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This book provides a thorough overview of respirometry and its
scientific and engineering basis. The book describes the
fundamentals of biological waste treatment, development of
predictive models for system design and operation, and how
respirometry fits in with these operations. It also presents case
studies, which give you concrete examples of the application of
This volume examines the national plans that ten Euratom countries plus Switzerland and the United States are developing to address high-level radioactive waste storage and disposal. The chapters, which were written by 23 international experts, outline European and national regulations, technology choices, safety criteria, monitoring systems, compensation schemes, institutional structures, and approaches to public involvement. Key stakeholders, their values and interests are introduced, the responsibilities and authority of different actors considered, decision-making processes are analyzed as well as the factors influencing different national policy choices. The views and expectations of different communities regarding participatory decision making and compensation and the steps that have been or are being taken to promote dialogue and constructive problem-solving are also considered.
This book presents an overview of the characterization of electronic waste. In addition, processing techniques for the recovery of metals, polymers and ceramics are described. This book serves as a source of information and as an educational technical reference for practicing scientists and engineers, as well as for students.
This fourth edition of Organic Waste Recycling is fully updated with new material to create a comprehensive and accessible textbook: - New chapter on constructed wetlands for wastewater and faecal sludge stabilization. - New sections on: waste recycling vs. climate change and water; faecal sludge and its characteristics; hydrothermal carbonization technology; up-to-date environmental criteria and legislation and environmental risk assessment. - New case studies with emphasis on practices in both developed and developing countries have been included, along with more exercises at the end of chapters to help the readers understand the technical principles and their application. - Novel concepts and strategies of waste management are presented. - Up-to-date research findings and innovative technologies of waste recycling program are provided. This textbook is intended for undergraduate and graduate students majoring in environmental sciences and engineering as well as researchers, professionals and policy makers who conduct research and practices in the related fields. It is essential reading for experts in environmental science and engineering and sustainable waste reuse and recycling in both developed and developing countries.
"One smart book...delving deep into the history and implications
of a daily act that dare not speak its name."--"Newsweek
A Membrane BioReactor (MBR) is the combination of a membrane process (e.g. microfiltration/ ultrafiltration) with a suspended growth bioreactor. When used with domestic wastewater, MBR processes can produce effluent of high enough quality to be discharged to waterways, or to be reclaimed for urban irrigation. Other advantages of MBRs over conventional processes include small footprint, easy retrofit and upgrade of old wastewater treatment plants.
The MBR Book covers all important aspects of Membrane BioReactors in water and waste water treatment, from the fundamentals of the processes via design principles to MBR technologies. Industrial case studies help interpret actual results and give pointers for best practice. Useful appendices provide data on commercial membranes and international membrane organizations.
The MBR book enables readers to:
Understand the fundamental processes involved in membrane and biotreatment technologiesCompare and contrast design options and work through sample calculationsReview commercial MBR systems in terms of specific applicationsLearn from case studies involving domestic and industrial effluent treatment and recyclingAnalyze process design, operation, performance and maintenance to draw conclusions appropriate to their requirements
New to the second edition:
45% more content than the first edition.
Over 120 contributors from the academic research and municipal/industrial practitioner communities.
Review of MBR status in ten countries.
Expanded section on anaerobic MBRs, micropollutant fate and hybrid systems.
Simplified design methodology, with biokinetics for dynamic modelling and cost benefit analysis.
Expanded operation and maintenance section, informed by expert panel of practitioners offering more than 40 years combined experience.
Over 40 MBR membrane products described, with most of the technical specifications provided.
Over 50 case studies provided, including key design,
performance, and operation and maintenance data in almost all
Disposal and Management of Solid Waste: Pathogens and Diseases takes a closer look at pathogens that are found in solid wastes and the diseases that they produce. While comparing the differences between developed and developing countries, this book provides an understanding of the risks and exposure of pathogens in solid wastes, addresses pathogens in soil and plants, and bioaerosols, and helps readers determine how pathogens can be directly or indirectly detrimental to human health. The text places special emphasis on developing countries where environmentally safe systems are relatively rare, and provides extensive details on potential sources of infection and disease. The author discusses the transmission routes of diseases and pathogens from various solid wastes, and presents the proper disposal options and the management of solid waste. This book covers: Global aspects of pathogens and diseases from solid waste Pathogens and diseases in various solid wastes other than hospital wastes Disposal and management of solid wastes in relation to diseases Disposal and Management of Solid Waste: Pathogens and Diseases describes the various pathogens and diseases that can be found in solid waste, and utilizes recent available data to offer insight and suggestions on the management and disposal of solid waste to reduce infection and disease.
This book focuses on sustainable solid waste management in an urban context and gives an example of how a modern city can work with waste management for increased sustainability in close cooperation with the academy. The book describes challenges which the city is facing and presents a case on how these can be tackled based on several research and development projects performed in the City of Malmoe over the last decade. In these projects, the city has worked as a test bed for new solutions, developed with and evaluated by the university. The projects and evaluations of the same have been developed with a multi-dimensional approach; including technical aspects, resource efficiency, economic parameters, information strategies towards households and user friendliness. Methods used for evaluation are presented in a comprehensive way together with a discussion on how results from performed evaluations have affected the solid waste management policy making in the city. The book describes a bridging over a commonly noticed gap between research on the one hand and policy making and technical management on the other. Several examples are given on how academy and real life and full-scale developments in the city can have a fruit-full collaboration, where feed-back from evaluation of made changes are used for continuous improvements - at the same time as the actual needs from the city forces the academy to develop new methods for evaluations and develop new solutions to previously un-known or un-addressed problems.
A comprehensive, single-source volume covering all aspects of geoenvironmental engineering
Geoenvironmental Engineering is a unique combination of essential geotechnical, geochemical, and groundwater flow information and the application of this knowledge to a host of common environmental problems and engineering solutions.
Complete with example problems, case histories, and thought-provoking questions, Geoenvironmental Engineering:
Featuring comprehensive, up-to-date references at the end of each chapter, Geoenvironmental Engineering is a valuable resource for students of environmental and geotechnical engineering; hydrology, hydrogeology, and general civil engineering; and professionals in these fields, as well as environmental regulators and administrators at local, state, and federal levels.
This report provides practical guidance for recovery of product and waste types that are difficult to recover or recycle, such as carpet underlay, insulated concrete formwork, industrial batteries, structural insulated panels and smoke alarms. Current waste management routes are examined, together with the potential to improve levels of reuse, recycling and recovery. The key principles relating to 'design for deconstruction' are summarised. Appendices include a wider directory of potentially difficult waste types, together with a short summary of recycling and recovery issues that may need to be considered. The guidance will be useful to those working in the demolition sector, policy makers and their advisors working in waste and recycling, those in the respective product supply chains who need to improve resource efficiency by designing for deconstruction to facilitate reuse at end of life, and construction clients and contractors who have targets to divert increasing amounts of waste from landfill.
Electronic Waste Management and Treatment Technology applies the latest research for designing waste treatment and disposal strategies. Written for researchers who are exploring this emerging topic, the book begins with a short, but rigorous, discussion of electric waste management that outlines common hazardous materials. such as mercury, lead, silver and flame-retardants. The book also discusses the fate of metals contained in waste electrical and electronic equipment in municipal waste treatment. Materials and methods for the remediation, recycling and treatment of plastic waste collected from waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) are also covered. Finally, the book covers the depollution benchmarks for capacitors, batteries and printed circuit boards from waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) and the recovery of waste printed circuit boards through pyrometallurgy.
Aerobic granular sludge technology will play an important role as an innovative technology alternative to the present activated sludge process in industrial and municipal wastewater treatment in the near future. Intended to fill the gaps in the studies of aerobic granular sludge, this thesis comprehensively investigates the formation, characterization and mathematical modeling of aerobic granular sludge, through integrating the process engineering tools and advanced molecular microbiology. The research results of this thesis contributed significantly to the advance of understanding and optimization of the bacterial granulation processes, the next generation of technology for cost-effective biological wastewater treatment. Dr. Bing-Jie Ni works at Advanced Water Management Centre (AWMC) of The University of Queensland, Australia.
One of the big challenges that today's growing cities are coping with is the delivery of effective and sustainable waste management, together with a good sanitation. This volume provides a comprehensive presentation and overall picture of municipal solid waste management, including waste generation and characterization, waste reduction and recycling, waste collection and transfer and waste disposal. It analyses how these aspects are practiced in developing and developed countries. The traditional method of disposal - composting at different scales - is discussed, including the benefits of compost. 'Energy-from-waste-technologies' are amply discussed, with comparisons between developed and developing countries, and with parameters and conditions for successful operation of these technologies. Moreover, the construction and operational aspects of landfills - to maintain environmental safety and the health of the residents nearby - are described in depth. In addition to a chapter with case studies of several countries and cities in every continent, a special chapter is dedicated to municipal solid waste management in India, including legal provisions, financial resources, private participation and citizens' rights and obligations, and the status in three major cities. By presenting different elements that constitute a sustainable procedure, including the recovery of clean energy, this volume will serve as a guide to students in science and engineering and to key players in waste management services and policies.
Compostable Polymer Materials, Second Edition, deals with the environmentally important family of polymers designed to be disposed of in industrial and municipal compost facilities. The book covers the entire spectrum of preparation, properties, degradation and environmental issues related to compostable polymers, emphasizing recent studies concerning composability and ecotoxicological assessment of polymer materials, important issues from an ecological perspective, and their thermal behaviors. As environmental concerns and legislative measures taken in different regions of the world make composting an increasingly attractive route for the disposal of redundant polymers, this book details the evolution of the science over the past decade. Discussions include an estimation of the market and future perspectives, making it an essential resource for graduate students and scientists working in chemistry, materials science, ecology and environmental science.
Increasingly stringent regulation of pollution and waste production worldwide drives the need to isolate contaminants that pose a threat to human and environmental health by using engineered barrier systems involving the use of low permeable materials. Over the past two decades, geosynthetic clay liners have gained widespread acceptance for use in such barrier systems. They are often used as a component of primary and secondary base liners or final cover systems in municipal solid-waste landfills as well as in regulated industrial storage and mining waste-disposal facilities. This book gives a comprehensive and authoritative review of the current state of practice on geosynthetic clay liners in waste containments. It provides an insight into individual materials (bentonite and the associated geosynthetics) and the manufacturing processes. This is followed by the coverage of important topics such as hydraulic conductivity, chemical compatibility, contaminant transport, gas migration, shear strength and slope stability, and field performance.
Constructed wetlands with horizontal sub-surface flow (HF CWs) have been used for wastewater treatment for more than four decades. HF CWs are used around the world for many types of wastewater, including municipal sewage, agricultural and industrial wastewaters, runoff waters, wastewaters containing endocrine-disrupting chemicals, and landfill leachate.
This book fills a gap in the literature by providing an extensive, worldwide overview of this treatment technology. Special attention is paid to assessing the use of this treatment technology in individual countries and treatment performance of various HF CWs with respect to major pollutants in different types of wastewater.
The book provides a broad base of knowledge, including:
The inclusion of case studies from over 50 countries and more than 250 colour photos that illustrate the science makes this an invaluable text.
This book will be useful not only to wetland scientists, teachers, and engineers, but also to landscape planners, ecologists, wastewater-treatment designers and governmental decision-makers.
This new edition of a well-established textbook covers the environmental and engineering aspects of the management of rainwater and wastewater in areas of human development. Urban Drainage deals comprehensively not only with the design of new systems, but also the analysis and upgrading of existing infrastructure. Keeping its balance of principles, practice and research, this new edition has significant new material on modelling, resilience, smart systems, and the global and local context. The two new authors bring further research and practice-based experience. This is an essential text for undergraduate and graduate students, lecturers and researchers in water engineering, environmental engineering, public health engineering, engineering hydrology, and related non-engineering disciplines. It also serves as a dependable reference for drainage engineers in water service providers, local authorities, and for consulting engineers. Extensive examples are used to support and demonstrate the key issues throughout the text.
Beijing - Garbage - Circular Economy - Waste Pickers
A sustainable feedstock supply is one of the primordial issues for the transition towards the bio-based economy. Therefore, the resource base needs to be identified from the perspective of supply and demand. The exploitable biomass is of a highly heterogeneous origin, either derived from specially grown crops or from crop residues of food and feed production, forestry residues and marine flora. Municipal waste, manure and animal products and industrial wastes also need to be considered as potential resources for bio-based products and services. In this regard, enzymes are known to play a pivotal role not only at the stage of production of these value-added products, but also as an important component of value-added products from different alternative biomasses. Therefore, enzymes become an important factor as value-added products and for value-added products. The use of enzymes holds great potential value for industries in many sectors, including energy, organic chemicals, polymers, fabrics and healthcare products. In general, an enzyme based bio-economy offers many benefits and opportunities. For completed book description, please visit our link below.
Rapid population growth, along with drought, water-intensive energy development, climate change conditions, and a number of other factors all place stress on world water supplies. In many countries throughout the world, water reuse has proved to be an effective and safe means to help satisfy growing water demands and offset scarcity. This book provides the latest information on water reuse applications with a focus on urban areas. It examines numerous new and alternative methods for sustainable water supplies. This title is co-published with CRC Press
Millions of tons of municipal solid wastes (MSW) comprising a great proportion of 'food & green garden wastes' generated from homes and institutions are ending up in the landfills everyday, creating extraordinary economic problems for the local government and environmental problems for the society due to increasingly high cost of landfill construction, waste disposal and monitoring for emission of powerful 'greenhouse gases', 'toxic gases' and discharge of 'leachate' with serious risk of polluting groundwater. Studies indicate that vermi-composting of food and garden wastes by waste-eater earthworms is more efficient over the conventional aerobic systems. This book explores the possibilities of management in this area.
Currently, the management of solid waste represents a major economic and environmental issue throughout the world. Trends in waste generation show an increase in the volumes of waste produced in most countries and it is clear that the trend will continue. The treatment and disposal of solid waste involves a range of processes including landfill, incineration and composting, all of which may result in emissions to the environment. Municipal investments are said to be highly capital-intensive. As a result, every investment needs to be preceded by the economic analysis which allows for the estimation of the effectiveness of the investment. Investments are made to make profits and to increase savings. This book presents current research in the study of municipal solid waste, with a particular focus on recycling and cost effectiveness.
Residues containing Cr (VI) are classified as toxic and hazardous residues by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Cr (VI) could easily leach into the environment due to rain water passing through the Cr (VI), containing residues which could lead to ground water contamination if these residues are land filled without prior treatment. This book synthesises and provides an overview of past, state-of-art research across the field of minimisation, recovery, recycling and inertization of residues containing Cr (VI) and where the field is headed.
Despite significant improvements in pollution abatement and environmental remediation over the past several decades, billions of people around the world continue to live in unsafe and unhealthy physical environments with great risks to their health. Environmental issues concerning wastewater treatment in particular are quite considerable. The authors of this book take a deeper look at the contaminated soils and waters which pose major environmental, agricultural and human health problems world-wide. Alternatives for the sewage sludge final disposal from the wastewater treatment are also assessed from a life cycle assessment (LCA) point of view in order to identify the best environmental alternative. In addition, the generation of solid wastes constitutes a serious environmental problem, particularly in Cuba, where there is no waste selection system, so wastes from different origins are buried in landfills. This book explores recent research done on municipal solid waste (MSW), specifically based in Havana Cuba. Furthermore, as explained in this book, one of the possible alternatives for reducing the contaminant load from solid waste is that of reuse/recycle. A brief report on the development of electrodes (Carbon resin) from solid wastes is included in an attempt to encourage recycle and reduce environmental pollution through discarded batteries. Other chapters in this book report on an investigation conducted on iron doped carbon resin electrodes, municipal solid waste (MSW) management in Cameroon, effective and efficient litter management in nations with beaches, a report on medical wastes management in selected hospitals and environmentally safe methods to remediate mercury contaminated soils.
Human activity is strictly linked with the production of waste, i.e., materials and substances that are undesired and cannot be used further. On the one hand these substances are natural to the environment, eliminated from further technological process by their uselessness (e.g. mining waste), or represent new products such as anthropogenic waste, being the by-product of industrial and agricultural activities. A separate group comprises municipal waste that is not linked with production but results from human dwelling. Utilisation actions aiming at neutralising and/or removal of waste are focused on substances that due to their existing or potential chemical activity may negatively influence the biosphere. Non-active substances represent alien elements in the natural environment, but due to their passive character, their utilisation is concentrated on non-conflicting storage. Active pollutants influencing the natural environment penetrate it as gaseous emanations, fluids (sewage and effluents) and solids. This book addresses this very important issue and covers the topic of restriction of emission and removal of hazardous gaseous emanations that should be conducted in places where they are formed. Imperfection of the applied technology or its lack results in atmospheric pollution. This problem can be of local (around industrial plants, e.g. chemical works, food processing plants, around farmsteads and stock farms), country or global range (emission of CO2, nitrogen compounds, gases hazardous to the ozone layer).
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