Carnegie i eace DIVISION OP INTENTIONAL LAW James Brown Scott,
Director THE INTERNATIONAL UNION OF THE HAGUE CONFERENCES BY
WALTHEE PROFESSOR IN THE UNIVERSITY OF MARBURG ASSOCIATE OF THE
INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW TRANSLATED FROM THE GERMAN BY
CHARLES G. FENWICK, PH. D. ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR OF POLITICAL SCIENCE
BRYN MAWR COLLEGE OXFORD AT THE CLARENDON PRESS London, Edinburgh,
New York, Toronto, Melbourne and Bombay HUMPHREY MILFORD 1918
PRINTED IN ENGLAND AT THE OXFORD UNIVERSITY PBESS INTEODUCTOEY BY
tsr tlie spring of 1912 there was issued, in the German language, a
book entitled Der Staatenverband der Haager Konferenzen, or, as it
may be rendered in English, The Union created by the Hague
Conferences. This work is the first of a series of volumes under
the general title Das Werk vom Haag, or The Work of The Hague,
published by Messrs. Duncker and Humblot of Munich and Leipzig, and
due to the enterprise and devotion of Dr. Walther Schiicking,
professor in the University of Marburg, Germany. The series, as a
whole, was intended to make known the results of the First and
Second Hague Conferences by publishing monographs dealing with the
declarations, conventions, and recommendations, as well as the
problems of the Conferences, so that the students and scholars of
Germany might be furnished with all information essential to a
correct under standing of the Conferences. In the conduct of this
enterprise Professor Schiicking has secured the co-operation of the
following well-known publicists von Bar, Pleischmann, Kohler,
Lammasch, von Liszt, Meurer, Niemeyer, Nippold, von Ullmann, and
Wehberg. Thus far two volumes of the series have been issued, viz.,
the volume by Professor Schiickingreferred to above, and one by Dr.
Hans Wehberg, entitled Das Problem eines internationalen
Staatengerichtshofes, or The Problem of an International Court of
Justice. A third work in three volumes, entitled Judicial Decisions
of the Permanent Court at The Hague, is in process of publication,
being a careful and accurate account of the cases which have been
tried PBEFACE IN studying the problem of obligatory arbitration the
author became impressed with the conviction of the extent to which
the proper solution of a separate problem of that kind is at the
present day dependent upon the fact that a clear idea shall first
have been obtained of the direction which the Hague work as a whole
has given to the develop ment of international law. Neither the
diplomats of the Hague Conferences nor the specialists in the
theory of international law have thus far studied in detail this
cardinal question. As a result of his investigation of this problem
the author arrived at wholly new conclusions. But this fact has not
troubled him. He who brings new ideas to light must in the nature
of things stand at first alone. And this isolation will, in
Germany, be all the greater in an age such as ours The view which
Nietzsche was the first to present strikingly, that the period of
German unity and economic impetus must be followed by an
unfortunate setback in the intel lectual life of Germany, is
admitted as just by many persons at the present day. The voluntary
barriers which a de cadent age has set for itself in respect to its
ideas and its ideals must also have a fatal influence upon the
German science of international law. But already the spring winds
of a new age are blowing abroad, and those who hold tothe c ideas
of 1875 are everywhere being forced to defend their position. Thus
it has now become possible to obtain recognition for new standards
in international law as well. x PREFACE It Is true that the
unfortunate political events of the past year have called forth in
me serious doubts as to my individual attitude with respect to the
value of the work of The Hague doubts which to some extent persist
down to the present day...
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