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CHAPTER III. ANTIQUITIES AND CHURCHES OF THESSALONICA?SET OFF FOR
MOUNT ATHOS ?MODE OF TRAVELLING CHALCIDICE ACANTHUS CANAL CUT BY
XERXES CONVENT FARMS?MONASTERIES OF RHILIANDARION AND
BATOP.EDION?FIRST NIGHT IN THE MONASTIC PENINSULA. Oct. 22
continued.?Having hired horses for my journey to Mount Athos on the
following morning, I set out to lionise Thessalonica under the
guidance of a very intelligent rld Turk, the jani- sary of the
English consul. There are a great many remains of the Hellenic
times here?sculptured marbles built into the walls, pillars lying
around the fountains; and I even saw some marble columns, once
evidently belonging to an ancient temple, now supporting the roof
of a wretched wooden coffee-shop just by the landing- place. There
is a fine view of the bay, and of the Thessalian Olympus, from all
the upper parts of the town. The two most remarkable antiquities of
classical ages are,?1. What is traditionally called the arch of
Constantine, and with probability, for Zosimus remarks, that when
Constau- tine had subdued the Sarmatians, he went to 36 ANTIQUITIES
OF THESSALONICA. Thessalonica, and there constructed a port1. It is
an ancient arch, now deprived of its marble facing, and become a
mere tottering mass of Roman tile and mortar, thrown over the
principal street toward its eastern end. The piers which support
this arch still retain their marble facing, and are covered all
around with a double range of figures in basso relievo,
representing the sieges, battles, and triumphs of a Roman emperor.
A great part of the piers is concealed by workmen's sheds built up
against them. On entering one of them to get a nearer view of the
figures, a ragged Greek boy offered to sell me, as an antiquity, an
obol, or halfpenny, of the Ionian Islands, with the ar...
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