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Books > Science & Mathematics > Physics > Thermodynamics & statistical physics

Introduction to Sustainable Energy Transformation (Paperback): Henryk Anglart Introduction to Sustainable Energy Transformation (Paperback)
Henryk Anglart
R1,999 Discovery Miles 19 990 Ships in 10 - 20 work days

This textbook provides an accessible introduction to various energy transformation technologies and their influences on the environment. Here the energy transformation is understood as any physical process induced by humans, in which energy is intentionally transformed from one form to another. This book provides an accessible introduction to the subject: covering the theory, principles of design, operation, and efficiency of the systems in addition to discerning concepts such as energy, entropy, exergy, efficiency, and sustainability. It is not assumed that readers have any previous exposure to such concepts as laws of thermodynamics, entropy, exergy, fluid mechanics or heat transfer, and is therefore an ideal textbook for advanced undergraduate students. Key features: Represents a complete source of information on sustainable energy transformation systems and their externalities. Includes all existing and major emerging technologies in the field. Chapters include numerous examples and problems for further learning opportunities.

Econophysics and Sociophysics: Recent Progress and Future Directions (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017): Frederic Abergel, Hideaki... Econophysics and Sociophysics: Recent Progress and Future Directions (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017)
Frederic Abergel, Hideaki Aoyama, Bikas K. Chakrabarti, Anirban Chakraborti, Nivedita Deo, …
R4,094 R2,917 Discovery Miles 29 170 Save R1,177 (29%) Ships in 12 - 17 work days

This book presents the proceedings from ECONOPHYS-2015, an international workshop held in New Delhi, India, on the interrelated fields of "econophysics" and "sociophysics", which have emerged from the application of statistical physics to economics and sociology. Leading researchers from varied communities, including economists, sociologists, financial analysts, mathematicians, physicists, statisticians, and others, report on their recent work, discuss topical issues, and review the relevant contemporary literature. A society can be described as a group of people who inhabit the same geographical or social territory and are mutually involved through their shared participation in different aspects of life. It is possible to observe and characterize average behaviors of members of a society, an example being voting behavior. Moreover, the dynamic nature of interaction within any economic sector comprising numerous cooperatively interacting agents has many features in common with the interacting systems of statistical physics. It is on these bases that interest has grown in the application within sociology and economics of the tools of statistical mechanics. This book will be of value for all with an interest in this flourishing field.

Thermodynamics - Principles Characterizing Physical and Chemical Processes (Paperback, 5th edition): Jurgen M. Honig Thermodynamics - Principles Characterizing Physical and Chemical Processes (Paperback, 5th edition)
Jurgen M. Honig
R3,581 Discovery Miles 35 810 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Thermodynamics: Principles Characterizing Physical and Chemical Processes, Fifth Edition is an authoritative guide on the physical and chemical processes based on classical thermodynamic principles. Emphasis is placed on fundamental principles, with a combination of theory and practice that demonstrates their applications in a variety of disciplines. Revised and updated to include new material and novel formulations, this edition features a new chapter on algebraic power laws and Fisher information theory, along with detailed updates on irreversible phenomena, Landau theory, self-assembly, Caratheodory's theorem, and the effects of externally applied fields. Drawing on the experience of its expert author, this book is a useful tool for both graduate students, professional chemists, and physicists who wish to acquire a more sophisticated overview of thermodynamics and related subject matter.

Entropy of Complex Processes and Systems (Paperback): Eugene Barsky Entropy of Complex Processes and Systems (Paperback)
Eugene Barsky
R3,554 Discovery Miles 35 540 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Entropy of Complex Processes and Systems formalizes our understanding of many complex processes, including the development of the methodology of analytical computation of complex processes as applied in many industries, such as ore processing, or more generally, in areas of natural sciences. The adequacy of the results of these calculations is confirmed by numerous experimental data obtained both on pilots and industrial facilities. The book also provides a thorough analysis of the underlying physical foundations of entropy performed from new standpoints that are of interest to theoreticians studying contemporary expositions.

Collective Dynamics from Bacteria to Crowds - An Excursion Through Modeling, Analysis and Simulation (Hardcover, 2014 ed.):... Collective Dynamics from Bacteria to Crowds - An Excursion Through Modeling, Analysis and Simulation (Hardcover, 2014 ed.)
Adrian Muntean, Federico Toschi
R2,782 R1,097 Discovery Miles 10 970 Save R1,685 (61%) Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Multiscale models in social applications combine mean-field and kinetic equations with either microscopic or macroscopic level descriptions. In this book the reader will find not only a wide spectrum of multiscale analysis results (like convergence proofs), but also practically important information such as derivations of mean-field equations, methods to handle hard contacts numerically, to model group behavior, to quantitative estimate microscopic/macroscopic segregation of competing species, to quantitative understand the limits of validity of mass-action kinetics for simple reactions.

Thermodynamics: Basic Principles and Engineering Applications (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2020): Alan M Whitman Thermodynamics: Basic Principles and Engineering Applications (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2020)
Alan M Whitman
R1,629 Discovery Miles 16 290 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

This textbook is for a one semester introductory course in thermodynamics, primarily for use in a mechanical or aerospace engineering program, although it could also be used in an engineering science curriculum. The book contains a section on the geometry of curves and surfaces, in order to review those parts of calculus that are needed in thermodynamics for interpolation and in discussing thermodynamic equations of state of simple substances. It presents the First Law of Thermodynamics as an equation for the time rate of change of system energy, the same way that Newton's Law of Motion, an equation for the time rate of change of system momentum, is presented in Dynamics. Moreover, this emphasis illustrates the importance of the equation to the study of heat transfer and fluid mechanics. New thermodynamic properties, such as internal energy and entropy, are introduced with a motivating discussion rather than by abstract postulation, and connection is made with kinetic theory. Thermodynamic properties of the vaporizable liquids needed for the solution of practical thermodynamic problems (e.g. water and various refrigerants) are presented in a unique tabular format that is both simple to understand and easy to use. All theoretical discussions throughout the book are accompanied by worked examples illustrating their use in practical devices. These examples of the solution of various kinds of thermodynamic problems are all structured in exactly the same way in order to make, as a result of the repetitions, the solution of new problems easier for students to follow, and ultimately, to produce themselves. Many additional problems are provided, half of them with answers, for students to do on their own.

Modeling and Simulation of Complex Dynamical Systems - Virtual Laboratory Approach based on Wolfram SystemModeler (Hardcover,... Modeling and Simulation of Complex Dynamical Systems - Virtual Laboratory Approach based on Wolfram SystemModeler (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2021)
Vladimir Ryzhov, Tatiana Fedorova, Kirill Safronov, Shaharin Anwar Sulaiman, Mark Ovinis, …
R922 Discovery Miles 9 220 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

This book highlights the practical aspects of computer modelling and simulation of complex dynamical systems for students. Mechanical systems are considered in the book as representative examples of dynamical systems. Wolfram SystemModeler, in combination with Learning Management System Sakai, is used as an instrument for studying features of various physical and technical phenomena and processes. Each of the presented virtual labs may be considered a stand-alone mini project to enable students to go through all the steps of mathematical modelling and computer simulation-from the problem statement to mathematical and physical analysis of the obtained result. The book is useful for teachers to organize the educational process, allowing gradual monitoring of the learning process and assessment of students' competencies. It also allows tutors to design individual educational trajectories for students to achieve educational properties. The subject of the book is an extension of activity started by the international team of authors within the InMotion project of the European programme ERASMUS+.

Note Di Fisica Statistica (Italian, Paperback, 2011 ed.): Roberto Piazza Note Di Fisica Statistica (Italian, Paperback, 2011 ed.)
Roberto Piazza
R1,370 Discovery Miles 13 700 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Il testo si configura come un' introduzione alla fisica statistica rivolto in primo luogo a quei corsi di studio in ingegneria che piu hanno a che fare con le proprieta fisiche dei materiali, ed ha lo scopo di fornire le basi microscopiche del comportamento termodinamico di cui si fa uso sia in molti corsi tradizionali, quali quelli di termofluidica d'interesse per l'ingegneria chimica e nucleare, che in corsi rivolti ad applicazioni avanzate nella scienza dei materiali e nelle nanotecnologie. Particolare attenzione viene quindi dedicata all'impiego di metodi di fisica statistica nella scienza dei materiali, approfondendo tematiche relative alle vibrazioni nei solidi, ai processi di nucleazione liquido/vapore, alla struttura dello stato fluido e vetroso, ai plasmi, ai materiali magnetici, al gas di Fermi e alla superfluidita. Per il suo carattere generale, e per l'accento posto sui fondamenti della meccanica quantistica, il volume si presta comunque a costituire anche un testo introduttivo alla meccanica statistica per studenti dei corsi di laurea in fisica."

Introductory Statistical Thermodynamics (Hardcover): Nils Dalarsson, Mariana Dalarsson, Leonardo Golubovic Introductory Statistical Thermodynamics (Hardcover)
Nils Dalarsson, Mariana Dalarsson, Leonardo Golubovic
R1,270 Discovery Miles 12 700 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

"Introductory Statistical Thermodynamics" is a text for an introductory one-semester course in statistical thermodynamics for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in physics and engineering. The book offers a high level of detail in derivations of all equations and results. This information is necessary for students to grasp difficult concepts in physics that are needed to move on to higher level courses. The text is elementary, self contained, and mathematically well-founded, containing a number of problems with detailed solutions to help students to grasp the more difficult theoretical concepts.

Beginning chapters place an emphasis on quantum mechanics
Includes problems with detailed solutions and a number of detailed theoretical derivations at the end of each chapter
Provides a high level of detail in derivations of all equations and results

Hybrid Nanofluids for Convection Heat Transfer (Paperback): Hafiz Muhammad Ali Hybrid Nanofluids for Convection Heat Transfer (Paperback)
Hafiz Muhammad Ali
R3,112 Discovery Miles 31 120 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Hybrid Nanofluids for Convection Heat Transfer discusses how to maximize heat transfer rates with the addition of nanoparticles into conventional heat transfer fluids. The book addresses definitions, preparation techniques, thermophysical properties and heat transfer characteristics with mathematical models, performance-affecting factors, and core applications with implementation challenges of hybrid nanofluids. The work adopts mathematical models and schematic diagrams in review of available experimental methods. It enables readers to create new techniques, resolve existing research problems, and ultimately to implement hybrid nanofluids in convection heat transfer applications.

Ordinary Differential Equations with Applications (Paperback, Softcover reprint of hardcover 2nd ed. 2006): Carmen Chicone Ordinary Differential Equations with Applications (Paperback, Softcover reprint of hardcover 2nd ed. 2006)
Carmen Chicone
R1,969 Discovery Miles 19 690 Ships in 7 - 11 work days

Based on a one-year course taught by the author to graduates at the University of Missouri, this book provides a student-friendly account of some of the standard topics encountered in an introductory course of ordinary differential equations. In a second semester, these ideas can be expanded by introducing more advanced concepts and applications. A central theme in the book is the use of Implicit Function Theorem, while the latter sections of the book introduce the basic ideas of perturbation theory as applications of this Theorem. The book also contains material differing from standard treatments, for example, the Fiber Contraction Principle is used to prove the smoothness of functions that are obtained as fixed points of contractions. The ideas introduced in this section can be extended to infinite dimensions.

Advanced Analytic and Control Techniques for Thermal Systems with Heat Exchangers (Paperback): Libor Pekar Advanced Analytic and Control Techniques for Thermal Systems with Heat Exchangers (Paperback)
Libor Pekar
R3,239 Discovery Miles 32 390 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Advanced Analytic Control Techniques for Thermal Systems with Heat Exchangers presents the latest research on sophisticated analytic and control techniques specific for Heat Exchangers (HXs) and heat Exchanger Networks (HXNs), such as Stability Analysis, Efficiency of HXs, Fouling Effect, Delay Phenomenon, Robust Control, Algebraic Control, Geometric Control, Optimal Control, Fuzzy Control and Artificial Intelligence techniques. Editor Libor Pekar and his team of global expert contributors combine their knowledge and experience of investigated and applied systems and processes in this thorough review of the most advanced networks, analyzing their dynamics, efficiency, transient features, physical properties, performance, feasibility, flexibility and controllability. The structural and dynamic analyses and control approaches of HXNs, as well as energy efficient manipulation techniques are discussed, in addition to the design of the control systems through the full life cycle. This equips the reader with an understanding of the relevant theory in a variety of settings and scenarios and the confidence to apply that knowledge to solve problems in an academic or professional setting. Graduate students and early-mid career professionals require a robust understanding of how to suitably design thermal systems with HXs and HXNs to achieve required performance levels, which this book offers in one consolidated reference. All examples and solved problems included have been tried and tested, and these combined with the research driven theory provides professionals, researchers and students with the most recent techniques to maximize the energy efficiency and sustainability of existing and new thermal power systems.

Brownian Motion - Elements of Colloid Dynamics (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018): Albert P. Philipse Brownian Motion - Elements of Colloid Dynamics (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018)
Albert P. Philipse
R1,529 R1,370 Discovery Miles 13 700 Save R159 (10%) Ships in 12 - 17 work days

This textbook is an introduction to the Brownian motion of colloids and nano-particles, and the diffusion of molecules. One very appealing aspect of Brownian motion, as this book illustrates, is that the subject connects a broad variety of topics, including thermal physics, hydrodynamics, reaction kinetics, fluctuation phenomena, statistical thermodynamics, osmosis and colloid science. The book is based on a set of lecture notes that the authors used for an undergraduate course at the University of Utrecht, Netherland. It aims to provide more than a simplified qualitative description of the subject, without getting bogged down in difficult mathematics. Each chapter contains exercises, ranging from straightforward ones to more involved problems, addressing instances from (thermal motion in) chemistry, physics and life sciences. Exercises also deal with derivations or calculations that are skipped in the main text. The book offers a treatment of Brownian motion on a level appropriate for bachelor/undergraduate students of physics, chemistry, soft matter and the life sciences. PhD students attending courses and doing research in colloid science or soft matter will also benefit from this book.

Stochastic Methods - A Handbook for the Natural and Social Sciences (Hardcover, 4th ed. 2009): Crispin Gardiner Stochastic Methods - A Handbook for the Natural and Social Sciences (Hardcover, 4th ed. 2009)
Crispin Gardiner
R1,930 R1,750 Discovery Miles 17 500 Save R180 (9%) Ships in 12 - 17 work days

This classic text and reference collects, in simple language and deductive form, the many formulae and methods that can be found in the scientific literature on stochastic methods. To be useful to students and practioners as a practical tool, the book is written without excessive mathematical rigour, yet restricted to those methods and approximations thereof, that can be systematized and controlled in a quantitative way. Over time, new editions have been expanded in scope for a widening readership that now encompasses all of the quantitative natural and social sciences. This fourth edition has been thoroughly updated and restructured, and features a large amount of entirely new material, including but not limited to aspects of driven stochastic systems, the application and validity of simulation methods as well as applications to financial markets.

Statistical Physics of Nanoparticles in the Gas Phase (Hardcover, 2nd ed. 2018): Klavs Hansen Statistical Physics of Nanoparticles in the Gas Phase (Hardcover, 2nd ed. 2018)
Klavs Hansen
R3,158 Discovery Miles 31 580 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Thermal processes are ubiquitous and an understanding of thermal phenomena is essential for a complete description of the physics of nanoparticles, both for the purpose of modeling the dynamics of the particles and for the correct interpretation of experimental data. The second edition of this book follows the logic of first edition, with an emphasis on presentation of literature results and to guide the reader through derivations. Several topics have been added to the repertoire, notably magnetism, a fuller exposition of aggregation and the related area of nucleation theory. Also a new chapter has been added on the transient hot electron phenomenon. The book remains focused on the fundamental properties of nanosystems in the gas phase. Each chapter is enriched with additional new exercises and three Appendices provide additional useful material.

Thermodynamic Equilibrium and Stability of Materials (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2022): Long-Qing Chen Thermodynamic Equilibrium and Stability of Materials (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2022)
Long-Qing Chen
R1,916 R1,756 Discovery Miles 17 560 Save R160 (8%) Ships in 10 - 20 work days

This is a textbook on thermodynamics of materials for junior/senior undergraduate students and first-year graduate students as well as a reference book for researchers who would like to refresh their understanding of thermodynamics. The textbook employs a plain language to explain the thermodynamic concepts and quantities. It embraces the mathematical beauty and rigor of Gibbs thermodynamics through the fundamental equation of thermodynamics from which all thermodynamic properties of a material can be derived. However, a reader with basic first-year undergraduate calculus skills will be able to get through the book without difficulty. One unique feature of this textbook is the descriptions of the step-by-step procedures for computing all the thermodynamic properties from the fundamental equation of thermodynamics and all the thermodynamic energies from a set of common, experimentally measurable thermodynamic properties, supplemented with ample numerical examples. Another unique feature of this textbook is its emphasis on the concept of chemical potential and its applications to phase equilibria in single component systems and binary solutions, chemical reaction equilibria, and lattice and electronic defects in crystals. The concept of chemical potential is introduced at the very beginning of the book together with temperature and pressure. It avoids or minimizes the use of terms such as molar Gibbs free energy, partial molar Gibbs free energy, or Gibbs potential because molar Gibbs free energy or partial molar Gibbs free energy is precisely the chemical potential of a material or a component. It is the chemical potential that determines the stability of chemical species, compounds, and phases and their tendency to chemically react to form new species, transform to new physical state, and migrate from one spatial location to another. Therefore, it is the chemical potential differences or gradients that drive essentially all materials processes of interest. A reader after finishing reading the book is expected to not only achieve a high-level fundamental understanding of thermodynamics but also acquire the analytical skills of applying thermodynamics to determining materials equilibrium and driving forces for materials processes.

Multiphase Flow Dynamics 1 - Fundamentals (Hardcover, 5th ed. 2015): Nikolay Ivanov Kolev Multiphase Flow Dynamics 1 - Fundamentals (Hardcover, 5th ed. 2015)
Nikolay Ivanov Kolev
R5,618 R3,895 Discovery Miles 38 950 Save R1,723 (31%) Ships in 12 - 17 work days

In its fifth extended edition the successful monograph package "Multiphase Flow Dynamics" contains theory, methods and practical experience for describing complex transient multi-phase processes in arbitrary geometrical configurations, providing a systematic presentation of the theory and practice of numerical multi-phase fluid dynamics. In the present first volume the local volume and time averaging is used to derive a complete set of conservation equations for three fluids each of them having multi components as constituents. Large parts of the book are devoted on the design of successful numerical methods for solving the obtained system of partial differential equations. Finally the analysis is repeated for boundary fitted curvilinear coordinate systems designing methods applicable for interconnected multi-blocks. This fifth edition includes various updates, extensions, improvements and corrections, as well as a completely new chapter containing the basic physics describing the multi-phase flow in turbines, compressors, pumps and other rotating hydraulic machines.

Statistical Mechanics - From Thermodynamics to the Renormalization Group (Paperback): James H. Luscombe Statistical Mechanics - From Thermodynamics to the Renormalization Group (Paperback)
James H. Luscombe
R1,618 Discovery Miles 16 180 Ships in 10 - 20 work days

This textbook provides a comprehensive, yet accessible, introduction to statistical mechanics. Crafted and class-tested over many years of teaching, it carefully guides advanced undergraduate and graduate students who are encountering statistical mechanics for the first time through this - sometimes - intimidating subject. The book provides a strong foundation in thermodynamics and the ensemble formalism of statistical mechanics. An introductory chapter on probability theory is included. Applications include degenerate Fermi systems, Bose-Einstein condensation, cavity radiation, phase transitions, and critical phenomena. The book concludes with a treatment of scaling theories and the renormalization group. In addition, it provides clear descriptions of how to understand the foundational mathematics and physics involved and includes exciting case studies of modern applications of the subject in physics and wider interdisciplinary areas. Key Features: Presents the subject in a clear and entertaining style which enables the author to take a sophisticated approach whilst remaining accessible Contains contents that have been carefully reviewed with a substantial panel to ensure that coverage is appropriate for a wide range of courses, worldwide Accompanied by volumes on thermodynamics and non-equilibrium statistical mechanics, which can be used in conjunction with this book, on courses which cover both thermodynamics and statistical mechanics

The Principles of Statistical Mechanics (Paperback, New edition): Richard C. Tolman The Principles of Statistical Mechanics (Paperback, New edition)
Richard C. Tolman
R624 R531 Discovery Miles 5 310 Save R93 (15%) Ships in 7 - 11 work days

Classic treatment of a subject essential to contemporary physics. Classical and quantum statistical mechanics, plus application to thermodynamic behavior.

Heat and Mass Transfer (Paperback, New edition): R.K. Rajput Heat and Mass Transfer (Paperback, New edition)
R.K. Rajput
R994 Discovery Miles 9 940 Ships in 12 - 17 work days
Mathematical Physics for Nuclear Experiments (Paperback): Andrew E. Ekpenyong Mathematical Physics for Nuclear Experiments (Paperback)
Andrew E. Ekpenyong
R1,419 Discovery Miles 14 190 Ships in 10 - 20 work days

Mathematical Physics for Nuclear Experiments presents an accessible introduction to the mathematical derivations of key equations used in describing and analysing results of typical nuclear physics experiments. Instead of merely showing results and citing texts, crucial equations in nuclear physics such as the Bohr's classical formula, Bethe's quantum mechanical formula for energy loss, Poisson, Gaussian and Maxwellian distributions for radioactive decay, and the Fermi function for beta spectrum analysis, among many more, are presented with the mathematical bases of their derivation and with their physical utility. This approach provides readers with a greater connection between the theoretical and experimental sides of nuclear physics. The book also presents connections between well-established results and ongoing research. It also contains figures and tables showing results from the author's experiments and those of his students to demonstrate experimental outcomes. This is a valuable guide for advanced undergraduates and early graduates studying nuclear instruments and methods, medical and health physics courses as well as experimental particle physics courses. Key features Contains over 500 equations connecting theory with experiments. Presents over 80 examples showing physical intuition and illustrating concepts. Includes 80 exercises, with solutions, showing applications in nuclear and medical physics.

Applications Of Field Theory Methods In Statistical Physics Of Nonequilibrium Systems (Hardcover): Bohdan I Lev, Anatoly G... Applications Of Field Theory Methods In Statistical Physics Of Nonequilibrium Systems (Hardcover)
Bohdan I Lev, Anatoly G Zagorodny
R2,645 Discovery Miles 26 450 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

This book formulates a unified approach to the description of many-particle systems combining the methods of statistical physics and quantum field theory. The benefits of such an approach are in the description of phase transitions during the formation of new spatially inhomogeneous phases, as well in describing quasi-equilibrium systems with spatially inhomogeneous particle distributions (for example, self-gravitating systems) and metastable states.The validity of the methods used in the statistical description of many-particle systems and models (theory of phase transitions included) is discussed and compared. The idea of using the quantum field theory approach and related topics (path integration, saddle-point and stationary-phase methods, Hubbard-Stratonovich transformation, mean-field theory, and functional integrals) is described in detail to facilitate further understanding and explore more applications.To some extent, the book could be treated as a brief encyclopedia of methods applicable to the statistical description of spatially inhomogeneous equilibrium and metastable particle distributions. Additionally, the general approach is not only formulated, but also applied to solve various practically important problems (gravitating gas, Coulomb-like systems, dusty plasmas, thermodynamics of cellular structures, non-uniform dynamics of gravitating systems, etc.).

The Thermophysical Properties of Metallic Liquids - Volume 1 : Fundamentals (Hardcover): Takamichi Iida, Roderick I. L. Guthrie The Thermophysical Properties of Metallic Liquids - Volume 1 : Fundamentals (Hardcover)
Takamichi Iida, Roderick I. L. Guthrie
R1,570 Discovery Miles 15 700 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

This first volume provides the basic matters needed for understanding the thermophysical properties of metallic liquids and for developing reliable models to accurately predict the thermophysical properties of almost all metallic elements in the liquid state, together with methods for quantitative assessment of models/equations. The authors also review the structure of metallic liquids, which is based on the theory of liquids, followed by density, volume expansivity, thermodynamic properties (evaporation enthalpy, vapour pressure, heat capacity), sound velocity, surface tension,viscosity, diffusion, and electrical and thermal conductivities. Finally, the essential points of methods used for measuring these experimental data are presented.

The Nature of Computation (Hardcover): Cristopher Moore, Stephan Mertens The Nature of Computation (Hardcover)
Cristopher Moore, Stephan Mertens
R1,780 Discovery Miles 17 800 Ships in 10 - 20 work days

In the last decade, the boundary between physics and computer science has become a hotbed of interdisciplinary collaboration. Every passing year shows that physicists and computer scientists have a great deal to say to each other, sharing metaphors, intuitions, and mathematical techniques. In this book, two leading researchers in this area introduce the reader to the fundamental concepts of computational complexity. They go beyond the usual discussion of P, NP and NP-completeness to explain the deep meaning of the P vs. NP question, and explain many recent results which have not yet appeared in any textbook. They then give in-depth explorations of the major interfaces between computer science and physics: phase transitions in NP-complete problems, Monte Carlo algorithms, and quantum computing. The entire book is written in an informal style that gives depth with a minimum of mathematical formalism, exposing the heart of the matter without belabouring technical details. The only mathematical prerequisites are linear algebra, complex numbers, and Fourier analysis (and most chapters can be understood without even these). It can be used as a textbook for graduate students or advanced undergraduates, and will be enjoyed by anyone who is interested in understanding the rapidly changing field of theoretical computer science and its relationship with other sciences.

The Highway Capacity Manual: A Conceptual and Research History Volume 2 - Signalized and Unsignalized Intersections (Hardcover,... The Highway Capacity Manual: A Conceptual and Research History Volume 2 - Signalized and Unsignalized Intersections (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2020)
Elena S. Prassas, Roger P. Roess
R2,923 Discovery Miles 29 230 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Since 1950, the Highway Capacity Manual has been a standard used in the planning, design, analysis, and operation of virtually any highway traffic facility in the United States. It has also been widely used around the globe and has inspired the development of similar manuals in other countries. This book is Volume II of a series on the conceptual and research origins of the methodologies found in the Highway Capacity Manual. It focuses on the most complex points in a traffic system: signalized and unsignalized intersections, and the concepts and methodologies developed over the years to model their operations. It also includes an overview of the fundamental concepts of capacity and level of service, particularly as applied to intersections. The historical roots of the manual and its contents are important to understanding current methodologies, and improving them in the future. As such, this book is a valuable resource for current and future users of the Highway Capacity Manual, as well as researchers and developers involved in advancing the state-of-the-art in the field.

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