This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text, images,
or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the
original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1911. Not
illustrated. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER IV The Exemplum In Popular
Homiletic Literature After The Coming Of The Friars At the opening
of the thirteenth century, as we have seen, exempla were chiefly
confined to Latin literature and were in the hands of clerics and
scholars; larger use in the vernacular was needed to bring them
into more common knowledge. This end was advanced mainly by the
coming of the Dominican and Franciscan friars, who completely
revolutionized preaching in England, as elsewhere. It has already
been shown that at the opening of the thirteenth century there was
little preaching; and that this was practically confined to the
country districts. "In the towns there were but few priests, and
these were frequently but ill-educated and unfitted to cope with
the difficulties of the situation."1 J. S. Brewer, in the preface
to the Monumenta Franciscana, says, "The inhabitant of the town ...
had to struggle on to light and order, self-taught and
self-sustained."2" The change which resulted with the coming of the
friars was immediate, and their success pronounced.8 The Dominicans
came to Dover early in August, 1221, and were cordially received by
Archbishop Langton. On August io, they were preaching in London,
and on the 15th they appeared in Oxford. Just three years later, on
September 11, 1224, came the Franciscans, who quickly spread
throughout the populous districts. By the autumn of 1225 they were
established at Canterbury and London; in 1226 they were settled in
Lynn, Yarmouth, and Norwich. Welcomed and encouraged by
Grosseteste, Bishop of Lincoln,4 they were soon working in other
towns, such as York, Bristol, and Shrewsbury. Some of England's
best men joined the order; others came 1 Father Cuthbert, The
Friars and how they came to England, 4. * Monumenta Franciscana,
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