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CHAPTER III EXTERNAL CRITICISM Since thobjectjpf history is
toestablish as nearly as possible Jhejrue Development of society or
of some selected part,.it becomes necessary for the historian first
to test the data furnished by his predecessors and to determine
whether the fragments of information received are themselves true,
or what measure of probability should be ascribed to them. These
are the duties of historical criticism. Criticism. however, is not
the chief end of historical research. The combination
"bTiHttsTEe"".pjrceptionofthe relations of events and .the
finaJconstructipn of these into narratives are the great .objects
of the study, yet these are of no value unless based pn scientific
criticism. Not until the isolated data have been proved and
interpreted may the historian draw safe conclusions. The
processespf criticism fall naturally into two Definition, parts.
The,lirst.-important step is to determine whether the given source
is at all admissible as evidences, or, in other words, whether the
material is genuine or not. Conclusions are worthlesslind labor is
wasted if the document is fraudulent or misjudged. It is necessary
to knpw at the outset whether the chronicle, chartefTor relic is in
reality what it claims to be, or what it has TSeen esteemed to be.
T$" is important to determine where and when it originated, who was
its author, and where he derived his-isfor- jnaEKax TKTTuIes of
procedure by which these facts are determined in historical
research constitute External Criticism. The propriety of this
deEnflion. will be more fully observed when the various materials
are criticized in detail. The process has to do with those data
about a document or relic which relate to forms and appearance
rather than to contents. lnternalCriti- The second part of the c...
|Country of origin:
John Martin Vincent
||246 x 189 x 5mm (L x W x T)
||Paperback - Trade
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