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CHAPTER III. Expedition to Canada. ]IR GUY CARLETON, the governor
of Canada, no sooner heard that the Americans had surprised
Ticonderoga and Crown Point, than he planned a scheme for their
recovery. The Indians, however, refused to take up the hatchet; and
the Canadians declared themselves ready to defend the province, but
refused to march out of it, or to commence hostilities on their
neighbours. Sir Guy then declared martial law, in order to compel
the inhabitants to take up arms. Congress, fearing for the safety
of the colonies, should Canada be left as an open door, by which
the British might at any time invade their northern frontier, and
counting on the backwardness of the Canadians to engage in a war
with them, and the general discontent attendant upon the Quebec
act, resolved upon the invasion of that province should it be found
practicable. Besides, as it was evident that Britain was as
resolutely determined to maintain her authority, and86 SIEGE OP ST.
JOHNS. Ramsay vol. ii, p. 56. continue her encroachments, as they
were to resist both, and considering the possession of Canada as
indispensable to the preservation of their conquests at Ticonderoga
and Crown Point, they determined to prosecute the war with vigour,
to act on the offensive, and prevent a formidable force from
attacking them in the rear, while they were using their utmost
endeavours to protect their cities and sea-coasts. The invasion of
Canada was therefore resolved upon. Congress committed the
management of their military arrangements, in this northern
department to Generals Schuyler and Montgomery. The former issued
an address to the inhabitants of Canada, informing them, " that the
only views of Congress were, to restore to them those rights, to
which every subject of the British...
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