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Edited by leading researchers and technologists, Non-Destructive Evaluation of Corrosion is the only book to discuss the interdisciplinary topic of non-destructive evaluation of degradation of materials due to environment. Covering a topic of great industrial significance, the text discusses techniques for non-destructive evaluation and various types of corrosion, as well as the applications of each technique and specific case studies. Chapters applicable to industries such as aerospace, energy, and processing make this timely text suitable for life assessment and maintenance personnel, R&D, students, and educators.
Understanding and analysing the complex phenomena related to elastic wave propagation has been the subject of intense research for many years and has enabled application in numerous fields of technology, including structural health monitoring (SHM). In the course of the rapid advancement of diagnostic methods utilising elastic wave propagation, it has become clear that existing methods of elastic wave modeling and analysis are not always very useful; developing numerical methods aimed at modeling and analysing these phenomena has become a necessity. Furthermore, any methods developed need to be verified experimentally, which has become achievable with the advancement of measurement methods utilising laser vibrometry.
"Guided Waves in Structures for SHM" reports on the simulation, analysis and experimental investigation related propagation of elastic waves in isotropic or laminated structures. The full spectrum of theoretical and practical issues associated with propagation of elastic waves is presented and discussed in this one study.
Key features: Covers both numerical and experimental aspects of modeling, analysis and measurement of elastic wave propagation in structural elements formed from isotropic or composite materialsComprehensively discusses the application of the Spectral Finite Element Method for modelling and analysing elastic wave propagation in diverse structural elementsPresents results of experimental measurements employing advanced laser technologies, validating the quality and correctness of the developed numerical modelsAccompanying website (www.wiley.com/go/ostachowicz) contains demonstration versions of commercial software developed by the authors for modelling and analyzing elastic wave propagation using the Spectral Finite Element Method
"Guided Waves in Structures for SHM" provides a state of the art resource for researchers and graduate students in structural health monitoring, signal processing and structural dynamics. This book should also provide a useful reference for practising engineers within structural health monitoring and non-destructive testing.
This book introduces the fundamental design concepts of Eurocode 3 for steel structures in building construction, and their practical application. Following a discussion of the basis of design, above all the principles of the limit state approach, the material standards and their use are detailed. The fundamentals of structural analysis and modeling are presented, followed by the design criteria and approaches for various types of structural members. The following chapters expand on the principles and applications of elastic and plastic design, each exemplified by the step-by-step design calculation of a braced steel-framed building and an industrial building, respectively. Besides providing the necessary theoretical concepts for a good understanding, this manual intends to be a supporting tool for practicing engineers. To that end, numerous worked examples are provided throughout the book, concerning the analysis of steel structures and the design of elements under several types of actions. These examples facilitate the application of Eurocode regulations in practice. The second edition contains more worked examples and extended explications on issues like torsion.
'A fascinating celebration of the impact that structural engineering has on all our lives.[an] eye-opening book' The Sunday Times
In BUILT, structural engineer Roma Agrawal takes a unique look at how construction has evolved from the mud huts of our ancestors to skyscrapers of steel that reach hundreds of metres into the sky. She unearths how engineers have tunnelled through kilometres of solid mountains; how they've bridged across the widest and deepest of rivers, and tamed Nature's precious - and elusive - water resources. She tells vivid tales of the visionaries who created the groundbreaking materials in the Pantheon's record-holding concrete dome and the frame of the record-breaking Eiffel Tower. Through the lens of an engineer, Roma examines tragedies like the collapse of the Quebec Bridge, highlighting the precarious task of ensuring people's safety they hold at every step.
With colourful stories of her life-long fascination with buildings - and her own hand-drawn illustrations - Roma reveals the extraordinary secret lives of structures.
The measurement of building elements is a core subject for quantity surveying students. Responding to the recently published second volume of the New Rules of Measurement (NRM2) by the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors, the 12th edition of Willis's Elements of Quantity Surveying explains, from first principles and to NRM2 standards, the measurement process for all the key building elements. This edition begins with an overview of the need for measurement and the differing rules governing measurement at different stages of the design or project cycle. As in previous editions the focus remains the detailed measurement of building elements, but the text has been fully revised in line with the NRM2 rules. A range of new and revised examples illustrating the use of NRM2 rules are a key feature of the book, which concludes with guidance on how to use the data collected during the measurement process to create the tender documents. In the 12th edition the hallmarks of previous editions clarity and practicality have been maintained while ensuring the book is fully up to date, providing the student of quantity surveying with a first class introduction to the measurement of building elements.
Geomembranes are flexible polymeric sheets which are used as relatively impermeable liners to contain liquid and vapour. With uses ranging from canal liners to hazard waste landfills, they are used extensively in a range of industries such as water conservation, mining, construction and waste management. "A Guide to Polymeric Geomembranes: A Practical Approach" offers an informed overview of the developments in this field and includes: Detailed discussion of the major geomembrane typesManufacturing methodsKey performance propertiesIndustrial applicationsTesting and chemical resistance of geomembranesFailure analysis methodology
Written by a polymer research specialist with more than fifteen years experience in industry, this practical handbook covers the manufacture, use, installation, durability, lifespan and performance of geomembranes. It covers all the information required to enable the reader to select the most suitable geomembrane material for the job.
This book is a useful reference for engineers and professionals in industry, environmental consultants, polymer and materials scientists, and government agencies and policy makers. It is of particular interest to those designing, commissioning and operating waste management sites, landfills, mine leachate ponds and water containment facilities.
The bestselling structural design reference, fully updated and revised Simplified Engineering for Architects and Builders is the go-to reference on structural design, giving architects and designers a concise introduction to the structures commonly used for typical buildings. The clear, accessible presentation is designed to give you the essential engineering information you need without getting bogged down in excess math, making this book an ideal reference for busy design professionals. This new 12th edition has been completely revised to reflect the latest standards and practices. The instructor site includes a complete suite of teaching resources, including an instructor's manual and a PowerPoint presentation. Structural design is an essential component of the architect's repertoire, and engineering principles are at the foundation of every sound structure. You need to know the physics, but you don't necessarily need to know all of the math. This book gives you exactly what you need without losing you in a tangle of equations, so you can quickly grasp and apply the material. * Understand fundamental concepts like forces, loading, and reactions * Learn how to design for wood, steel, or concrete construction * Study structural design standards and develop sound structural systems * Determine the best possible solutions to difficult design challenges The industry-leading reference for over 80 years, Simplified Engineering for Architects and Builders is the definitive guide to practical structural design.
MEET THE COMPLEX CHALLENGES OF METAL BUILDING SYSTEMS FOUNDATION DESIGN
Expand your professional design skills and engineer safe, reliable foundations and anchors for metal building systems. Written by a practicing structural engineer, "Foundation and Anchor Design Guide for Metal Building Systems" thoroughly covers the entire process--from initial soil investigation through final design and construction. The design of different types of foundations is explained and illustrated with step-by-step examples. The nuts-and-bolts discussion covers the best design and construction practices. This detailed reference book explains how the design of metal building foundations differs from the design of conventional foundations and how to comply with applicable building codes while avoiding common pitfalls.
COVERAGE INCLUDES: Metal building and foundation design fundamentals Soil types, properties, and investigation Unique aspects of foundation design for metal building systems Design of isolated column footings Foundation walls and wall footings Tie rods, hairpins, and slab ties Moment-resisting foundations Slab with haunch, trench footings, and mats Deep foundations Anchors in metal building systems Concrete embedments in metal building systems
Forensic Engineering: Informing the Future with Lessons from the Past is the published proceedings from the Institution of Civil Engineers Fifth International Conference on Forensic Engineering, held in London on 16-17 April 2013. The conference maintained a 150 year tradition pioneered by Telford, Brunel and Stephenson, where lessons learned from failures lead to the development of improved design, construction and management practice. Managing assets is particularly important in a difficult economic climate and so understanding where things have gone wrong in the past is vital. The papers in this book focus on the investigation of the fundamental causes of failure during the life of buildings, tunnels, bridges and foundations, which is crucial for optimising the construction and management of the built environment to deliver a better and more sustainable infrastructure.
A concise guide to the structural design of low-rise buildings in cold-formed steel, reinforced masonry, and structural timber
This practical reference discusses the types of low-rise building structural systems, outlines the design process, and explains how to determine structural loadings and load paths pertinent to low-rise buildings. Characteristics and properties of materials used in the construction of cold-formed steel, reinforced masonry, and structural timber buildings are described along with design requirements. The book also provides an overview of noncomposite and composite open-web joist floor systems. Design code requirements referenced by the 2009 International Building Code are used throughout. This is an ideal resource for structural engineering students, professionals, and those preparing for licensing examinations.
"Structural Design of Low-Rise Buildings in Cold-Formed Steel, Reinforced Masonry, and Structural Timber" covers: Low-rise building systems Loads and load paths in low-rise buildings Design of cold-formed steel structures Structural design of reinforced masonry Design of structural timber Structural design with open-web joists
This is a comprehensive guide which focuses on the design of the most commonly found movable bridge varieties, and also provides information on the mechanical systems which generate the movement - an area with which most bridge design engineers are less familiar, but require knowledge of in order to design effective structures of this type. Movable Bridge Design is a unique reference on past and current structural, mechanical, electrical, and hydraulic design for engineers in, or about to enter, this interdisciplinary field. It offers comprehensive coverage of all of the most common movable bridge types, provides key information on the mechanical systems which drive the bridges and how this impacts on design considerations.
Choice's Outstanding Academic Title list for 2013 "There is no comparable book on this tunnel. Highly recommended."-Choice Reviews Every year, more than thirty-three million vehicles traverse the Holland Tunnel, making their way to and from Jersey City and Lower Manhattan. From tourists to commuters, many cross the tunnel's 1.6-mile corridor on a daily basis, and yet few know much about this amazing feat of early 20th-century engineering. How was it built, by whom, and at what cost? These and many other questions are answered in Highway Under the Hudson: A History of the Holland Tunnel, Robert W. Jackson's fascinating story about this seminal structure in the history of urban transportation. Jackson explains the economic forces which led to the need for the tunnel, and details the extraordinary political and social politicking that took place on both sides of the Hudson River to finally enable its construction. He also introduces us to important figures in the tunnel's history, such as New Jersey Governor Walter E. Edge, who, more than anyone else, made the dream of a tunnel a reality and George Washington Goethals (builder of the Panama Canal and namesake of the Goethals Bridge), the first chief engineer of the project. Fully illustrated with more than 50 beautiful archival photographs and drawings, Jackson's story of the Holland Tunnel is one of great human drama, with heroes and villains, that illustrates how great things are accomplished, and at what price. Highway Under the Hudson featured in the New York Times Listen to Robert Jackson talk about the book on WAMC Radio
Stadium and Arena Design highlights the multidisciplinary approach needed to create and run stadia, showing how each of the specialists involved have essential roles to play. International case studies are used to demonstrate how all these skills are brought together in stadium design best practice, to ultimately benefit the client, the performers, and the spectators. Stadium and Arena Design is an important reference for all construction professionals and practitioners involved in the design, construction and evaluation of stadiums internationally.
Plates: Theories and Applications provides a comprehensive introduction to plate structures, covering classical theory and applications. It considers plate structures in several forms, starting from the simple uniform, thin, homogeneous metallic structure to more efficient and durable alternatives involving features such as variable-thickness, lamination, sandwich construction, fiber reinforcement, functional gradation, and moderately-thick to very-thick geometry. Different theoretical models are then discussed for analysis and design purposes starting from the classical thin plate theory to alternatives obtained by incorporation of appropriate complicating effects or by using fundamentally different assumptions. Plates: Theories and Applications alsocovers the latest developments on the topic.
Clays and clay minerals are the most abundant natural reactive solids on the Earth's surface. This comprehensive review considers clay science in the context of the Critical Zone - the Earth's permeable near-surface layer. Providing information on clays and clay minerals related to geological, biological and material sciences in the Critical Zone, it's well suited for graduate students and researchers interested in clay science, and environmental and soil mineralogy. The book starts with an introduction to clays and clay minerals, their historic background, and a review of how clay science impacts the Critical Zone. Examples and applications demonstrate how clays regulate habitats and determine the availability of other resources. These examples are supported by quantitative field data, including numerical and graphical depictions of clay and clay mineral occurrences. The book concludes by covering Critical Zone clay geochemistry and clay sequences, including the industrial, synthetic medical and extra-terrestrial world of clay science.
Important developments in the progress of the theory of rock mechanics during recent years are based on fractals and damage mechanics. The concept of fractals has proved to be a useful way of describing the statistics of naturally occurring geometrics. Natural objects, from mountains and coastlines to clouds and forests, are found to have boundaries best described as fractals. Fluid flow through jointed rock masses and clusterings of earthquakes are found to follow fractal patterns in time and space. Fracturing in rocks at all scales, from the microscale (microcracks) to the continental scale (megafaults), can lead to fractal structures. The process of diagenesis and pore geometry of sedimentary rock can be quantitatively described by fractals, etc. The book is mainly concerned with these developments, as related to fractal descriptions of fragmentations, damage and fracture of rocks, rock burst, joint roughness, rock porosity and permeability, rock grain growth, rock and soil particles, shear slips, fluid flow through jointed rocks, faults, earthquake clustering, and so on. The prime concerns of the book are to give a simple account of the basic concepts, methods of fractal geometry, and their applications to rock mechanics, geology, and seismology, and also to discuss damage mechanics of rocks and its application to mining engineering. The book can be used as a textbook for graduate students, by university teachers to prepare courses and seminars, and by active scientists who want to become familiar with a fascinating new field.
A practical guide to analyzing soil and structural systems using Excel spreadsheets and VBA macro programs (in open-source code) that are provided on the accompanying CD.
This book gives readers the tools to understand the methods such as finite element analysis used to analyze common problems in structural engineering, foundation engineering and soil-structure interaction. The book has value just based on its instructions in Excel spreadsheets and the Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) macro programming language alone. By providing an expert system and guidance to the reader in its use through examples, the author shows the methods and simple modelling techniques that demystify soil-structure applications by presenting the essentials in a clear and concise way.
The book also addresses some of the disappointments in geo-engineering by providing tools to calculate deformations, implement soil-structure interaction procedures, provide simple computer solutions, while incorporating proper soil and rock properties in the analyses. Can be used by students or practicing professional engineers as a hands-on self-study guide as prewritten complete Excel spreadsheets and VBA programs are applied to many different Civil Engineering example problemsVBA code techniques and its use and programming are explained but a working knowledge is not required to use the spreadsheet and programs providedComputations are performed using VBA macro programs getting input data from worksheet cells (whereby the spreadsheet functions as a pre-processor) or from input data files
"Robert L. Sogge has a background which includes training, teaching, research and practical consulting in the area of soil-structure interaction. He achieved his PhD in Civil Engineering at the University of Arizona, USA, and practices in that state and California. He has developed many of these computer programs in the pursuit of his work as a consultant."
There is a great deal of innovation in the use of wood in construction, from impressive modern buildings to new construction products that reduce build times and improve building performance. As a renewable resource with proven low embodied energy, wood is both an environmentally responsible and a highly practical choice as a construction material. However, forest management practices vary throughout the world: some are highly effective in delivering a sustainable, long term supply of timber; whereas others are less so, and could result in forest depletion and significant environmental degradation. Against this background, a number of certification schemes have been developed that seek to ensure that all timber is harvested from sources that are at least legally-sourced, and at best, sustainably managed. Sustainable Use of Wood in Construction explains how and why wood may be grown sustainably, and how this versatile material can be specified and most importantly - sourced, for use in the construction industry. It explains the modern regulatory framework within Europe that seeks to eliminate the use of illegally-harvested wood, and it shows how to ensure that everyone who sells or uses wood for construction is following the rules. Finally, the book explains how, at the end of its first use in construction, wood can be recycled, by reprocessing into another wood-based construction material, or by using it as biomass. Also available Wood in Construction: How to avoid costly mistakes Jim Coulson Paperback, 978 0 4706 5777 Structural Timber Design to Eurocode 5 Second Edition Jack Porteous & Abdy Kermani Paperback, 978 0 4706 7500 7
A fully up-to-date, practical guide to foundation engineering
Revised to cover the 2009 International Building Code, "Foundation Engineering Handbook," Second Edition presents basic geotechnical field and laboratory studies, such as subsurface exploration and laboratory testing of soil, rock, and groundwater samples. The book then discusses the geotechnical aspects of foundation engineering, including conditions commonly encountered by design engineers--settlement, expansive soil, and slope stability. Details on the performance or engineering evaluation of foundation construction and the application of the 2009 International Building Code are included in this valuable resource.
"FOUNDATION ENGINEERING HANDBOOK," SECOND EDITION COVERS: Subsurface exploration Laboratory testing Soil mechanics Shallow and deep foundations Bearing capacity and settlement of foundations Foundations on expansive soil Slope stability Retaining walls Foundation deterioration and cracking Geotechnical earthquake engineering for soils, foundations, and retaining walls Grading and other soil improvement methods Foundation excavation, underpinning, and field load tests Geosynthetics and instrumentation 2009 International Building Code regulations for soils and foundations
Numerical calculations based on the finite element design method have become a standard tool for the design of many structures. In this book, the author highlights that complex numerical calculations should not be used to compensate for any lack of practical knowledge of the behaviour of a structure. This new edition up to date with the increasingly complex finite element models and nonlinear material analysis being used in the field. The book focuses on and references Eurocode 2 throughout.
This book provides the reader with a consistent approach to theory of structures on the basis of applied mechanics. It covers framed structures as well as plates and shells using elastic and plastic theory, and emphasizes the historical background and the relationship to practical engineering activities. This is the first comprehensive treatment of the school of structures that has evolved at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich over the last 50 years. The many worked examples and exercises make this a textbook ideal for in-depth studies. Each chapter concludes with a summary that highlights the most important aspects in concise form. Specialist terms are defined in the appendix. There is an extensive index befitting such a work of reference. The structure of the content and highlighting in the text make the book easy to use. The notation, properties of materials and geometrical properties of sections plus brief outlines of matrix algebra, tensor calculus and calculus of variations can be found in the appendices. This publication should be regarded as a key work of reference for students, teaching staff and practising engineers. Its purpose is to show readers how to model and handle structures appropriately, to support them in designing and checking the structures within their sphere of responsibility.
Structural Engineering of Transmission Lines provides practicing engineers with a comprehensive guide to the structural behaviour of transmission lines and the successful management of transmission line projects. Drawing on over 50 years of experience, the authors bring together technical knowledge and industry advice to offer extensive practical guidance on the design, construction and management of transmission lines. The challenging nature of completing a successful transmission line project, capable of functioning in all conditions, is discussed, with emphasis on achieving greater reliability and reduced risk of failure of electricity lines. Taking an international approach, the book details the considerations, methods and outcomes of projects in different parts of the world where the constraints and opportunities of resources, climate and culture are unique.
A New Statesman Book of the Year for 2017
His father conceived of the Brooklyn Bridge, but it was Washington Roebling who built this iconic feat of human engineering after his father's tragic death. It has stood for more than 130 years and is now as much a part of New York as the Statue of Liberty or the Empire State Building. Yet, as recognisable as the bridge is, its builder is too often forgotten.
The Chief Engineer is a brilliant examination of the life of one of America's most distinguished engineers. Roebling's experience as an engineer building bridges in the Union Army during the civil War has never before been documented, and played a central role in the bridge that links Brooklyn and Manhattan. The Brooklyn Bridge took fourteen dramatic years to complete, and the personal story that lay behind that construction is told here for the first time.
The Chief Engineer is an engaging portrait of a brilliant and driven man, and of the era in which he lived. Meticulously researched, and written with revealing archival material only recently uncovered, including Washington Roebling's own memoir that was previously thought to be lost to history, in The Chief Engineer Erica Wagner relates the fascinating history of the bridge and its maker.
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