This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text.
Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book
(without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated.
1817 edition. Excerpt: ... Parochial Registers, p. 81.) CHAPTEIl
CHAPTER XVII. The Origin of the Title of Sheriff, and Titles of
Honour amongst the Saxons in England and other Countries,
comprehending all Titles now in use. The titles of honour amongst
our Saxon ancestors were--Etheling, Prince of the Blood;
Chancellor; Assistant to the King in giving judgments; Alderman, or
Ealderman, (not Earlderman, as Rapin Thoyras writes this word in
his first edition) Governor or Viceroy. It is derived from the word
Aid, or Old, like Senator in Latin. Provinces, cities, and
sometimes wapentakes, had their Aldermen to govern them, determine
law-suits, judge criminals, &c. This office gave place to the
title of Earl, which was merely Danish, and introduced by by
Canute. Sheriff, or She-reeve, was the Deputy of the Alderman,
chosen by him, sat Judge in some Courts, and saw sentence executed;
hence he was called Vice-comes. Heartoghan signified, among our
Saxon ancestors, Generals of Armies, or Dukes. Hengist, in the
Saxon Chronicle, is Heartogh. Such were the Dukes appointed by
Constantine the Great, to command the forces in the different
provinces of the Roman Empire. These titles began to become
hereditary with the office or command annexed, under Pepin and
Charlemagne, and grew more frequent, by the successors of these
Princes granting many hereditary fiefs to Noblemen, to which they
annexed titular dignities. Fiefs were an establishment of the
Lombards, from whom the Emperors of Germany and the Kings of France
borrowed this custom, and with it the feudal laws, of which no
mention is found in the Roman code. Titles began frequently to to
become merely honorary about the time of Etho I. in Germany. Reeve,
among the English Saxons, was a Steward. The Bishop's Reeve was
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