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A Vision for the World Economy - Openness, Diversity, and Cohesion (Paperback): Robert Z. Lawrence, Albert Bressand, Takatoshi... A Vision for the World Economy - Openness, Diversity, and Cohesion (Paperback)
Robert Z. Lawrence, Albert Bressand, Takatoshi Ito
R466 Discovery Miles 4 660 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This capstone volume to the Brookings project on Integrating National Economies--a pathbreaking series of books on the future of economic integration--presents a new vision to guide international policy. This book offers a thought-provoking and positive outlook on how national economies should be further integrated as we prepare to meet the challenge of creating a peaceful yet dynamic future for the global community in the next millennium.

Building Bridges - An Egypt-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (Hardcover): Ahmed Galal, Robert Z. Lawrence Building Bridges - An Egypt-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (Hardcover)
Ahmed Galal, Robert Z. Lawrence
R782 R710 Discovery Miles 7 100 Save R72 (9%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

In April 1997, Egyptian President Mubarak and U.S. Vice President Gore agreed to explore the possibility of creating a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between Egypt and the United States. The very idea of such an agreement has been met by controversy and skepticism from critics in both countries. The authors of this book, however, believe that the case for considering an FTA between the U.S. and Egypt rests on solid economic and political grounds. An agreement could help promote Egyptian economic reform and growth, while providing substantial economic benefits to the U.S. Politically, it could strengthen American ties with an ally who plays a crucial role in helping to achieve peace in the region and in maintaining a stable supply of oil in the Middle East.

This book offers U.S. and Egyptian policymakers answers to such pertinent questions as: What form should an FTA agreement take? Should it concentrate on border barriers or cover other aspects such as investments and services? What are the likely implications for both countries? And how will such an agreement affect the rest of the region? Its conclusions will be relevant to policymakers elsewhere in their pursuit of similar regional trade agreements.

Copublished with the Egyptian Center for Economic Studies

Globaphobia - Continuing Fears About Open Trade (Paperback): Gary Burtless, Robert Z. Lawrence, Robert E Litan, Robert J.... Globaphobia - Continuing Fears About Open Trade (Paperback)
Gary Burtless, Robert Z. Lawrence, Robert E Litan, Robert J. Shapiro
R523 R495 Discovery Miles 4 950 Save R28 (5%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

For much of the post-World War II period, the increasing globalization of the U.S. economy was welcomed by policymakers and by the American people. We gained the benefits of cheaper and, in some cases, better foreign-made products, while U.S. firms gained wider access to foreign markets. The increasing economic interlinkages with the rest of the world helped promote capitalism and democracy around the globe. Indeed, we helped "win" the Cold War by trading and investing with the rest of the world, in the process demonstrating to all concerned the virtues of trade and markets. In recent years, however, a growing chorus of complaints has been lodged against globalization--which is blamed for costing American workers their jobs and lowering their wages. The authors of this book speak directly and simply to these concerns, demonstrating with easy prose and illustrations why the "globaphobes" are wrong. Globalization has not cost the United States jobs. Nor has it played any more than a small part in the disappointing trends in wages of many American workers. The challenge for all Americans is to embrace globalization and all of the benefits it brings, while adopting targeted policies to ease the very real pain of those few Americans whom globalization may harm. Globaphobia outlines a novel, yet sensible program for advancing this objective. Copublished with the Twentieth Century Fund and the Progressive Policy Institute

Globaphobia - Continuing Fears About Open Trade (Hardcover): Gary Burtless, Robert Z. Lawrence, Robert E Litan, Robert J.... Globaphobia - Continuing Fears About Open Trade (Hardcover)
Gary Burtless, Robert Z. Lawrence, Robert E Litan, Robert J. Shapiro
R1,062 R943 Discovery Miles 9 430 Save R119 (11%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

For much of the post-World War II period, the increasing globalization of the U.S. economy was welcomed by policymakers and by the American people. We gained the benefits of cheaper and, in some cases, better foreign-made products, while U.S. firms gained wider access to foreign markets. The increasing economic interlinkages with the rest of the world helped promote capitalism and democracy around the globe. Indeed, we helped "win" the Cold War by trading and investing with the rest of the world, in the process demonstrating to all concerned the virtues of trade and markets. In recent years, however, a growing chorus of complaints has been lodged against globalization--which is blamed for costing American workers their jobs and lowering their wages. The authors of this book speak directly and simply to these concerns, demonstrating with easy prose and illustrations why the "globaphobes" are wrong. Globalization has not cost the United States jobs. Nor has it played any more than a small part in the disappointing trends in wages of many American workers. The challenge for all Americans is to embrace globalization and all of the benefits it brings, while adopting targeted policies to ease the very real pain of those few Americans whom globalization may harm. Globaphobia outlines a novel, yet sensible program for advancing this objective. Copublished with the Twentieth Century Fund and the Progressive Policy Institute

A Vision for the World Economy - Openness, Diversity, and Cohesion (Hardcover): Robert Z. Lawrence, Albert Bressand, Takatoshi... A Vision for the World Economy - Openness, Diversity, and Cohesion (Hardcover)
Robert Z. Lawrence, Albert Bressand, Takatoshi Ito
R917 R829 Discovery Miles 8 290 Save R88 (10%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

As the twentieth century comes to a close, technological changes, corporate strategies, and international market pressures are undermining the traditional separation between the domains of international and domestic policy. Indeed almost every aspect of domestic policy has international ramifications. The challenge to international governance holds both perils and promise. Attempts to reassert national autonomy or to rely exclusively on competition to resolve international tension could fragment the global economy, producing inferior outcomes for all or most nations. But the promise lies in the possibility of creating a global community able to balance the objectives of openness, diversity, and cohesion. In this capstone volume to the Brookings project on Integrating National Economies - a pathbreaking series of books on the future of economic integration - the authors present a new vision to guide international policy. They stress openness to improve competition and discourage opportunistic trade and industrial policies; diversity to accommodate varying national conditions and preferences and allow for innovation and experimentation; and cohesion or trust among nations in one another's institutions and in international institutions to support increased openness. Although the lowering of barriers on goods and investments since World War II has contributed to unprecedented growth and prosperity, recent developments are forcing nations to look beyond the reduction of at-the-border trade barriers. The authors explore the strengths and weaknesses of alternative ways of dealing with these developments and consider a new model of international governance. They offer a blueprint for a world ofclubs in which the nation remains a fundamental political unit but joins with other nations in pursuing common objectives. They contend that these clubs - functional, regional, and global - are necessary for a world of deeper integration.

Brookings Trade Forum: 1998 (Paperback): Robert Z. Lawrence Brookings Trade Forum: 1998 (Paperback)
Robert Z. Lawrence
R850 R771 Discovery Miles 7 710 Save R79 (9%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The Brookings Institution introduces a series of annual volumes that provide the most authoritative and in-depth analysis available on current and emerging issues in international trade. Each edition will present a series of papers on a particular theme prepared by leading experts in the field. Discussions of the papers by other leading trade practitioners will also be included. This first edition focuses on private practices and trade policy, examining the future of international rules on antidumping and competition. Contents include: -"Antidumping and Antitrust: What Problems Does Each Address?" by Alan Sykes, University of Chicago -"Antidumping: What Does the Evidence Show?" by Bobby Willig, Princeton University -"Unilateral and Bilateral Experience" by Merit Janow, Columbia University "Regional Agreements" by Bernard Hoekman, The World Bank -"Multilateralizing Competition Policy Conventions: Foundations and Guidelines" by J. David Richardson, Syracuse University -"Political Economy of Competition Policies" by I.M. Destler, University of Maryland

American Living Standards - Threats and Challenges (Paperback): Robert E Litan, Robert Z. Lawrence, Charles L Schultze American Living Standards - Threats and Challenges (Paperback)
Robert E Litan, Robert Z. Lawrence, Charles L Schultze
R645 Discovery Miles 6 450 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

American Living Standards contends that the central problem of the U.S. economy has been for some years now, and for the foreseeable future will continue to be, the slowdown in the growth of living standards. This decline began in the early 1970s, was masked by a resort to overseas borrowing in the early 1980s, and now threatens to get worse in the years immediately ahead as the foreign debt bills come due. The editors and contributes to this volume seek to advance our understanding of the causes and consequences of this potential slowdown in the growth of living standards. Equally important, the book examines what policy measure holds out the best hope for presenting, or at the very least, minimizing this slowdown. Various chapters explore the changes in the level and distribution of incomes that have occurred in recent years; changes in the quality and distribution of jobs among industries and regions; what economists do and do not know about recent trends in productivity growth and in the quality of education; and what events could trigger a recession.

Regionalism, Multilateralism, and Deeper Integration (Paperback, New): Robert Z. Lawrence Regionalism, Multilateralism, and Deeper Integration (Paperback, New)
Robert Z. Lawrence
R448 Discovery Miles 4 480 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Over the past decade, international economic liberalization has been pursued through both multilateral and regional arrangements. In the Uruguay Round, more than one hundred governments pledged their commitment to greater open trade in goods and services, and established new rules under the enforcement of the World Trade Organization. At the same time, however, many regional arrangements have been negotiated--including the European Union and the North American Free Trade Agreement. Nonetheless, controversy still rages about these arrangements. Are regional arrangements stumbling blocks or, in fact building blocks for a more integrated and successful international economy? In this book, Robert A. Lawrence addresses this question and explains both sides of the debate. A volume of Brookings' Integrating National Economies Series

The United States and the WTO Dispute System (Paperback): Robert Z. Lawrence The United States and the WTO Dispute System (Paperback)
Robert Z. Lawrence
R357 Discovery Miles 3 570 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Lawrence addresses the critics of the dispute settlement mechanismboth those who think it should be tougher on countries that violate trade rules and those who think it is already so tough as to violate sovereignty. He points out the successes of the WTO since its creation in 1995 and argues that radical changes to the system are ill-advised. Lawrence nonetheless suggests several areas for reform, from steps that require multilateral negotiations, such as improving opportunities for nonstate actor participation in and enhancing transparency of the process, to changes the United States could make in its own behavior.

Single World, Divided Nations? - International Trade and the OECD Labor Markets (Paperback): Robert Z. Lawrence Single World, Divided Nations? - International Trade and the OECD Labor Markets (Paperback)
Robert Z. Lawrence
R629 Discovery Miles 6 290 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The world economy has undergone miraculous changes in the last decade, particularly in developing and former communist countries. Privatization and trade liberalization have replaced the protectionist and statist policies that were deeply entrenched in these areas just ten years ago. Today, these dynamic emerging markets offer attractive opportunities. According to Robert Lawrence, liberal international trade and investment should provide significant opportunities for gains in developing and developed nations alike. But will the developed countries be allowed to keep their markets open and absorb exports from developing countries? Many in the U.S. and Europe blame international trade for unemployment and wage inequality. But what is the real relationship? Lawrence contends that while trade has played some role in reducing the wages of poorly educated workers in the U.S. and in raising the unemployment of unskilled workers in Europe, its impact has been small compared with other causes of these changes. Lawrence examines the role of trade in developed and developing countries and its impact on labor markets and wage inequality, and discusses what he considers the more important effects of technological and organizational change. He begins by focusing on U.S. wage behavior, then moves to wage behavior in the OECD countries. Lawrence concludes that the impact of globalization on OECD labor markets has been far less damaging than many have argued and, indeed, that international trade enhances national welfare. He presents considerable evidence that the sources of poor labor market performance are essentially domestic--they reflect ongoing technological and organizational shocks that wouldbe present even if the economy was closed. This evidence suggests that international differences in wage rates and labor standards are not major factors in OECD labor market behavior. He explains that the major challenges to policy are educating the public on the nature of these changes, emphasizing the need for worker training and education to take advantage of new technologies and new organizational structures, and developing measures to reduce earnings inequality while preserving and increasing wage flexibility. Robert Z. Lawrence is professor of international trade and investment at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. His previous books include A Vision for the World Economy: Openness, Diversity, and Cohesion (Brookings, 1996), the capstone volume to the Integrating National Economies series. Copublished with the OECD Development Centre

Regionalism, Multilateralism, and Deeper Integration (Hardcover): Robert Z. Lawrence Regionalism, Multilateralism, and Deeper Integration (Hardcover)
Robert Z. Lawrence
R945 R866 Discovery Miles 8 660 Save R79 (8%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Over the past decade, international economic liberalization has been pursued through both multilateral and regional arrangements. In the Uruguay Round, more than one hundred governments pledged their commitment to greater open trade in goods and services, and established new rules under the enforcement of the World Trade Organization. At the same time, however, many regional arrangements have been negotiated--including the European Union and the North American Free Trade Agreement. Nonetheless, controversy still rages about these arrangements. Are regional arrangements stumbling blocks or, in fact building blocks for a more integrated and successful international economy? In this book, Robert A. Lawrence addresses this question and explains both sides of the debate.

A volume of Brookings' Integrating National Economies Series

American Living Standards - Threats and Challenges (Hardcover, illustrated edition): Robert E Litan, Robert Z. Lawrence American Living Standards - Threats and Challenges (Hardcover, illustrated edition)
Robert E Litan, Robert Z. Lawrence
R814 R635 Discovery Miles 6 350 Save R179 (22%) Out of stock

American Living Standards contends that the central problem of the U.S. economy has been for some years now, and for the foreseeable future will continue to be, the slowdown in the growth of living standards. This decline began in the early 1970s, was masked by a resort to overseas borrowing in the early 1980s, and now threatens to get worse in the years immediately ahead as the foreign debt bills come due. The editors and contributes to this volume seek to advance our understanding of the causes and consequences of this potential slowdown in the growth of living standards. Equally important, the book examines what policy measure holds out the best hope for presenting, or at the very least, minimizing this slowdown. Various chapters explore the changes in the level and distribution of incomes that have occurred in recent years; changes in the quality and distribution of jobs among industries and regions; what economists do and do not know about recent trends in productivity growth and in the quality of education; and what events could trigger a recession.

Single World, Divided Nations? - International Trade and the OECD Labour Markets (Hardcover): Robert Z. Lawrence Single World, Divided Nations? - International Trade and the OECD Labour Markets (Hardcover)
Robert Z. Lawrence
R964 Discovery Miles 9 640 Out of stock

The world economy has undergone miraculous changes in the last decade, particularly in developing and former communist countries. Privatization and trade liberalization have replaced the protectionist and statist policies that were deeply entrenched in these areas just ten years ago. Today, these dynamic emerging markets offer attractive opportunities. According to Robert Lawrence, liberal international trade and investment should provide significant opportunities for gains in developing and developed nations alike. But will the developed countries be allowed to keep their markets open and absorb exports from developing countries? Many in the U.S. and Europe blame international trade for unemployment and wage inequality. But what is the real relationship? Lawrence contends that while trade has played some role in reducing the wages of poorly educated workers in the U.S. and in raising the unemployment of unskilled workers in Europe, its impact has been small compared with other causes of these changes. Lawrence examines the role of trade in developed and developing countries and its impact on labor markets and wage inequality, and discusses what he considers the more important effects of technological and organizational change. He begins by focusing on U.S. wage behavior, then moves to wage behavior in the OECD countries. Lawrence concludes that the impact of globalization on OECD labor markets has been far less damaging than many have argued and, indeed, that international trade enhances national welfare. He presents considerable evidence that the sources of poor labor market performance are essentially domestic--they reflect ongoing technological and organizational shocks that wouldbe present even if the economy was closed. This evidence suggests that international differences in wage rates and labor standards are not major factors in OECD labor market behavior. He explains that the major challenges to policy are educating the public on the nature of these changes, emphasizing the need for worker training and education to take advantage of new technologies and new organizational structures, and developing measures to reduce earnings inequality while preserving and increasing wage flexibility. Robert Z. Lawrence is professor of international trade and investment at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. His previous books include A Vision for the World Economy: Openness, Diversity, and Cohesion (Brookings, 1996), the capstone volume to the Integrating National Economies series. Copublished with the OECD Development Centre

An American Trade Strategy - Options for the 1990s (Hardcover, illustrated edition): Robert Z. Lawrence, Charles L Schultze An American Trade Strategy - Options for the 1990s (Hardcover, illustrated edition)
Robert Z. Lawrence, Charles L Schultze
R795 R610 Discovery Miles 6 100 Save R185 (23%) Out of stock

The world trading envionment changed dramatically in the 1980s. America's trade balance declined sharply, while Japan, Germany, and the newly industrialized countries of Asia built up large, continuing surpluses. Such developments led many people to question whether the traditional postwar strategy of reliance on multilateral free trade agreements is still the best course for the United States, or even a viable one.

The challenges to the multilateral system are both practical and theoretical. Various nations are already forming "free trade" blocs-- notably the Europe 1992 and the Canadian-American trade arrangements. The United States has increasingly bypassed the GATT and bargained bilaterally in trade disputes, especially with Japan. Several prominent economists have developed new theories that support a more active role for the government to help shape technological change and improve the competitive position of the United States in world markets. Others strongly defend the current arrangements and caution that greater reliance on bilateral bargaining and trading blocs will lead to fragmented world trade and cartel-like arrangements among a few major producers. They are even more skeptical of an interventionist government successfully "managing" trade.

An American Trade Strategy assesses options for the decade ahead, examining the case for mulitlateral free trade, aggressive bilateralism, and managed trade, as well as their shortcomings. The editors and contributors evaluate the alternative strategies and reflect on their implications for the future direction of American trade policy.

Saving Free Trade - A Pragmatic Approach (Hardcover): Robert Z. Lawrence, Robert E Litan Saving Free Trade - A Pragmatic Approach (Hardcover)
Robert Z. Lawrence, Robert E Litan
R231 R193 Discovery Miles 1 930 Save R38 (16%) Out of stock

American Supporters of free trade are on the defensive. Record U.S. trade deficits are fueling demands from industry, Congress, and the public for tariffs, import quotas, and other protectionist measures that could reverse Americas long-standing commitment to open markets and sacrifice much of the economic progress experienced in recent years. In Saving Free Trade: A Pragmatic Approach, Robert Z. Lawrence and Robert E. Litan analyze both the allure of protectionism and the problems associated with free trade, proposing reasonable, cost-effective ways of helping industries, workers, and communities battered by intense import competition. The book focuses on the escape clause of the U.S. Trade Act of 1974, meant to provide domestic industries temporary shelter from severe import competition, and the trade adjustment assistance program, designed to provide direct aid to companies, workers, and communities injured by imports. The authors analyze the assumptions and implication of the many current congressional attempts to amend the provisions of the escape clause and the assistance program. They then set forth their own proposals, including new definitions of import injuries, modifications of provisions for providing relief for beleaguered companies, new standards for compensating and retaining displaced workers, and a plan for insuring communities against severe losses to their tax bases if local industries fail because they can no longer compete. Saving Free Trade provides a detailed but nontechnical introduction to the complex implications of amending trade policy and shrewd, innovative proposals for improving Americas ability to adapt to rapid changes in world markets.

Barriers to European Growth - A Transatlantic View (Hardcover): Robert Z. Lawrence, Charles L Schultze Barriers to European Growth - A Transatlantic View (Hardcover)
Robert Z. Lawrence, Charles L Schultze
R1,079 R839 Discovery Miles 8 390 Save R240 (22%) Out of stock
Emerging Agenda For Global Trade - High Stakes For Developing Countries (Paperback, New): Robert Z. Lawrence, Dani Rodrik, John... Emerging Agenda For Global Trade - High Stakes For Developing Countries (Paperback, New)
Robert Z. Lawrence, Dani Rodrik, John Whalley
R640 Discovery Miles 6 400 Out of stock

This essay addresses the "new-new" issues on the emerging agenda for the global trade negotiations to follow the recently concluded Uruguay Round. The authors first examine the extent to which international rules in new trade areas are needed and then consider the three highest profile issues: competition policy, labor standards, and linking trade and environment.

Robert Lawrence argues that if an international agreement on competition policy was possible, developing countries would derive considerable benefits. Dani Rodrik examines the evidence and concludes that labor standards--or lack thereof--have consequences for trade and foreign investment patterns. He then considers whether a social-safeguards approach can be made to work for labor standards and suggests that the risks of not negotiating such a clause outweigh the dangers of an inappropriately designed process. Finally, John Whalley argues that the central issue for trade and the environment is whether developing countries should be compensated for policies encouraging environmental restraint.

Building Bridges - An Egypt-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (Paperback): Ahmed Galal, Robert Z. Lawrence Building Bridges - An Egypt-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (Paperback)
Ahmed Galal, Robert Z. Lawrence
R927 Discovery Miles 9 270 Out of stock

In April 1997, Egyptian President Mubarak and U.S. Vice President Gore agreed to explore the possibility of creating a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between Egypt and the United States. The very idea of such an agreement has been met by controversy and skepticism from critics in both countries. The authors of this book, however, believe that the case for considering an FTA between the U.S. and Egypt rests on solid economic and political grounds. An agreement could help promote Egyptian economic reform and growth, while providing substantial economic benefits to the U.S. Politically, it could strengthen American ties with an ally who plays a crucial role in helping to achieve peace in the region and in maintaining a stable supply of oil in the Middle East. This book offers U.S. and Egyptian policymakers answers to such pertinent questions as: What form should an FTA agreement take? Should it concentrate on border barriers or cover other aspects such as investments and services? What are the likely implications for both countries? And how will such an agreement affect the rest of the region? Its conclusions will be relevant to policymakers elsewhere in their pursuit of similar regional trade agreements. Copublished with the Egyptian Center for Economic Studies.

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