This paper seeks to answer the question of whether or not the
modern threat environment should drive U.S. Army Attack Aviation to
shift its focus from the deep fight to the close battle. The paper
concludes that the modern threat of asymmetric warfare in urban
environments should drive training, doctrine, and aircraft and
weapons development to optimize readiness for close air support of
ground forces in Military Operations on Urban Terrain (MOUT). This
conclusion is based an historic review of the evolution of U.S.
attack helicopters and their employment, an analysis of the modern
threat environment which indicates a strong likelihood of fighting
in urban environments, a review of existing aviation doctrine for
MOUT, and a review of two recent MOUT case studies, Chechnya and
Somalia. These two case studies demonstrate that the most effective
method of employing attack helicopters in MOUT is as a fire support
element in the close fight. This paper argues in closing that U.S.
Army Aviation must move quickly to develop clear and effective
doctrine and training methods for employing attack helicopters in
the close fight. Furthermore, the U.S. Army must develop future
aircraft, weapons systems, and munitions to optimize close air
support effectiveness and aircraft survivability.
|Country of origin:
Frank W Tate
||246 x 189 x 4mm (L x W x T)
||Paperback - Trade
Social sciences >
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