This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text.
Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book
(without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated.
1854 Excerpt: ...from the focus S on the tangent at P. Produce it
to Q, so that SQ bears a certain ratio to the velocity at P, and in
the axis take a point B, such that SB bears the same ratio to the
velocity at the vertex A; and join BQ. Then SQ cc velocity at P
cc-y., or SY. SQ = a constant quantity = SA. SB, or SY: SA:: SB:
SQ. And the triangles ASY, QSB, having a common angle Q at S, and
their sides about that angle proportional, are similar. Hence the
angle BQS = the angle SAY = a right angle, and Q will always lie on
the circle whose diameter is SB. 4. Given the velocities and the
directions of motion at any three points of an orbit described
under the action of a central force: find the centre of force. If
the velocities at the three points be respectively parallel and
proportional to the opposite sides of the triangle of which they
are the angular points, the centre of force is the centre of
gravity of the triangle. Let P, Q, B (fig. 77) be three points of a
central orbit, at each of which the velocity is parallel and
proportional to the opposite side of the triangle PQB: produce the
tangents at P, Q, B so as to form a new triangle PQ'B', having its
sides parallel and proportional to those of PQB. Join PP: because
the perpendiculars from the centre of force on PQ', PB' are
inversely proportional to the velocities at B, Q, they are
inversely proportional to the sides P Q', PB'; therefore the
triangles, whose common vertex is the centre of force, and whose
bases are the sides PQ PB will be equal, and therefore the centre
of force will lie in the line PP: so also it will lie in the line
QQ, and will be the centre of gravity of the triangle PQB, for the
lines PP, QQ' bisect respectively the sides QB, BP. K2 5. An
ellipse is described under the action of a force tending ..
|Country of origin:
Exam Papers Cambridge Univ
||246 x 189 x 2mm (L x W x T)
||Paperback - Trade
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