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Once considered a rare and exotic sweetener, sugar was not always as widely available or important as it is today. As part of the human diet for nearly all of recorded history, sugar has evolved over time, becoming quite a common commodity. Yet the very simplicity of this common sweetener masks the highly complex and elaborate global trade that has developed around it. Now, The International Sugar Trade offers the only comprehensive reference guide to the worldwide market. A sweeping analysis of the entire sugar industry, it covers everything from the product's historical beginnings to the complex geopolitical and financial forces that have dominated the worldwide sugar trade during recent decades.
Over the past fifty years, especially, the international trade in sugar has changed dramatically. Since it is either imported or exported by every country on earth, sugar has become an integral component of the economic relationships among nations. Because of that unique position, the trade in sugar has both reflected—and been affected by—a wide range of divergent forces, including global politics, health consciousness, the emergence of developing nations as suppliers and consumers, and many others.
Perhaps the greatest change in the international sugar trade has been the trend toward price stabilization. Historically at the mercy of everything from war to weather, the price of sugar has always been extremely volatile. But, following such trends as the development of sugar substitutes, an overall decline in per capita consumption, and an increase in the overall amount of sugar on the open market, the price of sugar has leveled off considerably. This comparatively recent stability has profoundly altered the manner in which sugar is traded on the world market, and while this has created new opportunities to profit in sugar, it has also made trading in sugar commodities more complex than ever before.
In this important new reference, A. C. Hannah and Donald Spence explore the broad scope of the entire sugar market, providing an essential global tour of the international sugar trade in all its intricacy. Everything is here, from cultivation and refinement to importing and exporting, from commodity trading and tariffs to substitutes and consumption. The International Sugar Trade provides comprehensive coverage of:
The International Sugar Trade contains the most essential and up-to-date information currently available. It includes numerous tables and graphs describing production, consumption, and trade for nearly every country. It also includes five complete appendices exploring sugar and the environment; sugar and health; the Brazilian Alcohol Programme; international sugar agreements; and historical statistics covering the period from 1955 to 1994. It is a vital resource for anyone involved in the international sugar trade.
"[The International Sugar Trade] is a comprehensive account of sugar, the commodity. [It] is aimed at a wide audience, from specialists looking for more background to traders coming to sugar for the first time, students, nonspecialists, and laymen in search of an introduction to the fascinating world of sugar."—from the Preface.
The only complete guide to sugar, one of the world's most important and heavily traded soft commodities, this authoritative overview provides in-depth coverage of a wide range of essential topics, including:
As psychoanalysis approaches its second century it seems no closer to being a science than when Freud first invented the discipline. All the clinical experience of the past hundred years, Donald Spence tells us in this trenchant book, has not overcome a tendency to decouple theory from evidence. Deprived of its observational base, theory operates more like shared fantasy. In support of this provocative claim, Spence mounts a powerful critique of the way psychoanalysis functions - as a clinical method and as a scholarly discipline or "science". In the process, he prescribes an antidote for the uncontrolled rhetoric that currently governs psychoanalytic practice. This reliance on rhetoric is the problem Spence identifies, and he attributes the troubling lack of progress in psychoanalysis to its outmoded method of data collection and its preference for fanciful argument over hard fact. Writing to Jung in 1911, Freud admitted that he "was not at all cut out to be an inductive researcher - I was entirely meant for intuition". His intuitive approach led him to retreat from the traditional Baconian principles of inductive investigation and to move toward a more Aristotelian approach that emphasized choice specimens and favorite examples, played down replication, and depended on arguments based on authority. Detailing this development, with particular attention to the role of self-analysis in the Freudian myth and the evidential drawbacks of the case study genre, Spence shows how psychoanalysis was set on its present course and how rhetorical maneuvers have taken the place of evidence. With this diagnosis, Spence offers a remedy - an example of the sort of empirical research that can transformclinical wisdom into useful knowledge. His book holds out the hope that, by challenging the traditions and diminishing the power of rhetoric, psychoanalysis can remain a creative enterprise, but one based on a solid scientific foundation.
This is the first book to cover in a comprehensive way, the conduct
and structure of the international sugar industry from cultivation
right through to end use. The authors look in detail at the
workings of the growing and production sector and the trends in
world production, consumption and trading of sugar. Important
sections consider the policies of the world's major sugar producers
and the likely future developments of the trade in the light of the
developments in Eastern Europe and China, and in the substitute
sugar sweetener products. The book will be an invaluable reference
source for sugar producers and traders and for all those involved
in the financial, advisory and investment communities.
This is a comprehensive guide to the workings of the world’s commodity and financial futures and options markets. For all those new or already active in the futures and options markets, it is a handbook of first and last resort for traders, brokers, advisers and investors alike, and is written by a highly experienced market practitioner with contributions from leading experts in the field. It begins with an examination of the markets and instruments - including the OTC market and erivatives, and goes on to explain trading, regulation and management. It also evaluates the likely future developments in futures and options.
Since the first book published by Woodhead on the global sugar
business (The international sugar trade) was released in 1996, the
world sugar market has undergone fundamental change. Over the past
decade the industry s key economic and policy drivers have created
a new regional distribution of sugar production that has had an
enormous impact on the price finding process as well as changing
the type of sugar on offer to the world market. Brazil has become a
dominant supplier whilst Cuba s production has collapsed to the pre
World War One level; Russia has become the world s greatest
importer and structural surpluses have seen stocks rise to historic
highs and the world price fall to a level below the production
costs of some of the most competitive exporters.
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