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MANAGE STORMWATER RUNOFF THROUGH SUSTAINABLE DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT
"Stormwater Design for Sustainable Development" presents an integrated approach to controlling stormwater runoff quantity and quality. With a focus on low-impact development, the book describes how to incorporate existing topography and drainage channels, curvilinear street layout, building locations, utilities, and proven best management practices, blending them all into a pleasing whole.
The results, as shown by designs and calculations in several appendices, are developments for various land uses that are attractive, safe, affordable, sustainable, and economical to construct and maintain. They allow developers to use 100 percent of the sites for profitable construction, leading to developments that are community assets.
This practical guide explains how to determine allowable water depths; develop inflow hydrographs for various components of a development; estimate storage volumes for above, surface, and underground locations; calculate outflow structure hydraulics for numerous types of facilities; and calculate routing curves and hydrograph routing. Real-world examples, calculations, and design plans are contained in this valuable resource.
COVERAGE INCLUDES: Low-impact developments Triple bottom line (people, planet, profit) Coving and curvilinear streets Planning Types of best management practices Precipitation Drainage area estimation Time of concentration estimation Design steps Allowable depths Depth-storage relationships Inflow hydrographs Basic hydraulics Culvert hydraulics Riser structure design Hydrograph routing Several design examples
This book documents state of the art research designed to compliment the advances being made in the global water quality sector. Book 2 provides further detail on supporting programmes.
The Encyclopedia of Estuaries, part of Springer's Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series, provides a single, state-of-the-art, comprehensive reference volume on estuaries for research scientists, educators, students, and others. Consisting of almost 270 subject entries in an easy-to-use format, this volume covers the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of estuaries. In total more than 225 authors from around the world have contributed to the encyclopedia on such diverse subjects as biotic communities, essential habitats, food webs, fisheries, hydrology, pollution, conservation, and many more. The Encyclopedia of Estuaries will meet the needs of professionals worldwide by supplying detailed information from world-class estuarine and marine scientists as well as experts from other fields of study.
Lakes and reservoirs hold about 90% of the world's surface fresh water, but overuse, water withdrawal and pollution of these bodies puts some one billion people at risk. The Encyclopedia of Lakes and Reservoirs reviews the physical, chemical and ecological characteristics of lakes and reservoirs, and describes their uses and environmental state trends in different parts of the world. Superbly illustrated throughout, it includes some 200 entries in a range of topics, including acidification, artificialisation, canals, climate change effects, dams, dew ponds, drainage, eutrofication, evaporation, fisheries, hydro-electric power, nutrients, organic pollution, paleolimnology, reservoir capacities and depths, sedimentation, water resources and more.
Book 3 is a manual for using the developed software, IRA-WDS (Improved Risk Assessment for Water Distribution Systems), a geographical information system (GIS) that aids in evaluating the risk of deterioration of the water distribution network of a water supply systems.
This book discusses major technological advances in the treatment and re-use of wastewater. Its focus is on both novel treatment strategies and the modifications and adaptions of conventional processes to optimize the treatment of a complex variety of pollutants, including organic matter, chemicals and micropollutants in different water resources, as well as the integration of water treatment with bioelectricity production. Written by leading researchers in the field, it will be of interest to a wide range of researchers in both industry and academia.
This book details the experiences gained by the Catalan Water Agency (ACA) in a Mediterranean watershed - the Catalan River Basin District - following the launch of the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) in the year 2000. Experts in rivers, reservoirs, lakes, wetlands and estuaries present 13 chapters defining tools for water-status assessment specially adapted to Mediterranean conditions. The content of this and the companion volume Experiences from Ground, Coastal and Transitional Water Quality Monitoring: The EU Water Framework Directive Implementation in the Catalan River Basin District (Part II) are the result of an excellent collaboration between the ACA and several Catalan universities and research centers to cope with new challenges provided by the WFD monitoring requirements. The volume serves as a useful guide for environmental managers and scientists engaged in other European as well as Non-European river basins.
This volume provides a comprehensive overview of environmental aspects of the Sava River, which is the greatest tributary to the Danube River and the major drainage river system of South Eastern Europe. Hydroelectric power plants, river traffic, intensive agricultural activities, heavy industry and floods have considerable influence on the environment and biota in the basin. Summarizing the results that were gathered in the course of EU, bilateral and national projects, the book highlights the most important stressors and helps readers to better understand the impact of anthropogenic activities on the function of river basins. Topics include: transboundary water cooperation between the riparian countries; climate change projection, including its impact on flood hazards; evaluation of anthropogenic pollution sources; pollution of sediments, metal bioavailability and ecotoxicological and microbiological characterization of the river. The biological part also addresses quality aspects related to wildlife in river aquatic ecosystems (algae, macrophytes, zooplankton, macroinvertebrates and fish) and riparian ecosystems (amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals). The general state of biodiversity and pressures caused by invasive aquatic species are also discussed.
In October 1918, Jan Burgers, 23 years old, started as professor of `aerodynamics, hydrodynamics, and their applications' at the Technical University in Delft. This can be regarded as the birth of fluid mechanics in the Netherlands, not only as an academic discipline but also as the start of the serious study of flow phenomena in engineering environments. During the period of Burgers' tenure in Delft (till 1955) three Dutch institutes were founded which to this day remain important centres of research in various fields of fluid mechanics: aerospace engineering, hydraulics, and naval engineering. Burgers and others developed mathematical, experimental, and numerical approaches of a broad range of fluid flows; some of their achievements have become well-known worldwide and can be seen as highlights of Dutch fluid mechanics. From the 1950s `stromingsleer' (flow theory) attained a permanent and respected place in the curriculum and research of (technical) universities, at many old and new research institutes and also at several industrial research laboratories. In the 1980s fluid mechanics finally became `recognized' as a serious branch of physics and an important field of (applied) science. This resulted in a close cooperation between academic groups, institutes and industry and the foundation of the Burgerscentrum, the Research School for Fluid Mechanics in the Netherlands. One hundred years after Burgers' appointment in Delft, Dutch fluid mechanics is still very much alive. This volume gives a full account of its rich history and also offers a view on the broad range of areas of application: transport, energy production, biology and medicine, production processes, etc. It has been written not only for those working in this field but also for those interested in the history of Dutch science and in the development of science and the fascinating world of fluid flow phenomena.
Drinking water availability and safety is a major challenge faced globally and is highly pronounced in developing countries worldwide. Lack of safe potable water across the globe can be attributed to industrial pollution, climate change and other human activities that result in a spectrum of chemical, physical and biological pollutants entering a water body. Although efforts to solve this problem are well underway worldwide, challenges still exist. This book shines a light on drinking water treatment methods and scale of operation specifically for the developing countries. Covering both conventional and emerging treatment technologies, the authors discuss the removal of chemical, physical and biological pollutants from drinking water, with a focus on developing countries. Conservation by rainwater harvesting, wastewater reuse, and selection criteria of feasible methods are considered in the context of issues relevant to Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean. With case studies connecting theory to real world matters, showcasing efficiencies and drawbacks, this book is ideal for graduate and postgraduate level course use in engineering departments or for self-study and research.
This book outlines the current trends and challenges in monitoring rural water and sanitation services, in particular at country level. "From Infrastructure to Services" reveals important breakthroughs in country-led and country-wide monitoring of rural and small towns water supplies. It presents a state-of-the-art of strengthening monitoring water supply and sanitation in developing countries.Now that the coverage of water and sanitation in developing countries is increasing rapidly, there is a pressing need to ensure the new services continue to work. Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) play a part; concern about value for money in development finance and the need to protect huge investments in water and sanitation all add urgency to the task. This book is essential reading for program managers and policy makers in the water, sanitation, and hygiene sector, both in development agencies and government departments. It should also be read by researchers and students in the WASH sector."
Substantially reorganized and updated from the 1995 Water Accounting Handbook (ISBN 978-0898677614), this comprehensive financial management tool provides utility management personnel thorough financial management tools for water utility operations. Coverage includes developing projections, budgeting, internal controls, standardized financial methods for benchmarking. This book is intended for both utility management and utility financial personnel and for a reader who has a basic understanding of financial principles. Include CD with 125 pages of Appendices.
Innovative Techniques for Designing Urban Stormwater Controls
Fully updated to address the paradigm shift in the way stormwater is viewed and managed, "Design of Urban Stormwater Controls" focuses on consolidating technologies to foster a convergence between traditional stormwater controls and green infrastructure. This authoritative resource explains how systems of stormwater controls can be designed to meet multidisciplinary objectives, including flood control; stream channel protection; groundwater recharge; water quality improvement; protection of public safety, health, and welfare; and multipurpose public benefits.
Coverage includes: Urban stormwater management overview Effects of stormwater on receiving waters Performance goals for stormwater controls Unit processes and operations for stormwater control Selection criteria and design considerations Swales and strips Basins Filters and infiltrators Gross pollutant traps and mechanical operations Maintenance of stormwater controls Whole life cost of stormwater controls Performance assessment Analytical tools for simulation of stormwater controls
On its next capital construction project, would your water or wastewater utility like to achieve Seven percent lower cost Thirteen percent faster construction Thirty-three percent faster overall schedule Fifty percent less schedule growth? These are some of the attractive benefits many water and wastewater utilities enjoy through the use of design-build construction over traditional design-bid-build construction. This book provides a basic template of how to plan, procure, and execute a design-build project. Written for water and wastewater utility management, engineers, planners, city officials, utility policymakers, regulators, and design-build contractors, the book covers all topics: History of design-build Types of projects well suited for design-build Steps to prepare for a design-build project Procuring a design-builder Executing design-build projects and performing acceptance tests Bonding, insurance, and dispute resolution Permitting and regulatory agency approvals State laws regarding design-build Design-Build for Water and Wastewater Projects was developed in collaboration with the Water Design-Build Council.
The book is an overview of the diversity of anthropogenic aquifer recharge (AAR) techniques that use aquifers to store and treat water. It focusses on the processes and the hydrogeological and geochemical factors that affect their performance. This book is written from an applied perspective with a focus of taking advantage of global historical experiences, both positive and negative, as a guide to future implementation. Most AAR techniques are now mature technologies in that they have been employed for some time, their scientific background is well understood, and their initial operational challenges and associated solutions have been identified. However, opportunities exist for improved implementation and some recently employed and potential future innovations are presented. AAR which includes managed aquifer recharge (MAR) is a very important area of water resources management and there is no recent books that specifically and comprehensively addresses the subject.
Agriculture in the Murray-Darling Basin of Australia represents a controversial `policy experiment' comprising large capital investments, innovation and enterprise across a hundred-year period. This book, which contains contributions from some of Australia's foremost economic, social science and public policy researchers and writers, examines the evolution of public policy frameworks that transformed water management from initial exploitation for irrigation as a dominant single use to a dynamic multiple use resource system. Water Policy Reform provides both analytical insights and examples of successes and failures in developing water policy in a complex and politically-contested environment. As such, this work attempts to develop a comprehensive management plan for the Basin and provides novel and invaluable lessons for an increasingly global problem. This well-researched study will interest both economists and those with public policy interest in academia and the public sector, including development agencies concerned with sustainable water resource management.
The latest Methods for Wastewater Treatment Using Fixed-Film Processes
This Water Environment Federation resource provides complete coverage of pure fixed-film and hybrid treatment systems, along with details on their design, performance, and operational issues. "Biofilm Reactors" discusses factors that affect the design of the various processes, appropriate design criteria and procedures, modeling techniques, equipment requirements, and construction methods. Operational issues associated with each type of process are presented, including potential problems and corrective actions. Real-world case studies illustrate the application of the technologies presented in this authoritative volume.
"Biofilm Reactors" covers: Biology of fixed-film processes Trickling filter and combined trickling filter suspended-growth process design and operation Rotating biological contactors Moving-bed biofilm reactors Hybrid processes Biological filters New and emerging fixed-film technologies Clarification Effluent filtration Development and application of models for integrated fixed-film activated sludge, moving-bed reactors, biological aerated filters, and trickling filters
All water utilities experience T&O problems. This brand new field guide provides all the information you need to identify and remove objectionable tastes and odors from drinking water and reduce customer compliants about T&O. Ideal for water treatment operators, this handy guide, you will be able to: determine the source and cause of any taste or odor: raw water source, treatment plant, distribution system, or customer plumbing. provide good samples to your laboratory for testing and know what to tell the lab; understand sensory terminology and the various sensory testing methods available; know how to control tastes and odors and prevent them from occurring, no matter what the cause; and make proper treatment choices to remove or prevent tastes and odors. Numerous research studies show that good-tasting tap water is not completely free of constituents; the right concentrations of certain minerals are necessary for a balanced taste, the most important of which are sodium, chloride,
In the past, it seemed as if groundwater treatment regulations were an afterthought to surface water regulations. Today, water treatment professionals have a much better understanding of the vulnerability of groundwater supplies to various contaminant threats. This understanding is reflected in a broader regulatory framework for groundwater.This handbook is designed to answer many operational questions regarding groundwater treatment. Written in a question-and-answer format, the book provides all the information needed to choose appropriate treatment and operate a groundwater treatment plant. It provides a handy information source on regulations, commonly used treatment technologies, disinfection, and corrosion control. Additionally, it provides best practices and procedures for removing various substances from groundwater: iron, manganese, arsenic, hydrogen sulfide, nitrate, uranium, radium and gross alpha, barium, and organic compounds.
Tapping the Oceans provides a detailed analysis of the political and ecological debates facing water desalination in the twenty-first century. Water supplies for cities around the world are undergoing profound geographical, technological and political transformations. Increasingly, water-stressed cities are looking to the oceans to fix unreliable, contested and over-burdened water supply systems. Yet the use of emerging desalination technologies is accompanied by intense debates on their economic cost, governance, environmental impact and poses wider questions for the sustainable and just provision of urban water. Through a series of cutting-edge case studies and multi-subject approaches, this book explores the perspectives, disputes and politics surrounding water desalination on a broad geographical scale. As the first book of its kind, this unique work will appeal to those researching water and infrastructure issues in the fields of political ecology, geography, environmental science and sustainability. Industry and water managers who wish to understand the political debates around desalination technology more fully will also find this an informative read.
The Definitive Guide to Energy Conservation in Water and Wastewater Treatment Plants
Covering both drinking water treatment as well as wastewater, this authoritative guide from the Water Environment Federation presents the latest strategies for improving energy efficiency in plant operations. Each chapter discusses principles and concepts of energy requirements, potential sources of inefficiency, and recommended energy conservation measures for specific equipment and processes.
"Energy Conservation in Water and Wastewater Facilities" covers: Energy efficiencyUtility billing procedures and incentivesElectric motors and transformersPumpsVariable controlsAeration systemsBlowersSolids processesEnergy managementElectricity basicsEstimates of electricity used in treatment facilities
This volume provides a detailed overview of water pollution and control of several selected Chinese reservoirs. It explores sediment contamination as well as algal blooms and their impact on water quality. Several chapters also discuss various methods of quality control, such as mixing-oxygenation combined with microbial remediation technologies. Due to their broad geographical distribution and different nutrition levels, the investigated reservoirs, the Jinpen, Shibianyu, Fenhe, Zhelin and Zhoucun reservoirs, can be regarded as representative for China. This comprehensive work will appeal to researchers, advanced students and reservoir managers.
Written for utilities serving fewer than 100,000 customers, this book provides practical advice and guidance for implementing a water conservation program. With a menu of possible conservation techniques and approaches from which to choose, the book lets you customize a program for your utility's particular needs, issues, and customers, regardless of your geographic location. Worksheets offer a step-by-step approach to help you decide which techniques will best benefit your utility and community. Includes benefit-cost analysis charts and tables, sample conservation programs, and recommended budgets.
Most wastewater operators cite mathematics as the subject giving them the most difficulty on their operator certification exams, as well as on the job. This math study text is designed to help wastewater operators improve their math skills, pass certification exams, perform their jobs better, and advance their careers. The guide provides examples of a variety of different problems that will be encounted both on Grades 3 and 4 certification exams and on the job. Each problem is presented with easily followed steps and comments to facilitate understanding. Tests with answers are included after each grade level to help you determine where your strengths and weaknesses are. Appendices provide common conversion factors, a summary of the equations used in the book, chemistry tables, maximum contaminant level charts, and abbreviations to which you can refer when working out the problems.
This book is a basic introduction to water distribution systems, including definition of its common elements, modelling theory, basic planning, operational and management issues, as well as some advanced topics including leakage management, optimal design, asset planning and management, etc. Each chapter is written from both the academic and industrial points of view and cover the basic topics on water distribution networks - a uniquely useful book - applicable across the sectors. Water Distribution Systems will satisfy the needs of postgraduates and early-stage practitioners, training to become water industry practitioners.
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