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Books > Social sciences > Sociology, social studies > Social institutions > Work & labour

Why Democracy Failed - The Agrarian Origins of the Spanish Civil War (Paperback): James Simpson, Juan Carmona Why Democracy Failed - The Agrarian Origins of the Spanish Civil War (Paperback)
James Simpson, Juan Carmona
R676 Discovery Miles 6 760 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

In this distinctive new history of the origins of the Spanish Civil War, James Simpson and Juan Carmona tackle the highly-debated issue of why it was that Spain's democratic Second Republic failed. They explore the interconnections between economic growth, state capacity, rural social mobility and the creation of mass competitive political parties, and how these limited the effectiveness of the new republican governments, and especially their attempts to tackle economic and social problems within the agricultural sector. They show how political change during the Republic had a major economic impact on the different groups in village society, leading to social conflicts that turned to polarization and finally, with the civil war, to violence and brutality. The democratic Republic failed not so much because of the opposition from the landed elites, but rather because small farmers had been unable to exploit more effectively their newly found political voice.

Work-Life Advantage - Sustaining Regional Learning and Innovation (Paperback): A.L-. James Work-Life Advantage - Sustaining Regional Learning and Innovation (Paperback)
A.L-. James
R684 R648 Discovery Miles 6 480 Save R36 (5%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Work-Life Advantage analyses how employer-provision of family-friendly working arrangements - designed to help workers better reconcile work, home and family - can also enhance firms capacities for learning and innovation, in pursuit of long-term competitive advantage and socially inclusive growth. * Brings together major debates in labour geography, feminist geography, and regional learning in novel ways, through a focus on the shifting boundaries between work, home, and family * Addresses a major gap in the scholarly research surrounding the narrow business case for work-life balance by developing a more socially progressive, workerist dual agenda * Challenges and disrupts masculinist assumptions of the ideal worker and the associated labour market marginalization of workers with significant home and family commitments * Based on 10 years of research with over 300 IT workers and 150 IT firms in the UK and Ireland, with important insights for professional workers and knowledge-intensive companies around the world

Federal Hiring - Issues, Quality Recruitment & Assessment of Training & Experience (Hardcover): Liza P West Federal Hiring - Issues, Quality Recruitment & Assessment of Training & Experience (Hardcover)
Liza P West
R3,331 Discovery Miles 33 310 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The Federal Government operates a merit-based hiring system. The key purpose of the system is to identify, attract, and hire the candidates who can best meet the needs of the organisation and support the public's interests. Not only is this good public policy, but making good selections can also lead to higher productivity, increased employee morale, improved teamwork, and reduced turnover -- all of which contribute to organisational performance. The purpose of this book is to inform reform efforts by summarising key findings of recent MSPB research on hiring issues; articulating the Board's perspective regarding the strengths and weaknesses of the Federal hiring system; and identifying and promoting hiring practices that support merit-based selection.

Strategizing against Sweatshops - The Global Economy, Student Activism, and Worker Empowerment (Paperback): Matthew S. Williams Strategizing against Sweatshops - The Global Economy, Student Activism, and Worker Empowerment (Paperback)
Matthew S. Williams
R771 R714 Discovery Miles 7 140 Save R57 (7%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

For the past few decades, the U.S. anti-sweatshop movement was bolstered by actions from American college students. United Students Against Sweatshops (USAS) effectively advanced the cause of workers' rights in sweatshops around the world. Strategizing against Sweatshops chronicles the evolution of student activism and presents an innovative model of how college campuses are a critical site for the advancement of global social justice. Matthew Williams shows how USAS targeted apparel companies outsourcing production to sweatshop factories with weak or non-existent unions. USAS did so by developing a campaign that would support workers organizing by leveraging their college's partnerships with global apparel firms like Nike and Adidas to abide by pro-labor codes of conduct. Strategizing against Sweatshops exemplifies how organizations and actors cooperate across a movement to formulate a coherent strategy responsive to the conditions in their social environment. Williams also provides a model of political opportunity structure to show how social context shapes the chances of a movement's success-and how movements can change that political opportunity structure in turn. Ultimately, he shows why progressive student activism remains important.

The Big Rig - Trucking and the Decline of the American Dream (Paperback): Steve Viscelli The Big Rig - Trucking and the Decline of the American Dream (Paperback)
Steve Viscelli
R691 R547 Discovery Miles 5 470 Save R144 (21%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Long-haul trucks have been described as sweatshops on wheels. The typical long-haul trucker works the equivalent of two full-time jobs, often for little more than minimum wage. But it wasn't always this way. Trucking used to be one of the best working-class jobs in the United States. The Big Rig explains how this massive degradation in the quality of work has occurred, and how companies achieve a compliant and dedicated workforce despite it. Drawing on more than 100 in-depth interviews and years of extensive observation, including six months training and working as a long-haul trucker, Viscelli explains in detail how labor is recruited, trained, and used in the industry. He then shows how inexperienced workers are convinced to lease a truck and to work as independent contractors. He explains how deregulation and collective action by employers transformed trucking's labor markets - once dominated by the largest and most powerful union in US history - into an important example of the costs of contemporary labor markets for workers and the general public.

Negotiating Early Job Insecurity - Well-being, Scarring and Resilience of European Youth (Hardcover): Bjorn Hvinden, Jacqueline... Negotiating Early Job Insecurity - Well-being, Scarring and Resilience of European Youth (Hardcover)
Bjorn Hvinden, Jacqueline O'Reilly, Mi A. Schoyen, Christer Hyggen
R2,653 Discovery Miles 26 530 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Offering new knowledge and insights into European job markets, this book explores how young men and women experience job insecurity. Focusing on the ways in which young adults deal with this by actively increasing their chances of getting a job through a variety of methods, it shows how governmental policies can be altered to reduce early job insecurity. By combining analysis of original data collected through a variety of innovative methods, the book compares the trajectories of early job insecurity in nine European countries: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Norway, Poland, Spain, Switzerland, and the UK. It explores the differing reactions to the 2008 Great Recession and socio-economic and institutional characteristics of each country, analysing the strengths and weaknesses of different national policies. Contributions from experts in the field investigate the long-term consequences of having difficulty finding suitable and stable jobs in young adulthood, including 'scarring' in the form of weaker long-term employment prospects, lower life earnings and reduced well-being. Incorporating high-level academic research with policy recommendations, this insightful book is essential reading for advanced public policy and European studies scholars, as well as policymakers at national and European levels.

Contemporary Issues in Management, Second Edition - A Critical Management Approach (Hardcover, 2nd edition): Lindsay Hamilton,... Contemporary Issues in Management, Second Edition - A Critical Management Approach (Hardcover, 2nd edition)
Lindsay Hamilton, Laura Mitchell, Anita Mangan
R2,370 Discovery Miles 23 700 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Revised and extended for its second edition, Contemporary Issues in Management provides a unique up-to-date view of the 'messy reality' of the complex management dilemmas facing workers and managers in the business environment today. Using a critical approach, the contributors offer original perspectives on organisational behaviour and the sociology of work. Presenting business case studies and analysis, this textbook covers a broad range of key themes, including ethical and social issues, diversity, migration, continuity and change. Chapters present research studies into diverse areas, from teleworking to apprenticeships, food production, volunteering and factory working. This fully updated second edition provides: * Discussions of management issues in their wider philosophical and political contexts to allow students to have a broader understanding and interpretation of how management affects complex real-life situations * Original and in-depth qualitative case studies present lived experience rather than abstract 'model' or 'idealised' problems for the successful application of theory * Examples of a wide range of management practices gives students the necessary knowledge for a globalised perspective on work and business * A critical approach to the topic, to develop students' analytical skills to recognise problems, and suggest suitable solutions * Questions and further reading sections for use in teaching and self study. This textbook is an invaluable guide for those studying organisational behaviour and business management, as well as the sociology and ethnography of work and workplaces.

Youth Unemployment and Job Insecurity in Europe - Problems, Risk Factors and Policies (Hardcover): Bjorn Hvinden, Christer... Youth Unemployment and Job Insecurity in Europe - Problems, Risk Factors and Policies (Hardcover)
Bjorn Hvinden, Christer Hyggen, Mi A. Schoyen, Tomas Sirovatka
R2,797 Discovery Miles 27 970 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Providing original insights into the factors causing early job insecurity in European countries, this book examines the short- and long-term consequences. It assesses public policies seeking to diminish the risks to young people facing prolonged job insecurity and reduce the severity of these impacts. Based on the findings of a major study of nine European countries, this book examines the diverse strategies that countries across the continent use to help young people overcome employment barriers. The authors present recommendations for governments to improve the job market environment and to support young people in finding suitable and stable employment. A vital tool for European policymakers, this book provides new knowledge that will help improve existing policies, at both national and European levels. The detailed analysis of original data collected through innovative methods will prove highly useful to public policy and European studies scholars.

Why Unions Matter (Paperback, 2nd New, Revised, Updated ed.): Michael D. Yates Why Unions Matter (Paperback, 2nd New, Revised, Updated ed.)
Michael D. Yates
R509 Discovery Miles 5 090 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

In this new edition of Why Unions Matter, Michael D. Yates shows why unions still matter. Unions mean better pay, benefits, and working conditions for their members; they force employers to treat employees with dignity and respect; and at their best, they provide a way for workers to make society both more democratic and egalitarian. Yates uses simple language, clear data, and engaging examples to show why workers need unions, how unions are formed, how they operate, how collective bargaining works, the role of unions in politics, and what unions have done to bring workers together across the divides of race, gender, religion, and sexual orientation. The new edition not onlyupdates the first, but also examines the record of the New Voice slate that took control of the AFL-CIO in 1995, the continuing decline in union membership and density, the Change to Win split in 2005, the growing importance of immigrant workers, the rise of worker centers, the impacts of and labor responses to globalization, and the need for labor to have an independent political voice. This is simply the best introduction to unions on the market.

The Sociology of Work (Hardcover, 4th Edition): Keith Grint, Darren Nixon The Sociology of Work (Hardcover, 4th Edition)
Keith Grint, Darren Nixon
R1,924 R1,743 Discovery Miles 17 430 Save R181 (9%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This leading, authoritative textbook has been carefully and substantially revised to provide the indispensable foundational resource for the sociology of work. The fourth edition has been transformed to combine unrivalled explanations of classic theories with the most cutting-edge research, data and debates. Keith Grint and Darren Nixon examine different sociological approaches to work, emphasizing the links between social processes, institutions of employment and their social and domestic contexts. The fourth edition includes: * a new chapter on work and identity, exploring issues such as the rise of consumption and the cultural economy, work life balance, the social meaning of work and unemployment; * a fully rewritten chapter that comprehensively reviews trends in the contemporary service economy, particularly the rise of emotional and aesthetic forms of labour and the polarization of employment in the knowledge or informational economy; * a new concluding chapter that examines the structure of the global economy, taking in debates around globalization, precarious labour and public sector reforms and unemployment in the wake of the financial crisis and austerity; * updated bibliographic references and data throughout, with particularly significant revisions to the sections on gender and work, ethnicity and work, and work technologies. The book has been designed to support readers understanding of, and to develop their critical approach to, the field of work , with a range of empirical evidence and examples helping to reveal the complex picture of work society relations. Written in a lively and accessible style, the book also provides suggestions for further reading and seminar discussion questions. This fourth edition will continue to be essential reading for students of the sociology of work, industrial sociology, organizational behaviour and industrial relations. Students studying business and management courses with a sociological component will also find the book invaluable.

Work (Paperback): Bruce Pietrykowski Work (Paperback)
Bruce Pietrykowski
R408 Discovery Miles 4 080 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Much of our life involves working, preparing for work, searching for work, or thinking and worrying about work. Whether paid or unpaid, free or coerced, full-time, part-time, or zero-hours, work defines us and helps shape our behavior both on and off the job. In this accessible book, leading labor economist Bruce Pietrykowski offers a highly engaging exploration of the history and contemporary organization of work under capitalism. His clear presentation of the theoretical debates is illustrated by real-world examples from across the globe and a skillful account of alternatives that point toward a post-capitalist future. Employing a progressive, worker-centered vision that goes beyond mainstream economics, he examines themes ranging from inequality, care work, and the gig economy to technological change and a universal basic income. His analysis emphasizes power, conflict, solidarity, and cooperation, interpreted through the lenses of class, race, gender, and place. This comprehensive and highly readable book will be of interest to students of economics, sociology, labor studies, and politics seeking to learn more about work and workers in the global economy, as well as interested general readers.

Bullshit Jobs - The Rise of Pointless Work, and What We Can Do About It (Paperback): David Graeber Bullshit Jobs - The Rise of Pointless Work, and What We Can Do About It (Paperback)
David Graeber 1
R230 R181 Discovery Miles 1 810 Save R49 (21%) Ships in 5 - 10 working days

Spectacular and terrifyingly true' - Owen Jones

'Thought-provoking and funny' - The Times

Be honest: if your job didn't exist, would anybody miss it? Have you ever wondered why not? Up to 40% of us secretly believe our jobs probably aren't necessary. In other words: they are bullshit jobs. This book shows why, and what we can do about it.

In the early twentieth century, people prophesied that technology would see us all working fifteen-hour weeks and driving flying cars. Instead, something curious happened. Not only have the flying cars not materialised, but average working hours have increased rather than decreased. And now, across the developed world, three-quarters of all jobs are in services, finance or admin: jobs that don't seem to contribute anything to society. In Bullshit Jobs, David Graeber explores how this phenomenon - one more associated with the Soviet Union, but which capitalism was supposed to eliminate - has happened. In doing so, he looks at how, rather than producing anything, work has become an end in itself; the way such work maintains the current broken system of finance capital; and, finally, how we can get out of it.

This book is for anyone whose heart has sunk at the sight of a whiteboard, who believes 'workshops' should only be for making things, or who just suspects that there might be a better way to run our world.

Why Unions Matter (Hardcover, 2nd New, Revised, Updated ed.): Michael D. Yates Why Unions Matter (Hardcover, 2nd New, Revised, Updated ed.)
Michael D. Yates
R2,142 Discovery Miles 21 420 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

In this new edition of Why Unions Matter, Michael D. Yates shows why unions still matter. Unions mean better pay, benefits, and working conditions for their members; they force employers to treat employees with dignity and respect; and at their best, they provide a way for workers to make society both more democratic and egalitarian. Yates uses simple language, clear data, and engaging examples to show why workers need unions, how unions are formed, how they operate, how collective bargaining works, the role of unions in politics, and what unions have done to bring workers together across the divides of race, gender, religion, and sexual orientation. The new edition not onlyupdates the first, but also examines the record of the New Voice slate that took control of the AFL-CIO in 1995, the continuing decline in union membership and density, the Change to Win split in 2005, the growing importance of immigrant workers, the rise of worker centers, the impacts of and labor responses to globalization, and the need for labor to have an independent political voice. This is simply the best introduction to unions on the market.

Agricultural Labor in the United States - Considerations & Select Research (Hardcover): Carroll T. Hart, Virginia M. Armstrong Agricultural Labor in the United States - Considerations & Select Research (Hardcover)
Carroll T. Hart, Virginia M. Armstrong
R3,335 Discovery Miles 33 350 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This book explores the possible economic implications of large shifts in the supply of foreign-born, hired farm labour that could result from substantial changes in U.S. immigration laws or policies. Hired labour is an important input to U.S. agricultural production, accounting for about 17 percent of variable production expenses and about 40 percent of such expenses for fruit, vegetables, and nursery products. Over the past 15 years, roughly half of the hired labourers employed in U.S. crop agriculture have lacked the immigration status needed to work legally in the United States. Thus, changes in immigration laws or policies could lead to markedly different economic outcomes in the agricultural sector and the market for hired farm labour. The same is generally true for other economic sectors that rely on large numbers of unauthorised workers.

Like Family - Domestic Workers In South African History And Literature (Paperback): Ena Jansen Like Family - Domestic Workers In South African History And Literature (Paperback)
Ena Jansen
R420 R333 Discovery Miles 3 330 Save R87 (21%) Ships in 5 - 10 working days

More than a million black South African women are domestic workers. These nannies, housekeepers and chars continue to occupy a central place in in postapartheid society. But it is an ambivalent position. Precariously situated between urban and rural areas, rich and poor, white and black, these women are at once intimately connected and at a distant remove from the families they serve. ‘Like family’ they may be, but they and their employers know they can never be real family.

Ena Jansen shows that domestic worker relations in South Africa were shaped by the institution of slavery at the Cape. This established social hierarchies and patterns of behaviour and interaction that persist to the present day, and are still evident in the predicament of the black female domestic worker.

To support her argument, Jansen examines the representation of domestic workers in a diverse range of texts in English and Afrikaans. Authors include André Brink, JM Coetzee, Imraan Coovadia, Nadine Gordimer, Elsa Joubert, Antjie Krog, Sindiwe Magona, Kopano Matlwa, Es’kia Mphahlele, Sisonke Msimang, Zukiswa Wanner and Zoë Wicomb. Later texts by black authors offer wry and subversive insights into the madam/maid nexus, capturing paradoxes relating to shifting power relationships. Like Family is an updated version of the award-winning Soos familie published in 2015 and the highly-acclaimed 2016 Dutch translation, Bijna familie.

Riding for Deliveroo - Resistance in the New Economy (Hardcover): Callum Cant Riding for Deliveroo - Resistance in the New Economy (Hardcover)
Callum Cant
R1,218 R1,118 Discovery Miles 11 180 Save R100 (8%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

What is life like for workers in the gig economy? Is it a paradise of flexibility and individual freedom? Or is it a world of exploitation and conflict? Callum Cant took a job with one of the most prominent platforms, Deliveroo, to find out. His vivid account of the reality is grim. Workers are being tyrannised by algorithms and exploited for the profit of the few - but they are not taking it lying down. Cant reveals a transnational network of encrypted chats and informal groups which have given birth to a wave of strikes and protests. Far from being atomised individuals helpless in the face of massive tech companies, workers are tearing up the rulebook and taking back control. New developments in the workplace are combining to produce an explosive subterranean class struggle - where the stakes are high, and the risks are higher. Riding for Deliveroo is the first portrait of a new generation of working class militants. Its mixture of compelling first-hand testimony and engaging analysis is essential for anyone wishing to understand class struggle in platform capitalism.

Empowering Young People in Disempowering Times - Fighting Inequality Through Capability Oriented Policy (Hardcover): Hans-Uwe... Empowering Young People in Disempowering Times - Fighting Inequality Through Capability Oriented Policy (Hardcover)
Hans-Uwe Otto, Valerie Egdell, Jean-Michel Bonvin, Roland Atzmuller
R2,944 Discovery Miles 29 440 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Following the 2008 economic crisis, the situation for young people deteriorated dramatically in many European countries. Employment and training opportunities have reduced, and levels of poverty and social exclusion have increased. This book evaluates both institutional frameworks and programmes as well as the quantitative and qualitative basis of judgements in European youth policies that dominate current strategies. Empowering Young People in Disempowering Times uses EU survey data and in-depth qualitative research to examine the education, employment experiences and quality of life of young people in Europe. It develops an extensive critique of the dominant policy approaches used in Europe, which aim to tackle the challenges facing disadvantaged young people through a focus on work first and a narrow human capital centered approach of integration. In response, the book analyses and discusses alternatives emerging from an application of Amartya Sens's Capability Approach to youth policies and an enlarged concept of participation. Offering quantitative and qualitative analysis which aim to develop new and progressive ways to assess the situation of socially disadvantaged young people in Europe, this book will be fascinating reading for students and teachers of social policy, as well as policy-makers, social practitioners and social scientists.

Trade Unions and Migrant Workers - New Contexts and Challenges in Europe (Hardcover): Stefania Marino, Judith Roosblad, Rinus... Trade Unions and Migrant Workers - New Contexts and Challenges in Europe (Hardcover)
Stefania Marino, Judith Roosblad, Rinus Penninx
R3,527 Discovery Miles 35 270 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This timely book analyses the relationship between trade unions, immigration and migrant workers across eleven European countries in the period between the 1990s and 2015. It constitutes an extensive update of a previous comparative analysis - published by Rinus Penninx and Judith Roosblad in 2000 - that has become an important reference in the field. The book offers an overview of how trade unions manage issues of inclusion and solidarity in the current economic and political context, characterized by increasing challenges for labour organizations and rising hostility towards migrants. The qualitative analysis of trade union strategies towards immigration and migrant workers is based on a common analytical framework centred on the idea of `dilemmas' that trade unions have to face when dealing with immigration and migrant workers. This approach facilitates comparative analysis and distinguishes patterns of union policies and actions across three groups of countries, identifying some explanations for observed similarities and differences. In addition, the book also includes theoretical chapters by expert scholars from a range of disciplinary fields including industrial relations, migration studies and political economy. This comprehensive comparative analysis is an essential resource for academics across a range of disciplines as well as policy-makers, practitioners and organizations involved in trade unions and migrant inclusion and integration.

What's Wrong with Work? (Paperback): Lynne Pettinger What's Wrong with Work? (Paperback)
Lynne Pettinger 1
R368 R346 Discovery Miles 3 460 Save R22 (6%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Why does work matter? As changes occur in how work is organised across the globe, What's wrong with work shows that how workers are treated has wide implications beyond the lives of workers themselves. Recognising gender, race, class and global differences, the book looks at three kinds of increasingly important work - green work, IT work and the 'gig' economy - within the context of the neoliberal society, the promises of technologisation and anticipated environmental catastrophe. It considers the ways formal work is often dependent on informal work, especially domestic work and care work. Accessible and engaging, it concludes by considering political and ethical questions in what might make work better, arguing that there is a collective responsibility to address bad work.

Regulating for Equitable and Job-Rich Growth (Hardcover): Colin Fenwick Regulating for Equitable and Job-Rich Growth (Hardcover)
Colin Fenwick
R2,652 Discovery Miles 26 520 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This book offers a critical reflection on the operation and effects of labour regulation. It articulates the broad goals and extensive potential for it to contribute to inclusive development, while also considering the limits of some areas of regulation and governance. Drawing on both field studies and innovative theoretical perspectives, the contributors reveal an emerging consensus that labour regulation is neither negative nor positive for economic and social outcomes. By comparing the concerns and methodologies of various disciplines, they argue that balanced regulation is essential. Following analysis of how the global financial crisis has increased labour market segmentation, the book addresses the needs of key groups often at the periphery, including young women, workers in the informal economy, migrants and home-care workers. The book argues that effective and efficient labour market regulation can contribute to achieving key policy goals of the formalization of employment and inclusive labour markets, while also pursuing equitable distribution. An important comparative work, academics and students - particularly those studying law, economics, political science, international relations and development studies - will find this book to be of exceptional value. Practitioners and policy-makers from both developed and developing countries will also benefit from the wide range of perspectives.

Transforming Gender and Family Relations - How Active Labour Market Policies Shaped the Dual Earner Model (Hardcover): Asa... Transforming Gender and Family Relations - How Active Labour Market Policies Shaped the Dual Earner Model (Hardcover)
Asa Lundqvist
R2,361 Discovery Miles 23 610 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Sweden has gained a worldwide reputation for its family friendly policies and the high share of women in paid employment. This book discusses the particular importance of early activation policies in the increase of women's paid employment and in changing gender and family relations. It explores how the integration of women into paid work was actually accomplished: on what ideational grounds, and using what concrete measures, were the conditions created for increasing the employment ratio of women? A number of activation measures are analyzed in more detail: vocational training, opinion-shaping, persuading activities and the work done by activating inspectors, specially installed to initiate housewives into paid labor. The book showcases how early activation policies contributed to the transformation of gender and family relations and thus to a farewell to male breadwinning. The book will appeal to undergraduates as well as graduate students, lecturers and researchers in gender studies, social and public policy and across the fields of politics, European studies, and contemporary history.

Individualism and Inequality - The Future of Work and Politics (Paperback): Ralph Fevre Individualism and Inequality - The Future of Work and Politics (Paperback)
Ralph Fevre
R883 Discovery Miles 8 830 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

In the neoliberal world, rising individualism has frequently been linked to rising inequality. Drawing on social theory, philosophy, history, institutional research and a wealth of contemporary empirical data, this innovative book analyses the tangled relationship between individualism and inequality and explores the possibilities of rediscovering individualism's revolutionary potential. Ralph Fevre demonstrates that a belief in individual self-determination powered the development of human rights and inspired social movements from anti-slavery to socialism, feminism and anti-racism. At the same time, every attempt to embed individualism in systems of education and employment has eventually led to increased social inequality. The book discusses influential thinkers, from Adam Smith to Herbert Spencer and John Dewey, as well as the persistence of discrimination despite equality laws, management and the transformation of individualism, individualism in work and mental illness, work insecurity and intensification. This multi-disciplinary book will be essential reading for students and scholars of sociology, economics, philosophy, political science, management science and public policy studies, among other subjects. It will also be of use to policymakers and those who want to know how the culture and politics of the neoliberal world are unfolding.

Guaranteed Pure - The Moody Bible Institute, Business, and the Making of Modern Evangelicalism (Paperback): Timothy Gloege Guaranteed Pure - The Moody Bible Institute, Business, and the Making of Modern Evangelicalism (Paperback)
Timothy Gloege
R786 Discovery Miles 7 860 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

American evangelicalism has long walked hand in hand with modern consumer capitalism. Timothy Gloege shows us why, through an engaging story about God and big business at the Moody Bible Institute. Founded in Chicago by shoe-salesman-turned-revivalist Dwight Lyman Moody in 1889, the institute became a center of fundamentalism under the guidance of the innovative promoter and president of Quaker Oats, Henry Crowell. Gloege explores the framework for understanding humanity shared by these business and evangelical leaders, whose perspectives clearly differed from those underlying modern scientific theories. At the core of their ""corporate evangelical"" framework was a modern individualism understood primarily in terms of economic relations. Conservative evangelicalism and modern business grew symbiotically, transforming the ways that Americans worshipped, worked, and consumed. Gilded Age evangelicals initially understood themselves primarily as new ""Christian workers--employees of God guided by their divine contract, the Bible. But when these ideas were put to revolutionary ends by Populists, corporate evangelicals reimagined themselves as savvy religious consumers and reformulated their beliefs. Their consumer-oriented ""orthodoxy"" displaced traditional creeds and undermined denominational authority, forever altering the American religious landscape. Guaranteed pure of both liberal theology and Populist excesses, this was a new form of old-time religion not simply compatible with modern consumer capitalism but uniquely dependent on it.

No Shame For the Sun - Lives of Professional Pakistani Women (Paperback, Annotated edition): Shahla Haeri No Shame For the Sun - Lives of Professional Pakistani Women (Paperback, Annotated edition)
Shahla Haeri
R686 Discovery Miles 6 860 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Conversations with Muslim working women challenge notions of the "veiled" woman as being victimized or unproductive.

This groundbreaking work sheds new light on the status, conflicts, and social realities of educated Muslim women in Pakistan. Six candid interviews introduce the readers to a class of professional Muslim women rarely, if ever, acknowledged in the West.

These women tell of the conflicts and compromises with family, kin, and community, while facing violence, archaic marriage rules, and locally entrenched codes of conduct. With brave eloquence, they speak of human dignity and gender equality, economic deprivation and social justice, and of feminism and fundamentalism. Challenging prevalent stereotypes, No Shame for the Sun reveals the uniqueness of each woman, and the diversity of Pakistani Muslim women's life experiences, their world views, and the struggles to change their society. Each chapter explores a particular woman's life experiences and her attempts to reconcile her career with her personal life, providing examples of ways of resolving religious, cultural, and political conflicts. Through their struggles, professional Pakistani women have become conscious of their own and other women's situations within their society. Because they exercise power and authority in their chosen fields, they risk losing their family's support and antagonizing their community.

Carefully detailed and meticulously researched, this book gives us a much needed perspective to reflect on the changing circumstances of professional Pakistani women, as well as on the established patterns and structural constraints within Pakistan. On a broader level, it examines western misconceptionsregarding Islam, a religion that crosses many borders and impacts differently upon many cultures.

The Countercultural South (Hardcover, New): Jack Temple Kirby The Countercultural South (Hardcover, New)
Jack Temple Kirby
R855 Discovery Miles 8 550 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

At once upholding and refuting the South's conservative image, The Countercultural South explores the politically divergent cultures of resistance created by poor white and working-class black southern men. With humor and insight, Jack Temple Kirby traces these racially and politically opposed cultures back to the antebellum encounter between the anti-capitalistic South and the capitalist individualism identified with the North. In a wide-ranging discussion encompassing the blues, sharecropping, and contemporary black intellectuals, Kirby shows how the needful practice of black labor bargaining in the South resulted in a progressive black tradition of verbal negotiation. The conservative separatism and retro-resistance of rural whites, Kirby argues, is embedded in an inherited and adversarial frontier ethos valuing self-sufficiency and access to wilderness. With the southern landscape imaginatively as well as factually linked to social class, crime--particularly forest arson--becomes the most important form of southern white countercultural expression. Kirby continues his look at white resistance in a review of "redneck" discourse, examining the public reputation of southern whites through a range of cultural phenomena, from literature to country music to the computer network known as BUBBA-L. Original, personal, and artfully written, The Countercultural South offers fresh reflections on southern exceptionalism in American political life and culture.

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