Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of
articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.
Pages: 40. Chapters: History of rail transport in Switzerland,
Zurich S-Bahn, Gotthard Base Tunnel, Rail 2000, Swiss Federal
Railways, Simplon Tunnel, SBB-CFF-FFS Ae 6/6, SBB Cargo, List of
Swiss tariff networks, Buchli drive, AlpTransit, Kaferberg,
SBB-CFF-FFS RABDe 12/12, Cobra, CityNightLine, CEVA rail, Gotthard
Rail Tunnel, Ceneri Base Tunnel, Leman RER, InterRegio, Regional
Bus and Rail Company of Canton Ticino, SBB Cargo International,
Hupac, Transports Publics Fribourgeois, Eurovapor, Integra-Signum,
Zimmerberg Base Tunnel, La Traction, Integra Signum, Swissmetro,
RegioExpress. Excerpt: The construction and operation of Swiss
railways during the 19th century was carried out by private
railways. The first internal line was a 16 km line opened from
Zurich to Baden in 1847. By 1860 railways connected western and
northeastern Switzerland. The first Alpine railway to be opened
under the Gotthard Pass in 1882. A second alpine line was opened
under the Simplon Pass in 1906. In 1901, the major railways were
nationalised to form Swiss Federal Railways. During the first half
of the twentieth century they were electrified and slowly upgraded.
After the Second World War, rail rapidly lost its share of the rail
market to road transport as car ownership rose and more roads were
built. From 1970, the Federal Government has become more involved
in upgrading the railways, especially in urban areas and on trunk
routes under the Rail 2000 project. In addition, two major
trans-alpine routes - the Gotthard Railway and the Lotschberg
approach to the Simplon Tunnel - are being rebuilt under the
AlpTransit project. The first line was the extension of the French
Strasbourg-Basel Railway (French: Chemin de fer de Strasbourg a
Bale) from Mulhouse to Basel, which was opened to a temporary
station outside Basel's walls on 15 June 1844 and to the permanent
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