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The Latest Methods for Managing Wastewater Collection Systems
This Water Environment Federation resource provides up-to-date guidance on the oversight of wastewater collection systems, including gravity sewers, pumping stations, force mains, and other sewer-conveyance-related facilities. This authoritative volume offers strategies for developing a comprehensive asset-management program that encompasses capacity, management, operations, and maintenance (CMOM) principles as well as the business, engineering, human resource, and communications aspects of a wastewater collection systems project.
Wastewater Collection Systems Management, Sixth Edition covers: System operations and maintenance Information managementCollection system assessment and capital improvement planningSystem design considerationsConstruction contractingPublic policy and community relationsBudgeting and financial planning Safety, standard procedures, training, and certificationsEmergency preparedness and security
The 2011 nuclear disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi power station led to serious radioactive contamination of the environment. Due to transportation by seasonal wind and ocean currents, these radioactive materials have now been observed in many places in the northern hemisphere. This book provides a unique summary of the environmental impact of the unprecedented accident. It covers how radioactive materials were transported through the atmosphere, oceans and land. The techniques used to investigate the deposition and migration processes are also discussed including atmospheric observation, soil mapping, forest and ecosystem investigations and numerical simulations. With chapters written by international experts, this is a crucial resource for researchers working on the dispersion and impact of radionuclides in the environment. It also provides essential knowledge for nuclear engineers, social scientists and policymakers to help develop suitable mitigation measures to prepare for similar large-scale natural hazards in the future.
Gain the knowledge you need to address the growing and increasingly intricate problem of controlling and processing the refuse created by global urban societies with SOLID WASTE ENGINEERING: A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE, 3E. While the authors prepare you to deal with issues, such as regulations and legislation, the main emphasis throughout the book is on mastering solid waste engineering principles. The book first explains the basic principles of the field and then demonstrates through worked examples how you can apply these principles in real world settings. Whether you are a graduate or advanced undergraduate student, or practicing engineer, you learn to think reflectively and logically about the problems and solutions in today's solid waste engineering.
This monograph provides comprehensive coverage of technologies which integrate adsorption and biological processes in water and wastewater treatment. The authors provide both an introduction to the topic as well as a detailed discussion of theoretical and practical considerations. After a review of the basics involved in the chemistry, biology and technology of integrated adsorption and biological removal, they discuss the setup of pilot- and full-scale treatment facilities, covering powdered as well as granular activated carbon. They elucidate the factors that influence the successful operation of integrated systems. Their discussion on integrated systems expands from the effects of environmental conditions to the removal of various pollutants, to regeneration of activated carbon, and to the analysis of such systems in mathematical terms. The authors conclude with a look at future needs for research and development. A truly valuable resource for environmental engineers, environmental and water chemists, as well as professionals working in water and wastewater treatment.
Innovative Techniques for Designing Urban Stormwater Controls
Fully updated to address the paradigm shift in the way stormwater is viewed and managed, "Design of Urban Stormwater Controls" focuses on consolidating technologies to foster a convergence between traditional stormwater controls and green infrastructure. This authoritative resource explains how systems of stormwater controls can be designed to meet multidisciplinary objectives, including flood control; stream channel protection; groundwater recharge; water quality improvement; protection of public safety, health, and welfare; and multipurpose public benefits.
Coverage includes: Urban stormwater management overview Effects of stormwater on receiving waters Performance goals for stormwater controls Unit processes and operations for stormwater control Selection criteria and design considerations Swales and strips Basins Filters and infiltrators Gross pollutant traps and mechanical operations Maintenance of stormwater controls Whole life cost of stormwater controls Performance assessment Analytical tools for simulation of stormwater controls
The Latest Sewer System Overflow Prevention Methods
Fully revised throughout, this Water Environment Federation resource provides up-to-date information necessary to help managers and engineers understand and analyze an overflow problem and offers guidance on finding the most efficient, feasible, and cost-effective strategies to reduce or eliminate such overflows. This authoritative volume also serves as a planning guide for developing long-term control plans for combined sewer overflows (CSOs) and sanitary sewer overflows (SSOs).
"Prevention and Control of Sewer System Overflows," Third Edition, covers: Definitions and causes of overflows Regulatory guidelines Information management System characterization System maintenance and management Overflow mitigation technologies Overflow mitigation plan development and implementation
On its next capital construction project, would your water or wastewater utility like to achieve Seven percent lower cost Thirteen percent faster construction Thirty-three percent faster overall schedule Fifty percent less schedule growth? These are some of the attractive benefits many water and wastewater utilities enjoy through the use of design-build construction over traditional design-bid-build construction. This book provides a basic template of how to plan, procure, and execute a design-build project. Written for water and wastewater utility management, engineers, planners, city officials, utility policymakers, regulators, and design-build contractors, the book covers all topics: History of design-build Types of projects well suited for design-build Steps to prepare for a design-build project Procuring a design-builder Executing design-build projects and performing acceptance tests Bonding, insurance, and dispute resolution Permitting and regulatory agency approvals State laws regarding design-build Design-Build for Water and Wastewater Projects was developed in collaboration with the Water Design-Build Council.
All water utilities experience T&O problems. This brand new field guide provides all the information you need to identify and remove objectionable tastes and odors from drinking water and reduce customer compliants about T&O. Ideal for water treatment operators, this handy guide, you will be able to: determine the source and cause of any taste or odor: raw water source, treatment plant, distribution system, or customer plumbing. provide good samples to your laboratory for testing and know what to tell the lab; understand sensory terminology and the various sensory testing methods available; know how to control tastes and odors and prevent them from occurring, no matter what the cause; and make proper treatment choices to remove or prevent tastes and odors. Numerous research studies show that good-tasting tap water is not completely free of constituents; the right concentrations of certain minerals are necessary for a balanced taste, the most important of which are sodium, chloride,
Written for utilities serving fewer than 100,000 customers, this book provides practical advice and guidance for implementing a water conservation program. With a menu of possible conservation techniques and approaches from which to choose, the book lets you customize a program for your utility's particular needs, issues, and customers, regardless of your geographic location. Worksheets offer a step-by-step approach to help you decide which techniques will best benefit your utility and community. Includes benefit-cost analysis charts and tables, sample conservation programs, and recommended budgets.
Most wastewater operators cite mathematics as the subject giving them the most difficulty on their operator certification exams, as well as on the job. This math study text is designed to help wastewater operators improve their math skills, pass certification exams, perform their jobs better, and advance their careers. The guide provides examples of a variety of different problems that will be encounted both on Grades 3 and 4 certification exams and on the job. Each problem is presented with easily followed steps and comments to facilitate understanding. Tests with answers are included after each grade level to help you determine where your strengths and weaknesses are. Appendices provide common conversion factors, a summary of the equations used in the book, chemistry tables, maximum contaminant level charts, and abbreviations to which you can refer when working out the problems.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 32 percent of waterborne disease outbreaks are caused by pathogen intrusion in the water distribution system. Incorporating disinfection practices for water mains and storage facilities can reduce the risk of microbial contamination. This handy guidebook provides all the correct field practices for preventing microbial contamination of the water flowing in water mains, storage tanks, and other distribution system components. NOTE TO WATER UTILITIES: To ensure that mains and storage facilities are properly disinfected prior to use, AWWA advises that water utilities should insist that their pipeline contractors have and use this book. French language version available.
In a world where waste incinerators are not an option and landfills are at over capacity, cities are hard pressed to find a solution to the problem of what to do with their solid waste. Handbook of Solid Waste Management, 2/e offers a solution. This handbook offers an integrated approach to the planning, design, and management of economical and environmentally responsible solid waste disposal system.
Let twenty industry and government experts provide you with the tools to design a solid waste management system capable of disposing of waste in a cost-efficient and environmentally responsible manner. Focusing on the six primary functions of an integrated system--source reduction, toxicity reduction, recycling and reuse, composting, waste- to-energy combustion, and landfilling--they explore each technology and examine its problems, costs, and legal and social ramifications.
Waste is a quintessentially ecological economic issue. The generation of waste is rooted in the very laws of nature, but waste is also a social construct, and what we understand to be waste has evolved with human societies. Therefore, a crucial issue in modern waste management is the understanding of attitudes towards waste. This book examines the ecological economics approach to waste, its conceptualisation and management. In order to provide a comprehensive understanding of the issue of waste, the authors utilise an array of disciplinary approaches from both natural and social sciences. They begin by considering waste through the thermodynamics of production processes, and through an assessment of the history of waste. Building on this physical-social background, they concentrate on specific aspects of waste policy. These include the public's attitude towards waste, the economics of waste, and the laws and regulations surrounding waste disposal. Further chapters look in detail at the three main types of waste being generated by modern societies: municipal, toxic and nuclear waste. This path-breaking book seeks to lay the basis for a general conceptualisation of waste in ecological economics and to elucidate the main issues relating to waste generation and management. This is a comprehensive analysis of waste as a concept, and as an issue for humans as both producers and consumers. It will be of great value to ecological economists, waste managers and environmental policy analysts.
This companion to Accounting for Resources, 1 tracks the life cycle of specific elements, such as chlorine and heavy metals, in order to estimate the generation and dissipative losses of material wastes. The book begins with a succinct review of the life-cycle analysis methodology and evaluates some of its weaknesses in estimating the generation of waste. The authors propose a new quantitative measure of the potential for environmental harm of waste materials. They include case studies to add weight to their proposal. Four horizontal life-cycle case studies are included; one for chlorine and chlorine chemicals; one for mercury; one for arsenic and cadmium; and the other for copper, lead and zinc. The book also includes a longitudinal study of heavy metals use and dissipation, during the period 1880-1980 with reference to the Hudson-Raritan basin. The book concludes with an overview, including some recommendations for future research and for policy changes with respect to governmental statistical data collection and organization.
The goal of this book is to help train hazmat response teams and other responders in disaster training, techniques, and planning.The book will also help define and sharpen training plans and assumptions. Focusing on lessons learned from real-world experiences during actual disasters, the book will help to establish a well-trained professional 1st responder, individuals, and teams. Such lessons are emphasized so that planners and responders learn to anticipate how their community is likely to react under real disaster conditions, and plan accordingly.
These proceedings present state-of-the-art papers on mine and mill tailings and mine waste as well as current and future issues facing the mining and environmental communities. This includes matters dealing with technical capabilities and developments, regulations, and environmental concerns. Papers include topics related to site characterization and monitoring, reclamation and remediation, protective liners, covers, and barriers, design, operation and disposal, groundwater and surface water quality and modeling, geotechnical and geochemical aspects, reprocessing, utilization and treatment, radioactivity and risk, new technologies and paste technology, and case histories.
The books currently available on this subject contain some elements of physical-chemical treatment of water and wastewater but fall short of giving comprehensive and authoritative coverage. They contain some equations that are not substantiated, offering empirical data based on assumptions that are therefore difficult to comprehend. This text brings together the information previously scattered in several books and adds the knowledge from the author's lectures on wastewater engineering.
The proceedings in this work present 60 papers on mine and mill tailings and mine waste, as well as current and future issues facing the mining and environmental communities. This includes matters dealing with technical capabilities and developments, regulations, and environmental concerns.
A practical, systems-based approach for a more sustainable farming operation To many people today, using the words "factory" and "farm" in the same sentence is nothing short of sacrilege. In many cases, though, the same sound business practices apply whether you are producing cars or carrots. Author Ben Hartman and other young farmers are increasingly finding that incorporating the best new ideas from business into their farming can drastically cut their wastes and increase their profits, making their farms more environmentally and economically sustainable. By explaining the lean system for identifying and eliminating waste and introducing efficiency in every aspect of the farm operation, The Lean Farm makes the case that small-scale farming can be an attractive career option for young people who are interested in growing food for their community. Working smarter, not harder, also prevents the kind of burnout that start-up farmers often encounter in the face of long, hard, backbreaking labor. Lean principles grew out of the Japanese automotive industry, but they are now being followed on progressive farms around the world. Using examples from his own family's one-acre community-supported farm in Indiana, Hartman clearly instructs other small farmers in how to incorporate lean practices in each step of their production chain, from starting a farm and harvesting crops to training employees and selling goods. While the intended audience for this book is small-scale farmers who are part of the growing local food movement, Hartman's prescriptions for high-value, low-cost production apply to farms and businesses of almost any size or scale that hope to harness the power of lean in their production processes.
The updated and expanded guide for handling industrial wastes and designing a wastewater treatment plant The revised and updated second edition of Practical Wastewater Treatment provides a hands-on guide to industrial wastewater treatment theory, practices, and issues. It offers information for the effective design of water and wastewater treatment facilities and contains material on how to handle the wide-variety of industrial wastes. The book is based on a course developed and taught by the author for the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. The author reviews the most current industrial practices and goals, describes how the water industry works, and covers the most important aspects of the industry. In addition, the book explores a wide-range of approaches for managing industrial wastes such as oil, blood, protein and more. A comprehensive resource, the text covers such basic issues as water pollution, wastewater treatment techniques, sampling and measurement, and explores the key topic of biological modeling for designing wastewater treatment plants. This important book: Offers an updated and expanded text for dealing with real-world wastewater problems Contains new chapters on: Reverse Osmosis and desalination; Skin and Membrane Filtration; and Cooling tower water treatment Presents a guide filled with helpful examples and diagrams that is ideal for both professionals and students Includes information for handling industrial wastes and designing water and wastewater treatment plants Written for civil or chemical engineers and students, Practical Wastewater Treatment offers the information and techniques needed to solve problems of wastewater treatment.
The protection of groundwater and surface water from contamination
by the escape of contaminant from waste disposal is now an
important consideration in many countries of the world.
FROM THE PREFACE
The Most Complete, Up-to-Date Guide to Process Modeling Methods and Protocols
Fully revised to cover the latest advances in the field, "Wastewater Treatment Process Modeling," Second Edition, explains general modeling concepts and terminology and offers practical details on how to use process models for the design and operation of small, medium, and large water resource recovery facilities. This Water Environment Federation manual describes each step of the modeling process, including the fundamental math required, overviews of existing models and when to use them, modeling protocols, and how to interpret data. The detailed information in this authoritative volume helps to ensure that process models are developed, used, and documented correctly.
"Coverage includes: " History of process modeling Modeling fundamentals Unit process model descriptions Process modeling tools Dedicated experiments and tools Overview of available modeling and simulation protocols Project definition Building a facility model Using models for design, optimization, and control
Achieving environmental sustainability with rapid industrialization is a major challenge of current scenario worldwide. As globally evident, industries are the key economic drivers, but are also the major polluters as untreated/partially treated effluents discharged from the industries is usually thrown into the aquatic resources and also dumped unattended. Industrial effluents are considered as the major sources of environmental pollution as these contains highly toxic and hazardous pollutants, which reaches far off areas due to the medium of dispersion and thus, create ecological nuisance and health hazards in living beings. Hence, there is an urgent to find ecofriendly solution to deal with industrial waste, and develop sustainable methods for treating/detoxifying wastewater before its release into the environment. Being a low cost and eco-friendly clean technology, bioremediation can be a sustainable alternative to conventional remediation technologies for treatment and management of industrial wastes to protect public health and environment. Therefore, this book (Volume I) covers the bioremediation of different industrial wastes viz. tannery wastewater, pulp and paper mill wastewater, distillery wastewater, acid mine tailing wastes, and many more; which are lacking in a comprehensive manner in previous literature at one place. A separate chapter dedicated to major industries and type of waste produced by them is also included. This book will appeal to students, researchers, scientists, industry persons and professionals in field of microbiology, biotechnology, environmental sciences, eco-toxicology, environmental remediation and waste management and other relevant areas, who aspire to work on the biodegradation and bioremediation of industrial wastes for environmental safety.
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