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Pages: 25. Chapters: Maria Theresa, Marguerite Louise d'Orleans,
List of consorts of Tuscany, Maria Luisa of Spain, Anna Maria
Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg, Vittoria della Rovere, Princess Luisa
of Naples and Sicily, Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies,
Joanna of Austria, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Archduchess Maria
Maddalena of Austria, Princess Maria Cristina of Bourbon-Two
Sicilies, Christina of Lorraine, Princess Alice of Parma, Princess
Maria Ferdinanda of Saxony, Archduchess Dorothea of Austria,
Princess Maria Anna of Saxony, Grand Princesses of Tuscany.
Excerpt: Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina (German: ) (13 May
1717 - 29 November 1780) was the only female ruler of the Habsburg
dominions and the last of the House of Habsburg. She was the
sovereign of Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia, Mantua, Milan,
Lodomeria and Galicia, the Austrian Netherlands and Parma. By
marriage, she was Duchess of Lorraine, Grand Duchess of Tuscany and
Holy Roman Empress. She started her 40-year reign when her father,
Emperor Charles VI, died in October 1740. Charles VI paved the way
for her accession with the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713, as the
Habsburg lands were bound by Salic law which prevented female
succession. Upon the death of her father, Saxony, Prussia, Bavaria
and France repudiated the sanction they had recognised during his
lifetime. Prussia proceeded to invade the affluent Habsburg
province of Silesia, sparking a nine-year conflict known as the War
of the Austrian Succession. Maria Theresa would later
unsuccessfully try to reconquer Silesia during the Seven Years'
War. She married Francis Stephen of Lorraine and had sixteen
children, including Queen Marie Antoinette of France, Queen Maria
Carolina of Naples, Duchess Maria Amalia of Parma and two Holy
Roman Emperors, Joseph II and Leopold II. Though she was expected
to cede power...
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