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Books > Social sciences > Sociology, social studies > Social institutions > Work & labour

Effect of Workfare on Crime - Youth Diligence & Law Obedience (Paperback): Peter Fallesen, Lars Pico Geerdsen, Susumu Imai,... Effect of Workfare on Crime - Youth Diligence & Law Obedience (Paperback)
Peter Fallesen, Lars Pico Geerdsen, Susumu Imai, Torben Tranos
R154 R139 Discovery Miles 1 390 Save R15 (10%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This paper focuses on a novel effect of active labor market policies: the effect of workfare on crime. First, the study examines how a series of Danish labor market reforms implemented between the late 1980s and the 1990s affected crime. The reforms introduced more rapid and extensive workfare requirements for unemployed without unemployment insurance, and are therefore useful for determining the effect of workfare on crime. Second, the paper investigates whether the crime-preventive impact of the reforms varies by individual labor market attachment. Third, the study examines whether the crime-reducing effect is weekday-specific, or also affects behavior during weekends when workfare programs are closed.

London Guilds and Liveries (Paperback, 6th Revised edition): John Kennedy Melling London Guilds and Liveries (Paperback, 6th Revised edition)
John Kennedy Melling
R258 R212 Discovery Miles 2 120 Save R46 (18%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The City of London has one of the strongest unbroken traditions of livery companies in the world. Over one hundred companies, some six centuries old, maintain strong, colourful, beneficial, traditional and independent lives, and many of them have beautiful halls. This book traces the history of the guilds and liveries in various countries and shows their influence on the government of the City, on which the Westminster model is based, on the actual trades, on royalty and on the history of Britain and other lands. The author compares the guilds of Britain with those of Europe and describes each of the City guilds, their history, traditions, work and influence.

In the Way of Women - Men's Resistance to Sex Equality in Organizations (Paperback): Cynthia Cockburn In the Way of Women - Men's Resistance to Sex Equality in Organizations (Paperback)
Cynthia Cockburn
R929 Discovery Miles 9 290 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

How are men responding to feminism? In particular, at work dealing with the challenge to their power and privilege represented by positive action for sex equality? The 1980s saw many organizations, from major companies to left-wing local councils, take action to improve women's chances. The research on which this book is based evaluates the part of men in the equality process. The author demonstrates the social mechanisms through which women's aspirations for change are thwarted and draws lessons from experience for feminist activism in organizations in the 1990s. '...an important and valuable contribution to the study of organisations, to an analysis of gendered social processes, and to those who actively remain committed to creating a better world for women.' Jalna Hanmer, Times Higher Education Supplement. '...an engrossing study of resistance to the implementation of equality policies in different kinds of organizations.'Elizabeth Meehan, Queen's University, Belfast '...the book has the triple virtues of increasing specialized knowledge, compelling the attention of readers generally interested in politics and society and being moving for all who are concerned about human dignit

Strategizing Management Accounting - Liberal Origins and Neoliberal Trends (Paperback): Chandana Alawattage, Danture... Strategizing Management Accounting - Liberal Origins and Neoliberal Trends (Paperback)
Chandana Alawattage, Danture Wickramasinghe
R1,280 Discovery Miles 12 800 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The theory and practice of management accounting should be seen within the context of varieties of global capitalism, to appreciate its role as a 'calculative technology of capitalism' which is practiced on factory floors, corporate boards, computer networks, spreadsheets, and so forth. This new textbook is the first to introduce the field from a rounded social science perspective. Strategizing Management Accounting offers a theoretical discussion on management accounting's strategic orientation by accommodating two interrelated lines of analyses, from historical and contemporary perspectives. The book illustrates how 'new management accounting' has evolved into the form in which it exists today in its neoliberal context and how those new management accounting practices have become manifestos for the managers, as calculative technologies of decision making, performance management, control, corporate governance, as well as global governance, and development within various forms of organizations across the globe. Each chapter draws on Foucauldian analysis of biopolitics explaining how neoliberal market logic informs a set of strategies and mechanisms through which various social entities and discourses are made governable by considering them as biopolitical entities of global governance. Written by two recognized accounting experts, this book is vital reading for all students of management accounting and will also be a useful supplementary resource for those wanting to understand and research accounting's vital role in contemporary society.

The Contested Moralities of Markets (Hardcover): Simone Schiller-Merkens, Philip Balsiger The Contested Moralities of Markets (Hardcover)
Simone Schiller-Merkens, Philip Balsiger
R1,920 Discovery Miles 19 200 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Moral struggles in and around markets abound in contemporary societies where markets have become the dominant form of economic coordination. The present volume advances our current understanding of markets by highlighting the sources, processes and outcomes of moral struggles in and around markets. It traces the creation, reproduction and change of underlying moral orders and reveals the role of status and power differentials, alliances and political strategies as well as the general cultural, social and political contexts in which the struggles unfold. The contributions to this volume reflect the 'moral turn' that can currently be observed in organization studies and economic sociology, and connect to recent developments in the sociology of morality.

The Segregated Scholars - Black Social Scientists and the Creation of Black Labor Studies, 1890-1950 (Hardcover): The Segregated Scholars - Black Social Scientists and the Creation of Black Labor Studies, 1890-1950 (Hardcover)
R1,254 R930 Discovery Miles 9 300 Save R324 (26%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

In Segregated Scholars Francille Rusan Wilson explores the lives and work of fifteen black labor historians and social scientists as seen through the prisms of gender, class, and time. This collective biography offers complex and vital portraits of these seminal figures, many of whom knew and worked with each other, following them through their educations, their often groundbreaking work in economic and labor studies, and their invaluable public advocacy.

The careers Wilson considers include many of the most brilliant of their eras. She sheds new light on the interplay of the professional and political commitments of W. E. B. Du Bois, Abram L. Harris, Robert C. Weaver, Carter G. Woodson, George E. Haynes, Charles H. Wesley, R. R. Wright Jr.--a succession of scholars bent on replacing myths and stereotypes regarding black labor with rigorous research and analysis.

Equally important is the special emphasis Wilson places on little-known female social scientists such as Gertrude McDougald, Emma Shields Penn, and Elizabeth Haynes. The result is more than simply a balanced picture; it is an act of recovery. Many of Wilson's portraits are the most extensive available. Their extraordinary lives are an opportunity to examine the ways in which labor history--and, more broadly, women's and black intellectual history--have developed as separate and parallel discourses and disciplines.

Segregated Scholars makes a crucial and unprecedented contribution to our understanding of the black intellectual heritage, as well as the history of the social sciences, and of many of the practices and policies with which we now live and work.

Serfdom and Social Control in Russia - Petrovskoe, a Village in Tambov (Paperback, New edition): Steven L. Hoch Serfdom and Social Control in Russia - Petrovskoe, a Village in Tambov (Paperback, New edition)
Steven L. Hoch
R708 Discovery Miles 7 080 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This book includes an excellent analysis of the material and demographic foundations of patriarchal society, which will force historians to reevaluate the profitability of the estate economy and the standard of living among Russian serfs....This is an important book which should be read by anyone interested in peasant studies and servile systems of production.

The Human Rights of Street and Working Children - A practical manual for advocates (Paperback): Iain Byrne The Human Rights of Street and Working Children - A practical manual for advocates (Paperback)
Iain Byrne
R695 R659 Discovery Miles 6 590 Save R36 (5%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Children who live and work on the streets or work in commercial situations at a young age, are subjected to gross injustice and are frequently neglected by national law --- despite the fact that almost every country has signed and ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.This is a one-stop guide both for experienced advocates and for non-specialists in the field. It explains how to use regional and international treaties and mechanisms for the protection and defense of street and working children when national law fails. The last fifty years have seen the emergence of a range of human rights treaties together with permanent monitoring systems established by the UN. While these are imperfect tools, they can be very useful in supporting national campaigns, and creating pressure for legislative reform or an end to particular violations.This manual, which presents information in an accessible question-and-answer format, is divided into three sections for ease of reference: the first section defines substantive rights --- survival, fair treatment, and empowerment; the second section provides practical guidelines on how to use regional and international human rights systems such as the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, or the UN Committee on Torture; the last section contains a comprehensive list of human rights documents with tables by country detailing the status and the stage in the implementation process of each of the convention in each country.

Collaborative Economy and Tourism - Perspectives, Politics, Policies and Prospects (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017): Dianne Dredge,... Collaborative Economy and Tourism - Perspectives, Politics, Policies and Prospects (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017)
Dianne Dredge, Szilvia Gyimothy
R4,155 R3,285 Discovery Miles 32 850 Save R870 (21%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This book employs an interdisciplinary, cross-sectoral lens to explore the collaborative dynamics that are currently disrupting, re-creating and transforming the production and consumption of tourism. House swapping, ridesharing, voluntourism, couchsurfing, dinner hosting, social enterprise and similar phenomena are among these collective innovations in tourism that are shaking the very bedrock of an industrial system that has been traditionally sustained along commercial value chains. To date there has been very little investigation of these trends, which have been inspired by, amongst other things, de-industrialization processes and post-capitalist forms of production and consumption, postmaterialism, the rise of the third sector and collaborative governance. Addressing that gap, this book explores the character, depth and breadth of these disruptions, the creative opportunities for tourism that are emerging from them, and how governments are responding to these new challenges. In doing so, the book provides both theoretical and practical insights into the future of tourism in a world that is, paradoxically, becoming both increasingly collaborative and individualized.

Servants of the State - Managing Diversity and Democracy in the Federal Workforce 1933-1953 (Hardcover): Margaret Rung Servants of the State - Managing Diversity and Democracy in the Federal Workforce 1933-1953 (Hardcover)
Margaret Rung
R1,099 R1,027 Discovery Miles 10 270 Save R72 (7%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

"Servants of the State" traces the halting rise of a pluralistic attitude in hiring and promotion procedures within the federal government. Ranging from the Great Depression to World War II to the early days of both the civil rights movement and the Cold War, Margaret Rung reveals how circumstances in each of these eras shaped how federal managers conceptualized merit for female and African American workers. At the same time, Rung shows how labor relations, as practiced by the nation's most prominent employer, reflected and fostered broader social and cultural debates concerning American identity in a diverse and democratic society.

Rung draws on an impressive array of sources, including previously unexamined archival materials, oral histories, and personnel manuals, as she tells how federal administrators and employees destabilized earlier patterns of discrimination based on white male privilege--only to confront new challenges engendered by personnel trends grounded in sociology and psychology. In the end, a renewed commitment to democracy and social justice in the 1930s and 1940s did not entail a complete restructuring of government labor relations policy or the merit system. By midcentury, labor segmentation based on race and gender within the federal civil service still existed, as did the tension between managers' desire to support individual initiative and their desire to remedy categorical discrimination against blacks and women.

Questions of individual merit versus group rights remain central to our discussions about the relationship between equality and pluralism. "Servants of the State" highlights the fluid meaning of merit by focusing on this critical concept in the public-sector workplace. By covering an area frequently ignored by historians, it adds an important historical dimension to current affirmative action debates and other issues that touch on pluralism and individual opportunity.

Disturbing Business Ethics - Emmanuel Levinas and the Politics of Organization (Hardcover): Carl Rhodes Disturbing Business Ethics - Emmanuel Levinas and the Politics of Organization (Hardcover)
Carl Rhodes
R3,235 Discovery Miles 32 350 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

21st century Western neoliberalism has seen the transformation of self-interest from an economic imperative to a centrally constitutive part of dominant modes of subjective existence. Against this celebration of competitive individualism, Emmanuel Levinas' philosophy stands as a haunting reminder of an ethics that passively disturbs the self from its egoistic slumber, awakening it to the incessant demands of the other. Ethics stands as an anxious affective state of being where one is held to account by others, each one demanding care, attention and respect. Focussing on business activities and organizations, this book explores how this ethical demand of being for the other becomes translated, in a necessarily impure way, into political action, contestation and resistance. Such a response to ethics invokes a disturbance of organizational order, including an order that might itself be labelled 'ethical'. On these grounds, the book offers an explication of an ethics for organizations which disturbs the selfishness of neoliberal morality, and can inform a democratic politics rested on a genuine concern for the other and for justice. Disturbing Business Ethics: Emmanuel Levinas and the Politics of Organization offers an unconventional and enlightening approach to ethical thinking and practice in politics and organisations, and will be of interest to students of business, management, leadership, political science and organizational theory.

Working Bodies - Interactive Service Employment and Workplace Identities (Paperback): Linda McDowell Working Bodies - Interactive Service Employment and Workplace Identities (Paperback)
Linda McDowell
R556 Discovery Miles 5 560 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Through a series of case studies of low-status interactive and embodied servicing work, "Working Bodies" examines the theoretical and empirical nature of the shift to embodied work in service-dominated economies. Defines 'body work' to include the work by service sector employees on their own bodies and on the bodies of othersSets UK case studies in the context of global patterns of economic changeExplores the consequences of growing polarization in the service sectorDraws on geography, sociology, anthropology, labour market studies, and feminist scholarship

Southern Insurgency - The Coming of the Global Working Class (Paperback): Immanuel Ness Southern Insurgency - The Coming of the Global Working Class (Paperback)
Immanuel Ness
R220 R175 Discovery Miles 1 750 Save R45 (20%) Ships in 5 - 10 working days

The site of industrial struggle is shifting. Across the Global South, peasant communities are forced off the land to live and work in harsh and impoverished conditions. Inevitably, new methods of combating the spread of industrial capitalism are evolving in ambitious, militant and creative ways. This is the first book to theorise and examine the present and future shape of global class struggles. Immanuel Ness looks at three key countries: China, India and South Africa. In each case he considers the broader historical forces at play - the effects of imperialism, the decline of the trade union movement, the class struggle and the effects of the growing reserve army of labour. For each case study, he narrows his focus to reveal the specifics of each grassroots insurgency: export promotion and the rise of worker insurgency in China, the new labour organisations in India, and the militancy of the miners in South Africa. This is a study about the nature of the new industrial worker in the Global South; about people living a terrifying, precarious existence - but also one of experimentation, solidarity and struggle.

The Object of Labor - Commodification in Socialist Hungary (Paperback, New): Martha Lampland The Object of Labor - Commodification in Socialist Hungary (Paperback, New)
Martha Lampland
R984 Discovery Miles 9 840 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Did socialist policies leave the economies of Eastern Europe unprepared for current privatization efforts? Under communist rule, were rural villages truly left untouched by capitalism? In this historical ethnography of rural Hungary, Martha Lampland argues not only that the transition to capitalism was well under way by the 1930s, but that socialist policies themselves played a crucial role in the development of capitalism by transforming conceptions of time, money, and labor.
Exploring the effects of social change thrust upon communities against their will, Lampland examines the history of agrarian labor in Hungary from World War I to the early 1980s. She shows that rural workers had long been subject to strict state policies similar to those imposed by collectivization. Since the values of privatization and individualism associated with capitalism characterized rural Hungarian life both prior to and throughout the socialist period, capitalist ideologies of work and morality survived unscathed in the private economic practices of rural society. Lampland also shows how labor practices under socialism prepared the workforce for capitalism. By drawing villagers into factories and collective farms, for example, the socialist state forced farmers to work within tightly controlled time limits and to calculate their efforts in monetary terms. Indeed, this control and commodification of rural labor under socialism was essential to the transformation to capitalism.

Protest, Politics and Work in Rural England, 1700-1850 (Hardcover): Carl J. Griffin Protest, Politics and Work in Rural England, 1700-1850 (Hardcover)
Carl J. Griffin
R1,186 Discovery Miles 11 860 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Rural workers in eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century England were not passive victims in the face of rapid social change. Carl J. Griffin shows that they deployed an extensive range of resistances to defend their livelihoods and communities. Locating protest in the wider contexts of work, poverty and landscape change, this new text offers the first critical overview of this growing area of study.

Hispanics at Work - A Collection of Research, Theory & Application (Paperback): Donna Maria Blancero, Robert G. DelCampo Hispanics at Work - A Collection of Research, Theory & Application (Paperback)
Donna Maria Blancero, Robert G. DelCampo
R2,249 Discovery Miles 22 490 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This book contains a unique set of pieces which examine the plight of Hispanics in today's workforce. A diverse set of scholars share their perspectives and insight on extant research to create the definitive collection of readings on Hispanic Workforce issues. This volume covers issues as diverse as occupations and their propensity toward and interaction with racioethnicity, to specific challenges of the Hispanic Workforce such as work-family balance and the impact of machismo.

Localized Global Economies on the Northern Borderlands of Mexico and Morocco (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2019): Antonio Trinidad... Localized Global Economies on the Northern Borderlands of Mexico and Morocco (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2019)
Antonio Trinidad Requena, Rosa M. Soriano-Miras, Marlene Solis, Kathryn Kopinak
R1,895 R1,535 Discovery Miles 15 350 Save R360 (19%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This comparative study examines the processes of development and the configurations of export industries in northern Morocco and on the northern border of Mexico. As the contributors explore the similar characteristics of these two borders, they also examine how the global economy circulates around "places of production"-sites advantageous to the development of export industries. Focusing on transnational firms and the working conditions, settlement processes, and migratory flows they engender, this volume considers if a convergence toward a global culture is inevitable in places of production, or if local resistance emerges in response to the impact of the global.

Foucault and Managerial Governmentality - Rethinking the Management of Populations, Organizations and Individuals (Hardcover):... Foucault and Managerial Governmentality - Rethinking the Management of Populations, Organizations and Individuals (Hardcover)
Alan McKinlay, Eric Pezet
R3,208 Discovery Miles 32 080 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

In the last two decades there has been an explosion of research inspired by Michel Foucault's suggestion of a new concept, 'governmentality'. The distinctive feature of modern governmentality is that across all sorts of fields, rule is predicated upon the active subject as the vehicle through which-and by which-power is exercised. The appeal of governmentality is that, whether we are considering the workplace, the school or welfare regimes, it opens up new ways of looking at familiar institutions. Foucault and Managerial Governmentality is about Michel Foucault's concept of governmentality. The novelty of this concept is that looks at the ways that populations and organisations are imagined in ways that premise collective gains through expanding individual freedoms. Specifically, how are technologies of freedom devised that improve the overall performance-health, productivity, or parental responsibility-of a given population? Understanding the operation of technologies of control is a simple enough task, argues Foucault, but also one that blinds us to the increasing prevalence of technologies of freedom. Foucault and Managerial Governmentality aims not just to locate this concept in Foucault's wider research project but to apply it to all sorts of management techniques. By applying governmentality to questions of management and organization we will also develop Foucault's original, somewhat sketchy concept. This book has three innovative narratives: an awareness of the historicity of the concept; the application of governmentality to specific forms of management means that we escape the temptation to read any and all forms of technology and organization as an expression of neoliberalism; and, finally, the interviews with Peter Miller and Nikolas Rose provide unique intellectual and personal insights into the development of the governmentalist project over the last thirty years.

Opting Out? - Why Women Really Quit Careers and Head Home (Paperback): Pamela Stone Opting Out? - Why Women Really Quit Careers and Head Home (Paperback)
Pamela Stone
R638 R510 Discovery Miles 5 100 Save R128 (20%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

"With insight and compassion, Pamela Stone shows convincingly that, far from representing a return to tradition, the decision of some women to relinquish high-powered careers is a reluctant and conflict-ridden response to the growing mismatch between privatized families and time-demanding jobs. By charting the institutional obstacles and cultural pressures that continue to leave even the most advantaged women facing impossible options, "Opting Out?" gets beneath the hype and offers the real story behind the misleading headlines. This groundbreaking study is required reading for anyone who cares about the fate of families, work, and gender equality in contemporary America."--Kathleen Gerson, author of "Hard Choices: How Women Decide About Work, Career, and Motherhood"
"Pamela Stone's "Opting Out? "is a creative and beautifully written addition to the burgeoning scholarly and popular literature on work and family. Stone gives voice to those elite career women--the 'best and the brightest'--who have returned home to raise their kids. She creatively unpacks these women's 'choices, ' describing both the 'pulls' of family life but also the labor market 'pushes.' "Opting Out? "is a fully nuanced portrait of women (and their husbands) struggling to make important life decisions in a culture that often provides only simplistic zero-sum alternatives: mom or worker, even though most women are already working moms. Women want alternative visions of working motherhood, yet are often stymied by outmoded workplace models (and firms and managers) insensitive to the concerns of working families. Stone's work challenges our organizational leaders and policy makers to do better, for women, but alsomore generally for working families, workplace organizations, and society as a whole."--Patricia A. Roos, Rutgers University
"Pamela Stone has listened to women with high powered careers now at home with their kids as no one else has. Bringing an open mind and equal parts sympathy and skepticism, coupled with years of training as a social scientist, Stone analyzes the opt out decision and comes to surprising conclusions. Delving beneath the superficial, media-friendly explanations, she finds the real movers in the drama: rising norms of intensive mothering, fathers ensconced in even more demanding and better-paying jobs, and inflexible workplaces that refuse to accommodate reduced hours. Brilliantly written and argued, this book reveals what's really going on in women's minds and corporate America today, and what we can do to make equal opportunity at home and on the job reality rather than rhetoric."--Heidi Hartmann, Institute for Women's Policy Research
"A fascinating, fine-grained look at the real reasons why many professional women with children leave the workplace. Stone's research and her well-written account make it clear that educated mothers aren't opting out; they are being shut out by inflexible employers. Must reading for anyone interested in understanding the 'reality of constraint' behind the 'rhetoric of choice.'"--Ann Crittenden, author of "The Price of Motherhood"
"Based on a study, but told through the eloquent stories of women who are at-home mothers, this seminal book goes beyond the myths, misconceptions, and even what is usually said, to reveal very important and compelling truths. Everyone who cares about work and family life in the United States todayneeds to read this book."--Ellen Galinsky, President, Families and Work Institute, and author of "Ask the Children"
"A brilliant analysis. With exquisite sensitivity, Stone unpacks the painful process by which most women who 'opt out' feel pushed out by workplace pressures from their own-and their husbands'-all-or-nothing careers. This book offers sophisticated sociology at its accessible best, in the tradition of Arlie Hochschild's pathbreaking work."--Joan Williams, author of "Unbending Gender"
"'Ladies, start your engines.' This exhortation concludes the illuminating analysis of vibrant, fully realized stories Pamela Stone heard in talking to women who left professional work for full-time home life. Thank you, Pamela Stone, for producing new knowledge that both individuals and business policy-makers will find essential in creating the conditions that will enable business professionals to meet this profound social and economic challenge."--Stewart Friedman, Director, Wharton Work/Life Integration Project, University of Pennsylvania

The Informal Economy - Seasonal Work, Street Selling and Sex Work (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2016): Dominique Boels The Informal Economy - Seasonal Work, Street Selling and Sex Work (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2016)
Dominique Boels
R2,790 Discovery Miles 27 900 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This book examines the nature and regulation of the informal economy by means of a collective case study in a highly regulated Western country. The book, situated at the intersection of criminology and sociology, investigates the relation between formal, informal and criminal work in three urban and rural labour markets (seasonal work, street trade and sex work) alongside the impact of state policies on informality. Boels uncovers the differential position authorities take regarding these labour markets, notwithstanding the presence of informality and often vulnerable position of workers in each one of them. With a distinctive focus on informal workers, and through in-depth interviews, this study explores the life and work of informal workers, including their experiences with regulators, their motivations for working informally and their perceptions of state policy. In short, this book gives a voice to often ignored but crucial participants of the informal economy. The detailed discussion of the results and the links to theoretical frameworks will ensure this book is of particular interest to scholars of urban economics and governance, criminology, and sociology.

Social Mobility in the 20th Century - Class Mobility and Occupational Change in the United States and Germany (Paperback, 1st... Social Mobility in the 20th Century - Class Mobility and Occupational Change in the United States and Germany (Paperback, 1st ed. 2017)
Florian R. Hertel
R2,090 R1,819 Discovery Miles 18 190 Save R271 (13%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Based on a novel class scheme and a unique compilation of German and American data, this book reveals that intergenerational class mobility increased over most of the past century. While country differences in intergenerational mobility are surprisingly small, gender, regional, racial and ethnic differences were initially large but declined over time. At the end of the 20th century, however, mobility prospects turned to the worse in both countries. In light of these findings, the book develops a narrative account of historical socio-political developments that are likely to have driven the basic resemblances across countries but also account for the initial decline and the more recent increase in intergenerational inequality.

Gendering Israel's Outsourcing - The Erasure of Employees' Caring Skills (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2016): Orly Benjamin Gendering Israel's Outsourcing - The Erasure of Employees' Caring Skills (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2016)
Orly Benjamin
R2,739 Discovery Miles 27 390 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This book presents an institutional ethnography of budgeting processes of commissioning contracts within welfare, education, and health ministries as case studies. With the historical surge in the power position of economic globalization organizations and their impact on public sectors' withdrawal from the role of primary women's employers, a gap between care worker employees and public sector administrators with respect to skill recognition has emerged in Israel. The book examines precisely how this gap is produced, enacted, and turned into a force that shapes the experiences of women in service and caring jobs. Increasingly more researchers are interested in the unexpected consequences of outsourcing; this account enters the Israel studies researchers' debate over the extent to which the neo-liberalization of Israel had restructured its welfare orientation. Exposing the operation of service delivery in the gendering of women's work may thus be intriguing for those participating in this debate. The analysis of the data presented here enables a portrayal of the negotiating and budgeting processes at work, which in turn sheds light on the salience of deskilling and de-professionalization to women's disenfranchisement.

Youth in the Labor Force - Context, Trends & Job Training Programs (Paperback): Bradley Meyer, Joel A. Rice Youth in the Labor Force - Context, Trends & Job Training Programs (Paperback)
Bradley Meyer, Joel A. Rice
R1,674 Discovery Miles 16 740 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Congress has indicated a strong interest in ensuring that today's young people, those age 16 through 24, attain the education and employment experience necessary to make the transition to adulthood as skilled workers and taxpayers. In the wake of the December 2007-June 2009 recession, questions remain about the employment prospects of youth today and the possible effects on their future earnings and participation in the labour market. This book provides context for policy-makers on the youth employment situation. It includes data on labour force participation, employment, and unemployment in the post-World War II period, with a focus on trends since 2000. This discussion compares rates based on age, gender, race/ethnicity, and income, where applicable and also explores the factors that influence youth participation in the labour force and their prospects for employment.

From South Texas to the Nation - The Exploitation of Mexican Labor in the Twentieth Century (Hardcover): John Weber From South Texas to the Nation - The Exploitation of Mexican Labor in the Twentieth Century (Hardcover)
John Weber
R1,054 Discovery Miles 10 540 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

In the early years of the twentieth century, newcomer farmers and migrant Mexicans forged a new world in South Texas. In just a decade, this vast region, previously considered too isolated and desolate for large-scale agriculture, became one of the United States' most lucrative farming regions and one of its worst places to work. By encouraging mass migration from Mexico, paying low wages, selectively enforcing immigration restrictions, toppling older political arrangements, and periodically immobilizing the workforce, growers created a system of labor controls unique in its levels of exploitation. Ethnic Mexican residents of South Texas fought back by organizing and by leaving, migrating to destinations around the United States where employers eagerly hired them - and continued to exploit them. In From South Texas to the Nation, John Weber reinterprets the United States' record on human and labor rights. This important book illuminates the way in which South Texas pioneered the low-wage, insecure, migration-dependent labor system on which so many industries continue to depend.

Workers Against Lenin - Labour Protest and the Bolshevik Dictatorship, 1920-22 (Hardcover): Jonathan Aves Workers Against Lenin - Labour Protest and the Bolshevik Dictatorship, 1920-22 (Hardcover)
Jonathan Aves
R2,623 Discovery Miles 26 230 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This work challenges the view, widely held among historians of the Bolshevik revolution, that the upsurge of labour unrest of 1920-22 was the result of the appalling living conditions caused by the Civil War, had little significant content and was largely a sideshow to the huge conflict between the Bolsheviks and the peasants. Based on a wide reading of the contemporary Soviet press, archive sources and first-hand accounts by Bolsheviks and non-Bolsheviks, this work shows how rank and file opposition to the leadership in the Bolshevik-dominated trade unions grew, and how support for non-Bolshevik trade unions and political parties developed fast.

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