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Beacon Lights of History: The Middle Ages, Volume V (Electronic book text)
Beacon Lights of History: The Middle Ages, Volume V (Electronic book text): John Lord
Beacon Lights of History: The Middle Ages, Volume V (Electronic book text): John Lord

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Beacon Lights of History: The Middle Ages, Volume V (Electronic book text)

John Lord

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1883 edition. Excerpt: ...it is said at Oxford, where there was probably a cathedral school, but not as yet a university, with its professors' chairs and scholastic honors. Others suppose that he died in Paris, 877. A spirit of inquiry having been thus awakened among a few intellectual monks, they began to speculate about those questions which had agitated the Grecian schools: whether genera and species--called "universals," or ideas--have a substantial and independent existence, or whether they are the creation of our own minds; whether, if they have a real existence, they are material or immaterial essences; whether they exist apart from objects perceptible by the senses. It is singular that such questions should have been discussed in the ninth century, since neither Plato nor Aristotle were studied. That age was totally ignorant of Greek. It may be doubted whether there was a Greek scholar in Western Europe, --or even in Rome. No very remarkable man arose with a rationalizing spirit, after Erigena, until Berengar of Tours in the eleventh century, who maintained that in the Sacrament the presence of the body of Christ involves no change in the nature and essence of the bread and wine. He was opposed by Lanfranc. But the doctrine of transubstantiation was too deeply grounded in the faith of Christendom to be easily shaken. Controversies seemed to centre around the doctrine of the real existence of ideas, --what are called "universals,"--which doctrine was generally accepted. The monks, in this matter, followed Saint Augustine, who was a realist, as were also the orthodox leaders of the Church generally from his time to that of Saint Bernard. It was a sequence of the belief in the doctrine of the Trinity. No one of mark opposed the Realism which had now become one of the...


Imprint: BiblioLife
Country of origin: United States
Release date: 2006
Authors: John Lord
Format: Electronic book text
Pages: 252
ISBN-13: 978-1-281-82855-2
Barcode: 9781281828552
Categories: Promotions
Books > Humanities > History > World history
Books > History > World history
Books > Humanities > History > World history > General
Books > History > World history > General
LSN: 1-281-82855-6

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