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Principles, methods, and calculations for evaluating, designing and operating anaerobic systems
Septic Systems Handbook, Second Edition covers all aspects of such topics as septic tanks, perk tests, leachlines, and onsite disposal technologies. This handy reference is filled with numerous practical tips for troubleshooting and creative problem solving. The many appendices offer valuable information, including dealing effectively with bureaucracy and the legal system, as well as presenting various technical aspects of septic systems.
Regular maintenance of water utility equipment and facilities is absolutely critical to the utility's mission of delivering safe drinking water nonstop, year in and year out. This book will show water utilities of all sizes how to develop and operate an efficient, cost-effective maintenance management program. The book systematically covers all aspects of utility maintenance, including maintenance department roles and organization; internal and external personnel; planning a maintenance management system (MMS); program monitoring and record keeping; parts and material inventory management; estimating costs and preparing budgets; and structuring a training program. New in this revised and updated edition is coverage of: GPS technologies for maintenance; asset management systems; integrating maintenance data with utility financial and inventory systems; and internet-based training to keep personnel up-to-date with the latest techniques.
A detailed Guide to Sustainable Decentralized Wastewater Systems
Covering technical principles and practical applications, this comprehensive resource explains how to design and construct sound and sustainable decentralized wastewater systems of varying sizes and in differing geophysical conditions. "Planning and Installing Sustainable Onsite Wastewater Systems" covers state-of-the-art techniques, materials, and industry practices, and provides detailed explanations for why certain approaches result in more sustainable projects. A rational approach is presented for assessing assimilative capabilities of soils, and selecting methods of wastewater treatment and dispersal that make optimal use of natural treatment processes and site conditions.
In-depth design and construction information highlights nonproprietary methods proven to be very sustainable and cost effective on a long-term basis for many geographic settings. Step-by-step illustrations and project examples featuring real-world implementations of onsite wastewater systems are included in this definitive volume.
"Planning and Installing Sustainable Wastewater Systems" covers: Sustainability factors and planning considerations for decentralized wastewater systems Project planning and site evaluation Wastewater collection and conveyance methods Design and installation of primary treatment units Comparisons of secondary and advanced treatment methods Sand filter construction Subsurface flow wetland performance and construction Effluent dispersal methods Design and installation of low-pressure dosed effluent dispersal systems
Water and wastewater utility managers will find expert guidance on all issues regarding security and emergency preparedness and response in this book. Chapters cover Types of intentional and natural threats to water and wastewater systems Incidents in which biotoxins, infectious microbes, industrial and weaponized chemicals, and radioactive materials were used in the contamination of drinking water supplies US federal legislation and regulation of utility security and emergency preparedness The Water Sector Specific Plan Vulnerability assessment information, software, and tools for utilities Risk mitigation by physical systems, operational measures, policies and procedures, and contamination warning systems Response to incidents and threats Emergency management Contamination analysis Emergency response training Emergency communications with the public Remediation and recovery Response to pandemic flu outbreaks
Most wastewater operators cite mathematics as the subject giving them the most difficulty on their operator certification exams, as well as on the job. This math study text is designed to help wastewater operators improve their math skills, pass certification exams, perform their jobs better, and advance their careers. The guide provides examples of a variety of different problems that will be encounted both on Grades 3 and 4 certification exams and on the job. Each problem is presented with easily followed steps and comments to facilitate understanding. Tests with answers are included after each grade level to help you determine where your strengths and weaknesses are. Appendices provide common conversion factors, a summary of the equations used in the book, chemistry tables, maximum contaminant level charts, and abbreviations to which you can refer when working out the problems.
Implement successful solid waste analysis and minimization strategies
Provide sustainable solutions to solid waste issues with help from this hands-on guide. Solid Waste Analysis and Minimization: A Systems Approach offers up-to-date technical details on current and potential solid waste minimization practices. This authoritative resource presents a framework for the proper application of solid waste analysis tools, and demonstrates the benefits in terms of environmental impact, process efficiencies, and financial enhancement. Twenty-one real-world case studies covering all industries, from manufacturing to service facilities, are included.
Solid Waste Analysis and Minimization: A Systems Approach covers: U.S. and international waste generation ratesIndustrial ecology, solid waste exchanges, and recyclingEnvironmental, economic, corporate image, personal, and social benefits of solid waste management and minimizationSolid waste assessment strategies and launch plansThe Six Sigma systems approach for deploymentMetrics and performance measurement for solid waste managementDocumentation and development of the deployment planImplementation and execution of the solid waste minimization planCommunicating and leveraging successSolid waste modeling, research, and data collectionCharacterization by business activitiesEstimation, prediction, and evaluation
The Latest Methods for Wastewater Solids Incineration
This authoritative volume offers expert guidance on incineration of wastewater solids, including sludge and biosolids. Current practices and environmentally sustainable options are covered. Developed by the Water Environment Federation, this definitive guide fully explains the safety, permitting, design, operation, and maintenance of the incineration process. Wastewater Solids Incineration Systems includes detailed coverage of instrument and control systems, heat recovery and reuse, emission control and monitoring, ash handling and recycling, and more. Case studies of new and updated facilities are presented.
Wastewater Solids Incineration Systems covers: Safety regulations, codes, and standardsPermitting and emissions regulationsCombustion theoryCombustion technology, including fluid bed design and multiple-hearth furnacesHeat recovery and reuseEmissions control and monitoringAsh handling and recyclingInstrumentation and controlIncinerator operations and maintenance
Water operators will find a wealth of hands-on information on the operation and maintenance of pretreatment, rapid-rate granular media filtration, slow-sand filtration, and diatomaceous-earth filtration systems in this book. This practical guide provides recommended procedures for operating, monitoring, and maintaining all types of filters used for conventional water treatment. Learn how to mix and feed chemicals, monitor filter performance during difficult water episodes, backwash and return filters to service, inspect and maintain filters for optimal performance. These procedures are tested and time-proven by hundreds of water utilities and filtration experts to provide high filter efficiency, excellent water quality, long filter runs and minimum downtime. The book also gives advice on what not to do-and why-so you can avoid water quality problems, filter damage, and treatment problems in the future.
Most water operators cite mathematics as the subject giving them the most difficulty on their operator certification exams, as well as on the job. This math study text is designed to help water treatment operators improve their math skills, pass certification exams, perform their jobs better, and advance their careers.The book provides hundreds of math problems in all areas of water treatment operations, from beginner to advanced. Each problem is immediately followed by the answer and the method for solving the problem. Many problems include explanatory comments to aid your understanding of the mathematical logic behind the solution.Appendixes provide common conversion factors, a summary of the equations used in the book, chemistry tables, maximum contaminant level charts, and abbreviations to which you can refer when working out the problems. In addition, a CD-ROM containing CT tables in Microsoft Excel format is included with the book.Take your operator exams in confidence and improve your on-the-job performance.
Capitalize on the First All-in-One Guide to Monitoring, Identifying, and Solving Problems of Ageing Water Wells
"Water Well Rehabilitation and Reconstruction" offers water resource professionals the first comprehensive guide to the mechanical, chemical, and microbiological ageing processes of water wells.
Filled with examples from Germany, the Netherlands, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia, this landmark reference provides the scientific background needed to understand well aging_and perform effective rehabilitation, reconstruction, and monitoring. You will find guidance on state-of-the-art testing and maintenance methods, as well as information on legal and environmental issues, such as the transport, application, and disposal of chemicals. Using SI and U.S. customary units throughout, with a handy conversion table included, "Water Well Rehabilitation and Reconstruction" enables you to: Identify and quantify problems affecting well performance Select rehabilitation methods appropriate for specific problems Harness methods for replacement or closure of a well if rehabilitation fails
Inside This Landmark Water Well Resource - Introduction - Elements of Well Hydraulics and Well Operation - Chemical Ageing Process - Mechanical Causes of Well Ageing - Identification of Ageing Processes and Performance Assessment of Wells and Well Rehabilitations - Economics of Well Rehabilitation and Reconstruction - Mechanical Rehabilitation Techniques - Chemical Rehabilitation Techniques - Repair, Reconstruction, and Decommissioning of Wells - Practical Well Rehabilitation - Prevention - The Ten Dos and Don'ts of Water Well Rehabilitation - Appendices
In 1858 the `Great Stink of London' made much of the city along the Thames uninhabitable. Between 1848 and 1854 nearly 25,000 Londoners died of cholera, a disease borne by foul water. Joseph Bazalgette saved the city, building sewers that would serve 4 million people and stop waste water emptying into the Thames. These sewers are still the backbone of London's sewerage system today, but the city's population is now approaching 10 million; the old sewers can't cope and action needs to be taken to ensure that `The Great Stink' never happens again. This is where the Thames Tideway Tunnel comes in: a GBP4.2 billion, 25km-long, 7.2m-diameter tunnel that will stop virtually all of the sewer overflows into the Thames and give us a cleaner and healthier river and city. This is the inside story on the tunnel, from the very start to breaking ground and all the steps along the way. Written by Phil Stride, a leading civil engineer, it is a unique chance both to see behind the scenes of an incredible civil engineering project and to meet the people who've taken it forward over the last ten years.
A guide to the extraction, isolation and purification of bioactive compounds from agricultural wastes, and their applications Recovering Bioactive Compounds from Agricultural Wastes offers a guide to the many uses of agricultural wastes from the production of major food types including tea, coffee, cacao, cashew, fruit and vegetables, wine, edible oils, sugar, starch and more. Written by a noted expert in the field, the text explores the various methods for extraction, isolation and purification of bioactive compounds from agricultural wastes. The author also makes recommendations concerning the most effective applications of bioactive compounds and discusses the economics and market for recovered bioactive compounds. Recent studies reveal that bioactive compounds have been directly linked to biological activity such as antioxidant, anticancer, antidiabetic, anti-cardiovascular capacities, etc. In particular, agricultural wastes are considered as potential and inexpensive sources of bioactive compounds. Recovering Bioactive Compounds from Agricultural Wastes fills a gap in the literature by providing a text that explores this important topic and examines the: * Sustainability of waste management and shows how to extract, isolate and purify bioactive compounds from agricultural wastes, and their most effective application * Wide range of agricultural food produce that can be processed and the special techniques used for recovering the bioactive compounds from these sources * Health applications of bioactive compounds that have been directly linked to pharmacological activities including antioxidant, anticancer, and more Designed for use by researchers and producers in the agriculture, pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals, Recovering Bioactive Compounds from Agricultural Wastes contains the knowledge, history and definition, classification and synthesis, and extraction techniques of bioactive compounds.
Because water access, distribution and quality are the most urgent challenges for societies across the world, this book focuses on the current and future demands and challenges in the areas of water scarcity we may face and possible solutions in terms of technology and management including infrastructure changes that are needed for the future smart cities. Readers of this book shall gain an increased understanding of water supply and its demands and shall learn some of the research trends to overcome global water scarcity and urban growth by creating smart cities.
The Definitive Guide to Solids Treatment and Management
This authoritative resource is essential for professionals involved in the design, approval, and operation of municipal solids treatment and disposal systems. "Solids Process Design and Management" contains the latest information on public outreach and involvement, waste minimization, anaerobic and aerobic digestion, odors, and treatment and utilization of green gases. Significant advancements in equipment, technologies, and processes as well as improved planning, design, and management practices are addressed in this comprehensive manual.
Coverage includes: Conveyance of wastewater residuals Chemical conditioning Thickening Sludge minimization technologies Dewatering and composting Alkaline treatment Thermal drying and oxidation Disinfection and stabilization processes Pyrolysis and gasification Transport and storage Sidestreams from solids treatment processes Instrumentation and monitoring Landfill management systems And much more
The ultimate in recycling, composting has been in use in some form since ancient times. A well-managed composting facility should exist as a good neighbor contributing to ecology. However, since local populations often perceive risks if a composting facility is built nearby, composting facilities must be designed and operated with minimal odor, dust, and noise emissions. Industrial Composting examines the key operational aspects and problems associated with composting, with strong emphasis on odor mitigation, pathogens, and aerosols. Designed for composting professionals and supported by extensive quality references, this book covers: Facilities Planning and Design Odor Management Design, Material, Energy, and Water Balances Economics of Product Marketing and Sales Public Relations, Participation, and Communication Regulations Pathogen Concentrations as Related to Feedstocks Bioaerosols Associated with Composting and Their Potential Diseases While many books cover composting, most of those currently available are either out of date or contain only a few chapters on the subject. With interest growing in the use of composting for biosolids, food wastes, and other specialty areas, the need for an up-to-date, focused resource is also increasing. To assist composting practitioners, community decision makers, and advocates, Industrial Composting brings recent advances and best practices in composting together in an accessible, professional volume.
As the global nature of pollution becomes increasingly obvious, successful hazardous waste treatment programs must take a total environmental control approach that encompasses all areas of pollution control. With its focus on new developments in innovative and alternative environmental technology, design criteria, effluent standards, managerial decision methodology, and regional and global environmental conservation, Advance in Hazardous Industrial Waste Treatment provides the widest possible coverage drawn from the full spectrum of experts in the field
The volume covers environmental pollution sources, waste characteristics, control technologies, management strategies, facility innovations, process alternatives, costs, case histories, and effluent standards in industry. It delineates methods, technologies, and the regional and global effects of important pollution control practices. Chapters highlight innovative and alternative technologies, design criteria, managerial decision making, and regional and global environmental conservation specific to industrial hazardous wastes. They feature examples of major industrial hazardous pollutants that have significant effects on the environment, as well as extensive bibliographies for each industrial waste treatment practice that point to sources of further information.
Since the field of industrial hazardous waste treatment is very broad, no one can claim to be an expert in all industries. Therefore, editors Wang, Shammas, and Hung draw on collective contributions that reflect the depth and breadth of the field, making the resulting handbook the best available reference on chemical and environmental engineering for industrial hazardous waste treatment. They provide technical and economical information on the development of the most feasible total environmental control programs that can benefit industries and local municipalities.
Increasing demand on industrial capacity has, as an unintended consequence, produced an accompanying increase in harmful and hazardous wastes. Derived from the second edition of the popular Handbook of Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment, Waste Treatment in the Process Industries outlines the fundamentals and latest developments in waste treatment in various process industries, such as pharmaceuticals, textiles, petroleum, soap, detergent, phosphate, paper, pulp, pesticides, rubber, and power. Comprehensive in scope, it provides information that is directly applicable to daily waste management problems throughout the industry. The book contains in-depth discussions of environmental pollution sources, waste characteristics, control technologies, management strategies, facility innovations, process alternatives, costs, case histories, effluent standards, and future trends for the process industry. It includes extensive bibliographies for each type of industrial process waste treatment or practice, invaluable information to anyone who needs to trace, follow, duplicate, or improve on a specific process waste treatment practice. A quick scan of the chapters and contributors reveals the depth and breadth of the book's coverage. It provides technical and economical information on how to develop the most feasible total environmental control program that can benefit both process industry and local municipalities.
Provides approaches and methodologies for implementing pollution preve This book focuses on reducing manufacturing and environmental complian Streamlines environmental management and pollution control practices a Containing helpful tables and matrixes that furnish suggestions, ideas, and proven technologies to control pollution and minimize waste Base d on the authorFs first-hand experience as an international consultant, the Handbook of Pollution Prevention Practices is a blue-ribbon refe rence for chemical, civil, environmental, pollution control, pharmaceu tical, metallurgical, and occupational health and safety engineers; au tomotive parts manufacturers; health and safety officers in government and industry; industrial hygienists and toxicologists; environmental regulators; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in the se disciplines.
This volume discusses the current challenges related to the reuse of wastewater. It reviews the analytical methodologies for evaluating emerging contaminants and their transformation products, the sensitivity of various bioassays for assessing the biological effects of treated wastewater, and the bioavailability and uptake of organic contaminants during crop irrigation. It describes in detail the physicochemical and microbiological alterations in soil resulting from irrigation with treated urban wastewater, and discusses our current understanding of antibiotic resistance in wastewater treatment plants and in downstream environments. The book also includes an analysis of the effect of wastewater entering drinking water sources and production, and provides updated information on wastewater reuse for irrigation in North Africa. It presents an important integration tool for water recovery, known as water pinch analysis, and finally showcases two other examples of reuse - one in the paper industry and one in landfill management. It is of interest to experts from various fields of research, including analytical and environmental chemistry, toxicology and environmental and sanitary engineering.
This volume offers a review of measures taken at different levels to prevent oil inputs to the North Sea from sources such as shipping and oil installations. A range of data from satellites, remote sensing, aerial surveillance, in-situ monitoring, oil spill sampling and beached bird surveys presents a comprehensive portrait of trends in oil pollution over many years. Topics include Bonn Agreement-based actions to eliminate illegal and accidental pollution from ships, OSPAR monitoring of oil installations, EMSA CleanSeaNet activities, and an internationally approved common standard for oil spills presented by the Bonn-OSINet. A chapter on the role of the IMO in preventing oil pollution from ships provides an international context, while others discuss efforts being made at the national level. A decadal review of the state of the North Sea prepared by OSPAR supports the view that there has been a significant reduction of oil inputs to the sea. This thorough review addresses national and international agencies and government bodies, as well as policymakers and practitioners in the fields of shipping, ports and terminals, oil extraction and marine management. Further, it provides researchers with essential reference material on tools and techniques for monitoring oil pollution and offers a valuable resource for undergraduate and post-graduate students in the field of marine oil pollution.
Although every water utility knows how to repair water main breaks, some utilities are better at managing main breaks to minimize both disruptions to the public and lost consumer confidence in the utility. How can a water utility "manage" something as unknowable as when and where water main breaks will happen? Can the negative impacts of main breaks be mitigated? Preparation is vitalManaging Water Main Breaks Field Guide will help water utilities to better prepare for pipeline breaks. Utilities should be proactive, rather than reactive. Becoming proactive will reduce the number of main breaks, as well as the negative impacts to the community. This concise book will help you prepare by telling you * kinds of breaks and their causes* where main breaks are most likely to occur* how to respond quickly or in a timely manner* how to identify and locate leaks and breaks* how to maintain safety at repair sites* how to mitigate impacts on the utility, on customers, and on other utilities* how to make repairs efficiently and expertly* when to replace a pipe rather than repair it* how to notify all those affected and keep them informed during repairs* how to record main-break informationMoreManaging Water Main Breaks Field Guide includes excerpts from related AWWA books, manuals of practice, and periodicals. These provide additional useful information about corrosion, water pressure, leak detection, repair costs, and other related topics. Numerous photos illustrate types, causes, and impacts of main breaks. Each chapter concludes with a "Questions to Consider," section - a series of questions to help the reader to evaluate specific processes, issues, or programs. These questions will help utilities provide best-in-class service.
This book presents the complete guide for readers to understand the applications, and pros and cons of nanotechnology applications in environmental remediation, although there are few critical reviews and textbooks available on environmental biotechnology. Water pollution has become one of the biggest concerns of the world. After the industrialisation and urbanisation, environmental pollution has become an enormous concern. Water pollution results in biomagnifications by entering the food chain. As a result water pollution and its risks need to be considered seriously and solutions need to be researched. This volume looks into such topics as bioremediation, nanobiotechnology, biosensors, and enzyme degradation to find solutions to these problems.
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