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Air Law: A comprehensive sourcebook for Southern African pilots is the first book on air law published by a leading academic and is intended to serve the Southern African pilots' community. Written in a straight-forward style, Air Law is fully referenced and clearly presented. The book provides student pilots and their instructors with the in-depth knowledge that pilots need to pass their examinations and obtain their licences. Air Law offers private pilots a source of legal reference that will enable them to remain competent and compliant aviators and guides them through complex regulations. Air Law will also help commercial pilots to secure the core knowledge of air law that they need to progress to advanced procedures. The book contains a section intended for drone pilots. Air Law tells a story: that of flying safely. The book offers readers who are passionate about aviation a deep insight into the art of safe flying. You will follow a VFR pilot on a cross-country flight, and see how the rules, regulations, and demands of air law are there to produce better pilots, and to make flying a unique and long-lasting human experience.
African Customary Law in South Africa: Post-Apartheid and Living Law Perspectives provides a clear introduction to indigenous law in South Africa. The text provides a structure for understanding the nature and overarching system of customary law, illustrating its distinctness in relation to other areas of law, and exploring the dynamic precepts and values of living customary law. The text suggests an approach which supports harmonisation of customary law precepts and values with the common law and Western constitutional jurisprudence, and offers an authentic, culturally sensitive framework within which contentious issues might be resolved. The text is pedagogically designed to assist learning and the development of academic skills, encouraging readers to develop an approach of independent enquiry and analysis. This text is suited as core course material for students who are studying African Customary Law, Indigenous Law, or Legal Diversity as a module of the LLB degree. It also serves as a useful first reference for scholars who are interested in this field of law, legal practitioners, magistrates and judges. The following teaching resources complement the text, and are available to lecturers, to support teaching and learning: PowerPoint slide presentation Application questions
International Law offers a rigorous yet accessible introduction to public international law for students.
Presenting a clearly structured conceptual framework, the text is designed to support understanding by providing a concise, coherent perspective of international law principles and systems at domestic, regional and international levels. In addition to the standard, core material addressed in international law curriculae, the text examines judgments from South African courts and African jurisdictions, and provides a challenging analysis of key, emerging developments which are particularly relevant to the African context.
This thoroughly updated and revised second edition combines practical and theoretical analyses to cover a wide array of cutting edge issues in international environmental law (IEL). The Research Handbook provides a comprehensive view of the complexity of IEL, both as a field in its own right, and as part of the wider system of international law. Expert contributors examine the key theories and concepts of IEL governance and provide an in-depth analysis of IEL principles, supplemented in this new edition by a consideration of the significant actors involved in international environmental law-making and governance. Chapters go on to discuss practical issues, such as dispute settlement and compliance, and analyse selected environmental protection regimes, as well as including a brand new section covering IEL litigation in relation to human rights and climate change. Providing a thorough examination of the major topics in the field, this Handbook will be an indispensable resource for scholars and students of international environmental law. Practitioners and policymakers will also find it useful for its coverage of developments in environmental litigation and the actors involved.
This timely Research Handbook offers an insightful review of how legal systems - whether domestic, international or transnational - can and should adjust to fairly and effectively support loss and damage (L&D) claims in climate change law. International contributors guide readers through a detailed assessment of the history and current state of L&D provisions under the UN climate regime and consider the opportunities to fund L&D claims both within and outside the UN climate system. Split into four parts, the Research Handbook investigates the current legal frameworks for L&D across both public international law and domestic law. Chapters explore foundational issues including equity and justice and give a critical assessment of the current state and potential future evolution of international legal systems. The contributing authors also discuss the challenges faced by different legal systems in dealing effectively and fairly with L&D. Providing a comprehensive overview of this important topic, this Research Handbook will be an excellent resource for climate lawyers and policymakers. It will also be an invaluable read for academics and students researching environmental and climate issues.
This Advanced Introduction provides a clear and accessible guide to the essential elements of environmental compliance and enforcement programs. It examines compliance programs designed to assist regulated entities in meeting their obligations, as well as enforcement tools designed to address non-compliance - such as administrative, civil judicial, and criminal enforcement. Offering an insightful overview of this important area, Lee Paddock highlights recent developments that are changing the way compliance and enforcement work is practiced. Key features include: a review of how the role of criminal enforcement has evolved discussion of traditional compliance monitoring and the role of citizen science examination of the increasing importance of private environmental governance, and the role that government agencies can play in supporting these practices exploration of the need to consider "next generation" and "smart regulation" strategies. This concise and nuanced book will be a key resource for students and scholars of environmental law and politics, criminal law and justice and international policy, as well as environmental enforcement professionals worldwide.
Elgar Advanced Introductions are stimulating and thoughtful introductions to major fields in the social sciences, business and law, expertly written by the world's leading scholars. Designed to be accessible yet rigorous, they offer concise and lucid surveys of the substantive and policy issues associated with discrete subject areas. Written by leading scholar Paul Todd, this Advanced Introduction draws on the author's decades of experience researching and teaching maritime law, offering a clear and concise introduction to the core areas of the field. In addition to providing a primer on the substance, it explains the worldwide applications of English law, and surveys the sources of law and how to locate them. It also highlights some of the difficulties in interpreting the law and pinpoints which individuals have been instrumental in doing so, and in making and developing the law. Key features include: broad but concise coverage of international sales, carriage of goods by sea, marine insurance and admiralty law the provision of references and citations for further study exploration of the recent and likely future developments for the field. The Advanced Introduction to Maritime Law will be a key resource for students and non-specialist scholars of commercial law, transport law and maritime law, while also appealing to professionals with an interest in expanding their knowledge of the topic.
Digital Platforms and Global Law focuses on digital platforms and identifies their relevant legal profiles in terms of transnational and international law. It qualifies digital platforms as private legal orders, which exercise the legislative, executive, and (para)jurisdictional power within them. Starting from this assumption, the author studies the relationship between these orders and state, transnational and international orders. The book first explores the reasons for the inadequacy of the current regulatory matrix and goes on to detail the need for a new paradigm; a shift from the current matrix of market regulation to one of negotiation. The author then examines the lack of effectiveness of current tools and explores how better versions, tools of uniform law, are emerging. This unique exploration will appeal to governments, regulatory authorities, digital platforms, businesses, and students and will find further audience with policy makers and practitioners.
This impressive work forms a comprehensive examination of the legal and historical context of marine insurance, providing a detailed overview of the events and factors leading to its codification in the Marine Insurance Act 1906. It investigates the development of the legal principles and case law that underpin the Act to reveal how successful this codification truly was, and to demonstrate how these historical precedents remain relevant to marine insurance law to this day. Beginning with the pivotal year of 1756, Rob Merkin QC organises his analysis era by era, situating the leading cases and emerging fundamentals of the marine insurance industry in the context of external events such as war, the growth of free international trade, and the expansion of empire. Offering insight into the origins of familiar legal principles in the field, the book provides a deeper understanding of the legal framework within which historical events took place and how this shaped both the development of marine insurance law and the political and economic circumstances surrounding it. Key features include: In-depth research by one of the leading experts in marine insurance law Context for and therefore deeper understanding of legal principles in the field An authoritative account of the development of modern law of marine insurance through its historical roots. Legal historians interested in marine insurance and international maritime law more broadly as well as other historians of the period will find the depth of research and breadth of coverage in this book invaluable. Its grounding of important principles in their historical context will also be useful to practising lawyers in the field grappling with current marine insurance issues.
This collection addresses human rights and development for researchers, policymakers and activists at a time of major challenges. 'Critical issues' in the title signifies both the urgency of the issues and the need for critical rethinking. After exploring the overarching issues of development and economic theory, gender, climate change and disability, the book focuses on issues of technology and trade, education and information, water and sanitation, and work, health, housing and food. The chapters then examine how to operationalize human rights in development through accountability, the right to development, indicators and the Sustainable Development Goals. The conclusion proposes international standards and social mobilization for human rights and sustainable development as normative and policy-oriented tools for addressing the climate emergency, the coronavirus pandemic, social inequality, racial injustice, and the rise of populist authoritarianism and for advancing social justice and the equal value of all human beings. This book is of interest to students of development and human rights studies, international relations, international law and contemporary social issues, as well as professionals working at government, intergovernmental and civil society organizations dealing with these issues.
This timely book explores the complexities of the EU's international economic relations in the context of its commitment to the rule of law both within the Union and internationally. It does so from three main standpoints: the 'autonomy' of the EU and judicial dialogue, the rule of law through treaty drafting, and the role of international courts and tribunals in upholding the rule of law. Bringing together diverse perspectives from both EU and international law scholars and practitioners, the book investigates some of the most controversial and lively issues in the field of EU external relations, such as the relationship between EU law and international investment arbitration. The contributions consider how dialogue between EU law and international law can enhance the rule of law, providing an analysis of legal issues that also offers concrete tools for overcoming the challenges that arise from them. Scholars and practitioners working in EU external relations, constitutional EU law, and public international law will find this book to be essential reading. Its critical approach will also be of great interest to policymakers in Europe and beyond.
This comprehensive Research Handbook offers an in-depth examination of the most significant factors affecting compliance with international human rights law, which has emerged as one of the key problems in the efforts to promote effective protection of human rights. In particular, it examines the relationships between regional human rights courts and domestic actors and judiciaries. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, the Research Handbook explores the legal and political considerations that shape compliance, using a combination of both international and comparative law analysis in the assessment of regional human rights regimes. Chapters written by leading scholars and practitioners from around the globe cover a wide range of jurisdictions from Europe, Latin America and Africa and their interactions with regional human rights courts. The Research Handbook also discusses the limits of, and possible alternatives to, compliance as a framework for analysis, offering a fuller understanding of the effectiveness of international human rights law. Scholars, students and practitioners of public international law, international human rights law and comparative law will find this Research Handbook an invaluable resource. It will also benefit officials and lawyers working with international organisations who deal with human rights issues on a regular basis.
This important Research Handbook provides a guide to navigating the tangled array of laws and policies available to counter the multiple threats of ocean acidification. It investigates the limitations and opportunities for addressing ocean acidification under global governance frameworks, including multilateral environmental agreements, law of the sea and human rights instruments. The book also describes regional and national approaches and challenges in responding to ocean acidification. The special vulnerabilities of the Arctic, Antarctic and South Pacific are highlighted. Limited responses by regional sea programmes and regional fisheries management organizations are summarized. Case studies are provided from Australia, Brazil, China and the United States. This discerning Research Handbook will be a welcome read for policy makers and students with an interest in the laws and policies of marine governance and climate change. This will also be an ideal read for those who are interested in the pressing environmental issues facing the world community.
This timely and original book provides an exploration of the factors that combine to determine the form of regulatory problems and the overall success or failure of regulation. Using environmental regulation as a basis for analysis, this book puts forward a theoretical framework for the design of effective regulation and demonstrates how businesses' compliance with environmental regulation, in particular, could be improved. The authors address previous shortcomings in regulatory explanations, which have frequently overlooked the structural character of regulation and underplayed how the factors involved work together to determine regulatory shape and performance. In seeking to address this deficit, the authors develop a compliance line to demonstrate how different choices on how to regulate will affect compliance outcomes. Chapters include a review of how regulation has changed and sought to improve over the years, the relationship between rule following and regulation, how regulation incorporates and relies on necessary conditions, an identification of the trade-offs involved in regulating, and a discussion of why regulation is, by necessity and to a degree, unfair. Providing theories for how regulation can be structured to improve compliance, The Structure of Regulation will be a key resource for students and academics in the fields of law and regulation, environment studies, public policy and political science.
This cutting-edge book considers the functional inseparability of risk and innovation within the context of environmental law and governance. Analysing both 'hard' and 'soft' innovation, the book argues that approaches to socio-ecological risk require innovation in order for society and the environment to become more resilient. In addition to risk and innovation, this book also highlights the need for resilience thinking in environmental law and governance, questioning whether these three factors are mutually supportive. Featuring wide geographical coverage of environmental law issues in both developing and developed nations, contributions posit that environmental law and governance is in a constant state of transformation. Throughout the book, discrete topics such as oceans, climate change and biodiversity are considered alongside intersecting themes such as human rights and litigation. Featuring up to date analysis of cutting edge topics by leading scholars in the field, The Transformation of Environmental Law and Governance will be a key resource for academics and students in the fields of environmental law, governance and regulation and environmental politics and policy. The valuable insights offered will also be beneficial for practitioners and lawmakers involved in the development of environmental law.
International Humanitarian Law (IHL) is in a state of some turbulence, as a result of, among other things, non-international armed conflicts, terrorist threats and the rise of new technologies. This incisive book observes that while states appear to be reluctant to act as agents of change, informal methods of law-making are flourishing. Illustrating that not only courts, but various non-state actors, push for legal developments, this timely work offers an insight into the causes of this somewhat ambivalent state of IHL by focusing attention on both the legitimacy of law-making processes and the actors involved. Investigating what law-making processes reveal about the overall state of this legal regime, this thought-provoking book shows that current developments display a far-reaching disagreement about the direction into which IHL should evolve. It explores the most relevant trends in the development of IHL including the absence of formal law-making by states, informal law-making through manual processes and the increasing role of sub and non-state actors. Law-Making and Legitimacy in International Humanitarian Law will be of benefit to scholars and students of international law and relations, as well as practitioners working in the field of IHL, particularly in government ministries, international organizations and NGOs.
This insightful book proposes taking inspiration from EU competition law structures to inform and implement a more economic approach in WTO law. The book provides a detailed account of the two legal systems regarding likeness, harm, and remedies, in order to draw comparisons. Taking a unique approach in synthesizing law and economics with comparative law methods, it considers WTO law holistically to propose a legal transplant from EU competition law to WTO law. Drawing from EU competition law, the book generates comparative ideas that can improve the understanding of fundamental WTO concepts such as likeness, less favourable treatment, discrimination, trade harm, trade effects, and the level of permissible countermeasures. Based on this analysis, the author offers normative suggestions to improve the efficiency of WTO law through correct implementation of a more economic approach. As part of this approach, the author recommends an increased capacity for all key actors involved in WTO dispute settlement. Exploring key WTO concepts and employing law and economics benchmarks to make comparisons, this thought-provoking book will be of benefit to scholars and students of law and economics, global transnational law and WTO law in particular. It will also prove valuable for practitioners and policy makers involved in international trade law and dispute settlement.
This timely book explores a critical new juncture where globalisation is in retreat and global norms of behaviour are not converging. Frank Vibert provides an expert analysis on how this situation has arisen from a combination of changes in the relative power and position of nations and the different values behind the organisation of domestic government in democracies and authoritarian states. Vibert challenges the assumption that differences in the way countries organise their domestic form of government can be kept separate from rulemaking at the international level. The book examines how democracies can defend their own values relative to others, the methods of influence, and the ways of managing conflict between contending values. Comity maps a path away from impasse to where democracies cooperate to make rules for themselves that can then be extended to others. It also discusses the legitimacy of this form of international rulemaking. Vibert concludes with the need for democracies to address their own democratic backsliding and to refresh their alliances with other democracies. This book steps back from conventional claims that we are heading towards an ever more globalised world and sets out the importance of norms in shaping institutions, relationships and the techniques of rulemaking. The book will be critical reading for scholars of international relations, constitutional and administrative law, regulation, and international politics. It will also be useful for practitioners in international organisations, governments and administrative bodies.
This thoroughly revised second edition provides an up-to-date account of essential EU climate mitigation law, analysing an area that remains one of the most dynamic fields of EU law. Special attention is paid to the energy sector and to the impact of climate law on broader legal issues, such as energy network regulation and human rights. Written by leading scholars of EU climate law from the University of Groningen, the book addresses the relevant directives and regulations, examining their implementation and impact on current policy and academic debate. Chapters guide the reader through key topics including the EU emissions trading system, renewable energy consumption, and carbon capture and storage. Key features of the second edition include: A clear and accessible introduction to EU climate mitigation law Comprehensive coverage of the climate targets and instruments of the EU Special focus on the relationship between climate law and energy law New classroom questions to stimulate further discussion and debate Educational design based on reviews by climate law students and lecturers. Combining educational design and analytical accuracy, this book will be an indispensable guide for both students and professionals. It is highly recommended for courses on EU climate mitigation law, as well as climate law, energy law, environmental law and EU law.
This carefully crafted book discusses a wide range of important legal principles such as procedural fairness and reasonableness in the context of international trade and investment law. Using comparative methodology, the authors examine how those principles are reflected in treaties and how they are employed by adjudicators resolving disputes. Contributing to a growing and important body of scholarship,Principles of International Trade and Investment Law provides critical analysis of important topics in international economic law, including cross-border data transfers and prudential regulation. By identifying commonalities and divergences in how the two regimes treat key legal concepts,such as necessity testing and non-discrimination, the book provides insight into international trade and investment law while also furthering our understanding of the broader fields of international economic law and public international law. Examining how these key principles are interpreted and used in international economic law, this book will be welcomed by academics and practitioners interested in international investment and trade law as well as researchers in the international public law field.
Examining how trade agreements are interpreted both in trade tribunals and in the United Kingdom, this innovative book provides a well-rounded exploration of the numerous UK free trade agreements, including the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement, and their legal and policy implications for intellectual property. Providing a detailed assessment of the continuing role of EU standards in the UK, Phillip Johnson highlights how the UK has played an active role in shaping EU intellectual property law and policy. He explores the extent to which the UK's "new" trade agreements are tied to existing EU law and how this will preserve those standards in the UK, and how this might been received both nationally and globally. An extensive range of critical issues is covered, including copyright, patents, designs, trade marks, border control and technology transfer as well as featuring a calendar of EU laws which are replicated in the UK's current free trade agreements. This authoritative book will be an important source of reference for academics and practitioners seeking to understand the role of intellectual property law in UK and EU free trade agreements, as well as scholars and students of intellectual property, trade laws, and European Law.
This unique book focuses specifically on teaching and learning in environmental law, exploring innovative techniques, tools and technologies employed across the globe to teach this ever more important subject. Chapters identify particular challenges that environmental law poses for pedagogy, offering a mix of theory and practical guidance to legal scholars who are seeking to take up, or improve, their teaching of this subject. Providing an examination of teaching formats and methodologies that are both innovative and particularly adapted to the teaching of environmental law, contributions explore topics such as digital learning, joint teaching, flipped classrooms and scenario-based approaches, as well as discussing teacher-based, reflective, student-centred and research-based methods. The book also considers specific contexts for teaching environmental law such as specialized postgraduate programs, supervision methods for research students, teaching within non-law programs, and teaching online. Environmental law scholars at all levels of university instruction will find this book an invaluable opportunity to learn about new methods and approaches to teaching in this area. Its insights into legal teaching methodologies more broadly will also be of interest to legal academics in other areas of the law.
The overarching vision of the 2050 Africa's Integrated Maritime Strategy is to foster increased wealth creation from Africa's oceans and seas by developing a sustainable thriving blue economy in a secure and environmentally sustainable manner. The Law of the Sea: The African Union and its Member States provides a first and firm foundation for an assessment and the further development of the legal aspects of ocean governance on the continent. It is an indispensable reference for all the role players in the African Maritime Domain, including agencies and governments, business, civil society, lawyers, scientists and students.
International Law is the definitive and authoritative text on the subject. It has long been established as a leading authority in the field, offering an unbeatable combination of clarity of expression and academic rigour, ensuring understanding and analysis in an engaging and authoritative style. Explaining the leading rules, practice and caselaw, this treatise retains and develops the detailed referencing which encourages and assists the reader in further study. This new edition has been fully updated to reflect recent developments. In particular, it has expanded the treatment of space law and of international economic law, and introduced new sections on cyber operations and cyber warfare, as well as reflecting the Covid-19 crisis. Both clarifying fundamental principles and facilitating additional research, International Law is invaluable for students and for those occupied in private practice, governmental service and international organisations.
This insightful book examines the impact of two competing visions of Asian-Pacific economic growth paths and development governance. It discusses law, development and finance in the context of the Indo-Pacific Strategy versus the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), whilst also comparing parallel development financing systems. Jin Sheng reflects on and connects a series of issues of global significance, such as the economic Cold War, global debt, industrialisation and development in the developing world, and the changing international economic order. In so doing the author posits that the BRI's ultimate objective is to export China's development model, which is characterised by a focus on exports, experimentalism, and oversupply of currency. The book also critically examines China's ambition to dominate the international economic order and set up its own favoured international rules. Alternative Development Finance and Parallel Development Strategies in the Asia-Pacific will be an important read for researchers and policy makers in the fields of law, development and finance in the Asia-Pacific region.
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