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Books > Professional & Technical > Energy technology & engineering > Fossil fuel technologies > Solid fuel technology

Bioenergy Systems, Biological Sources & Environmental Impact (Hardcover): Michel C Allard Bioenergy Systems, Biological Sources & Environmental Impact (Hardcover)
Michel C Allard
R4,078 Discovery Miles 40 780 Ships in 12 - 17 working days

In this book, the authors present current research in the study of bioenergy systems and their biological sources and environmental impact. Topics discussed include the assessment of sustainability of bioenergy systems; soil loss as a forgotten aspect of biofuel production; effective biocatalysts for lignocellulosic biofuel by a proteomics study of fungal secretome; enhancing the interface between agricultural production, and tree biomass/bioenergy systems to improve farm-scale productivity in Western Australia; hydrogen and ethanol comparison as fuels for internal combustion engines; and hydrogen production by mixed cultures.

Coal in the 21st Century - Energy Needs, Chemicals and Environmental Controls (Hardcover): R.E. Hester, R.M. Harrison Coal in the 21st Century - Energy Needs, Chemicals and Environmental Controls (Hardcover)
R.E. Hester, R.M. Harrison
R1,867 Discovery Miles 18 670 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The long-term future for coal looks bleak. The recent UN climate change conference in Paris called for an end to the use of fossil fuels. However, coal remains one of the world's most important sources of energy, fuelling more than 40% of electricity generation worldwide, with many developing nations relying almost wholly on coal-fuelled electricity. Coal has been the fastest growing energy source in recent years and is essential for many industrial activities, but the coal industry is hugely damaging for the environment. A major driver in climate change and causing around 40% of the world's carbon dioxide emissions, coal fuel comes at a high environmental price. Furthermore, mining and air pollution kill thousands each year. A timely addition to the series, this book critically reviews the role of coal in the 21st century, examining energy needs, usage and health implications. With case studies and an examination of future developments and economics, this text provides an essential update on an environmental topic the world cannot ignore.

Mountains of Injustice - Social and Environmental Justice in Appalachia (Hardcover, New): Michele Morrone, Geoffrey L. Buckley Mountains of Injustice - Social and Environmental Justice in Appalachia (Hardcover, New)
Michele Morrone, Geoffrey L. Buckley; Foreword by Donald Edward Davis; Afterword by Jedediah Purdy
R1,009 R881 Discovery Miles 8 810 Save R128 (13%) Ships in 12 - 17 working days

Research in environmental justice reveals that low-income and minority neighborhoods in our nation's cities are often the preferred sites for landfills, power plants, and polluting factories. Those who live in these sacrifice zones are forced to shoulder the burden of harmful environmental effects so that others can prosper. Mountains of Injustice broadens the discussion from the city to the country by focusing on the legacy of disproportionate environmental health impacts on communities in the Appalachian region, where the costs of cheap energy and cheap goods are actually quite high. Through compelling stories and interviews with people who are fighting for environmental justice, Mountains of Injustice contributes to the ongoing debate over how to equitably distribute the long-term environmental costs and consequences of economic development. Contributors: Laura Allen, Brian Black, Geoffrey L. Buckley, Donald Edward Davis, Wren Kruse, Nancy Irwin Maxwell, Chad Montrie, Michele Morrone, Kathryn Newfont, John Nolt, Jedediah S. Purdy, and Stephen J. Scanlan.

Catalysis in the Refining of Fischer-Tropsch Syncrude (Hardcover, Edition.): Arno De Klerk, Edward Furimsky Catalysis in the Refining of Fischer-Tropsch Syncrude (Hardcover, Edition.)
Arno De Klerk, Edward Furimsky; Series edited by James J. Spivey
R3,175 Discovery Miles 31 750 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis (FTS) has been used on a commercial scale for more than eighty years. It was initially developed for strategic reasons because it offered a source of transportation fuels that was independent from crude oil. Unlike crude, Fischer-Tropsch synthetic crude is rich in olefins and oxygenates, while being sulphur and nitrogen free. Consequently, the catalysis involved in refining it is significantly different and only a few catalysts have been developed for the purpose. Until now, an account of this topic has been missing from the literature, despite mounting interest in the technology. This is the first book to provide a review and analysis of the literature (journal and patent) on the catalysis needed to refine syncrude to transportation fuels. It specifically highlights the impact of oxygenates and how oxygenates affect selectivity and deactivation. This aspect is also related to the refining of biomass derived liquids. Topics covered include: dimerisation / oligomerisation, isomerisation / hydroisomerisation, catalytic cracking / hydrocracking and hydrogenation, catalytic reforming, aromatic alkylation, etherification, dehydration, and some oxygenate and wax specific conversions.

Mountains of Injustice - Social and Environmental Justice in Appalachia (Paperback): Michele Morrone, Geoffrey L. Buckley Mountains of Injustice - Social and Environmental Justice in Appalachia (Paperback)
Michele Morrone, Geoffrey L. Buckley; Foreword by Donald Edward Davis; Afterword by Jedediah Purdy
R651 Discovery Miles 6 510 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Research in environmental justice reveals that low-income and minority neighborhoods in our nation's cities are often the preferred sites for landfills, power plants, and polluting factories. Those who live in these sacrifice zones are forced to shoulder the burden of harmful environmental effects so that others can prosper. Mountains of Injustice broadens the discussion from the city to the country by focusing on the legacy of disproportionate environmental health impacts on communities in the Appalachian region, where the costs of cheap energy and cheap goods are actually quite high. Through compelling stories and interviews with people who are fighting for environmental justice, Mountains of Injustice contributes to the ongoing debate over how to equitably distribute the long-term environmental costs and consequences of economic development. Contributors: Laura Allen, Brian Black, Geoffrey L. Buckley, Donald Edward Davis, Wren Kruse, Nancy Irwin Maxwell, Chad Montrie, Michele Morrone, Kathryn Newfont, John Nolt, Jedediah S. Purdy, and Stephen J. Scanlan.

Biomass Pretreatment & Conversion Processes (Hardcover): Rajeev Kumar, Seema Singh, Venkatesh Balan Biomass Pretreatment & Conversion Processes (Hardcover)
Rajeev Kumar, Seema Singh, Venkatesh Balan
R7,120 R6,103 Discovery Miles 61 030 Save R1,017 (14%) Ships in 12 - 17 working days

Lignocellulosic biomass conversion to fuel is the only sustainable way to meet the current and future energy demands, at least in displacing a substantial amount of liquid transportation fuel, and curb detrimental effects of greenhouse gas emissions. Various routes and processes to convert lignocellulosic biomass to fuels, chemicals, and bio-based materials have been developed in the last couple of decades. This book contains eleven chapters that intend to provide readers with updates on these various processes and routes to produce fuels and chemicals using lignocellulosic biomass. In addition, it covers the past and current developments on biomass logistics, analytical tools applied to characterise lignocellulosic biomass, environmental aspects and engine performance of various fuels, as well as techno-economical aspects of lignocellulosic biomass refinery. The following list summarises the topics covered in this book: The past and current developments on biomass valorisation in biochemical platforms; Developments in thermochemical conversion of biomass to fuels and chemicals including gasification, pyrolysis, and hydrothermal treatment; Heterogeneous catalysts application in low to high temperature conversion of biomass to fuels and chemicals; Pathways of lignin valorisation to fuels and chemicals; Production methods and the physicochemical properties of nanocelluloses; The environmental impacts and engine performances of various bio-fuels; Biomass logistics and their impact on bioenergy applications; Anaerobic conversion of biomass to biogas and impacts of co-digestion on biogas yields and quality.

Fuels From Biomass: An Interdisciplinary Approach - A collection of papers presented at the Winter School 2011 of the North... Fuels From Biomass: An Interdisciplinary Approach - A collection of papers presented at the Winter School 2011 of the North Rhine Westphalia Research School "Fuel production based on renewable resources" associated with the Cluster of Excellence "Tailor-Made Fuels from Biomass", Aachen, Germany, 2011 (Hardcover, 2015 ed.)
Michael Klaas, Stefan Pischinger, Wolfgang Schroeder
R5,174 R4,154 Discovery Miles 41 540 Save R1,020 (20%) Ships in 12 - 17 working days

The book reports on the results of the BrenaRo Winterschool 2011, held on November 21-22 in Aachen, Germany. The different chapters cover a number of aspects of the topic of energy generation, with a particular focus on energy generation from biomass. They presents new findings concerning engine development, process engineering, and biological and chemical conversion of biomass to fuels, and highlight the importance of an interdisciplinary approach, combining chemistry, biology and engineering research, to the use of renewable energy sources. All in all, this book provides readers with a snapshot of the state-of-the-art in renewable energy conversion, and gives an overview of the ongoing work in this field in Germany.

Biomass and Bioenergy - Applications (Hardcover, 2014 ed.): Khalid Rehman Hakeem, Mohammad Jawaid, Umer Rashid Biomass and Bioenergy - Applications (Hardcover, 2014 ed.)
Khalid Rehman Hakeem, Mohammad Jawaid, Umer Rashid
R4,597 R3,741 Discovery Miles 37 410 Save R856 (19%) Ships in 12 - 17 working days

Biomass obtained from agricultural residues or forest can be used to produce different materials and bioenergy required in a modern society. As compared to other resources available, biomass is one of the most common and widespread resources in the world. Thus, biomass has the potential to provide a renewable energy source, both locally and across large areas of the world. It is estimated that the total investment in the biomass sector between 2008 and 2021 will reach the large sum of $104 billion. Presently bioenergy is the most important renewable energy option and will remain so the near and medium-term future. Previously several countries try to explore the utilization of biomass in bioenergy and composite sector. Biomass has the potential to become the world s largest and most sustainable energy source and will be very much in demand. Bioenergy is based on resources that can be utilized on a sustainable basis all around the world and can thus serve as an effective option for the provision of energy services. In addition, the benefits accrued go beyond energy provision, creating unique opportunities for regional development. The present book will provide an up-to-date account of non-wood, forest residues, agricultural biomass (natural fibers), and energy crops together with processing, properties, and its applications to ensure biomass utilization and reuse. All aspects of biomass and bioenergy and their properties and applications will be critically re-examined. The book consists of three sections, presenting Non wood and forest products from forestry, arboriculture activities or from wood processing, agricultural biomass (natural fibers) from agricultural harvesting or processing and finally energy crops: high yield crops and grasses grown especially for energy production. "

Biomass and Bioenergy - Processing and Properties (Hardcover, 2014 ed.): Khalid Rehman Hakeem, Mohammad Jawaid, Umer Rashid Biomass and Bioenergy - Processing and Properties (Hardcover, 2014 ed.)
Khalid Rehman Hakeem, Mohammad Jawaid, Umer Rashid
R4,117 R3,263 Discovery Miles 32 630 Save R854 (21%) Ships in 12 - 17 working days

Biomass obtained from agricultural residues or forest can be used to produce different materials and bioenergy required in a modern society. As compared to other resources available, biomass is one of the most common and widespread resources in the world. Thus, biomass has the potential to provide a renewable energy source, both locally and across large areas of the world. It is estimated that the total investment in the biomass sector between 2008 and 2021 will reach the large sum of $104 billion. Presently bioenergy is the most important renewable energy option and will remain so the near and medium-term future. Previously several countries try to explore the utilization of biomass in bioenergy and composite sector. Biomass has the potential to become the world s largest and most sustainable energy source and will be very much in demand. Bioenergy is based on resources that can be utilized on a sustainable basis all around the world and can thus serve as an effective option for the provision of energy services. In addition, the benefits accrued go beyond energy provision, creating unique opportunities for regional development.The present book will provide an up-to-date account of non-wood, forest residues, agricultural biomass (natural fibers), and energy crops together with processing, properties and its applications to ensure biomass utilization and reuse. All aspects of biomass and bioenergy and their properties and applications will be critically re-examined. The book consists of three sections, presenting Non wood and forest products from forestry, arboriculture activities or from wood processing, agricultural biomass (natural fibers) from agricultural harvesting or processing and finally energy crops: high yield crops and grasses grown especially for energy production."

The Science of Algal Fuels - Phycology, Geology, Biophotonics, Genomics and Nanotechnology (Hardcover, 2012 ed.): Richard... The Science of Algal Fuels - Phycology, Geology, Biophotonics, Genomics and Nanotechnology (Hardcover, 2012 ed.)
Richard Gordon, Joseph Seckbach
R4,371 R3,470 Discovery Miles 34 700 Save R901 (21%) Ships in 12 - 17 working days

This volume, The Science of Algal Fuels (volume 25 of COLE), contains 26 chapters dealing with biofuels contributed by experts from numerous countries and covers several aspects of algal products, one being "oilgae from algae," mainly oils and fuels for engines. Among the prominent algal groups that participate in this process are the diatoms and green algae (Chlorophyceae). Their metabolism and breeding play an important role in biomass and extraction of crude oil and algal fuel. There is a strong relation between solar energy influencing algal culture and the photobiology of lipid metabolism. Currently, many international meetings and conferences on biofuel are taking place in many countries, and several new books and proceedings of conferences have appeared on this topic. All this indicates that this field is "hot" and in the forefront of applied bioscience.

Waste to Energy Conversion Technology (Hardcover, New): Naomi B. Klinghoffer, Marco J. Castaldi Waste to Energy Conversion Technology (Hardcover, New)
Naomi B. Klinghoffer, Marco J. Castaldi
R3,365 Discovery Miles 33 650 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Increasing global consumerism and population has led to an increase in the levels of waste produced. Waste to energy (WTE) conversion technologies can be employed to convert residual wastes into clean energy, rather than sending these wastes directly to landfill. Waste to energy conversion technology explores the systems, technology and impacts of waste to energy conversion.
Part one provides an introduction to WTE conversion and reviews the waste hierarchy and WTE systems options along with the corresponding environmental, regulatory and techno-economic issues facing this technology. Part two goes on to explore further specific aspects of WTE systems, engineering and technology and includes chapters on municipal solid waste (MSW) combustion plants and WTE systems for district heating. Finally, part three highlights pollution control systems for waste to energy technologies.
Waste to energy conversion technology is a standard reference book for plant managers, building engineers and consultants requiring an understanding of WTE technologies, and researchers, scientists and academics interested in the field.
Reviews the waste hierarchy and waste to energy systems options along with the environmental and social impact of WTE conversion plantsExplores the engineering and technology behind WTE systems including considerations of municipal solid waste (MSW) its treatment, combustion and gasificationConsiders pollution control systems for WTE technologies including the transformation of wast combustion facilities from major polluters to pollution sinks

Waste-to-Energy - Advanced Cycles and New Design Concepts for Efficient Power Plants (Hardcover, 2015 ed.): Lisa Branchini Waste-to-Energy - Advanced Cycles and New Design Concepts for Efficient Power Plants (Hardcover, 2015 ed.)
Lisa Branchini
R2,872 R2,336 Discovery Miles 23 360 Save R536 (19%) Ships in 12 - 17 working days

This book provides an overview of state-of-the-art technologies for energy conversion from waste, as well as a much-needed guide to new and advanced strategies to increase Waste-to-Energy (WTE) plant efficiency. Beginning with an overview of municipal solid waste production and disposal, basic concepts related to Waste-To-Energy conversion processes are described, highlighting the most relevant aspects impacting the thermodynamic efficiency of WTE power plants. The pervasive influences of main steam cycle parameters and plant configurations on WTE efficiency are detailed and quantified. Advanced hybrid technology applications, particularly the Hybrid Combined Cycle concept, are examined in detail, including an illuminating compare-and-contrast study of two basic types of hybrid dual-fuel combined cycle arrangements: steam/water side integrated HCC and windbox repowering.

Gasification Processes - Modeling and Simulation (Hardcover): Petr A. Nikrityuk, Bernd Meyer Gasification Processes - Modeling and Simulation (Hardcover)
Petr A. Nikrityuk, Bernd Meyer
R2,769 Discovery Miles 27 690 Ships in 12 - 17 working days

Bridging the gap between the well-known technological description of gasification and the underlying theoretical understanding, this book covers the latest numerical and semi-empirical models describing interphase phenomena in high-temperature conversion processes. Consequently, it focuses on the description of gas-particle reaction systems by state-of-the-art computational models in an integrated, unified form. Special attention is paid to understanding and modeling the interaction between individual coal particles and a surrounding hot gas, including heterogeneous and homogeneous chemical reactions inside the particle on the particle interface and near the interface between the solid and gas phases. While serving the needs of engineers involved in industrial research, development and design in the field of gasification technologies, this book's in-depth coverage makes it equally ideal for young and established researchers in the fields of thermal sciences and chemical engineering with a focus on heterogeneous and homogeneous reactions.

Ultrasonic Coal-Wash for De-Ashing and De-Sulfurization - Experimental Investigation and Mechanistic Modeling (Hardcover, 2012... Ultrasonic Coal-Wash for De-Ashing and De-Sulfurization - Experimental Investigation and Mechanistic Modeling (Hardcover, 2012 ed.)
B. Ambedkar
R3,135 R2,489 Discovery Miles 24 890 Save R646 (21%) Ships in 12 - 17 working days

This study focuses on the physical aspects of ultrasonic de-ashing and de-sulfurization, such as cavitation, streaming and their combined effects. Ambedkar Balraj proposes an ultrasound-assisted coal particle breakage mechanism and explores aqueous and solvent-based ultrasonic techniques for de-ashing and de-sulfurization. Ambedkar designs a Taguchi L-27 fractional-factorial matrix to assess the individual effects of key process variables. In this volume he also describes process optimization and scale-up strategies. The author provides a mechanism-based model for ultrasonic reagent-based coal de-sulfurization, proposes a flow diagram for ultrasonic methods of high-throughput coal-wash and discusses the benefits of ultrasonic coal-wash. Coal will continue to be a major fuel source for the foreseeable future and this study helps improve its use by minimising ash and sulfur impurities.

Biofuels - Securing the Planet's Future Energy Needs (Hardcover, 2009 ed.): Ayhan Demirbas Biofuels - Securing the Planet's Future Energy Needs (Hardcover, 2009 ed.)
Ayhan Demirbas
R4,829 R3,811 Discovery Miles 38 110 Save R1,018 (21%) Ships in 12 - 17 working days

Biofuel is a renewable energy source produced from natural materials. The benefits of biofuels over traditional petroleum fuels include greater energy security, reduced environmental impact, foreign exchange savings, and socioeconomic issues related to the rural sector. The most common biofuels are produced from classic food crops that require high-quality agricultural land for growth. However, bioethanol can be produced from plentiful, domestic, cellulosic biomass resources such as herbaceous and woody plants, agricultural and forestry residues, and a large portion of municipal and industrial solid waste streams. There is also a growing interest in the use of vegetable oils for making biodiesel. "Biofuels: Securing the Planet's Future Energy Needs" discusses the production of transportation fuels from biomass (such as wood, straw and even household waste) by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. The book is an important text for students and researchers in energy engineering, as well as professional fuel engineers.

Solid Fuels and Heavy Hydrocarbon Liquids - Thermal Characterization and Analysis (Hardcover, 2nd edition): Rafael Kandiyoti,... Solid Fuels and Heavy Hydrocarbon Liquids - Thermal Characterization and Analysis (Hardcover, 2nd edition)
Rafael Kandiyoti, Alan Herod, Keith D Bartle, Trevor J Morgan
R3,380 R2,997 Discovery Miles 29 970 Save R383 (11%) Ships in 12 - 17 working days

Solid Fuels and Heavy Hydrocarbon Liquids: Thermal Characterisation and Analysis, Second Edition integrates the developments that have taken place since publication of the first edition in 2006. This updated material includes new insights that help unify the thermochemical reactions of biomass and coal, as well as new developments in analytical techniques, including new applications in size exclusion chromatography, several mass spectrometric techniques, and new applications of nuclear magnetic spectroscopy to the characterization of heavy hydrocarbon liquids The topics covered are essential for the energy and fuels research community, including academics, students, and research engineers working in the power, oil and gas, and renewable energy industries.

Using Municipal Solid Waste for Fuel (Hardcover): Samantha M. Feller Using Municipal Solid Waste for Fuel (Hardcover)
Samantha M. Feller
R2,252 Discovery Miles 22 520 Ships in 12 - 17 working days

Municipal solid waste (MSW) is a domestic energy resource with the potential to provide a significant amount of energy to meet U.S. liquid fuel requirements. MSW is defined as household waste, commercial solid waste, non-hazardous sludge, conditionally exempt, small quantity hazardous waste and industrial solid waste. This book examines the potential use of MSW to make synthesis gas (syngas) suitable for production of liquid fuels; the expected process scale required for favorable economics; the availability of MSW in quantities sufficient to meet process scale requirements and state-of-the-art MSW gasification technology.

Clean Coal (Hardcover, New): Klaes G. Douwe Clean Coal (Hardcover, New)
Klaes G. Douwe
R2,093 Discovery Miles 20 930 Ships in 12 - 17 working days

Coal use today is responsible for large, and mostly avoidable, damages to human health and our water and land. Coal use in the future, along with other fossil fuels, threatens to wreak havoc in the earth's climate system. This book looks at "clean coal" technologies such as coal gasification and carbon capture. Coal gasification, when done in conjunction with carbon capture and storage (CCS) is one technology option that offers our nation an attractive approach to utilise our indigenous fossil energy resources in a more efficient and environmentally sound manner for producing clean, affordable power from coal with dramatically reduced carbon emissions. Coal gasification with CCS can also reduce the carbon impact of using coal to produce ultra-clean fuels for the transportation sector, substitute natural gas (SNG) to heat our homes and fuel our industrial sector, fertilisers to ensure an abundant food supply, and chemicals that play an integral part in our every day lives. Another coal gasification concept explored in this book that could further reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emission is co-feeding coal and biomass into gasifiers to produce electricity or conventional transportation fuels. In addition to these technologies, this book also describes ways at improving or optimising the performance of coal-fired power plants, in addition to tools that can be used and are available to cut global warming emissions. This book consists of public domain documents which have been located, gathered, combined, reformatted, and enhanced with a subject index, selectively edited and bound to provide easy access.

Profiles in Flue Gas Desulfurization (Paperback): Richard R. Lunt, John D. Cunic Profiles in Flue Gas Desulfurization (Paperback)
Richard R. Lunt, John D. Cunic
R4,018 R3,777 Discovery Miles 37 770 Save R241 (6%) Ships in 12 - 17 working days

As the need to control process emissions has increased, so have the number of FGD treatment and control strategies. The effectiveness of these treatments vary greatly, depending the types and levels of the materials, as well as the size of the facility. Profiles in Flue Gas Desulfurization will help engineers and managers identify the technologies that best fit their plant and/or processes. It's a quick and easy reference to all "tail-end" SO2 control processes currently in commercial use or "on the brink," providing an effective "snapshot" of where this technology stands in industry today. The technologies are divided into waste producing processes, where the end product is a "clean waste," and byproduct processes, where the end product has market value. Each technology profile includes a schematic depicting its major equipment components and arrangement, laid out side-by-side with descriptive text on how the process works, where and how it is currently being utilized, its operational requirements, advantages and limitations for typical applications, and a brief list of principal suppliers.

Management and Effects of Coalbed Methane Produced Water in the Western United States (Paperback): National Research Council,... Management and Effects of Coalbed Methane Produced Water in the Western United States (Paperback)
National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Water Science and Technology Board, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, Committee on Earth Resources, …
R1,117 Discovery Miles 11 170 Ships in 12 - 17 working days

In some coalbeds, naturally occurring water pressure holds methane--the main component of natural gas--fixed to coal surfaces and within the coal. In a coalbed methane (CBM) well, pumping water from the coalbeds lowers this pressure, facilitating the release of methane from the coal for extraction and use as an energy source. Water pumped from coalbeds during this process--CBM 'produced water'--is managed through some combination of treatment, disposal, storage, or use, subject to compliance with federal and state regulations. CBM produced water management can be challenging for regulatory agencies, CBM well operators, water treatment companies, policy makers, landowners, and the public because of differences in the quality and quantity of produced water; available infrastructure; costs to treat, store, and transport produced water; and states' legal consideration of water and produced water. Some states consider produced water as waste, whereas others consider it a beneficial byproduct of methane production. Thus, although current technologies allow CBM produced water to be treated to any desired water quality, the majority of CBM produced water is presently being disposed of at least cost rather than put to beneficial use. This book specifically examines the Powder River, San Juan, Raton, Piceance, and Uinta CBM basins in the states of Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah. The conclusions and recommendations identify gaps in data and information, potential beneficial uses of CBM produced water and associated costs, and challenges in the existing regulatory framework.

Coal-Fired Electricity and Emissions Control - Efficiency and Effectiveness (Paperback): David A. Tillman Coal-Fired Electricity and Emissions Control - Efficiency and Effectiveness (Paperback)
David A. Tillman
R3,257 Discovery Miles 32 570 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Coal-Fired Electricity and Emissions Control: Efficiency and Effectiveness discusses the relationship between efficiency and emissions management, providing methods for reducing emissions in newer and older plants as coal-fired powered plants are facing increasing new emission control standards. The book presents the environmental forces driving technology development for coal-fired electricity generation, then covers other topics, such as cyclone firing, supercritical boilers, fabric filter technology, acid gas control technology and clean coal technologies. The book relates efficiency and environmental considerations, particularly from a technology development perspective.

The Mountains of Iron: A History of the Iron Mining Industry in Mid-Antrim 2017 (Paperback): Kevin O'Hagan The Mountains of Iron: A History of the Iron Mining Industry in Mid-Antrim 2017 (Paperback)
Kevin O'Hagan
R442 R376 Discovery Miles 3 760 Save R66 (15%) Out of stock
Coal Extraction (Hardcover, New): James J. Stewart Coal Extraction (Hardcover, New)
James J. Stewart
R2,542 R2,254 Discovery Miles 22 540 Save R288 (11%) Ships in 12 - 17 working days

The goal of coal mining is to economically remove coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content, and since the 1880s is widely used to generate electricity. The most economical method of coal extraction from coal seams depends on the depth and quality of the seams, and the geology and environmental factors. This book presents current research from across the globe in the study of coal extraction, including production of ashless coal by using a solvent extraction technique; the Hotelling model of optimal non-renewable resource extraction; coal extraction with a carbon disulfide/N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinone mixed solvent; and extraction of inorganic species of coal.

Ethanol Biofuel Production (Hardcover, New): Bratt P Haas Ethanol Biofuel Production (Hardcover, New)
Bratt P Haas
R3,575 Discovery Miles 35 750 Ships in 12 - 17 working days

Fuel ethanol production has increased steadily in the U.S. since the 1980's, when it was given impetus by the need to reduce energy dependence on foreign supplies. The momentum has continued as production costs have fallen, and as the U.S. Clean Air Act has specified a percentage of renewable fuels to be mixed with gasoline. New technologies that may further increase cost savings include co-product development, such as recovery of high-value food supplements, and cellulosic conversion. Though improvements in processing and technology are important, however, the fluctuating rise of inputs such as corn, the cost of energy alternatives, and environmental developments play larger roles in the fortunes of the industry. This book examines the use of ethanol as fuel, as well as its other applications in different parts of the world. This book also addresses a policy initiative by the Federal Administration to apply United States Department of Energy (DOE) research to broadening the country's domestic production of economic, flexible, and secure sources of energy fuels. This book consists of public documents which have been located, gathered, combined, reformatted, and enhanced with a subject index, selectively edited and bound to provide easy access.

Coal Combustion Research Advances (Paperback, New): Juwei Zhang Coal Combustion Research Advances (Paperback, New)
Juwei Zhang
R1,649 Discovery Miles 16 490 Ships in 12 - 17 working days

This book discusses the current development of the study on coal combustion, which mainly involves devolatilization, volatiles combustion, char combustion and the formation of pollutants. Regarding the devolatilization of coal, it is well-known that devolatilization has a significant impact on the other processes during coal combustion. The process of char combustion is of central importance in practical pulverized applications. However, the mechanism of char combustion has not yet been completely understood due to the existence of many factors such as the thermal annealing of char, the pore structure, inherent mineral content in char and the fragmentation of the char particle. This book also presents a detailed discussion on the intrinsic reactivity and thermal annealing of char, as well as the comparison of different char combustion models.

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