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A timely and incisive look at austerity measures that succeed "and those that don (TM)t Fiscal austerity is hugely controversial. Opponents argue that it can trigger downward growth spirals and become self-defeating. Supporters argue that budget deficits have to be tackled aggressively at all times and at all costs. In this masterful book, three of today (TM)s leading policy experts cut through the political noise to demonstrate that there is not one type of austerity but many. Looking at thousands of fiscal measures adopted by sixteen advanced economies since the late 1970s, Austerity assesses the relative effectiveness of tax increases and spending cuts at reducing debt. It shows that spending cuts have much smaller costs in terms of output losses than tax increases. Spending cuts can sometimes be associated with output gains in the case of expansionary austerity and are much more successful than tax increases at reducing the growth of debt. The authors also show that austerity is not necessarily the kiss of death for political careers as is often believed, and provide new insights into the recent cases of European austerity after the financial crisis. Bringing needed clarity to one of today (TM)s most challenging subjects, Austerity charts a sensible approach based on data analysis rather than ideology.
'Basic Income is an idea whose time has come, and Guy Standing has pioneered our understanding of it... Standing's analysis is vital' Paul Mason 'Guy Standing has been at the forefront of the movement for nearly 4 decades, and in this superb and thorough survey he explains how it works and why it has the potential to revitalise life and democracy in our societies. This is an essential book.' Brian Eno Shouldn't everyone receive a stake in society's wealth? Could we create a fairer world by granting a guaranteed income to all? What would this mean for our health, wealth and happiness? Basic Income is a regular cash transfer from the state, received by all individual citizens. It is an acknowledgement that everyone plays a part in generating the wealth currently enjoyed only by a few. Political parties across the world are now adopting it as official policy and the idea generates headlines every day. Guy Standing has been at the forefront of thought about Basic Income for the past thirty years, and in this book he covers in authoritative detail its effects on the economy, poverty, work and labour; dissects and disproves the standard arguments against Basic Income; explains what we can learn from pilots across the world and illustrates exactly why a Basic Income has now become such an urgent necessity.
* Fully updated to match the new specification, changes to legislation and the sector. * Now covers management in adult and children's services. * Contains a topic-based structure that shows clear mapping to the units of the new qualification. * Contains enough mandatory and optional units to cover a route through the full qualification for all four management pathways. * Features a new chapter, 'Risk and health and safety'. * Includes new case studies and questions throughout to highlight issues around real workplace practice. * Also covers the Welsh specifications for Level 5 Management qualifications for adults' and children's services.
* Includes full explanation of the requirements and terminology of the new Level 3 qualification, so learners and tutors can feel confident that they are fully supported. * Written by Penny Tassoni and a team of expert childcare tutors and trainers, so you can be sure that content is reliable , relevant and of the highest quality . * Contains a CD-ROM which includes bonus content of short video clips to bring selected topics to life. * New 'Working Life' feature pages help learners relate knowledge to their own settings.
The modern welfare state finds itself in the middle of two major upheavals: the impact of technology and immigration. Having taken in more refugees per capita than most other countries, the pillars of the Swedish welfare state are being shaken, and digital technologies are set to strengthen already existing trends towards job and wage polarization. The development of skills to keep pace with technology will enter into a critical period for the labor market in which inadequate policy responses could result in further inequality and polarization. In this regard, a platform-based labor market could help by opening up a vast range of new work opportunities. Marten Blix examines the implications of these trends that drive change in developed economies and, in particular, the impact that they have on Sweden and other European countries with rigid labor markets and comprehensive tax-financed welfare services. Increasing costs from immigration and rising inequality could further reduce the willingness to pay high taxes and erode support for redistribution. Failure to address challenges like this one could herald much more drastic changes further down the road. There are already signs of economic and political tensions and there is a risk that the social contract could crack. This new discussion on the future of work and the welfare state will be of interest not only to scholars but in policy circles and corresponding societies in sociology, labor relations, political science, and public administration.
"Work and the Welfare State" places street-level organizations at the analytic center of welfare-state politics, policy, and management. This volume offers a critical examination of efforts to change the welfare state to a workfare state by looking at on-the-ground issues in six countries: the US, UK, Australia, Denmark, Germany, and the Netherlands. An international group of scholars contribute organizational studies that shed new light on old debates about policies of workfare and activation. Peeling back the political rhetoric and technical policy jargon, these studies investigate what really goes on in the name of workfare and activation policies and what that means for the poor, unemployed, and marginalized populations subject to these policies. By adopting a street-level approach to welfare state research, Work and the Welfare State reveals the critical, yet largely hidden, role of governance and management reforms in the evolution of the global workfare project. It shows how these reforms have altered organizational arrangements and practices to emphasize workfare's harsher regulatory features and undermine its potentially enabling ones. As a major contribution to expanding the conceptualization of how organizations matter to policy and political transformation, this book will be of special interest to all public management and public policy scholars and students.
Behaviour is always in the news. Sometimes we praise people for their endeavour, their heroism and their love. Generally we complain about people for their laziness, arrogance, pettiness and bad behaviour. The media are full of it and our daily conversation is filled with what our acquaintances or characters from the soaps are up to! Blob Behaviour is a set of cards which looks at how we all relate and provides the user with an opportunity to look at the whole range of human behaviour ...and understand one another through it!
Across the globe, family policy is becoming ever more important in tackling key issues such as poverty, child welfare and the state of the economy in general. The Handbook of Family Policy examines how state and workplace policies support parents and their children in developing, earning and caring. With original contributions from 44 leading scholars, this Handbook provides readers with up-to-date knowledge on family policies and family policy research, taking stock of current literature as well as providing analyses of present-day policies, and where they should head in the future. The Handbook is divided into five main sections: history, concepts, theory and methods of family policy research; family policies; family policy models; outcomes of family policies; and future challenges for family policy making and research. Beneficial for both scholars already familiar with the field as well as newcomers, this Handbook provides important insights into the architecture and mechanisms of different family policy models. Family policy makers would also greatly benefit from the detailed advice on how family policies may adapt and progress in the future.
Being a teenager, and becoming an adult, isn't easy and everyone needs some help along the way. This practical handbook will answer many of the questions raised by young people as they move out of the care environment and take control of their lives and their future.
'In my world, the word inspirational gets bandied around a lot, but Jonny Benjamin is truly deserving of that adjective.' – HRH The Duke of Cambridge
'Jonny Benjamin is the most inspirational man I know. His book shows us how remarkable the human spirit is.' Bryony Gordon, bestselling author of Mad Girl
In 2008, twenty-year-old Jonny Benjamin stood on Waterloo Bridge, about to jump. A stranger saw his distress and stopped to talk with him – a decision that saved Jonny's life.
Fast forward to 2014 and Jonny, together with Rethink Mental Illness launch a campaign with a short video clip so that Jonny could finally thank that stranger who put him on the path to recovery. More than 319 million people around the world followed the search. ITV's breakfast shows picked up the story until the stranger, whose name is Neil Laybourn, was found and – in an emotional and touching moment – the pair re-united and have remained firm friends ever since.
The Stranger on the Bridge is a memoir of the journey Jonny made both personally, and publicly to not only find the person who saved his life, but also to explore how he got to the bridge in the first place and how he continues to manage his diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder. Using extracts from diaries Jonny has been writing from the age of thirteen, this book is a deeply personal memoir with a unique insight on mental health.
Jonny was recognized for his work as an influential activist changing the culture around mental health awareness, when he was awarded an MBE in 2017. He and Neil now work full-time together visiting schools, hospitals, prisons and workplaces to help end the stigma by talking about mental health and suicide prevention. The pair ran the London Marathon together in 2017 in aid of HeadsTogether. Following the global campaign to find the stranger, in 2015 Channel 4 made a documentary of Jonny's search which has now been shown around the world.
Winner of the Institute of Economic Affairs' Arthur Seldon Award and the Atlas Foundation's Sir Antony Fisher Memorial Award The welfare state is one of Britain's crowning achievements. Or is it? In this seminal book, now studied in universities in Britain and elsewhere, James Bartholomew advances the sacrilegious argument that, however well meaning its founders, the welfare state has done more harm than good. He argues that far from being the socialist utopia the post-war generation dreamed of, the welfare state has led to avoidable deaths in the NHS, falling standards in schools, permanent mass unemployment and many other unintended consequences. At a deeper level, he contends that the welfare state has caused millions to live deprived and even depraved lives, undermining the very decency and kindness which first inspired it. This landmark book changed the way many people think about the welfare state. It played a major role in the political debate that led to recent reforms. Now with a new introduction by the author ass
These books provide your students with a strong and distinctive case study approach which will contextualise key issues with the Student Textbook for BTEC National Health and Social Care. Covering the core units - enabling students to get a Level 3 Certificate, Subsidiary Diploma, or mandatory units towards a Diploma, Collins BTEC National Health and Social Care allows you to: * Teach with confidence through assignments that enable students to produce their portfolios as they work through the activities connected to the book. * Enable every student to progress with Pass, Merit and Distinction content clearly differentiated and signposted * Engage students with unit content presented in clear sections using high quality illustrations and photographs that bring the subject to life. Units covered: 1. Developing Effective Communication in Health and Social Care 2. Equality, Diversity and Rights in Health and Social Care 3. Health, Safety and Security in Health and Social Care 4. Development Through the Life Stages 5. Anatomy and Physiology for Health and Social Care 6. Personal and Professional Development in Health and Social Care 7. Sociological Perspectives for Health and Social Care 8. Psychological Perspectives for Health and Social Care
How cutting-edge economics can improve decision-making methods for doctors Although uncertainty is a common element of patient care, it has largely been overlooked in research on evidence-based medicine. Patient Care under Uncertainty strives to correct this glaring omission. Applying the tools of economics to medical decision making, Charles Manski shows how uncertainty influences every stage, from risk analysis to treatment, and how this can be reasonably confronted. In the language of econometrics, uncertainty refers to the inadequacy of available evidence and knowledge to yield accurate information on outcomes. In the context of health care, a common example is a choice between periodic surveillance or aggressive treatment of patients at risk for a potential disease, such as women prone to breast cancer. While these choices make use of data analysis, Manski demonstrates how statistical imprecision and identification problems often undermine clinical research and practice. Reviewing prevailing practices in contemporary medicine, he discusses the controversy regarding whether clinicians should adhere to evidence-based guidelines or exercise their own judgment. He also critiques the wishful extrapolation of research findings from randomized trials to clinical practice. Exploring ways to make more sensible judgments with available data, to credibly use evidence, and to better train clinicians, Manski helps practitioners and patients face uncertainties honestly. He concludes by examining patient care from a public health perspective and the management of uncertainty in drug approvals. Rigorously interrogating current practices in medicine, Patient Care under Uncertainty explains why predictability in the field has been limited and furnishes criteria for more cogent steps forward.
Leadership in the early years is about using your knowledge, skills, personality and experience to positively influence practice. Every practitioner has the capacity to lead, and in doing so, improve opportunities for children and their families. Examining the various roles of early years practitioners, and the everyday challenges and opportunities they face, this book promotes leadership of early childhood practice by considering the following; * Who the leaders are, and what skills they require * The variety of ways a practitioner can lead within a setting * Key roles including the team leader and the key person * How to develop a culture of leadership * The importance of working with families and other professionals * Improving leading through reflective practice. Whether you are a room leader in an early childhood setting needing support in your leadership skills, a manager of an early childhood business, a leader of a nursery, a leader of practice or studying to become an early years practitioner this book is ideal for helping you improve your leadership skills.
In this thought-provoking text, a collection of respected authors with a wealth of academic and practice experience come together to challenge some of the prevailing ideas serving as the foundation for the current child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) structure. Providing a fresh new perspective on critical issues and seeking to stimulate reflection and debate; from managers and commissioners to newly qualified practitioners and students, this book will both challenge and energise readers, spurring them on to reconsider some of the pressing CAMH issues of our time.
How should we live: how should we care for one another; grow our capabilities to work, to learn, to love and fully realise our potential? This exciting and ambitious book shows how we can re-design the welfare state for this century. The welfare state was revolutionary: it lifted thousands out of poverty, provided decent homes, good education and security. But it is out of kilter now: an elaborate and expensive system of managing needs and risks. Today we face new challenges. Our resources have changed. Hilary Cottam takes us through five 'Experiments' to show us a new design. We start on a Swindon housing estate where families who have spent years revolving within our current welfare systems are supported to design their own way out. We spend time with young people who are helped to make new connections - with radical results. We turn to the question of good health care and then to the world of work and see what happens when people are given different tools to make change. Then we see those over sixty design a new and affordable system of support. At the heart of this way of working is human connection. Upending the current crisis of managing scarcity, we see instead that our capacities for the relationships that can make the changes are abundant. We must work with individuals, families and communities to grow the core capabilities we all need to flourish. Radical Help describes the principles behind the approach, the design process that makes the work possible and the challenges of transition. It is bold - and above all, practical. It is not a book of dreams. It is about concrete new ways of organising that already have been developing across Britain. Radical Help creates a new vision and a radically different approach that can take care of us once more, from cradle to grave.
This is the second edition of Barbara Bassot's hugely popular book is a uniquely inspiring introduction to critically reflective practice. Using bite-sized theory combined with plentiful guidance and supporting activities, this book gives the reader a place to reflect on their learning and use writing as a tool for developing their thinking. Critical reflection is an essential skill for anyone undertaking qualifying professional programmes such as social work, nursing, health, teaching, childhood studies and youth and community work degrees. Whether being taught as a discrete module or as a major theme embedded in all teaching, this is essential reading for anyone wanting to improve their practise and deliver the best service possible.
This book charts a remarkable woman’s engagement with deep rural communities in South Africa’s KwaZulu-Natal province – and in particular with the high numbers of brain-damaged children left stranded in huts all over the foothills of the great Drakensberg Mountains. Esther Alm arrived in Bulwer in 1980 and finally left 30 years later. In that time, she won several awards for her work, a recognition that culminated in her Honorary community builder of the decade award in 2000, a distinction she shared with several others, including ex-President Nelson Mandela. Esther began a project called Hlanganani Nogothando which is isiZulu for ‘coming together with love’. The fortunes of HNO, as described here, reveal a woman of courage and tenacity whose motivations emanated from her deep Christian faith, and in particular Christ’s injunction to heal the broken hearted and to set at liberty those who are bruised. Esther’s life and work reveals a deep synthesis between faith and social involvement that constantly enriches those around her.
Criminal practitioners will encounter clients with mental health problems regularly. This book provides guidance on recognising the signs of such problems and understanding the correct procedures to provide the client with the best representation. It covers every aspect of the legal process, from initial contact with the client at a police station through to the sentencing hearing, and representing mentally disordered prisoners and on their release.
Enhance your students' practical skills and develop their key content knowledge with this proven formula for effective, structured revision. Target success in OCR's Cambridge Technical Level 3 Health and Social Care with this revision guide that brings together exam-style questions, revision tasks and practical tips to help students to review, strengthen and test their knowledge. With My Revision Notes, every student can: - Enjoy an interactive approach to revision, with clear topic summaries that consolidate knowledge and related activities that put the content into context. - Plan and manage a successful revision programme using the topic-by-topic planner. - Build, practise and enhance exam skills by progressing through revision tasks and Test Yourself activities. - Improve exam technique through exam-style questions and sample answers with commentary from an expert author and teacher. - Get exam ready with answers to the activities available online
Save hours of time-consuming paperwork The Addiction Progress Notes Planner, Fifth Edition provides prewritten session and patient presentation descriptions for each behavioral problem in the Addiction Treatment Planner, Fifth Edition. The prewritten progress notes can be easily and quickly adapted to fit a particular client need or treatment situation. * Saves you hours of time-consuming paperwork, yet offers the freedom to develop customized progress notes * Organized around 44 behaviorally based presenting problems including depression, gambling, nicotine abuse/dependence, chronic pain, and eating disorders * Features over 1,000 prewritten progress notes summarizing patient presentation, themes of session, and treatment delivered * Provides an array of treatment approaches that correspond with the behavioral problems and DSM-5 diagnostic categories in The Addiction Treatment Planner, Fifth Edition * Offers sample progress notes that conform to the latest ASAM guidelines and meet the requirements of most third-party payors and accrediting agencies, including CARF, TJC, COA, and the NCQA * Incorporates new progress notes language consistent with Evidence-Based Treatment Interventions
Highly topical and with an interdisciplinary focus, this book explores the recent political and social developments in EU citizenship. Bringing political scientists, sociologists and law scholars together, this book analyses the implications of identity categorisation regarding gender and generations in the EU and what this means for the realisation of citizens' rights, particularly of women, young adults and migrant care workers throughout the EU. Established researchers explore the stories of social and civil rights in the EU, covering family mobility and migration issues, the precarious positions of female migrant workers across member states and the EU's promotion of diverse family rights. Moreover, the book focuses on the prominent issues facing the new generation of young adults: particularly social mobility, civil rights and political parties' differing views on gender and family issues. With insight into national and regional perspectives on these significant topics, the authors argue that the European Parliament is currently striving for a new consensus to unite member states and dissipate current divisions. An important read for academics and students from across the social sciences, specifically public and social policy, gender studies and European studies, interested in the future direction of the EU surrounding gender and generational division.
Since the publication of Rawls' seminal work, A Theory of Justice, in the second half of the twentieth century, the concept has been constantly debated, with those on the political right and left advocating very different understandings. This unique global collection, written by an exceptional group of international experts, offers a wide-ranging analysis which challenges claims that the market can provide social justice for all. Comprehensive in both its geographical and thematic coverage, authors link theory to policy and practice. Sections cover how to think strategically about social justice in relation to national perspectives; equality and human rights; and applications of the concept to a range of welfare divisions and professional practices. Reflecting both historical and contemporary debates on the subject, the Handbook provides a strong political focus, as well as widening the view of social justice beyond narrow perspectives on welfare provision. This Handbook will be an excellent tool for students at a postgraduate level in the social sciences, particularly social policy, sociology, politics and philosophy. Established researchers of political and sociological theory, and practitioners and policy-makers in professional areas of welfare provision, will also find the extensive insights into current research exceptionally useful for enhancing and developing their work, and situating it within a clear political and philosophical context.
Have you heard of 'evidence-based practice' but don't know what it means? Are you struggling with relating evidence to your practice? Do you want a straight forward, clearly written and practical guide to evidence-based practice? This is the book for anyone who has ever wondered what evidence-based practice is, how to relate it to practice or use it in academic work. Fully updated in this brand new edition, this book uses simple and easy to understand language to help those new to the topic. It provides a step by step guide to what we mean by evidence-based practice and how to apply this concept to your practice and learning. This new edition features: * Additional explanations with examples from health and social care practice, using a wider range of reviews and research * Inclusion of contemporary issues such as predatory journals, use of social media and rapid reviews * Practical solutions to the challenges of using more and better evidence in busy practice settings and in academic work * Revised and expanded useful web links highlighted throughout the book * Clearer explanations of difficult research terms and an updated glossary * New end-of-chapter quizzes to help assess how much you have learned A Beginner's Guide to Evidence-Based Practice in Health and Social Care, 3rd Edition is key reading for both students and professionals who need to search for, appraise and apply evidence in nursing, allied health care or social care. "This highly engaging book is a 'must-have' for health professionals who want to navigate their way through the professional and scientific literature and find the best available evidence to inform their decision-making." Debra Jackson, Professor of Nursing, Oxford Brookes University, UK and University of Technology, Sydney (UTS), Australia "This 3rd edition is an ideal text for undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as clinicians wanting to extend their practice in an evidence-based manner. It is presented in an engaging style that draws the reader in and the language is pitched to inform and educate a broad audience. A diverse range of examples are included to highlight key points so as to appeal to readers from a range of backgrounds. Overall this is a must-have text for a wide audience." Professor Elizabeth Halcomb, Professor of Primary Health Care Nursing, University of Wollongong, Australia
This text provides the conceptual and practical information on key issues and problems that students need to prepare effectively for work with at-risk youth. The authors describe and discuss the latest prevention and intervention techniques that will help future and current professionals perform their jobs successfully and improve the lives of young people at risk.
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