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Bombs, Cities and Civilians - American Airpower Strategy in World War II (Hardcover)
Bombs, Cities and Civilians - American Airpower Strategy in World War II (Hardcover): Conrad C. Crane
Bombs, Cities and Civilians - American Airpower Strategy in World War II (Hardcover): Conrad C. Crane

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Bombs, Cities and Civilians - American Airpower Strategy in World War II (Hardcover)

Conrad C. Crane

Series: Modern War Studies

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As the might and capabilities of American airpower have grown during the last 60 years, so has the controversy about its use in the intentional and indiscriminate wartime bombardment of civilians. In "Bombs, Cities and Civilians", Conrad Crane maintains that, for the most part, American airmen in World War II remained committed to precision bombing doctrine. Instead of attacking densely populated urban areas simply to erode civilian morale, Army Air Forces adhered to a policy that emphasised targeting key industrial and military sites. He demonstates that while the British, Germans and Japanese routinely conducted indiscriminate aerial bombardment of enemy cities, American airmen consistently stayed with daylight raids against carefully selected targets, especially in Europe. Daytime precision missions were usually far more dangerous than night area attacks, but such Army Air Forces tactics increased bombing efficiency and also reduced the risk of civilian casualties. This book responds to recent assertions by other historians that due to military necessity, vague policies, or the desire to maximise technology, Army Air Forces bombers in World War II exercised little restraint on attacks against civilians. Even though bombing policy was influenced more by the attitudes of airmen in operations rooms and in combat than by directives from leaders in Washington, Crane contends that air commanders in the field did consistently conform to the guidelines of precision doctrine. Crane also shows, however, that different leaders, command arrangements, and combat conditions in the Pacific led to bombing policies that were much less discriminating concerning target selection. Focusing on specific operations and key operational commanders, such as Carl Spaatz in Europe and Curtis LeMay in the Pacific, he illustrates how different situations and personalities influenced bombing policies. Despite deviations from precision bombing doctrine in the Pacific that led to incendiary raids on Japanese cities, Crane contends that the pursuit of accurate bombing remained a primary goal throughout World War II and remains one today. Beginning with the lessons gleaned from World War I, he traces the evolution of American doctrine and technology for conventional bombing through the wars in Korea, Vietnam and the Persian Gulf. In the process, he demonstrates how public opinion, combat conditions, technological innovation, and the search for "Victory through Airpower" have affected bombing operations and military policy.

General

Imprint: University Press of Kansas
Country of origin: United States
Series: Modern War Studies
Release date: May 1993
Authors: Conrad C. Crane
Dimensions: 229 x 152mm (L x W)
Format: Hardcover
Pages: 208
ISBN-13: 978-0-7006-0574-3
Barcode: 9780700605743
Categories: Promotions
Books > Humanities > History > American history > From 1900 > Second World War
Books > History > American history > From 1900 > Second World War
Books > Social sciences > Warfare & defence > Air forces & warfare
Books > Social sciences > Warfare & defence > Defence strategy, planning & research
Books > Social sciences > Warfare & defence > Defence strategy, planning & research > General
Books > Humanities > History > European history > From 1900 > Second World War
Books > History > European history > From 1900 > Second World War
Books > Humanities > History > European history > From 1900 > Second World War > General
Books > History > European history > From 1900 > Second World War > General
Books > Social sciences > Warfare & defence > War & defence operations > Battles & campaigns
Books > Humanities > History > History of specific subjects > Military history
Books > History > History of specific subjects > Military history
Books > Humanities > History > World history > From 1900 > Second World War
Books > History > World history > From 1900 > Second World War
LSN: 0-7006-0574-6

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