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Reflecting the historic first European seismic code, this professional book focuses on seismic design, assessment and retrofitting of concrete buildings, with thorough reference to, and application of, EN-Eurocode 8. Following the publication of EN-Eurocode 8 in 2004-05, 30 countries are now introducing this European standard for seismic design, for application in parallel with existing national standards (till March 2010) and exclusively after that. Eurocode 8 is also expected to influence standards in countries outside Europe, or at the least, to be applied there for important facilities. Owing to the increasing awareness of the threat posed by existing buildings substandard and deficient buildings and the lack of national or international standards for assessment and retrofitting, its impact in that field is expected to be major.
Written by the lead person in the development of the EN-Eurocode 8, the present handbook explains the principles and rationale of seismic design according to modern codes and provides thorough guidance for the conceptual seismic design of concrete buildings and their foundations. It examines the experimental behaviour of concrete members under cyclic loading and modelling for design and analysis purposes; it develops the essentials of linear or nonlinear seismic analysis for the purposes of design, assessment and retrofitting (especially using Eurocode 8); and gives detailed guidance for modelling concrete buildings at the member and at the system level. Moreover, readers gain access to overviews of provisions of Eurocode 8, plus an understanding for them on the basis of the simple models of the element behaviour presented in the book.
Also examined are the modern trends in performance- and displacement-based seismic assessment of existing buildings, comparing the relevant provisions of Eurocode 8 with those of new US prestandards, and details of the most common and popular seismic retrofitting techniques for concrete buildings and guidance for retrofitting strategies at the system level. Comprehensive walk-through examples of detailed design elucidate the application of Eurocode 8 to common situations in practical design. Examples and case studies of seismic assessment and retrofitting of a few real buildings are also presented.
From the reviews
"The book is an impressive source of information to understand the response of reinforced concrete buildings under seismic loads with the ultimate goal of presenting and explaining the state of the art of seismic design. Underlying the contents of the book is the in-depth knowledge of the author in this field and in particular his extremely important contribution to the development of the European Design Standard EN 1998 - Eurocode 8: Design of structures for earthquake resistance. However, although Eurocode 8 is at the core of the book, many comparisons are made to other design practices, namely from the US and from Japan, thus enriching the contents and interest of the book." EDUARDO C. CARVALHO"
This interdisciplinary volume comprises papers from several fields related to compaction. Topics include: soil compaction for pavements and roads; deep soil compaction by vibration, impact and underground explosion; compaction control; and compaction processes in engineering.
This title looks at geotechnical aspects of underground construction, from bored tunnelling to shield tunnelling, modelling and prediction and braced excavation. It has been designed with the engineer in mind.
Knowledge of the mechanical properties of rocks at high pressure and temperature is fundamental not only for material science but also for earth science, such as for solving the mechanism of earthquakes and tectonic processes. For example, physical bases of the earthquake prediction based on the rock mechanics have been proposed, and extensive seismological, geophysical and geochemical observations have been conducted to find precursory phenomena before large earthquakes. However, we cannot help telling for the present that we do not have sufficient knowledge of an effective and reliable method for earthquake prediction. The book is mainly concerned with comprehensive source of information on the mechanical properties and behavior of rocks under high pressure that scans current state-of-the-art knowledge and shows contribution in establishing an experimental basis for the understanding of the mechanism of rock deformation in the earth's interior. The book can be used as textbook for graduate students by university teachers to prepare courses and seminars, and for active scientists and engineers who want to become familiar with a fascinating new field.
The safe and economical construction of tunnels, mines, and other subterranean works depends on the correct choice of support systems to ensure that the excavations are stable. These support systems should be matched to the characterstics of the rock mass and the excavation techniques adopted. Establishing the support requirements, designing support systems and installing these correctly are essential elements in safe underground construction. This is a comprehensive and practical work which also gives access to user-friendly computer programmes which enable the investigation and design of support techniques. Details on how to obtain this software are also included in the book.
This work covers such topics as: EU directives and harmonization work; health, safety and environment; recent technical development - products and processes; shot hole development; and management of blasting operations.
This practical guide describes the stage-by-stage development of a method for predicting the penetration rate (PR) and the advance rate (AR) for tunnel boring machines based on an expanded version of the Q-value, QTBM. The author analyzes 145 TBM tunnels that total 1,000km in length. He then develops simple formulae to estimate PR and AR from the QTBM value and to back-calculate QTBM from performance data. The book quantitatively explains actual advance rates as high as five m/hr for one day or as low as 0.005 m/hr for several months. It also covers logging methods, empirical TBM tunnel support design, and numerical verification of support.
The complexity of specifications and the number of materials options available today for concrete production mean that the traditional procedure of making trial mixes is now unnecessary, expensive and time consuming. However the data generated by trial mixes can be incorporated into the development of computer-based systems and combined with knowledge generated through research and practice. J.D Dewar has spent much of the 20 years between 1979 and 1999 developing systems by which a small amount of materials data can be used confidently to predict the composition of the ideal product to satisfy a specification with maximim economy, or to provide the "batch book" to fulfill all requirements using a specified combination of materials. Equally useful is the potential for forward control by the continuous adjustment of designs to take account of current or developing materials properties.
Written in a lecture format with solved problems at the end of each
chapter, this book surveys quantitative modeling and decision
analysis techniques. It serves to familiarize the reader with
quantitative techniques utilized in planning and optimizing complex
systems, as well as students experiencing the subject for the first
time. It can be used by students of business and public
administration without a background in calculus as well as
engineers with significant scientific training. It allows the
reader to comprehend the material through examples and problems and
also demonstrates the value and shortcomings of many methods.
It is a truism that we can no longer freely pick areas with the most suitable ground conditions for building purposes. Soils must often be improved in order to take the loads from buildings, roads and other objects. This volume contains papers covering a range of relevant topics and issues.
The workshop aims to provide a fundamental understanding of the liquefaction process, necessary to the enhancement of liquefaction prediction. The contributions are divided into eight sections, which include: factors affecting liquefaction susceptibility and field studies of liquefaction.
Focusing on the conceptual and preliminary stages in bridge design, this practical reference/text addresses the new conceptual criteria employed when evaluating project proposals-considering factors from engineering principles and architectural aspects to structural aesthetics and environmental impact on rural and urban surroundings. Ideal for practitioners preparing preliminary plans for presentation at bridge design competitions, consultants working on the development of structural construction projects, as well as engineering students desiring a lucid introduction to the subject Containing numerous sample problems, examples, and case studies of bridges from around the world, Preliminary Design of Bridges for Architects and Engineers surveys a wide range of topics, including the historical development of bridges key elements to consider at the preliminary phase of design, such as loads, soil conditions for foundations, initial construction and maintenance costs, safety, and materials commercially available computer programs bridge retrofitting, historical restoration, and upgrading basic parameters as well as new trends in conceptual design and more Complete with bibliographic citations, drawings, and photographs, Preliminary Design of Bridges for Architects and Engineers is an excellent on-the-job reference for civil and structural engineers, architects, landscape architects, environmentalists, planners, transportation specialists, and consultants working on bridge construction projects, as well as an edifying text for upper-level undergraduate, graduate, and continuing-education students in these disciplines.
Theory of Adaptive Structures provides the basic theory for
controlling adaptive structures in static and dynamic environments.
It synthesizes well-established theories on modern control as well
as statics and dynamics of deformable bodies. Discussions
concentrate on the discrete parameter adaptive structures dealing
with actuator placement, actuator selection, and actuation
computation problems - keeping these structures at close proximity
of any chosen nominal state with the least energy consumption. An
introduction to the distributed parameter adaptive structures is
This dictionary represents today the most extensive rock blasting dictionary available and it is therefore a valuable tool and essential for research and writing reports, papers to international journals.
Terminology is important in the process of development of a science because it is the language for communication between students, teachers, technicians, scientists and practitioners in the field of blasting. This dictionary contains 1,980 terms, 316 symbols, ninety-three acronyms, abbreviations and shortened forms, 221 references, thirty-one figures, thity-two formulas and twenty-eight tables. In this book, not only short definitions of the terms are presented, but also a quantification of some terms is included, and their relationship to other parameters in blasting is highlighted.
All students, teachers, technicians, engineers, scientists and
practioners in the field of blasting should get a copy as a desk
reference book. If we all use the same symbols for example, the
reading of blasting papers is speeded up and facilitated a
The 30th International Geological Congress was held in Beijing, China in August 1997. Leading scientists convened to present their findings and views to the international geological research community. Volume 23 of 26 focuses on engineering geology. All articles in the proceedings have been refereed and keynote papers have been included in Volume 1. These proceedings aim to present a view of contemporary geology and should be of interest to researchers in the geological sciences.
This classic and well-respected textbook provides the most comprehensive coverage of the process of design for structural elements and features a wealth of practical problems and real-world examples. It introduces readers to the design requirements of the Eurocodes for the four most commonly used materials in construction: concrete, steel, timber and masonry, and illustrates the concepts and calculations necessary for the design of the most frequently encountered basic structural elements. It includes a detailed section on structural analysis. The scope of this text is wide, and its numerous examples, problems and easy-to-follow diagrams make it an ideal course text. This user-friendly text is an indispensable resource both for undergraduates in all years of civil engineering and structural engineering, in construction and architecture, and for practising engineers looking to refresh their knowledge.
This text deals with the dredging of rock by large cutter suction dredgers. The rock properties influencing the mechanical cutting of rock and the wear of cutting teeth are examined, and to verify the model of mechanical rock excavation developed, case studies of dredging projects were performed.
Deals with the design and execution of grouting works in all kinds of rock and soil, including jet grouting. Design principles are discussed whereby different approaches, exercised in different parts of the world, are compared to each other and evaluated.
Discusses the requirements for establishing, maintaining and revitalizing an efficient engineering documentation control system for use by technical and manufacturing personnel in private industry. The book stresses simplicity and common sense in the development and implementation of all control practices, procedures and forms. A list of effective interchangeability rules, a glossary of essential engineering documentation terms and an extensive bibliography of key literature sources are provided.;This work is intended for mechanical, computer, design, manufacturing and civil engineers; program, purchasing and documentation and production control managers; and upper-level undergraduate, graduate and continuing-education students in these fields.
This text, based on an international symposium held in 1994, covers geosynthetic clay liners (GCL), a type of geosynthetic material which blends natural soil and geosynthetics in the form of a composite barrier-system. Environmental applications have been a major use of GCL.
This text provides an insight into the wear processes which take place during the cutting of rock with steel cutting tools. Rock cutting experiments in different rock types leading to a new approach to the estimation of rock cutting tool wear are described.
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