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This volume contains selected papers from the 10th Interdisciplinary Workshop in Informatics and Psychology which had as its theme Cognitive Aspects in Visual Languages and Interfaces. Visual languages in general, visual programming languages in particular, and graphical or visual user interfaces are increasingly regarded as important improvements for the interaction between people and artifacts. Visual and graphical user interfaces have already a history of a number of years in terms of research and development. The focus on visual languages and visual programming languages, however, is more recent. The development of graphical user interfaces was accompanied and reinforced by psychological research but visual languages are still mainly inventions of designers and not designed on the basis of principles derived also from knowledge of psychology or other behavioral sciences.
The presentations and discussions at the workshop showed increasing interest in paradigms of visual languages and their psychological foundation. Visual languages and interfaces must be seen as means to support and enhance represention, application and processing knowledge visually. The study of the cognitive aspects in visual languages and interfaces is thus an important part of Human-Computer Interaction as a discipline "concerned with the design, evaluation and implementation of interactive computer systems for human use and with the study of major phenomena surrounding them" (definition of HCI in the ACM SIGCHI Curricula for Human-Computer Interaction). This book will stimulate future research in the area of Human-Computer Interaction and Visual Languages.
Adjunctive treatments, in which patients are provided additional
modalities that can assist in their behavior change or the
maintenance of their behavior change (i.e. telehealth,
psychoeducation, consumer-driven treatment planning), have a useful
role in addressing problems that can't be solved by face-to-face
meetings. The adjunctive therapies covered in this book are all
based on improving patient's self management of their problems or
the factors that exacerbate their problems.
Advances in the Study of Behavior is the leading series in its field. Each volume includes a variety of review essays by experts providing authoritative overviews of key areas of current interest that are invaluable to the teacher, student, and researcher in the field of behavior, whether psychologist or biologist. This volume continues the tradition of excellence in the study of behavior by covering a whole range of biological and psychological research. Each of the chapters presents new ideas, with a particularly interesting approach to sexual coercion. The volume as a whole has a particular strength in the area of behavioral development, which is the main topic of the last three chapters.
This twenty-sixth volume of Research in Organizational Behavior
presents a set of well-crafted and thoughtful essays on a series of
research topics. They range from efforts to redirect the study of
leadership, to analyses of interpersonal relationships, to
considerations of cross-cultural issues in organizing work, to
discussions of institutional and environmental forces on
organizational outcomes. Each of these essays includes a thorough
review of the relevant literature, and more importantly, pushes
that literature forward with new conceptual analysis and theory. In
short, these essays continue the spirit of "rigorous eclecticism"
that has exemplified the annual publication of ROB.
As a collection, this year's set of essays provides a healthy
advance for the field of organizational behavior. They are examples
of serious scholarship that extend and challenge our current
thinking about organizations and the behavior of its participants.
Many of these chapters will take their place among the best
presented by the Research in Organizational Behavior series.
- Revisiting the Meaning of Leadership
- When and How Team Leaders Matter
- Normal Act of Irrational Trust: Motivated Attributions and the
- Gender Stereotypes and Negotiation Performance: An Examination
- Third-Party Reactions to Employee (Mis)treatment: A Justice
- Protestant Relational Ideology: The Cognitive Underpinnings
- The Red Queen: History-Dependent Competition Among Organizations
This edited textbook will be appropriate for use in advanced
undergraduate and graduate level courses and will serve as a
comprehensive and timely introduction to the field of adolescent
development, providing students with a strong foundation for
understanding the biological, cognitive and psychosocial
transitions occurring during adolescence. While certain normative
biological and cognitive processes are relevant for all youth,
development varies dramatically based on a youth's position in
society. The volume will focus on contextual factors such as
culture, racial identity, socioeconomic position and sociopolitical
and historical events, highlighting the impact such factors have on
the physiological and psychological processes and treating them as
key elements in understanding development during this life stage.
The authors will cover the major theoretical positions (both
historical and contemporary) about adolescence as well as the
relevant research and application. Additionally, modern phenomena -
the ever-increasing influence of pop culture (i.e. Hip Hop), mass
media and technology (i.e., the internet, gaming) and the evolution
of family, education and the church - will be explored in depth.
Each chapter will be written by a known expert in the field.
Television: What's On, Who's Watching, and What It Means presents a
comprehensive examination of the role of television in one's life.
The emphasis is on data collected over the past two decades
pointing to an increasing and in some instances a surprising
influence of the medium. Television is not only watched but its
messages are attended to and well understood. There is no shame in
spending hours in front of the set, in fact, people over-estimate
the time they spend viewing. Television advertising no longer
persuades--it sells by creating a burst of emotional liking for the
commercial. The emphases of television news determine not only what
voters think about but also the presidential candidate they expect
to support on election day. Children and teenagers who watch a
great deal of television perform poorly on standardized achievement
tests, and among the reasons are the usurpation of time spent
learning to read and the discouragement of book reading. Television
violence frightens some children and excites others, but its
foremost effect is to increase aggressive behavior that sometimes
spills over into seriously harmful antisocial behavior.
An integrated approach to the problems of vision and vehicle
control is presented in this volume.
Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences, Seventh Edition, provides extensive reviews and critical evaluations of research on the social aspects of aging. It also makes available major references and identifies high-priority topics for future research. The book is organized into four parts. Part 1 reviews developments in the field of age and the life course (ALC) studies and presents guidelines on conducting cohort analysis. Part 2 covers the demographic aspects of aging; longevity trends; disability and aging; and stratification and inequality research. Part 3 includes chapters that examine socioeconomic position and racial/ethnic disparities in health at older ages; the role of social factors in the distribution, antecedents, and consequences of depression; and aspects of private wealth transfers and the changing nature of family gift-giving. Part 4 deals with pension reform in Europe; the political activities of older Americans; the future of retirement security; and gender differences in old age. The Handbook is intended for researchers, professional practitioners, and students in the field of aging. It can also serve as a basic reference tool for scholars, professionals, and others who are not presently engaged in research and practice directly focused on aging and the aged. * Contains all the main areas of social science gerontological research in one volume* Begins with a section on theory and methods* Edited by one of the fathers of gerontology (Binstock) and contributors represent top scholars in gerontology
This is the Second Edition of Nathan Brody's popular book
Intelligence, originally published in 1976. It presents a
comprehensive review of contemporary research in this field,
including coverage of such controversial topics as the genetic and
environmental influences on IQ and individual and group differences
in intelligence. The book also discusses both the psychometric and
cognitive approaches to intelligence as well as new theories in the
Intended to give a broad overview of the literature in the area of
self-injurious behavior in people with intellectual disabilities,
but most of the text is dedicated to the review of the behavioral
and biological research in this field. In fact, it is our view that
the most promising heuristic approach for the advancement of our
understanding of this phenomenon and for its management and
treatment is likely the bio-behavioral perspective in which
behavior can be studied at the intersect of learning and the
biological bases of behavior. We will propose an overarching
heuristic model, which we will call the Gene-Brain-Behavior Model
of Self-Injurious Behavior that presents a platform to integrate
disparate, and previously isolated scientific approaches.
Psychology of Learning and Motivation publishes empirical and theoretical contributions in cognitive and experimental psychology, ranging from classical and instrumental conditioning to complex learning and problem solving. Each chapter provides a thoughtful integration of a body of work. Volume 39 includes in its coverage chapters on category learning, relational timing, infant memory, depression and memory, goals and choice, and more.
"Children & Adolescents: Clinical Formulation & Treatment"
draws on the experience and research of leading scientists and
clinicians from the United States, Australia, the United Kingdom,
Israel and Canada to present state-of-the-art information on all
aspects of child psychology and psychiatry. Special attention is
given to the psychopathology, assessment, treatment, and prevention
of childhood behavioral disorders.
The volume highlights the developmental-contextual framework
used in the clinical formulation of these disorders, as well as
process and outcome issues in treatment. Various theoretical
perspectives are also reviewed, including applied behavior
analysis, family systems therapy, play therapy, and pharmacologic
therapy. In the final section, all of the major childhood disorders
found in the DSM and ICD are described, with information on their
prevalence, etiology, assessment, and treatment. This section also
analyzes the empirical status of the various therapies used for the
treatment of childhood disorders.
Section I examines the foundations for the conceptualization,
assessment, and treatment of child psychopathology.
"Children are not miniature adults, rather they are growing,
developing organisms who are richly embedded in diverse social
contexts including the family, school, and communities in which
they live. As such, they need to be viewed as distinct from adults
and as important in their own right. Children have come of age.
Hopefully, this volume will assist in their ongoing recognition and
provide the reader with much information about assessment and
treatment practices that are in their best interests."" Professor
Thomas Ollendick, Preface to Volume 5, Comprehensive Clinical
Population aging is occurring worldwide. Reports of abuse and neglect of older men and women are also evident on a global basis. While much of the work on identification, treatment and prevention of abuse of older persons has been within the family setting, it cannot be separated from the broader experience of growing old in contemporary society. Time and time again, issues around legislation, policy and practice collide with human rights, societal attitudes and stereotypes.
Raising awareness of the linkamong aging, ageism and abuse, is
one goal of this book and a necessary first step in the battle to
eliminate abuse and neglect of older persons. But awareness is not
enough, action needs to be taken to develop, case finding
procedures and remedial and preventive policies and programs that
are elder-friendly both in intent and in the way that they are
implemented. This book offers a thought-provoking examination of
selected current policies and programs that have been developed
within the health, social services and criminal justice systems. It
highlights the special issues and vulnerabilities of older women,
older men and persons from the LGTB community. It also features a
unique approach to reaching young people through an educational
program that shapes attitudes and behavior via graphic art.
* Practical approach - readers can relate to the examples that are provided of situations in which abuse and neglect has or can occur"
Difficulties in motor behavior are commonly associated with a
variety of disabilities. Early research efforts focused on
descriptions of specific groups of people or on evaluations of
intervention programs. Only recently have investigators begun to
explore questions from a variety of theoretical positions in an
attempt to build a more fundamental understanding of the disabled
person. The present volume represents views of major methodological
issues, current research fronts and selected applied concerns from
the perspective of the disabled performer. Authors write from a
number of theoretical viewpoints and sketch future research
directions in these chapters.
Most of the research done in social cognition has been conducted with younger adults and may not be applicable to a much older population. Social Cognition and Aging provides a snapshot view of research that has been done with older adults or is directly applicable to this population. Focusing on issues of self identity, social interactions, and social perceptions, this book provides a broad overview of how aging affects one's own perceptions and actions as well as how others perceive and interact with the aged. Coverage includes such topics as self-control, memory, resilience, age stereotypes, moral development, and the "art" of living. With contributions from top researchers in both gerontology and psychology, this book is an important reference for academics and professionals alike in personality, cognition, social psychology, adult development, sociology, and gerontology.
WJ III Clinical Use and Interpretation presents a wide variety of
clinical applications of the WJ III from leading experts. Each
chapter will provide the reader with insights into patterns of
cluster and test scores from both the WJ III "Tests of Cognitive
Abilities" and WJ III "Tests of Achievement" that can assist with
interpretation and formulation of diagnostic hypotheses for
clinical practice. WJ III Clinical Use and Interpretation provides
expert guidance for using the WJ III with individuals with a broad
array of learning and neuropsychological problems, including
learning disabilities and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.
New research included in this volume emphasizes the value of the WJ
III for identification of gifted children and adolescents and young
children with developmental delays.
Author of AP's bestselling "Therapist's Guide to Clinical
Intervention" now turns her attention to substance abuse
intervention. The book will follow a similar format to her previous
book, presenting information in easy to read outline form, with
relevant forms, patient questionnaires, checklists, business
Donald Kausler is one of the founding fathers of research on aging.
Internationally recognized, his efforts have formed the cornerstone
of research on how age affects memory and learning. Now, in one
comprehensive volume, Kausler condenses research findings in this
realm into one engaging and forthright book. What are the effects
of aging on classical and operant conditioning? How does age affect
memory capacity/transfer of learning skill acquisition? Kausler
addresses all of these issues and more in a clearly presented,
easily understood review of major research findings.
This volume combines different perspectives on case-marking: (1)
typological and descriptive approaches of various types and
instances of case-marking in the languages of the world as well as
comparison with languages that express similar types of relations
without morphological case-marking; (2) formal analyses in
different theoretical frameworks of the syntactic, semantic, and
morphological properties of case-marking; (3) a historical approach
of case-marking; (4) a psycholinguistic approach of case-marking.
Although there are a number of publications on case related
issues, there is no volume such as the present one, which
exclusively looks at case marking, competition and variation from a
cross-linguistic perspective and within the context of different
contemporary theoretical approaches to the study of language.
In addition to chapters with broad conceptual orientation, the
volume offers detailed empirical studies of case in a number of
diverse languages including: Amharic, Basque, Dutch, Hindi,
Japanese, Kuuk Thaayorre, Malagasy and Yurakare.
The volume will be of interest to researchers and advanced students in the cognitive sciences, general linguistics, typology, historical linguistics, formal linguistics, and psycholinguistics. The book will interest scholars working within the context of formal syntactic and semantic theories as it provides insight into the properties of case from a cross-linguistic perspective. The book also will be of interest to cognitive scientists interested in the relationship between meaning and grammar, in particular, and the human mind's capacity in the mapping of meaning onto grammar, in general.
The area of intelligent and adaptive user interfaces has been of interest to the research community for a long time. Much effort has been spent in trying to find a stable theoretical base for adaptivity in human-computer interaction and to build prototypical systems showing features of adaptivity in real-life interfaces. To date research in this field has not led to a coherent view of problems, let alone solutions. A workshop was organized, which brought together a number of well-known researchers in the area of adaptive user interfaces with a view to
Evidence-Based Educational Methods answers the challenge of the "No
Child Left Behind Act" of 2001 by promoting evidence-based
educational methods designed to improve student learning.
Behavioral scientists have been refining these instructional
methods for decades before the current call for evidence-based
education. Precision Teaching, Direct Instruction, Computerized
Teaching, Personalized System of Instruction, and other unique
applications of behavior analysis are all informed by the
scientific principles of learning, have been tested in the
laboratory, and are often shown to have significant success in
field applications. This book details each of these approaches to
education based on the principles of behavior analysis. Individuals
and agencies responsible for instruction that leaves no child
behind will find this compendium an important resource for meeting
that challenge, and young educators will greatly benefit from this
text, as they will see a blueprint of the evidence-based education
systems being planned for the future.
Research on humor is carried out in a number of areas in
psychology, including the cognitive (What makes something funny?),
developmental (when do we develop a sense of humor?), and social
(how is humor used in social interactions?) Although there is
enough interest in the area to have spawned several societies, the
literature is dispersed in a number of primary journals, with
little in the way of integration of the material into a book.
This book summarizes information on adaptive behavior and skills as
well as general issues in adaptive behavior assessment with the
goal of promoting sound assessment practice during uses,
interpretations, and applications of the Adaptive Behavior
This comprehensive yet brief overview of the adolescent human
brain discusses how the brain develops during this critical period
of life and how that development impacts decision-making and
risk-taking behavior in the adolescent.
This originated as a white paper requested by the Canadian government for a specific group looking to understand adolescent brain development in the context of adolescent behavior. The paper was not made available to the Canadian government outside of the specific task force that requested it nor to the general public. The authors have since decided that having put so much effort into concisely summarizing research on adolescent brain development, it would be a useful addition to researchers in psychology generally. The original paper has since been updated and revised considerably.
This book is both a set of procedures for the therapist and a
philosophy- one that is shared with clients and one that guides the
work of the therapist. This second edition continues its excellence
in offering clinicians a guide to doing what works in brief
therapy- for whom, and when and how to use it. Psychotherapy that
follows these guidelines validates the client's most important
concerns - and it often turns out to be surprisingly brief. Author,
Ellen Quick integrates strategic and solution focused therapy and
includes guidelines for tailoring technique and interventions to
client characteristics and preferences. With clinically rich
examples throughout, this book offers applications for couples,
including indications for individual or conjoint sessions.
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