Purchase includes free access to book updates online and a free
trial membership in the publisher's book club where you can select
from more than a million books without charge. Chapters: Allied
Powers Act 1941, Local Elections and Register of Elections Act
1941, Local Elections and Register of Electors Act 1941. Not
illustrated. Excerpt: The Allied Powers (Maritime Courts) Act 1941
(C.21) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that
allowed certain British Allies during the Second World War to set
up maritime courts with criminal jurisdiction within the United
Kingdom. The Act came into need because of the early events of the
Second World War, in which the remnants of the European anti-Nazi
forces fled to Britain after their defeat. Finding their armed
forces in Britain, sometimes with a large number of merchant navy
ships, they had no effective machinery of justice. The Allied
Forces Act 1940 provided some martial courts, but nothing for
maritime law. Section 1 of the Act allows for new maritime courts
to exercise jurisdiction over offences committed by any non-British
person on a merchant vessel owned by the nation or power which
constitutes the court. Section 2 allows for the courts to hear
cases against their own citizens involving mercantile conscription
laws. However, individuals can only be ordered before the court
with a writ from a British Justice of the Peace, and punishment
takes place in British prisons. Both the Netherlands and Norway
constituted courts under this Act, which was eventually repealed
after the close of the war with the Statute Law Revision Act 1950.
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