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Human development is about putting people at the center of
development. It is about people realizing their potential,
increasing choice and enjoying the freedom to lead the lives they
value. Created in 1990, the "Human Development Report" has explored
themes including gender equity, democracy, human rights,
globalization, cultural liberty and water scarcity. The past years
have witnessed the emergence of a growing consensus on climate
change. Governments across the world have seen the warning signs.
The science linking global warming to human activity is
unequivocal. The economic case for action is compelling: the costs
of inaction will heavily outweigh the costs of action. Yet the
politics lags behind the science and the economics. Collectively,
the world's governments are failing to act with the urgency
demanded by the scale of the threat.
A series of humanitarian tragedies in the 1990s (Somalia, Rwanda, Srebrenica, Kosovo) demonstrated the international community's failure to protect civilians in the context of complex emergencies. They were the inspiration for two norms of protection, Responsibility to Protect (R2P) and Protection of Civilians (POC), both deeply rooted in the empathy that human beings have for the suffering of innocent people. Both norms have achieved high-level endorsement: R2P from the 2005 World Summit and its Outcome document (Art. 138-140) and POC from a series of Security Council resolutions. The two norms of protection were instrumental in adopting the Security Council Resolutions 1970 and 1973 (Libya) and 1975 (Cote d'Ivoire) in the year 2011.
Both norms raise concerns of misinterpretation and misuse. They both are developing --sometimes in parallel, sometimes diverging, and sometimes converging --with varying degrees of institutionalization and acceptance. This process is likely to continue for some time, with successes and failures enhancing or retarding that development. This book engages in a profound comparative analysis of the two norms and aims to serve policymakers at different levels (national, regional, and UN), practitioners with protective roles (force commanders, military trainers, strategists, and humanitarian actors), academics and researchers (in international relations, law, political theory, and ethics), civil society, and R2P and POC advocates.
The World Ocean Assessment - or, to give its full title, The First Global Integrated Marine Assessment - is the outcome of the first cycle of the United Nations' Regular Process for Global Reporting and Assessment of the State of the Marine Environment, including Socioeconomic Aspects. The Assessment provides vital, scientifically-grounded bases for the consideration of ocean issues, including climate change, by governments, intergovernmental agencies, non-governmental agencies and all other stakeholders and policymakers involved in ocean affairs. Together with future assessments and related initiatives, it will support the implementation of the recently adopted 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, particularly its ocean-related goals. Moreover, it will also form an important reference text for marine science courses.
Migration, both behind and beyond borders, has become a prominent issue in domestic and international debates. This report explores how the movement of people can expand human capabilities and entitlements. It also looks at how to address the underlying inequalities and distortions which limit the potential gains.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is the first international agreement setting out freedoms, rights and entitlements for all humanity to claim. It emphasizes the inextricable relationship between fundamental freedoms and social justice, and their connection with peace and security. The General Assembly of the United Nations proclaims this Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping the UDHR constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.
The chart contains up-to-date demographic, socioeconomic and labour force participation indicators of the older population in 230 countries in the world, including reference to the urban-rural differences in population ageing. The indicators include the number and proportion of the population aged 60 or over, aged 80 or over, life expectancy at age 60; the percentage currently married, living alone and in the labour force among those aged 60 or over; the old-age support ratio, and the statutory retirement age
Written from the perspective of a child, this book explains in simple text many of the rights that are found in the United Nations' Convention of the Rights of the Child: from the right to play, to learn, and to share thoughts freely to protection from harmful work, violence, and exploitation. Young readers will learn that each one of them is important, but together these rights help kids everywhere live healthy and happy lives. This beautifully illustrated book contains drawings and paintings created by children from around the world-the winners of an international drawing competition titled "Kids for Human Rights"- illustrating each of the rights.
During the 1990s, nine out of ten of the world's bloodiest conflicts occurred on the African continent. And despite some twenty peacebuilding operations in Africa over the last 25 years, a cohesive strategy for regenerating the key areas of a conflict-ridden country is still elusive. An Afrocentric perspective on strategies for post-conflict peacebuilding is overdue.
The authors of this book consider the problems surrounding the concept of "post-conflict" and the blurring of military and civilian roles as they analyze UN actions in the DRC and Sierra Leone, as well as the African Union Mission in Burundi. The main context of the book, however, is the South African Army's strategy for Africa, which has been developed with the African Union's 2006 "Post-conflict, Reconstruction, and Development Needs Assessment Guide" in mind. This book emanates from that plan. It therefore also explores South Africa's policy imperatives to integrate development projects and peace missions, involving the military as well as civilian organizations. While this book is not intended as an instruction manual, it attempts to foster an understanding of the particular processes required to develop a sustainable and cohesive post-conflict peacebuilding strategy within the African environment.
It is clear that a military approach to peace missions needs to include developmental, economic, and governance support to ensure lasting stability and human security. An army needs to be equipped and trained for these multiple roles that were regarded as secondary functions but are now priorities in peace mission involvement.
This comprehensive handbook explains the structure of the United Nations, how the Organization works, the main issues it addresses and its importance for people everywhere. In addition to setting out the various roles played by principle UN organs, this book documents the Organization's contributions to international peace, economic and social development, human rights, and international law.
TModel United Nations (MUN) simulations are popular exercises for those interested in learning more about the UN. It is estimated that hundreds of thousands of students worldwide participate every year in Model UN at all educational levels in schools and universities. Many of today's leaders in law, government, business and the arts participated in Model UN as students. Some Model UNs however do not follow the actual rules and practices used at the UN. This guide is designed for students and teachers on how to organize and participate in Model UNs that simulate the way the UN actually works.
On 25 September 2015, countries adopted a set of 17 goals to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure prosperity for all as part of a new sustainable development agenda to be achieved by 2030. For the goals to be reached, everyone needs to do their part: governments, the private sector, civil society and people like you. Elyx, the United Nations' digital ambassador, uses various expressions and actions to help demonstrate the meaning of each goal. Created by French artist YAK, Elyx has no race, sex or nationality and is a universal character promoting the importance of the United Nations' work.
This Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report (IPCC-SREX) explores the challenge of understanding and managing the risks of climate extremes to advance climate change adaptation. Extreme weather and climate events, interacting with exposed and vulnerable human and natural systems, can lead to disasters. Changes in the frequency and severity of the physical events affect disaster risk, but so do the spatially diverse and temporally dynamic patterns of exposure and vulnerability. Some types of extreme weather and climate events have increased in frequency or magnitude, but populations and assets at risk have also increased, with consequences for disaster risk. Opportunities for managing risks of weather- and climate-related disasters exist or can be developed at any scale, local to international. Prepared following strict IPCC procedures, SREX is an invaluable assessment for anyone interested in climate extremes, environmental disasters, and adaptation to climate change, including policymakers, the private sector, and academic researchers. Watch this new video produced by the IPCC:
The 20th Anniversary edition is a time to take stock, reflect and move forward. It rigorously reviews the past two decades of human development trends and challenges, and provides newly available data and supplementary indices weighing the effect of income inequalities, gender disparities and household-level poverty.
The European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road is intended to increase the safety of international transport of dangerous goods by road. Regularly amended and updated since its entry into force, it contains the conditions under which dangerous goods may be carried internationally. This version has been prepared on the basis of amendments applicable as from 1 January 2019. It contains in particular new or revised provisions concerning transport of adsorbed gases; lithium batteries (including damaged or defective lithium batteries, lithium batteries for disposal or recycling); asymmetric capacitors; discarded packagings; ammonium nitrate and radioactive material; testing of gas cartridges and fuel cell cartridges; marking of bundles of cylinders; and the applicability of ISO standards to the manufacture of new pressure receptacles or service equipment
This book brings together studies by national scientists on traditional transhumant grazing systems, emphasizing grazing management and overall land use. Focus is on two zones in temperate Asia: the Himalaya-Hindu Kush and the colder areas of China, Mongolia and parts of Central Asia. Under prevailing conditions, mobile herding is the only sustainable way the population can make best use of the natural resources, but systems were dislocated by collectivization. In the Himalaya there is conflict between herders and sedentary groups. While poor pasture condition is a major constraint, the main problems are socio-economic and institutional and relate to land tenure and grazing rights. Fodder crops are, however, of great interest for settled groups who use the same pastures. Focus on technical solutions, herder training and participatory approaches should be within the context of political decisions.
Join Frieda as she learns how to make a difference in the world! This is the story about a young girl named Frieda who embarks on a wonderful adventure to bring about positive change in the world. One day, Ana from the United Nations visits Frieda's school to teach her class about the Sustainable Development Goals - the world's plan to reduce poverty and protect the planet by 2030. Frieda develops a global perspective and is encouraged to take action against the biggest issues of our day: from combating climate change and protecting endangered species to ending poverty and fighting inequality. But most important, Frieda learns that 'everyone must work together to make the world much better for all'. With colourful illustrations, engaging text, and tips on how to change the world, children will discover what they can do to make a difference' in their lives and the lives around them.
The Report examines the education impact of migration and displacement across all population movements: within and across borders, voluntary and forced, for employment and education. It also reviews progress on education in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In view of increasing diversity, the report analyses how education can build inclusive societies and help people move beyond tolerance and learn to live together.
The Manual of Tests and Criteria contains criteria, test methods and procedures to be used for classification of dangerous goods according to the provisions of Parts 2 and 3 of the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model Regulations, as well as of chemicals presenting physical hazards according to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS). As a consequence, it supplements also national or international regulations which are derived from the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods or the GHS.At its ninth session (7 December 2018), the Committee adopted a set of amendments to the sixth revised edition of the Manual as amended by Amendment 1. This seventh revised edition takes account of these amendments. In addition, noting that the work to facilitate the use of the Manual in the context of the GHS had been completed, the Committee considered that the reference to the "Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods" in the title of the Manual was no longer appropriate, and decided that from now on, the Manual should be entitled "Manual of Tests and Criteria".
The sixth Global Environment Outlook (GEO-6) Assessment for the Pan-European Region paints a comprehensive picture of the environmental factors contributing to human health and well-being at the regional level.
This is the official report of the Human Rights Committee submitted to the General Assembly on an annual basis. This report covers the 120th (3-28 July 2017), 121st (16 October-10 November 2017) and 122nd (12 March-6 April 2018) sessions.
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