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GAO/RCED-95-17, Hazardous Waste Incinerators: EPA's and OSHA's Actions to Better Protect Health and Safety Not Complete. In 1990, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) became concerned about workers' safety at hazardous waste incinerators because of the possibility that waste handling operations could pose a significant health threat to employees. As a result, EPA requested assistance from and established a joint task force with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to evaluate compliance with relevant health and safety requirements at hazardous waste incinerators. The task force's 1991 report summarized the results of inspections at 29 such facilities and made five recommendations to EPA and four to OSHA.1 These recommendations were intended as follow-through measures to correct violations detected during the inspections, educate the combustion industry, improve the coverage of inspections, educate compliance officials, and prompt EPA to conduct research and revise incinerators' permits as necessary. In response to your request for information on whether hazardous waste incineration facilities are following federal health and safety requirements, we determined (1) what the status of the task force report's recommendations is, (2) what the results of subsequent inspections and enforcement actions at the 29 facilities have been, and (3) whether EPA or OSHA have taken other actions beyond those recommended by the task force to better protect health and safety at hazardous waste incineration facilities. EPA and/or OSHA have fully implemented three of the task force's recommendations: EPA and OSHA have followed up on violations found during the task force's inspections, EPA and OSHA have educated the combustion industry, and EPA has taken additional steps to educate compliance officials. EPA has not fully implemented other recommendations to (1) improve the coverage of EPA's inspections and (2) conduct research on the use of certain operating equipment and revise incineration facilities' permits, as necessary, to limit the use of this equipment. OSHA has not fully implemented the recommendations that it (1) educate compliance officials and (2) improve the coverage of its inspections. Subsequent to the task force's inspections, EPA and the states inspected the facilities but did not detect the same pattern of violations. OSHA did not schedule further inspections for these facilities because the agency judges the relative health and safety risk of working at incineration facilities to be lower than the risk of working in other types of industries. Therefore, OSHA has assigned incinerators a low priority for inspections. EPA and OSHA have taken several actions beyond those recommended by the task force to protect health and safety at incineration facilities. However, one of these actions-OSHA's plan to require facilities to have accredited training programs for workers who handle hazardous waste-may not achieve its intended result because OSHA does not have a viable plan to ensure that all hazardous waste facilities submit their programs for accreditation.
This report details the case study approach supplemented by a review of FAA's and Department of Defense's (DOD) aviation safety oversight processes and related interdepartmental communication efforts to (1) examine different responses by FAA and DOD/military services to similar aviation safety concerns and (2) assess the processes used by FAA and DOD to communicate information about similar aviation safety concerns.
This report details (1) the extent to which Mexican-domiciled commercial trucks are likely to travel beyond the U.S. border commercial zones once the border is fully opened, (2) U.S. government agencies' efforts to ensure that Mexican commercial carriers meet U.S. safety and emissions standards, and (3) how Mexican government and private sector efforts contribute to ensuring that Mexican commercial vehicles entering the United States meet U.S. safety and emissions standards. To address these objectives, we met with and obtained documents from a wide variety of officials from the U.S. and Mexican governments and industry representatives.
Original publisher: Washington, D.C.]: U.S. General Accounting Office, 2002] OCLC Number: (OCoLC)53118573 Subject: Foot-and-mouth disease -- United States -- Prevention. Excerpt: ... Executive Summary If FMD enters the United States despite USDA's preventive measures, the Despite Preparation Efforts, nation's ability to identify, control, contain, and eradicate the disease Serious Challenges to an quickly and effectively becomes paramount. Recognizing the importance Effective U.S. Response Are of an effective response, USDA and many states have developed emergency Yet to Be Resolved response plans that establish a framework for the key elements necessary for a rapid and successful U.S. response and eradication program. These plans have been tested, to some extent, by federal and state agencies to determine their effectiveness. Planning and testing exercises have also identified the following challenges, which could ultimately impede an effective and timely U.S. response if they are not resolved before an FMD outbreak occurs: Ensuring the rapid identification and reporting of an FMD incident. A timely response depends on having livestock producers and private veterinarians quickly identify and report suspicious symptoms to state and federal officials. If they do not, FMD could become out of control before the federal and state governments initiate any action. Several federal and state animal health officials expressed concern about how quickly disease identification and reporting would actually occur in the United States. According to USDA officials, the U.K. outbreak helped raise general awareness among state officials, private veterinarians, and livestock producers about the risks and potential of an FMD outbreak in the United States. Consequently, in 2001, USDA and the states increased their efforts to inform the livestock industry about the risks and symptoms of FMD. The challenge to USDA will be to maintain this heightened awareness about FMD, now tha...
Original publisher: Washington, D.C. (P.O. Box 37050, Washington, D.C. 20013): The Office, 2000]. OCLC Number: (OCoLC)44554783 Subject: Government publications -- United States. Excerpt: ... B-284351 business and industry generally, such as economic information, market 10 information, and related information. Commerce further clarified this definition of technical information by stating that the term " can embrace matters beyond the restricted field of applied science and mechanical arts, " but must be " limited to information which has a direct relationship to 11 business, industry or technology. " NTIS stated that the type of information required by business has significantly changed since 1950 when NTIS ' legislation was enacted. NTIS stated that there is an accelerating pace of technological change, rapid emergence and disappearance of new products and industries, a global outlook in terms of potential exports and location of industrial facilities, and a need to make rapid decisions. NTIS stated that given these circumstances, information such as that in WNC that can reasonably affect decisions on how to allocate research and development resources, how and where to organize and locate production facilities, and how to identify market opportunities has the direct bearing described in our opinion. We have no basis to question NTIS ' position. For over 20 years, NTIS sold FBIS Daily Reports to the public in printed form. With the advent of new technologies and demands by the public, by the end of 1996 FBIS decided to provide its products only in electronic form and NTIS offered them to the public through WNC. A private sector firm that says it competes with WNC told us its sales revenue initially declined an estimated $ 500,000 to $ 600,000 when WNC began selling its foreign news in electronic format. Prior to WNC being in electronic format, that firm had provided an electronic index of the printed FBIS Daily Reports as a product for its customers. WNC's se...
Original publisher: Washington, D.C.]: U.S. General Accounting Office, 2003] OCLC Number: (OCoLC)52191739 Subject: Hazardous waste site remediation -- United States -- Evaluation. Excerpt: ... The DOD Management Guidance and FUDS Program Manual are silent on Guidance Does Not Cover regulators ' roles in preliminary assessments of eligibility, during which the Preliminary decisions on property eligibility and the need for cleanup are made, in part Assessment of Eligibility because the law requiring consultation with regulators is broad and does and Very Little not mention consultation with the states, only with EPA. The Corps has Coordination Took Place historically regarded preliminary assessments of eligibility as an internal During This Phase matter that does not require coordination with regulators. However, according to DOD, the draft Engineer Regulation, which will revise the FUDS Program Manual, will require the Corps to share information with the states, EPA, and local authorities during the development of the preliminary assessment of eligibility and will solicit their input. According to the results of our survey, the state project managers believe the Corps coordinated with them about 6 percent of the time, and the Corps project managers believe the Corps coordinated with states about 27 percent of the time. ( See table 2. ) As a result, there is no consistent coordination at this stage of the FUDS program. For additional survey results, such as the percent of cases where respondents felt there wasn't any coordination or gave " don't know " responses, see appendix II. Table 2: Extent to Which State and Corps Project Managers Believe the Corps Coordinated with States during Preliminary Assessments of Eligibility in Our Sample State project Corps project managers managers Examples of coordination during the preliminary assessment of eligibility ( percentage ) ( percentage ) Corps informed states that it was starting 6 24 preliminary assessment of el...
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