Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of
articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. The
Gibbs-Thomson effect in physics refers to the observation that
small crystals of a liquid melt at a lower temperature than the
bulk liquid. The melting point depression is inversely proportional
to the pore size, as given by the Gibbs-Thomson equation. The
technique is closely related to using gas adsorption to measure
pore sizes, but uses the Gibbs-Thomson equation rather than the
Kelvin equation. They are both particular cases of the Gibbs
Equations of Josiah Willard Gibbs: the Kelvin equation is the
constant temperature case, and the Gibbs-Thomson equation is the
constant pressure case. This behaviour is closely related to the
capillary effect and both are due to the change in bulk free energy
caused by the curvature of an interfacial surface under tension.
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