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This book analyzes the reasons for organ shortage and ventures innovative ideas for approaching this problem. It presents 29 contributions from a highly interdisciplinary group of world experts and upcoming professionals in the field. Every year thousands of patients die while waiting for organ transplantation. Health authorities, medical professionals and bioethicists worldwide point to the urgent and yet unsolved problem of organ shortage, which will be even intensified due to the increasing life expectancy. Even though the practical problem seems to be well known, the search for suitable solutions continues and often restricts itself by being limited through disciplinary and national borders. Combining philosophical reflection with empirical results, this volume enables a unique insight in the ethics of organ transplantation and offers fresh ideas for policymakers, health care professionals, academics and the general public.
Written by internationally acclaimed specialists, Cardio-Thoracic, Vascular, Renal and Transplant Surgery provides pertinent and concise procedure descriptions spanning benign and malignant problems and minimally invasive procedures. Complications are reviewed when appropriate for the organ system and problem, creating a book that is both comprehensive and accessible. Stages of operative approaches with relevant technical considerations are outlined in an easily understandable manner. Forming part of the series, Surgery: Complications, Risks and Consequences, this volume Cardio-Thoracic, Vascular, Renal and Transplant Surgery provides a valuable resource for all general surgeons and residents in training. Other healthcare providers will also find this a useful resource.
Although cardiac surgery has made an enormous progress during the last decades, the discipline has to cope with essential changes: Patients are increasingly cared for by cardiologists and therefore referred to the surgeon in a later stage of disease. Consequently, they are more often in an increasingly serious state or in advanced age with significant comorbidities. In order to meet the requirements of these different patient groups, cardiosurgical treatments require special protectional strategies for the heart in order to perform the planned operations safely. This book presents the latest knowledge of modern techniques of myocardial protection taking into consideration the different patient groups and current scientific strategies. Furthermore, it discusses present and future scientific approaches in myocardial protection and preservation.
Challenges and Controversies in Kidney Transplantation highlights the most up-to-date strategies for successfully managing high-risk kidney transplant recipients, as well as detailed, innovative strategies to increase transplant opportunities for patients requiring kidney transplantation. The book is divided into two major sections; firstly, Maximizing Transplant Opportunities, and second, Considerations for Unique/High Risk Patient Populations focusing on management of select patient populations, such as children, the elderly, HIV, Hepatitis C positive patents, highly sensitized patients, and patients who develop post-transplant polyomavirus nephropathy. Surgical topics include Laparoendoscopic Single Site and Robotic Donor Nephrectomy as minimally invasive surgical procedures to increase living donation, and the use of Paediatric Donor Kidneys in deceased donor kidney transplantation. In addition, Challenges and Controversies in Kidney Transplantation also features discussion on the most difficult clinical management issues confronting Kidney Transplantation today, making it a relevant and essential reference for nephrologists, neurologists and residents. Key Points Concise and comprehensive guide to problems associated with kidney transplantation Full colour illustrations Authored by Sandip Kapur, Professor of Surgery at Weill Medical College - Cornell University, USA
Transplantation is a medically successful and cost-effective way to treat people whose organs have failed-but not enough organs are available to meet demand. Ethics and the Acquisition of Organs is concerned with the major ethical problems raised by policies for acquiring organs. The main topics are the rights of the dead, the role of the family, opt in and opt out systems, the conscription of organs, living organ donation from adults and children, directed donation and priority for donors, and the sale of organs. In this ground-breaking work, T. M. Wilkinson uses concepts from moral and political theory such as autonomy, rights, posthumous interests, justice, and well-being, in a context informed by the clinical, legal, and policy aspects of transplantation. The result is a rigorous philosophical exploration of real problems and options. He argues that the ethics of acquiring organs for transplantation is not only of great intellectual interest, but also of practical importance. As such, this book will be of profit not only to students and academics who work in applied ethics and bioethics, but also to the lawyers, policy-makers, clinicians, and lobby groups interested in transplantation.
A major new reference work on Liver Transplantation written by the transplantation team of one of Asia's leading transplant centres with a foreword by Prof. Sir Roy Calne the liver transplantation pioneer and expert in immunosuppressant techniques. The book begins with an overview of transplantation team composition, international donor selection guidelines and donor management and goes on to discuss technique and management of DDLT, LDLT, Pediatric, Split, Domino and ABO-incompatible liver transplantation. Post-transplant management, immuno-suppression, follow-up, short and long-term complications and their outcomes, as well as recent advances in liver transplantation such as stem cell, hepatocyte and xenotransplantation, are also discussed.
With a strong focus on technical efficiency, Operative Techniques in Transplant Surgery takes you step by step through every aspect of solid organ transplantation surgery. Using concise text, full-color illustrations, and operative images, it provides detailed coverage of deceased and living donation, as well as liver, kidney, pancreas, and lung transplantation. You'll find practical, step-by-step guidance on preoperative, intra-operative, and post-operative clinical decision making, helping you hone your skills and incorporate today's innovative approaches into your surgical practice.Key Features More than 80 global contributors known for their technical expertise share their knowledge and skills. Each clinical issue is discussed in the same easy-to-follow format: definition, differential diagnosis, patient history and physical findings, imaging and other diagnostic studies, surgical management, techniques, pearls and pitfalls, postoperative care, outcomes, and complications. Comprehensive coverage keeps you up to date on every aspect of the field , including the management of complex portal hypertension in children and adults. Full-color, step-by-step explanations of operative procedures help you master each technique, avoid complications, and anticipate outcomes. Extensive tables and bulleted text allow for quick and easy reference, while intraoperative photographs provide a surgeons-eye view of each procedure. Ideal for anyone involved in transplantation, including medical students, residents, transplant physicians, surgical trainees, and practicing transplant surgeons. Now with the print edition, enjoy the bundled interactive eBook edition, offering tablet, smartphone, or online access to: Complete content with enhanced navigation . Powerful search tools and smart navigation cross-links that pull results from content in the book, your notes, and even the web. Cross-linked pages, references, and more for easy navigation. Highlighting tool for easier reference of key content throughout the text. Ability to take and share notes with friends and colleagues. Quick reference tabbing to save your favorite content for future use.
Written by leaders in the field, the third edition of Common Surgical Diseases: An Algorithmic Approach to Problem Solving, provides surgical residents and medical students with a current, concise and algorithmic approach to frequently encountered clinical challenges. Each chapter details every common surgical disease in the form of a succinct text coupled with step-by-step algorithm. It also walks the reader through the evaluation, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of the most common surgical problems. Thoroughly updated and revised, the third edition focuses on problems most frequently encountered by general surgeons and their residents and students. More factual information is included in the form of charts and tables for quick and easy reference. The section on critical care is updated and expanded. The section on pre-operative considerations has new chapters on how to best manage patient's medications before surgery (anticoagulants, anti-platelet drugs) and prophylaxis of deep venous thrombosis. Other new chapters include access for hemodialysis, adrenal incidentaloma, esophageal cancer, pancreatic cancer, management of abdominal wall defects, hyperglycemia, necrotizing soft tissue infections and SIRS/sepsis. Especially pertinent in todays' medical environment is an understanding of the genetic component of certain cancers and chapters are devoted to screening and treating patients with genetic predispositions to colorectal and breast cancer.
The inadequate supply of organs in the United States and other countries continues to drive the reliance on living donor transplantation. In 2000, representatives of the transplant community convened for a meeting on living donation in an effort to provide guidelines to promote the welfare of living donors. The consensus statement that resulted from this meeting recommended that transplant centers retain an Independent Living Donor Advocate (ILDA) to focus on the best interest of the donor. A decade later, nearly every transplant center in the United States, performing living donor surgeries, has incorporated an ILDA into their living donor screening and/or evaluation process Living Donor Advocate provides an overview of living donation and its risks, ethical challenges and future developments , as well as details about the role a Living Donor Advocate plays in the transplantation process. This book will interest health professionals across various disciplines and patients undergoing transplantation or living donor surgery.
Despite significant accomplishments to date, kidney transplantation is a relatively young field in medicine. The shortage of deceased donor organs available for transplantation has led to the need to identify novel strategies to increase the organ donor pool. Due to the armamentarium of agents available to effectively suppress the immune system, the past decade has seen a shift in focus from prevention of rejection to a focus on extending the life of the allograft, with much focus on developing agents and immunosuppression combinations that are less toxic to the transplanted kidney. These concepts provide the framework for this textbook. For the first time in years, agents with novel mechanisms of action are beginning to come to market for use in kidney transplantation, and novel concepts to increase both deceased and living donor organ availability have been adapted by progressive transplant centers. Within the field of living donation, kidney paired donation and single site laparoendoscopic donor nephrectomy are important methods of increasing access to living donor transplantation. Utilization of expanded criteria, donation after cardiac death, hepatitis C positive, and pediatric donor organs are discussed as methods to increase deceased donor transplant opportunities for the over 90,000 patients currently on the kidney transplant waiting list in the United States alone.
Spare Parts examines major developments in the field of organ replacement that occurred in the United States over the course of the 1980s and the beginning of the 1990s. It focuses upon significant medical and social changes in the transplantation of human organs and on the development and clinical testing of the Jarvik-7 artificial heart, with special emphasis on how these biomedical events were related to the political, economic, and social climate of American society.
Part I examines the important biomedical advances and events in organ transplantation and their social and cultural concomitants. In Part II, the focus shifts to the story of the rise and fall of the Jarvik-7 artificial heart in the United States, its relation to American social institutions and cultural patterns, and its bearing on social control issues associated with therapeutic innovation and the patient-oriented clinical research it entails. Part III is a personal conclusion, which explains why the authors left the field of organ transplantation after so many years.
Spare Parts is written in a narrative, ethnographic style, with thickly descriptive, verbatim, and atmospheric detail. The primary data it is based upon includes qualitative materials, collected via participant observation, interviews in a variety of medical milieu, and content analysis of medical journals, newspapers, and magazine articles, and a number of television transcripts. The new introduction provides an overview of some of the recent developments in transplantation and also underscores how tenacious many of the patterns associated with organ replacement have been. Spare Parts should be read by all medical professionals, sociologists, and historians.
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