposure to neurotoxicants,
including timing of exposure, pattern of exposure, dose,
susceptibility, and environmental conditions.
The Psychology of Stalking is the first scholarly book on stalking
ever published. Virtually every serious writer and researcher in
this area of criminal psychopathology has contributed a chapter.
These chapters explore stalking from social, psychiatric,
psychological and behavioral perspectives. New thinking and data
are presented on threats, pursuit characteristics, psychiatric
diagnoses, offender-victim typologies, cyberstalking, false
victimization syndrome, erotomania, stalking and domestic violence,
the stalking of public figures, and many other aspects of stalking,
as well as legal issues. This landmark text is of interest to both
professionals and other thoughtful individuals who recognize the
serious nature of this ominous social behavior.
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